Sturnidoecus sturni ( Schrank, 1776 )

Bush, Sarah E., 2017, Morphological revision of the hyperdiverse Brueelia - complex (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Ischnocera: Philopteridae) with new taxa, checklists and generic key, Zootaxa 4313 (1), pp. 1-443: 241-244

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4313.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A5Fdfba5-F992-44A8-84C2-1756C943C19B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/832187E9-FF7A-FF30-FF74-6298FECBFAAF

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Plazi

scientific name

Sturnidoecus sturni ( Schrank, 1776 )
status

 

Sturnidoecus sturni ( Schrank, 1776) 

( Figs 377–383View FIGURES 377 – 378View FIGURES 379 – 383)

Pediculus sturni Schrank, 1776: 118  .

Philopterus leontodon Nitzsch, 1818: 290  .

Docophorus ostralegi Denny, 1842: 42  .

Philopterus leontodon Nitzsch in Burmeister, 1838  ; Harrison, 1916: 97. Philopterus ostralegi Denny, 1842  ; Harrison, 1916: 101.

Philopterus sturni Schrank, 1776  ; Harrison, 1918: 104.

Sturnidoecus leontodon (Nitzsch sensu Piaget 1880)  ; Eichler, 1944: 81. Sturnidoecus ostralegi ( Denny), 1842  ; Hopkins & Clay, 1952; 345 (as junior synonym of S. sturni  ). Sturnidoecus sturni ( Schrank), 1776  ; Hopkins & Clay, 1952: 345.

Type host. Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris Linnaeus, 1758  —European starling.

Type locality. None given in original publication, but neotype has type locality Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. Other hosts. Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi Finsch, 1878  —European starling. Sturnus vulgaris zetlandicus Hartert, 1918  — European starling. Sturnus vulgaris humii Brooks, 1876  [Ref.: Ansari 1968]—European starling. Sturnus vulgaris nobilior Hume, 1879  —European starling new host record

Description. Both sexes. Head shape, structure, and chaetotaxy as in genus description and Fig. 379View FIGURES 379 – 383; as1 present. Preantennal nodi moderate, blunt. Coni long, pointed, reaching well beyond distal margin of scapes. Preocular nodi large, triangular. Postocular nodi very prominent, rounded: pos located far posterior to nodi. Gular plate small, starshaped. Thoracic and abdominal segments as in genus description and Figs 377–378View FIGURES 377 – 378. Posterior margin of pterothorax convergent to median point. Tergopleurites with large, translucent areas around spiracle openings. Tergopleurites pale brown. Sternal plates absent. Both sexes very setose.

Male. Abdominal chaetotaxy as in Table 11 and Fig. 377View FIGURES 377 – 378. Subgenital plate may reach posterior margin of abdomen. Male genitalia as in genus and species group descriptions and Figs 380–382View FIGURES 379 – 383. Measurements ex Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi  (n = 2): TL = 1.41–1.43; HL = 0.47–0.48; HW = 0.48–0.49; PRW = 0.28–0.29; PTW = 0.43– 0.45; AW = 0.66–0.67. Ex S. v. vulgaris  (n = 14): TL = 1.32–1.57 (1.44); HL = 0.46–0.54 (0.49); HW = 0.46–0.55 (0.50); PRW = 0.27–0.31 (0.29); PTW = 0.42–0.49 (0.45); AW = 0.58–0.78 (0.70). Ex. S. v. zetlandicus  (n = 15): TL = 1.36–1.60 (1.45); HL = 0.47–0.54 (0.50); HW = 0.48–0.56 (0.51); PRW = 0.26–0.31 (0.29); PTW = 0.41– 0.50 (0.45); AW = 0.61–0.73 (0.68).

Female. Abdominal chaetotaxy as in Table 11 and Fig. 378View FIGURES 377 – 378. Subgenital plate funnel-shaped, very narrow distally ( Fig. 383View FIGURES 379 – 383). Vulval margin ( Fig. 383View FIGURES 379 – 383) gently rounded, with 7–10 long, slender vms on each side, and 12–15 (rarely 16–17) thorn-like vss on each side; 5–9 short, slender vos on each side; distal vos median or distal to vss. Measurements ex Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi  (n = 3): TL = 1.73–1.93; HL = 0.52–0.56; HW = 0.54–0.56; PRW = 0.31–0.34; PTW = 0.49–0.54; AW = 0.84–0.94. Ex S. v. vulgaris  (n = 14): TL = 1.65–1.83 (1.75); HL = 0.50–0.56 (0.53); HW = 0.51–0.60 (0.54); PRW = 0.29–0.33 (0.31); PTW = 0.48–0.54 (0.50); AW = 0.74–0.89 (0.83). Ex S. v. zetlandicus  (n = 15): TL = 1.59–1.86 (1.72); HL = 0.51–0.58 (0.55); HW = 0.51–0.61 (0.57); PRW = 0.29–0.34 (0.32); PTW = 0.45–0.54 (0.50); AW = 0.72–0.88 (0.77).

Type material. Ex Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris  : Neotype ♂, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, Mar. 1946, R. Meinertzhagen, 15663 ( NHMLAbout NHML). Neoallotype ♀, same data as neotype ( NHMLAbout NHML). Neoparatypes: 5♂, 5♀, same data as neotype ( NHMLAbout NHML); 7♂, 9♀, Kent, England, United Kingdom, Mar. 1937, R. Meinertzhagen, 8337 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 5♂, 5♀, South Uist, Scotland, United Kingdom, Jan. 1934, R. Meinertzhagen, 100–2, 127 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 2♂, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom, Dec. 1936, R. Meinertzhagen, 8149 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 6♂, 10♀, Shetlands, Scotland, United Kingdom, Aug. 1939, R. Meinertzhagen, 13573–6 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 16♂, 24♀, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom, Apr. 1934, R. Meinertzhagen, 297, 764, 14088–9, 14104–5 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♀, Layer Marney, Essex, England, United Kingdom, 1 Jun. 1934, J.W. Campbell, Brit. Mus. 1936-624 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 6♂, 15♀, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, Jan. 1937, R. Meinertzhagen, 8233–5 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 8♂, 4♀, Ireland, Aug. 1937. R. Meinertzhagen, 10463–4, 10466 ( NHMLAbout NHML).

Ex Sturnus vulgaris zetlandicus Neoparatypes  : 10♂, 10♀, Hoy, Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, 5 Aug. 1938, G.H.E. Hopkins ( NHMLAbout NHML); 2♂, 3♀, Shetlands, Scotland, United Kingdom, Aug. 1939, R. Meinertzhagen, 13567–9 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 3♂, 5♀, North Uist, Scotland, United Kingdom, Aug. 1941, R. Meinertzhagen, 14539–41 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 3♂, 2♀, South Uist, Scotland, United Kingdom, Jan. 1934, R. Meinertzhagen, 93, 98, 120 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 10♂, 9♀, Orkney, Scotland, United Kingdom, Aug. 1936, R. Meinertzhagen, 11514 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 44♂, 51♀, same locality and collector as previous, Aug. 1938, 11425, 11479–80, 11525 ( NHMLAbout NHML).

Ex Haematopus ostralegus  (stragglers): Holotype ♀ of Docophorus ostralegi  : United Kingdom, Denny Collection, [BM] 1952-98 (NHML). Syntypes of Docophorus ostralegi  : 2♂, same data as holotype (NHML).

Additional material examined (non-types)

Ex Sturnus vulgaris vulgaris  : 1♂, 3♀, Llanbrynmair, Monmouthshire, Wales, United Kingdom, 20 Jul. 1960 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♀, Pembrey, Carmarthenshire, Wales, United Kingdom, 1 Jun. 1935, J.G. Williams ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♂, Longton, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom, 8 Feb. 1923, W.H. Heathcote ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♀, Radcliffe, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom, 1 Mar. 1931, T. Warwick ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♂, 3♀, Layer Marney, Essex, England, United Kingdom, 1 Apr. 1934, J.W. Campbell ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♂, 1♀, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, 23 Feb. 1965, Lasswade Veterirany Lab ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♂, 1♀, Bass Strait, Australia, Dec. 1952, BM1953-735 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♂, 1♀, Blue Lake, Raoul Island, New Zealand, 6 Jan. 1967, “D.S.I.R., N.Z.”, Brit. Mus. 1968-401 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♀, Herzogenbach [?], Germany, 20 Apr. 1936, 437 ( NHMLAbout NHML) [one slide contains unidentified menoponid]. 1♂, 1♀, Uukeroda [?], Eisenach, Germany, 26 Jul. 1875 [?], 46 ( MFNBAbout MFNB); 1♂, 1♀, Halle, Germany, 18 May 1949, 4012 ( MFNBAbout MFNB); 1♂, 1♀, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom, Feb. 1934, R. Meinertzhagen, 297 [Meinertzhagen No.], 931 [Eichler No.]. 4♂, 7♀, Berlin, Germany, 27 Apr. 1953, [Stefan] von Kéler, IN1383/1-1– 2/8 ( MFNBAbout MFNB); 1♀, Auggen, Baden, Germany, 1 Aug. 1959, [Stefan] von. Kéler ( MFNBAbout MFNB); 2♂, 1♀, Józefów, Warszaw, Poland, 29 Mar. 1954, Klopicka, 48/1954 ( MFNBAbout MFNB); 1♂, 1♀, Bácsalmás, Bácska, Bács-Kiskun County, Hungary, 18 Apr. 1969, J. Rékási, 12068–9 ( PMSLAbout PMSL); 7♂, 7♀, Radovlija, Podbrezje, Naklo, Gorenjska, Slovenia, 20 Nov. 1959, S. Brelih, 2923–36 ( PMSLAbout PMSL); 3♂, 2♀, Stozice, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 15 Mar. 1960, S. Brelih, 1 0863– 7 ( PMSLAbout PMSL); 3♂, 2♀, Ljubljansko Barje, Vrhnika, Slovenia, 15 Mar. 1956, S. Brelih, 122-3, 1133–5 ( PMSLAbout PMSL).

Ex Sturnus vulgaris nobilior  : 6♂, 8♀, Afghanistan, May 1937, R. Meinertzhagen, 10235, 10258 ( MNHML)  ; 7♂, 12♀, Sind , India, Jan. 1937, R. Meinertzhagen, 10409 ( NHMLAbout NHML)  .

Ex Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi  [some as Sturnus vulgaris menzbieri  ]: Bharatpur, Rajasthan State, India, 4 Jan. 1952, R. Meinertzhagen, 19679, 19578, BM1952-143 (NHML); 3♀, Punjab, India, Dec. 1940, R. Meinertzhagen, 14418 (NHML).

Ex Sturnus vulgaris zetlandicus  : 4♂, 7♀, North Uist, Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom, Aug. 1941, R. Meinertzhagen, 14471–7 ( NHMLAbout NHML) [slide contains one Philopterus  and one Quadraceps  ]. 3♂, 13♀, Orkney, Scotland, United Kingdom, Aug. 1938, R. Meinertzhagen, 11308, 11361, 11479 ( NHMLAbout NHML); 1♂, 1♀, Fair Isle, Scotland, United Kingdom, 8159 on reverse ( OSUSAbout OSUS).

Ex Sturnus vulgaris  ssp.: 1♂, 1♀, unknown locality (NHML); 1♂, 1♀, Bahrain, 2 Jan. 1971, M.D. Gallagher, 564–5, Brit. Mus. 1971-349 (NHML); 1♀, unknown locality, 11. Apr. 1876 (MFNB); 22♂, 32♀, unknown locality, Eichler Collection, 120, 353, 379, 437, 868, 956, 1800, 1853, 1863, 2671, 2922, 3117, 3546, 3630–1, 3748, 3974, 50405, 50447, 50556, 50558 (MFNB) [slides also contain Brueelia nebulosa  and unidentified menoponids; one specimen infested by Trenomyces helveticus  ]. 1♂, 4♀, unknown locality, 27 May 1947, Eichler Collection, 4013 (MFNB); 1♂, 2♀, unknown locality, [IN]1824/47–8 (MFNB); 4♂, 3♀, “Kowno”, 5 Mar. 1920, S.G. Iwanowsky, IN 1401/6/2-1 –3 (MFNB); 1♂, 5♀, unknown locality, 7 Jul. 1992, D.H. Clayton, 218 (UMSP).

Ex Turdus philomelos  [as Turdus musicus  ] (stragglers): 1♂, 1♀, Raoul Island, New Zealand, 26 Nov. 1962, C.M. Clark, Brit. Mus. 1966-330 (NHML).

Remarks. Females from Sturnus vulgaris poltaratskyi  have fewer submarginal setae (9–10) than lice collected from western Eurasia. As only a few specimens from S. vulgaris  from continental Europe, Russia, and the Middle East have been examined, we are unable to establish whether these differences are due to clinal variation or indicative of these forms being distinct populations. Based on available material, we consider all of these lice to be St. sturni  .

NHML

Natural History Museum, Tripoli

MFNB

Museo Friulano di Storia Naturale

PMSL

Slovenian Museum of Natural History (Prirodosloveni Muzej Slovenije)

OSUS

Oklahoma State University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Phthiraptera

Family

Philopteridae

Genus

Sturnidoecus

Loc

Sturnidoecus sturni ( Schrank, 1776 )

Bush, Sarah E. 2017
2017
Loc

Philopterus leontodon Nitzsch in Burmeister, 1838

Harrison 1916: 97
Harrison 1916: 101
1916
Loc

Pediculus sturni

Schrank 1776: 118
Loc

Philopterus leontodon

Nitzsch 1818: 290
Loc

Docophorus ostralegi

Denny 1842: 42