Sinonissus brunetus , Wang, Menglin, Shi, Aimin & Bourgoin, Thierry, 2018
Wang, Menglin, Shi, Aimin & Bourgoin, Thierry, 2018, Morphological and molecular data reveal a new genus of the tribe Issini from Southern China (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Issidae), ZooKeys 766, pp. 51-61: 51
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Sinonissus brunetus sp. n. Figs 1-3, 4-7, 8-14, 15-18
Holotype: ♂, China: Chongqing municipality, Jinyunshan, 6 vii 2017, coll. Menglin Wang. Paratypes: 1♂, Chongqing municipality, Jinyunshan, 5 vii 2011, coll. Ting Xu; 1♀, Sichuan Province, Emeishan, 5 vii 2010, coll. Meiyi Xia; 1♀, Sichuan Province, Emeishan, 5 vii 2010, coll. Yuling Zhang.
Diagnosis. This new species looks similar to Latissus dilatatus (Fourcroy, 1785), but differs by: frons much longer, 1.2 times longer in midline than broad at widest part (only 0.9 times in L. dilatatus ); anal tube of male 1.4 times longer in midline than widest part (2.2 times in L. dilatatus ); male genitalia less robust, the digitate processes near apex of periandrium slender and curved (broad and straight in L. dilatatus ).
Length: male (including forewings) (N = 2): 4.2-4.3 mm; female (including forewings) (N = 2): 6.2-6.3 mm.
Coloration. Vertex brown, margins carinated and dark brown (Fig. 1). Compound eyes dark grey, supported by tawny callus (Fig. 1). Frons brown, apical and lateral margins carinated and dark brown, brown median carina extending from apex near to base, but not reaching the frontoclypeal sulcus (Figs 3, 16); lateral area of frons with some tawny inconspicuous tubercles on each side near the lateral margins (Figs 3, 16). Postclypeus brown, rostrum light brown (Fig. 3). Gena brown (Fig. 2). Antennae dark brown (Fig. 3). Pronotum brown, margins carinated and dark brown, lateral area with three unconspicuous light yellow tubercles on each side (Fig. 1). Mesonotum brown, lateral carinae dark yellow (Fig. 1). Forewings brown, longitudinal veins dark brown and transverse veins grey (Figs 1, 2). Legs brown (Figs 2, 3).
Head and thorax. Vertex 3.1 times wider at base than long in midline, lateral margins parallel in apical 1/2 and expanded outward at basal 1/2 (Fig. 1) or parallel all the time. Frons 1.2 times longer in midline than broad at widest part, 1.3 times broader at widest part than apical margin (Fig. 3). Pronotum 2.3 times wider at base than long in midline, anterior margin angularly convex, lateral margins straight (Fig. 1). Mesonotum with anterior margin 2.4 times wider than long in midline (Fig. 1). Forewings 1.9 times wider at longest part than widest part. Metatibiotarsal formula: 2 –(7–8)/(6– 8)/2.
Male terminalia. Anal tube in dorsal view ovate, widest at apical 1/3; 1.4 times longer in midline than widest part, apical part rounded; epiproct long, around 1/3 length of anal tube, anal opening located at basal 1/3 (Fig. 5). Gonostylus subrectangular in lateral view, dorsal margin straight and sloping up posterior, posterior margin nearly straight, caudo-ventral angle rounded, and ventral margin rounded (Figs 4, 7). Capitulum of gonostylus relatively short and broad with an auriform process in the apical 2/3 (Figs 4, 7). Pygofer in lateral view much longer than broad, dorsal margin inclined downward, anterior and posterior margins sinuate (Fig. 4). Periandrium with dorsolateral lobe relatively triangular, weakly sclerotised, ventral lobe rounded apically in lateral view (Figs 6, 17); dorsolateral lobe longer than ventral lobe; pair of slender slightly sclerotised digitate processes originated from the dorsolateral lobe near the apex, curved upward and directed cephalad (Figs 6, 17). In ventral view apical part of dorsolateral lobe sharp, apical margin of ventral lobe rounded (Fig. 18). Paired aedeagal processes hooks-like, curved upward, originated from the basal 3/5 of phallic complex extending to the basal 2/5, tip of processes pointed and directed to dorso-anterior part (Figs 6, 17).
Female terminalia. Anal tube in dorsal view ovate, widest at middle, 1.2 times longer in midline than widest part, apical margin and lateral margins rounded; epiproct long, approximately 1/3 length of anal tube, anal opening situated at basal 1/4 (Fig. 8). Anterior connective lamina of gonapophysis VIII with two or three teeth at apex and three keeled teeth on the outer lateral margin, inner lateral margin without teeth (Fig. 14). Endogonocoxal process developed, slightly sclerotised in basal half and membranous in distal one (Fig. 14), apex of endogonocoxal process with two-digitate processes. Posterior connective lamina of gonapophysis IX in lateral view long and narrow, boat-shaped, tip pointed, dorsal margin roundly convex at base (Fig. 12); in dorsal view basal half broader than apical half, the apical half narrower to apex in outer lateral margins, bifurcate at apical 1/3 in inner part, basal half with outer margins nearly parallel, lateral area sclerotised (Fig. 11). Gonospiculum bridge small and short, in lateral view rectangular with needle-like ventrally (Fig. 12). Gonoplacs fused near base, outer lateral margins roundly convex (Fig. 10), in lateral view rectangular (Fig. 9).
The Latin name brunetus, referring to the dark brown colour of the general appearance of this species.
China (Chongqing, Sichuan).
The COI nucleotide composition of this species is A: T: G: C = 32.7: 32.7: 14.5: 20.0. It differs by 124 and 126 nucleotidic bases with Issus coleoptratus (Fabricius, 1781) (GenBank accession number: KX702932) and Latissus dilatatus (Fourcroy, 1785) (GenBank accession number: KX702947) respectively, along the complete length of 681 bp.
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