Traihoriella laticeps ( Piaget, 1888 )

Bush, Sarah E., 2017, Morphological revision of the hyperdiverse Brueelia - complex (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) with new taxa, checklists and generic key, Zootaxa 4313 (1), pp. 1-443: 168-171

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4313.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A5Fdfba5-F992-44A8-84C2-1756C943C19B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/832187E9-FF2D-FF69-FF74-6394FC46F93B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Traihoriella laticeps ( Piaget, 1888 )
status

new combination

Traihoriella laticeps ( Piaget, 1888)  , new combination

( Figs 270–276View FIGURES 270 – 271View FIGURES 272 – 276)

Nirmus laticeps Piaget, 1888: 152  .

Degeeriella laticeps Piaget, 1888  ; Harrison, 1916: 116. Brueelia laticeps ( Piaget), 1888  ; Hopkins & Clay, 1952: 57. Brueelia laticeps prasina Carriker, 1954: 193  , [Legends to figs 16b, 17b]. Brueelia laticeps prasinus Carriker, 1954: 199  .

Type host. Aulacorhynchus prasinus atrogularis (Sturm & Sturm, 1841)  —emerald toucanet.

Type locality. None given.

Other hosts. Andigena nigrirostris occidentalis Chapman, 1915  —black-billed mountain-toucan new host record. Andigena nigrirostris spilorhynchus Gould, 1858  —black-billed mountain-toucan new host record. Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis Orbigny, 1840  —blue-banded toucanet. Aulacorhynchus haematopygus (Gould, 1835)  —crimson-rumped toucanet. Aulacorhynchus prasinus prasinus (Gould, 1833)  —emerald toucanet. Aulacorhynchus prasinus albovittata (Boissoneau, 1840)  —emerald toucanet new host record. Aulacorhynchus prasinus caeruleogularis (Gould, 1835)  —emerald toucanet new host record. Aulacorhynchus prasinus maxillaris Griscom, 1924  —emerald toucanet new host record. Aulacorhynchus derbianus Gould, 1835  —chestnut-tipped toucanet new host record. Aulacorhynchus sulcatus sulcatus (Swainson, 1820)  —groove-billed toucanet new host record. Aulacorhynchus sulcatus erythrognathus (Gould, 1874)  — groove-billed toucanet new host record.

Description. Both sexes. Head shape, structure, and chaetotaxy as in genus description and Fig. 272View FIGURES 272 – 276. Displaced section of marginal carina widened slightly. Coni reaching beyond distal margin of scape. Preocular nodi large, rectangular. Post-ocular nodi large, rounded; pos located on posterior margin of eye. Thoracic and abdominal segments as in genus description and Figs 270–271View FIGURES 270 – 271. Pleural incrassations extending median to spiracle openings.

Male. Abdominal chaetotaxy as in Table 7 and Fig. 270View FIGURES 270 – 271; aps  absent on all segments. Basal apodeme roughly rectangular ( Fig. 273View FIGURES 272 – 276). Proximal mesosome rounded. Gonopore ( Fig. 274View FIGURES 272 – 276) terminal, longer than wide, narrowing distally. Mesosomal lobes slender, rounded; 3 pmes microsetae antero-lateral to gonopore on each side. Parameral heads ( Fig. 275View FIGURES 272 – 276) rounded triangular. Parameral lobes slender, somewhat elongated; pst1–2 as in genus description. Measurements ex Aulacorhynchus  [= Au. below] prasinus atrogularis  (n = 3 except n = 2 for TL): TL = 1.51–1.53; HL = 0.40–0.43; HW = 0.45–0.49; PRW = 0.28–0.29; PTW = 0.42–0.43; AW = 0.60–0.68. Ex Au. p. albivitta (n = 5 except n = 3 for TL): TL = 1.39–1.52; HL = 0.41–0.42; HW = 0.46–0.50; PRW = 0.28–0.31; PTW = 0.42–0.45; AW = 0.60–0.70. Ex Au. p. dimidiatus  (n = 1): TL = 1.77; HL = 0.43; HW = 0.49; PRW = 0.29; PTW = 0.46; AW = 0.81. Ex Au. p. maxillaris  (n = 1): TL = 1.51; HL = 0.41; HW = 0.47; PRW = 0.28; PTW = 0.42; AW = 0.69. Ex Au. hematopygus  (n = 4): TL = 1.52–1.66; HL = 0.42–0.43; HW = 0.48–0.49; PRW = 0.29–0.30; PTW = 0.38– 0.44; AW = 0.63–0.74. Ex Au. sulcatus erythrognathus  (n = 1, AW cannot be measured): TL = 1.58; HL = 0.38; HW = 0.47; PRW = 0.27; PTW = 0.41. Ex Au. s. sulcatus  (n = 3): TL = 1.46–1.58; HL = 0.39–0.40; HW = 0.47; PRW = 0.27–0.29; PTW = 0.38–0.42; AW = 0.61–0.69. Ex Andigena  [= Ag. below] nigrirostris occidentalis  (n = 1): TL = 1.73; HL = 0.44; HW = 0.49; PRW = 0.31; PTW = 0.47; AW = 0.70. Ex Ag. n. spilorhynchus  (n = 3 except n = 3 for HL, HW, PTW, AW and n = 1 for TL): TL = 1.64; HL = 0.42–0.43; HW = 0.49; PRW = 0.27–0.30; PTW = 0.43–0.44; AW = 0.69–0.75.

Female. Abdominal chaetotaxy as in Table 7 and Fig. 271View FIGURES 270 – 271. Subgenital plate roughly triangular, with narrow median section reaching vulval margin ( Fig. 276View FIGURES 272 – 276). Vulval margin slightly rounded ( Fig. 276View FIGURES 272 – 276), with 3–5 long, slender vms on each side, and 3–5 short, thorn-like vss on each side; 5–6 short, slender vos on each side; distal vos median to vss. Measurements ex Au. prasinus atrogularis  (n = 4): TL = 1.74–1.89; HL = 0.43–0.47; HW = 0.51– 0.57; PRW = 0.30–0.34; PTW = 0.45–0.52; AW = 0.74–0.83. Ex Au. p. albivitta (n = 12): TL = 1.66–1.90 (1.81); HL = 0.44–0.48 (0.45); HW = 0.51–0.56 (0.53); PRW = 0.31–0.33 (0.31); PTW = 0.44–0.50 (0.47); AW = 0.69– 0.84 (0.77). Ex Au. p. dimidiatus  (n = 1): TL = 1.86; HL = 0.41; HW = 0.47; PRW = 0.28; PTW = 0.43; AW = 0.83.

Ex Au. p. maxillaris  (n = 9): TL = 1.70–1.93; HL = 0.44–0.46; HW = 0.50–0.54; PRW = 0.30–0.32; PTW = 0.44– 0.47; AW = 0.74–0.87. Ex Au. p. prasinus  (n = 1): TL = 1.78; HL = 0.44; HW = 0.52; PRW = 0.29; PTW = 0.46; AW = 0.73. Ex Au. coeruleicinctus  (n = 4 except n = 3 for PTW): TL = 1.83–1.92; HL = 0.43–0.44; HW = 0.52– 0.53; PRW = 0.30; PTW = 0.45–0.47; AW = 0.73–0.80. Ex Au. derbianus  (n = 1): TL = 1.97; HL = 0.46; HW = 0.56; PRW = 0.33; PTW = 0.47; AW = 0.89. Ex Au. hematopygus  (n = 1, AW cannot be measured): TL = 2.02; HL = 0.48; HW = 0.58; PRW = 0.33; PTW = 0.53. Ex Au. sulcatus erythrognathus  (n = 2): TL = 1.77–1.81; HL = 0.41–0.44; HW = 0.50–0.51; PRW = 0.29; PTW = 0.43–0.44; AW = 0.71–0.74. Ex Au. s. sulcatus  (n = 4): TL = 1.71–1.91; HL = 0.39–0.45; HW = 0.49–0.55; PRW = 0.29–0.31; PTW = 0.44–0.48; AW = 0.68–0.81. Ex Andigena nigrirostris occidentalis  (n = 1): TL = 1.82; HL = 0.47; HW = 0.54; PRW = 0.33; PTW = 0.50; AW = 0.71. Ex Ag. n. spilorhynchus  (n = 10): TL = 1.76–1.95 (1.87); HL = 0.43–0.46 (0.44); HW = 0.51–0.55 (0.53); PRW = 0.29–0.33 (0.31); PTW = 0.45–0.51 (0.48); AW = 0.78–0.87 (0.80).

Type material. Ex Aulacorhynchus prasinus prasinus  : Paratype of Brueelia laticeps prasinus  : 1♀, Xilitila, San Luis Potosi State, Mexico, 7 Feb. 1947, R. Newman, Brit. Mus. 1968-455, 476 (NHML).

Additional material examined (non-types)

Ex Andigena nigrirostris occidentalis  : 1♂, 1♀, Bitaco, [Valle de Cauca Department,] Colombia, 3 Jul. 1918, M.A. C[arriker] Jr., 25345 (NHML) [slide also contains Austrophilopterus  ].

Ex Andigena nigrirostris spilorhynchus  [as Aulacorhynchus nigrirostris  ]: 1♂, 5♀, Gualea [as Guilea], [Pichincha Province,], Ecuador, 20 Nov. 1938 (NHML); 1♀, 5° 41.2’ S, 79° 15.0’ W, ca. 8 km ESE of Sallique, Quebrada lanchal, Cajamarca, Peru, 22 Jul. 1998, J.P. O’Neill, JPO7890, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 29 959 (FMNH); 1♀, 4° 53’ 42” S, 78° 53’ 43” W, 1 km S Hito Jesus, Cajamarca, Peru, 22 Jul. 2006, S. Claramunt, CJS046, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 0 25 (FMNH); 1♀, 5° 40.4’ S, 12° 2’ W, ca. 13 km WNW Chontali, Quebrada Las Palmas, Cajamarca, Peru, 27 Jul. 1999, R.C. Faucett, RCF809, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 693 (FMNH).

Ex Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctus  : 1♀, 18° 22.9’ S, 63° 37.2’ W, ca. 37 km SE Samaipata, Chuchial, Santa Cruz, Bolivia, 17 Aug. 1999, D.F. Lane, DFL1198, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 960 ( FMNHAbout FMNH)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, same data as previous except J.D. Weckstein, JDW492, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 967 ( FMNHAbout FMNH)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, same locality and collector as previous, 15 Aug. 1999, JDW491, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 964 ( FMNHAbout FMNH)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, same locality and collector as previous, 16 Aug. 1999, JDW432, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 961 ( FMNHAbout FMNH)GoogleMaps  ; 1♀, 18° 23.8’ S, 63° 49.7’ W, ca. 28 km S Samaipata, La Pajcha , Santa Cruz, Bolivia, J.D. Weckstein, DLD6966, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 965 ( FMNHAbout FMNH)GoogleMaps  .

Ex Aulacorhynchus debianus  : 1♀, Peru, D.F. Lane, DFL1036, FMNH INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 0 26 (FMNH).

Ex Aulacorhynchus haematopygus  [as Aulacorhynchus haematopygius  ]: 3♂, Colombia, R. Meinertzhagen, 10927 (NHML); 1♂, 1♀, Gualea [as Guilea], [Pichincha Province,] Ecuador, 11 Jun. 1938 (NHML).

Ex Aulacorhynchus prasinus albivittata  [as Aulacorhynchus albivittatus  ]: 6♂, 15♀, Bogota, [Distrito Capital,] Colombia, R. Meinertzhagen, 10926, Brit. Mus. 1951-171 (NHML).

Ex Aulacorhynchus prasinus atrogularis  [as Aulacorhynchus atrogularis  ]: 1♂, Eneñas, [Junin Region,] Peru, 3 Mar. 1930, M.A. C[arriker] Jr., 1237 (NHML).

Ex Aulacorhynchus prasinus caeruleogularis  : 1♂, 1♀, unknown locality, Piaget Collection (NHML).

Ex Aulacorhynchus prasinus dimidiatus  : 1♂, Huamanpata camp, 5 km N Rodriguez de Mendoza, Amazonas, Peru, 26 Nov. 2008, A. Savit, FMNHAbout FMNH 0 0 0 0 29 0 27 ( FMNHAbout FMNH)  ; 1♀, 4° 59.5’ S, 78° 54.3’ W, Picorana , Cordillera de Condor, Cajamarca, Peru, 15 Mar. 1999, C.C. Witt, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 29 962 ( FMNHAbout FMNH)GoogleMaps  .

Ex Aulacorhynchus prasinus maxillaris  [as Aulacorhynchus atrogularis  , Aulacorhynchus prasinus  , or Aulacorhynchus caeruleigularis  ]: 3♂, 11♀, Costa Rica, R. Meinertzhagen, 4579, 10925 (NHML); 2♀, Cerri Abarca, Cartago Province, Costa Rica, 7 Apr. 1976, M. Martin, 1056, 23586–7 (OSUS); 1♀, Monteverde, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica, 21 Jan. 1981, N. Wheelwright (OSUS).

Ex Aulacorhynchus sulcatus erythrognathus  : 1♂, 2♀, 10° 41’ 06” N, 62° 37’ 19” W, Las Melenas, Parque Nacional Peninsula de Pária, Sucré, Venezuela, 24 May 2006, E. Bonaccorso, EB-01–3, EBRG 12235–6View Materials, FMNH- INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 028–30 ( FMNHAbout FMNH).GoogleMaps 

Ex Aulacorhynchus sulcatus sulcatus  : 3♂, 3♀, “ Los Minos ”, Venezuela, 4 Jan. 1944, Correro, 12373, 12376 ( OSUSAbout OSUS)  ; 2♀, 10° 21’ 35” N, 67° 41’ 8” W, Rancho Grande , Parque Nacional Henri Pittier, Aragua, Venezuela, 2 Jun. 2006, E. Bonaccorso, EB-06–6, EBRG12230View Materials, EBRG12237View Materials, FMNH-INS 0 0 0 0 0 29 031–2 ( FMNHAbout FMNH)GoogleMaps  .

Remarks. Carriker's (1954: 193) illustration of the male genitalia of Brueelia laticeps prasinus  appears to have been drawn from a specimen with partially everted genitalia, and is not representative. While we have seen no males of Br. laticeps prasinus  , we have seen several male Traihoriella  from other host species with partially everted male genitalia, which are indistinguishable from those illustrated by Carriker (1954: fig. 17b). We agree with Cicchino (1983: 301) that the two subspecies are synonymous.

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

OSUS

Oklahoma State University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Phthiraptera

Family

Philopteridae

Genus

Traihoriella

Loc

Traihoriella laticeps ( Piaget, 1888 )

Bush, Sarah E. 2017
2017
Loc

Degeeriella laticeps

Carriker 1954: 193
Carriker 1954: 199
Hopkins 1952: 57
Harrison 1916: 116
1916
Loc

Nirmus laticeps

Piaget 1888: 152