Manucodicola Gustafsson & Bush

Bush, Sarah E., 2017, Morphological revision of the hyperdiverse Brueelia - complex (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) with new taxa, checklists and generic key, Zootaxa 4313 (1), pp. 1-443: 269-270

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4313.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A5Fdfba5-F992-44A8-84C2-1756C943C19B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/832187E9-FE86-FECE-FF74-6688FDA5F93B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Manucodicola Gustafsson & Bush
status

new genus

Manucodicola Gustafsson & Bush  , new genus

Type species. Manucodicola acantharx  new species

Diagnosis. Manucodicola  n. gen. is superficially similar to Schizosairhynchus  n. gen., with which it shares the following characters: preantennal head elongated and frons deeply concave ( Figs 453View FIGURES 453 – 456, 465View FIGURES 465 – 469); marginal carina widely interrupted laterally and premarginal carina absent ( Figs 453View FIGURES 453 – 456, 465View FIGURES 465 – 469); as2 absent and dsms located on hyaline margin ( Figs 453View FIGURES 453 – 456, 465View FIGURES 465 – 469); vss numerous, short, often in more than one row ( Figs 456View FIGURES 453 – 456, 469View FIGURES 465 – 469). The two genera can be separated by the following characters: preantennal area asymmetrical in Manucodicola  ( Fig. 454View FIGURES 453 – 456) but symmetrical in Schizosairhynchus  ( Fig. 465View FIGURES 465 – 469); dorsal anterior plate connected to main head plate in Manucodicola  ( Fig. 453View FIGURES 453 – 456) but separated from main head plate in Schizosairhynchus  ( Fig. 465View FIGURES 465 – 469); antero-lateral margins of head with fleshy, hyaline lobes in Schizosairhynchus  ( Fig. 465View FIGURES 465 – 469) but no such lobes present in Manucodicola  ( Fig. 453View FIGURES 453 – 456); temporal carinae present in Schizosairhynchus  ( Fig. 465View FIGURES 465 – 469) but absent in Manucodicola  ( Fig. 453View FIGURES 453 – 456); ppss medio-posterior in Schizosairhynchus  ( Figs 463–464View FIGURES 463 – 464) but postero-lateral in Manucodicola  ( Figs 451–452View FIGURES 451 – 452); pterothorax with posteromedian indentation in Schizosairhynchus  ( Figs 463–464View FIGURES 463 – 464) but without such indentation in Manucodicola  ( Figs 451– 452View FIGURES 451 – 452); abdominal chaetotaxy ( Table 2); sternal plates absent in more anterior segments in Manucodicola  ( Figs 451– 452View FIGURES 451 – 452) but present on all segments in Schizosairhynchus  ( Figs 463–464View FIGURES 463 – 464); accessory sternal plates present on at least some segments in Schizosairhynchus  ( Figs 463–464View FIGURES 463 – 464) but absent in Manucodicola  ( Figs 451–452View FIGURES 451 – 452). Most of these characters also separate Manucodicola  from Sturnidoecus  ( Figs 377–383View FIGURES 377 – 378View FIGURES 379 – 383) and Buphagoecus  n. gen. ( Figs 427– 436View FIGURES 427 – 428View FIGURES 429 – 430View FIGURES 431 – 436).

In both Bizarrifrons  ( Fig. 477View FIGURES 477 – 478) and Manucodicola  ( Fig. 453View FIGURES 453 – 456) the preantennal area is asymmetrical, but these genera are separated by the following characters: ventral anterior plate present in Bizarrifrons  ( Fig. 477View FIGURES 477 – 478) but absent in Manucodicola  ( Fig. 453View FIGURES 453 – 456); sternal plates absent on anterior segments in Manucodicola  ( Figs 451–452View FIGURES 451 – 452) but present on all segments in Bizarrifrons  ( Fig. 477View FIGURES 477 – 478); proximal mesosome overlapping basal apodeme in Bizarrifrons  ( Fig. 478View FIGURES 477 – 478) but not overlapping in Manucodicola  ( Fig. 455View FIGURES 453 – 456); mesosome longer than wide in Bizarrifrons  ( Fig. 478View FIGURES 477 – 478) but wider than long in Manucodicola  ( Fig. 455View FIGURES 453 – 456).

Description. Both sexes. Head bulb-shaped ( Figs 453View FIGURES 453 – 456, 459View FIGURES 459 – 462). Frons deeply concave, hyaline. Frons and dorsal anterior plate asymmetrical ( Figs 454View FIGURES 453 – 456, 460View FIGURES 459 – 462). Marginal carina widely interrupted medianly at as1 where hyaline margin begins posteriorly. Ventral carinae continue farther anterior than marginal carina, not continuous with marginal carina. Dorsal preantennal suture continuous with hyaline margin, reaching ads but not transversally continuous. Dorsal anterior plate continuous with main head plate, deeply concave anteriorly; strongly pigmented band along anterior margin of plate. Ventral anterior plate absent. Head setae as in Figs 453View FIGURES 453 – 456, 459View FIGURES 459 – 462; as3 absent; pos clearly ventral. Coni long, pointed. Antennae monomorphic. Temporal carinae faint but present. Gular plate broadly rhombic.

Prothorax rounded rectangular, almost as broad as pterothorax ( Figs 451–452View FIGURES 451 – 452, 457–458); ppss on posterolateral corners of pronotum. Proepimera blunt medianly, curving slightly around coxae I. Pterothorax rounded rectangular; lateral margins convex; posterior margin more or less flat; mms widely separated medianly. Meso- and metasterna small, not fused; one seta on postero-lateral corner of each side of each plate. Metepisterna slender, median ends blunt. Leg chaetotaxy as in Fig. 25View FIGURES 25, except fI-v4, fI-p2 absent.

Abdomen ( Figs 451–452View FIGURES 451 – 452, 457–458) oval with chaetotaxy as in Table 2 and Figs 451–452View FIGURES 451 – 452, 457–458. Tergopleurites bluntly triangular, more rectangular in females; tergopleurites II –IX+X in male and tergopleurites II –VIII and XI in female widely divided medianly. Sternal plates II –IV absent in both sexes, sternal plates V –VI medianly continuous but very small. Re-entrant heads small. Male subgenital plate broadly rectangular, reaching terminal margin of abdomen and often folding around to dorsal side. Female subgenital plate rounded triangular, with concave lateral margins, approaching vulval margin ( Figs 456View FIGURES 453 – 456, 462View FIGURES 459 – 462). Vulval margin ( Figs 456View FIGURES 453 – 456, 462View FIGURES 459 – 462) with long, slender vms, numerous short, thorn-like vss, and vos that follow lateral margins of subgenital plate; distal vos situated median to vss ( Figs 456View FIGURES 453 – 456, 462View FIGURES 459 – 462).

Male genitalia partially everted in all available material from both species, and here described and illustrated only approximately ( Figs 455View FIGURES 453 – 456, 461View FIGURES 459 – 462). Basal apodeme trapezoidal, narrowing markedly in proximal end; anterior margin typically diffuse. Proximal mesosome trapezoidal. Gonopore closed or open only ventrally ( Figs 455View FIGURES 453 – 456, 461View FIGURES 459 – 462), broader than long, with slight distal extension. Mesosomal lobes wide, fused distally, with thickened ridge proximally; 2 sensilla visible submedianly near anterior margin on each side. Parameres distorted in all examined males, but appear to be long and tapered, with large, blunt heads (not illustrated).

Host distribution. Manucodicola  is known only from members of two genera of birds-of-paradise ( Paradisaeidae  ): Manucodia Boddaert, 1783  and Phonygammus Lesson and Garnot, 1826  . These host genera are closely related, and together form the sister group to all other birds-of-paradise ( Nunn & Cracraft 1996). Apart from the two species described below, a single female louse from Manucodia chalybatus (Forster, 1781)  was available to us, indicating that additional undescribed species of Manucodicola  may occur on other species of Manucodia  . All other material from the Paradisaeidae  examined by us belongs to Guimaraesiella.

Geographical range. Presently only from New Guinea, but the host Phonygammus keraudrenii  also occurs in Australia.

Etymology. The genus name derives from the host genus Manucodia  , from Javanese “ manuk dewata ”, meaning “bird of the gods”, combined with Latin “ -cola ” for “inhabitant”. Gender: feminine.

Included species

* Manucodicola acantharx  new species * Manucodicola semiramisae  new species