Brueelia

Bush, Sarah E., 2017, Morphological revision of the hyperdiverse Brueelia - complex (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) with new taxa, checklists and generic key, Zootaxa 4313 (1), pp. 1-443: 329-331

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4313.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A5Fdfba5-F992-44A8-84C2-1756C943C19B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/832187E9-FEC2-FE89-FF74-63B8FA55FB49

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Brueelia
status

 

Key to genera and subgenera included in the Brueelia  -complex

1. Clypeo-labral suture does not reach frons ( Fig. 116View FIGURES 116 – 121); ventral anterior plate, if present, fused to marginal carina ( Fig. 240View FIGURES 240 – 245)...2

- Clypeo-labral suture reaches frons; ventral anterior plate, if present, separate from marginal carina.....................4

2. Dorsal preantennal suture medianly continuous, separating dorsal anterior plate posteriorly ( Fig. 248View FIGURES 248 – 252); antennae not sexually dimorphic ( Fig. 248View FIGURES 248 – 252); accessory preantennal nodi present ( Fig. 248View FIGURES 248 – 252); tergopleurites reach ventral side ( Figs 246–247View FIGURES 246 – 247); no mts  macrosetae ( Fig. 248View FIGURES 248 – 252), but mts  3 may be mesosetae (Fig. 255); no cross-piece at vulval margin ( Fig. 252View FIGURES 248 – 252)........ Harpactrox 

- Dorsal preantennal suture absent ( Fig. 116View FIGURES 116 – 121) or if present limited to site of ads ( Fig. 240View FIGURES 240 – 245), dorsal anterior plate not separated; antennae sexually dimorphic ( Figs 116–117View FIGURES 116 – 121, 240–241View FIGURES 240 – 245); no accessory preantennal nodi ( Figs 116View FIGURES 116 – 121, 240View FIGURES 240 – 245); tergopleurites do not reach ventral side ( Figs 114–115View FIGURES 114 – 115, 238–239View FIGURES 238 – 239); mts  3 macrosetae ( Figs 116View FIGURES 116 – 121, 240View FIGURES 240 – 245); cross-piece present ( Figs 121View FIGURES 116 – 121, 245View FIGURES 240 – 245)........3

3. Ventral carinae with finger-like median extensions ( Fig. 116View FIGURES 116 – 121); male flagellomeres much swollen compared to female flagellomeres ( Figs 116–117View FIGURES 116 – 121); tergopleurites much reduced ( Figs 114–115View FIGURES 114 – 115); parameral heads without median folds ( Fig. 120View FIGURES 116 – 121); distal mesosome densely rugose ( Fig. 119View FIGURES 116 – 121); cross-piece medianly displaced but lateral sections not separate from subgenital plate ( Fig. 121View FIGURES 116 – 121)........................................................................... Anarchonirmus 

- Ventral carinae without finger-like median extensions ( Fig. 240View FIGURES 240 – 245); male flagellomeres not swollen ( Figs 240–241View FIGURES 240 – 245); tergopleurites entire (but do not reach lateral margins of abdomen) ( Figs 238–239View FIGURES 238 – 239); parameral heads with median folds ( Fig. 244View FIGURES 240 – 245); distal mesosome without rugose area ( Fig. 243View FIGURES 240 – 245); female subgenital plate reaches vulval margin medianly but lateral sections separated from subgenital plate ( Fig. 245View FIGURES 240 – 245).......................................................... Saepocephalum 

4. Hyaline margin extends posteriorly for most of preantennal area ( Figs 494View FIGURES 494 – 496, 499View FIGURES 499 – 501); dorsal postantennal suture present ( Figs 49 4View FIGURES 49 – 50, 499View FIGURES 499 – 501); male genitalia of unique shape ( Figs 495View FIGURES 494 – 496, 500View FIGURES 499 – 501)................................................. Meropoecus 

- Hyaline margin, if present, does not reach posterior of as1; dorsal post-antennal suture absent; male genitalia not shaped as in Figs 494View FIGURES 494 – 496, 499.........................................................................................5View FIGURES 499 – 501View FIGURES 1 – 9

5. All mts  except mts  3 microsetae...........................................................................6

- At least one mts  other than mts  3 modified................................................................. 40

6. ppss absent ( Figs 479–480View FIGURES 479 – 480); posterior margin of head with slight bulge median to mts  3 ( Fig. 481View FIGURES 481 – 482)............ Meropsiella 

- ppss present; no such bulge on posterior margin of head.......................................................7

7. ppss medio-posterior ( Figs 463–464View FIGURES 463 – 464, 470–471View FIGURES 470 – 471); posterior margin of pteronotum with median indentation ( Figs 463–464View FIGURES 463 – 464, 470– 471View FIGURES 470 – 471); sternal plate II much different from other sternal plates, modified to wide band almost reaching ventral tergopleurites( Figs 463–464View FIGURES 463 – 464, 470–471View FIGURES 470 – 471); accessory sternal plates on at least abdominal segments IV –VI ( Figs 463–464View FIGURES 463 – 464, 470–471View FIGURES 470 – 471); dorsal anterior plate with posterior “horn” that overlaps with main head plate ( Figs 465View FIGURES 465 – 469, 472View FIGURES 472 – 476)................. Schizosairhynchus 

- ppss on latero-posterior corner; no median indentation of posterior margin of pteronotum; sternal plate II not modified as above, or if wide ( Fig. 277View FIGURES 277 – 278) not different in shape from more posterior sternal plates; no accessory sternal plates on abdominal segments IV –VI; dorsal anterior plate, if present, without such “horn”...........................................8

8. Prentannal area asymmetrical ( Figs 454View FIGURES 453 – 456, 460View FIGURES 459 – 462)...............................................................9

- Preantennal area symmetrical...........................................................................10

9. Ventral anterior plate present ( Fig. 477View FIGURES 477 – 478); sternal plates present on all abdominal segments ( Fig. 477View FIGURES 477 – 478); mesosome longer than wide ( Fig. 478View FIGURES 477 – 478).............................................................................. Bizarrifrons 

- Ventral anterior plate absent ( Figs 453View FIGURES 453 – 456, 459View FIGURES 459 – 462): sternal plates absent on at least abdominal segments II –III ( Figs 451–452View FIGURES 451 – 452, 457– 458); mesosome wider than long ( Figs 455View FIGURES 453 – 456, 461View FIGURES 459 – 462).................................................. Manucodicola 

10. At least 1 seta apart from ss and ps on each side of tergopleurite II.............................................. 11

- No setae on tergopleurite II, or ss and ps only setae on tergopleurite II...........................................15 

11. Dorsal preantennal suture absent ( Figs 132View FIGURES 132 – 137, 140View FIGURES 140 – 145); mesosome with wide lateral extensions overlapping with parameres ventrally ( Figs 134–135View FIGURES 132 – 137, 142–143View FIGURES 140 – 145)..................................................................... Hecatrishula 

- Dorsal preantennal suture present; mesosome without such lateral extensions.....................................12

12. Dorsal preantennal suture completely separates dorsal anterior plate posteriorly ( Figs 379View FIGURES 379 – 383, 439View FIGURES 439 – 440); antennae not sexually dimorphic ( Figs 379View FIGURES 379 – 383, 439View FIGURES 439 – 440); female subgenital plate reaches or approaches vulval margin ( Figs 383View FIGURES 379 – 383, 440View FIGURES 439 – 440)....................13

- Dorsal anterior plate continuous with main head plate ( Figs 124View FIGURES 124 – 129, 340View FIGURES 340 – 345); antennae sexually dimorphic ( Figs 124–125View FIGURES 124 – 129, 340–341View FIGURES 340 – 345); female subgenital plate does not approach vulval margin ( Figs 129View FIGURES 124 – 129, 345View FIGURES 340 – 345).........................................14

13. Dorsal preantennal suture with postero-lateral extensions at ads ( Fig. 379View FIGURES 379 – 383); pns absent ( Fig. 379View FIGURES 379 – 383); dorsal anterior plate with roughly rectangular posterior end ( Fig. 379View FIGURES 379 – 383); steal rows present on at least some tergopleurites ( Figs 377–378View FIGURES 377 – 378); gonopore terminal ( Fig. 381View FIGURES 379 – 383)............................................................................. Sturnidoecus 

- Dorsal preantennal suture without such extensions ( Fig. 439View FIGURES 439 – 440); pns present ( Fig. 439View FIGURES 439 – 440); dorsal anterior plate with rounded posterior end ( Fig. 439View FIGURES 439 – 440); no setal rows on any tergopleurite ( Figs 437–438View FIGURES 437 – 438); gonopore ventral ( Figs 442, 446, 449View FIGURES 441 – 450)....................................................................................................... Rostrinirmus 

14. Accessory sternal setae on at least some abdominal segments in both sexes ( Figs 338–339View FIGURES 338 – 339, 346–347View FIGURES 346 – 347); ventral anterior plate present ( Figs 340View FIGURES 340 – 345, 348View FIGURES 348 – 353); s3 microsetae ( Figs 340View FIGURES 340 – 345, 348View FIGURES 348 – 353); parameral heads not swollen, not bifid, and with median or ventral fold ( Figs 344View FIGURES 340 – 345, 352–353View FIGURES 348 – 353); female subgenital plate triangular, with median indentation of posterior margin ( Figs 345View FIGURES 340 – 345, 353View FIGURES 348 – 353)..................................................................................................... Nemuus 

- No accessory sternal setae on any abdominal segment ( Figs 122–123View FIGURES 122 – 123); ventral anterior plate absent ( Fig. 124View FIGURES 124 – 129); s3 mesosetae ( Fig. 124View FIGURES 124 – 129); parameral heads swollen, bifid, but not folded medianly or ventrally ( Fig. 128View FIGURES 124 – 129); female subgenital plate oval, without median indentation of posterior margin ( Fig. 129View FIGURES 124 – 129).............................................. Osculonirmus   

15. Pterothorax with more or less parallel lateral margins ( Figs 168–169View FIGURES 168 – 169); at least sternal plate II with antero-lateral thickening ( Figs 168–169View FIGURES 168 – 169); male abdominal segment XI extended into triangular tail ( Fig. 168View FIGURES 168 – 169)........................ Aratricerca 

- Pterothorax with lateral margins divergent; no antero-lateral thickening on any sternal plate; male abdominal segment XI not forming triangular tail (but may protrude as in Priceiella sternotypica  ( Fig. 277View FIGURES 277 – 278)..................................16

16. Dorsal preantennal suture diagonal on each side, forming unique pattern (Fig, 509); sclerotized roof of head forming anterior angle ( Fig. 509View FIGURES 509 – 511)................................................................................ Buerelius 

- Dorsal preantennal suture absent or not shaped as in Fig. 509View FIGURES 509 – 511; sclerotized head plate not forming anterior angle.........17

17. Female subgenital plate detached from cross-piece..........................................................18

- Female subgenital plate without cross-piece or if with cross-piece this is continuous with subgenital plate..............19

18. Dorsal preantennal suture absent ( Fig. 108View FIGURES 108 – 113); male with setal rows of tergopleurites IV –VIII ( Fig. 106View FIGURES 106 – 107); female without psps on all tergopleurites ( Fig. 107View FIGURES 106 – 107); parameres slender, extended distally ( Fig. 112View FIGURES 108 – 113)............................... Sychraella 

- Dorsal preantennal suture present ( Fig. 177View FIGURES 177 – 181); male without setal rows on all tergopleurites ( Fig.175View FIGURES 175 – 176); female with psps on at least some tergopleurites ( Fig. 176View FIGURES 175 – 176); parameres short, not extended distally ( Fig. 180View FIGURES 177 – 181).................... Turdinirmoides 

19. Dorsal preantennal suture transversally continuous, but not connected to hyaline margin ( Figs 92View FIGURES 92 – 97, 100View FIGURES 100 – 105)....... Mirandofures 

- Dorsal preantennal suture absent, not transversally continuous, or if transversally continuous also connected to hyaline margin................................................................................................... 20

20. Dorsal preantennal suture absent.........................................................................21

- Dorsal preantennal suture present........................................................................22

21. Tergopleurites much reduced, not or barely reaching lateral margins of abdomen, but never ventral side of absomen ( Figs 319– 320View FIGURES 319 – 320); male genitalia roughly as in Figs 323–325View FIGURES 321 – 326; as3 absent ( Fig. 321View FIGURES 321 – 326)................................. Corvonirmus 

- Tergopleurites not reduced as in Figs 319–320View FIGURES 319 – 320, extending to ventral side of abdomen ( Figs 524–525View FIGURES 524 – 525); male genitalia of unique structure ( Figs 527–530View FIGURES 526 – 531); as3 present ( Fig. 526View FIGURES 526 – 531)................................................... Aporisticeras 

22. Female tergopleurite IX+X fused with tergopleurite XI.......................................................23

- Female tergopleurites IX+X and XI not fused..............................................................28

23. Dorsal preantennal suture completely separates dorsal anterior plate ( Fig. 148View FIGURES 148 – 152).................................... 24

- Dorsal anterior plate medianly continuous with main head plate ( Fig. 226View FIGURES 226 – 230)....................................... 25

24. Ventral anterior plate present; pns present; antennae sexually dimorphic; mesosome without lateral extensions; females with ss on tergopleurites II –VIII....................................................................... Melibrueelia 

- Ventral anterior plate absent ( Fig. 148View FIGURES 148 – 152); antennae not sexually dimorphic ( Figs 146–147View FIGURES 146 – 147); mesosome with lateral extensions overlapping with parameres ( Figs 149–150View FIGURES 148 – 152); females without ss on all tergopleurites ( Fig. 147View FIGURES 146 – 147)........... Psammonirmus 

25. pos present ( Fig. 226View FIGURES 226 – 230), but may be ventral ( Fig. 184View FIGURES 184 – 188); female subgenital plate without lateral extensions ( Figs 230View FIGURES 226 – 230, 188View FIGURES 184 – 188)...26

- pos absent ( Fig. 155View FIGURES 155 – 160); female subgenital plate with lateral extensions ( Figs 160View FIGURES 155 – 160, 167View FIGURES 163 – 167)...............................27

26. Temples angular ( Figs 184View FIGURES 184 – 188, 191View FIGURES 191 – 195); pns microsetae ( Figs 184View FIGURES 184 – 188, 191View FIGURES 191 – 195)....................................... Turdinirmus 

- Temples rounded ( Figs 226View FIGURES 226 – 230, 233View FIGURES 233 – 237); pns mesosetae ( Figs 226View FIGURES 226 – 230, 233View FIGURES 233 – 237)......................... Indoceoplanetes (Capnodella) 

27. Antennae not sexually dimorphic ( Figs 161–162View FIGURES 161 – 162); male tergopleurites II –VI with ss ( Fig. 161View FIGURES 161 – 162); distal mesosome without large, brush-like extensions ( Fig. 165View FIGURES 163 – 167); ventral anterior plate absent ( Fig. 163View FIGURES 163 – 167).................................... Resartor 

- Antennae sexually dimorphic ( Figs 155–156View FIGURES 155 – 160); male tergopleurites II –VI without ss ( Fig. 153View FIGURES 153 – 154); distal mesosome with large, brush-like extensions ( Fig. 158View FIGURES 155 – 160); ventral anterior plate present ( Fig. 155View FIGURES 155 – 160)................................. Ceratocista 

28. Multiple sts on each side on at least sternal plate VI (multiple sts may also be present on more anterior segments)........29

- Each sternal plate with at most 1 sts on each side............................................................30

29. Dorsal preantennal suture present ( Fig. 198View FIGURES 198 – 202); ventral anterior plate present ( Fig. 198View FIGURES 198 – 202); pns sensilla or microsetae ( Fig. 198View FIGURES 198 – 202)............................................................................................ Maculinirmus 

- Dorsal preantennal suture absent ( Fig. 219View FIGURES 219 – 223); ventral anterior plate absent ( Fig. 219View FIGURES 219 – 223); pns mesosetae ( Fig. 219View FIGURES 219 – 223)...................................................................................... Indoceoplanetes (Indoceoplanetes) 

30. Parameral heads folded medianly or with finger-like median extensions; tps  absent on male tergopleurites V –VIII; psps present on female tergopleurite IV.............................................................................31

- Parameral heads bifid or blunt, not folded medianly, and without finger-like median extensions; tps  present on at least some of male tergopleurites V –VIII; psps absent on female tergopleurite IV.............................................38

31. Dorsal preantennal suture with postero-lateral extensions posterior to ads ( Fig. 429View FIGURES 429 – 430); male subgenital plate not reaching distal end of abdomen ( Fig. 427View FIGURES 427 – 428); tergopleurites of both sexes without ventral section on all abdominal segments ( Fig. 427View FIGURES 427 – 428); pns absent ( Fig. 429View FIGURES 429 – 430)............................................................................ Buphagoecus 

- Dorsal preantennal suture absent, or if present without postero-lateral extensions posterior to ads; male subgenital plate reaches distal end of abdomen; tergopleurites of both sexes with ventral sections at least on abdominal segments II –VI; pns present.............................................................................................32

32. Dorsal preantennal suture present, interrupting marginal carina at least submedianly ( Figs 362–364View FIGURES 361 – 364), or, if not interrupting marginal carina submedianly (as in Gu. cicchinoi  ) with neither ads nor dsms situated in suture ( Fig. 361View FIGURES 361 – 364)........................................................................................................ Guimaraesiella

- Dorsal preantennal suture absent, or if present not interrupting marginal carina and with either ads, dsms or both situated in suture..............................................................................................33

33. Female subgenital plate does not cross-piece at vulval margin ( Figs 269View FIGURES 265 – 269, 333)....................................34

- Female subgenital plate forms cross-piece at vulval margin ( Fig. 284View FIGURES 279 – 284)...........................................35

34. Mesosomal lobes wide and of complicated structure ( Figs 334–337View FIGURES 334 – 337), fused distal to ventral gonopore; ventral sections of tergopleurites slender, may be absent on abdominal segments VII –VIII ( Figs 327–328View FIGURES 327 – 328)....................... Olivinirmus 

- Mesosomal lobes slight, without ridges, thickenings, nodi, or rugose areas, not fused distal to terminal gonopore ( Figs 267View FIGURES 265 – 269, 274View FIGURES 272 – 276); ventral sections of tergopleurites wide, present on segments II –VIII ( Figs263–264View FIGURES 263 – 264, 270–271View FIGURES 270 – 271)........... Traihoriella 

35. Sternal plates and antero-lateral section of subgenital plates of both sexes with distinct modifications ( Figs 277–278View FIGURES 277 – 278); accessory sternal plate present lateral to male subgenital plate ( Fig. 277View FIGURES 277 – 278); proximal mesosome very slender ( Fig. 282View FIGURES 279 – 284); distal mesosome small, roughly triangular ( Fig. 282View FIGURES 279 – 284).................................................. Priceiella (Priceiella) 

- Sternal plates and subgenital plate without modifications; no accessory sternal plates lateral to male subgenital plate; proximal mesosome wide; distal mesosome wide, of varying shapes ( Figs 289View FIGURES 287 – 291, 304View FIGURES 302 – 306, 312View FIGURES 309 – 314)...................................36

36. Dorsal preantennal suture, if present, arising around dsms and may continue posteriorly to ads ( Fig. 302View FIGURES 302 – 306); male tergopleurites IV –VI without aps  ( Fig. 300View FIGURES 300 – 301); parameres parallel distally ( Fig. 303View FIGURES 302 – 306)......................... Priceiella (Thescelovora) 

- Male tergopleurites IV –VI with aps  ( Figs 277View FIGURES 277 – 278, 305View FIGURES 302 – 306); dorsal preantennal suture, if present, restricted to around ads ( Fig. 279View FIGURES 279 – 284); parameres divergent distally ( Figs 290View FIGURES 287 – 291, 313View FIGURES 309 – 314)...............................................................37 

37. Male tergopleurite III with aps  ( Fig. 307View FIGURES 307 – 308); proximal mesosome does not overlap with basal apodeme ( Fig. 311View FIGURES 309 – 314)............................................................................................ Priceiella (Torosinirmus) 

- Male tergopleurite III without aps  ( Figs 285View FIGURES 285 – 286, 292View FIGURES 292 – 293); proximal mesosome overlaps with basal apodeme ( Figs 288View FIGURES 287 – 291, 296View FIGURES 294 – 299)....................................................................................... Priceiella (Camurnirmus) 

38. Female subgenital plate with at least partial cross-piece but without reticulation ( Figs 48View FIGURES 44 – 48, 89View FIGURES 85 – 89); s4 absent ( Figs 44View FIGURES 44 – 48, 85View FIGURES 85 – 89); ps absent on female abdominal segment II (43, 84)..................................................................39

- Female subgenital plate without cross-piece, but with reticulation ( Fig. 82View FIGURES 77 – 82); s4 present ( Fig. 77View FIGURES 77 – 82); ps present on female abdominal segment II ( Fig. 76View FIGURES 75 – 76)....................................................................... Teinomordeus 

39. Female subgenital plate with complete cross-piece ( Fig. 48View FIGURES 44 – 48); as2, pos, and mts  1 present ( Fig. 44View FIGURES 44 – 48)........... Brueelia  s. str.

- Female subgenital plate with partial cross-piece ( Fig. 89View FIGURES 85 – 89); as2, pos, and mts  1 absent ( Fig. 85View FIGURES 85 – 89)................ Acronirmus

40. mts  2 modified ( Figs 504View FIGURES 504 – 508, 514View FIGURES 514 – 517); mts  4–5 microsetae ( Figs 504View FIGURES 504 – 508, 514View FIGURES 514 – 517); female tergopleurite IX+X not fused with tergopleurite XI ( Figs 503View FIGURES 502 – 503, 513View FIGURES 512 – 513); gonopore close proximally ( Figs 506View FIGURES 504 – 508, 516View FIGURES 514 – 517)...................................................41

- mts  2 not modified ( Fig. 512View FIGURES 512 – 513); mts  4–5 mesosetae in male and mts  4 mesosetae in female ( Figs 210–211View FIGURES 210 – 211); female tergopleurite IX+X fused with tergopleurite XI ( Fig. 211View FIGURES 210 – 211); gonopore open proximally ( Fig. 214View FIGURES 212 – 216)....................... Titanomessor 

41. Dorsal preantennal suture present ( Fig. 504View FIGURES 504 – 508); temples rounded ( Fig. 504View FIGURES 504 – 508); antennal canals absent ( Fig. 504View FIGURES 504 – 508); sternal plates II – VI absent ( Figs 502–502View FIGURES 502 – 503); psps present on tergopleurites III –V in both sexes ( Figs 502–503View FIGURES 502 – 503); parameres not fused to mesosome ( Figs 505–506View FIGURES 504 – 508); female tergopleurite VIII with setal row ( Fig. 503View FIGURES 502 – 503).............................. Motmotnirmus 

- Dorsal preantennal suture absent ( Figs 514View FIGURES 514 – 517, 520View FIGURES 520 – 523); temples angular ( Figs 514View FIGURES 514 – 517, 520View FIGURES 520 – 523), antennal canals present ( Figs 514View FIGURES 514 – 517, 520View FIGURES 520 – 523); sternal plates II –VI present ( Figs 512–513View FIGURES 512 – 513, 518–519View FIGURE 518 – 519); psps absent on tergopleurites III –V in both sexes ( Figs 512–513View FIGURES 512 – 513, 518– 519View FIGURE 518 – 519); parameres fused to mesosome ( Figs 516View FIGURES 514 – 517, 522View FIGURES 520 – 523); female tergopleurite VIII without setal row ( Figs 513View FIGURES 512 – 513, 519View FIGURE 518 – 519)......................................................................................................... Couala