SCARIDAE

Golani, Daniel & Fricke, Ronald, 2018, Checklist of the Red Sea Fishes with delineation of the Gulf of Suez, Gulf of Aqaba, endemism and Lessepsian migrants, Zootaxa 4509 (1), pp. 1-215: 131-133

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4509.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9D80FE28-D378-4C7D-87D7-380F6B583BC1

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/865687AC-8EE5-448C-FF0F-0FBCFBF17B38

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

SCARIDAE
status

 

SCARIDAE 

Bolbometopon muricatum ( Valenciennes 1840) 

Red Sea: Egypt ( Haroun et al. 2017).

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: ¯

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Debelius 2007), Eritrea ( Baschieri-Salvadori 1954b, as Scarus muricatus  ), Saudi Arabia ( Tortonese 1983, as Bolbometopon muricatus  ).

General distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Wake Atoll, Line and Gambier islands.

* Calotomus viridescens ( Rüppell 1835) 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: Egypt ( Bruce & Randall 1985), Israel ( Ben-Tuvia & Steinitz 1952, as Cryptotomus spinidens  ), Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Callyodon viridescens  ), Sudan ( Botros 1971, as Callyodon viridescens  ), Eritrea ( Bruce & Randall 1985), Saudi Arabia ( Rüppell 1835, as Scarus viridescens  ).

General distribution: Red Sea endemic.

Cetoscarus bicolor ( Rüppell 1829) 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: Egypt ( Debelius 2007), ( Lieske & Myers 2010), Israel (Golani, 1997), Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus pulchellus  and P. pulchellus var. bicolor  ) Sudan ( Edwards & Rosewell 1981), Saudi Arabia ( Rüppell 1829, as Scarus bicolor  ).

General distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean   : Gulf of Aden.

Chlorurus genazonatus ( Randall & Bruce 1983) 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: Egypt ( Randall & Bruce 1983, as Scarus genazonatus  ), Israel ( Randall & Bruce 1983, as Scarus genazonatus  ), Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997, as Scarus genazonatus  ).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Lieske & Myers 2010), Sudan ( Randall & Bruce 1983, as Scarus genazonatus  ), Saudi Arabia ( Randall & Bruce 1983, as Scarus genazonatus  ).

General distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean   : Gulf of Aden.

* Chlorurus gibbus ( Rüppell 1829) 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: Egypt ( Lieske & Myers 2010), Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997, as Scarus gibbus  ).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus gibbus  ), Saudi Arabia ( Rüppell 1829, as Scarus gibbus  ).

General distribution: Red Sea endemic.

Chlorurus sordidus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775) 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840, as Scarus mentalis  ), Israel ( Ben-Tuvia & Steinitz 1952, as Scarus erythrodon  ), Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus sordidus  ), Sudan ( Botros 1971, as Callyodon erythrodon  ; Edwards & Rosewell 1981, as Scarus sordidus  ), Eritrea ( Tortonese 1947a, as Scarus sordidus  ), Saudi Arabia ( Roux-Estève & Fourmanoir 1955, as Callyodon erythrodon  ; Tortonese 1983, as Scarus sordidus  ).

General distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Indonesia.

Hipposcarus harid (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775) 

Gulf of Suez: Egypt ( Botros 1971, as Pseudoscarus harid  ). Gulf of Aqaba: Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Rüppell 1829, as Scarus mastax  ; Martens 1867, as Scarus harid  ), Sudan ( Bamber 1915, as Pseudoscarus harid  ), Eritrea ( Ben-Tuvia 1968, Clark et al. 1968), Saudi Arabia ( Rüppell 1829, as Scarus mastax  ; Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840, as Scarus cyanurus  ; Roux-Estève 1956, as Callyodon harid  ).

General distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa east to  Java.

Leptoscarus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824) 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: Egypt ( Marshall 1952), Jordan (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840, as Scarus rubronotatus  ).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Bruce & Randall 1985), Saudi Arabia ( Rüppell 1835, as Scarus coeruleo-punctatus  ; Tortonese 1983).

General distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Ogasawara Islands and Pitcairn.

* Scarus collana Rüppell 1835 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: Egypt ( Lieske & Myers 2010), Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus forskalii var. collana  ; Bebars 1978 as Scarus ghardaqensis  ), Sudan ( Randall & Bruce 1983), Eritrea ( Rüppell 1835).

General distribution: Red Sea endemic.

Scarus ferrugineus Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: Egypt ( Randall & Ormond 1978), Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus coerulescens  ), Sudan ( Edwards & Rosewell 1981; Randall & Bruce 1983), Eritrea (Kossmann & Räuber, as Pseudoscarus augustinus  ), Saudi Arabia ( Roux-Estève 1956, as Callyodon dubius  ; Randall & Bruce 1983).

General distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden and Gulf of Oman to Persian Gulf.

Scarus frenatus Lacepède 1802 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: ¯

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus sexvittatus  ), Sudan ( Edwards & Rosewell 1981; Randall & Bruce 1983), Saudi Arabia ( Rüppell 1835, as Scarus sexvittatus  ).

General distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Line Islands and Ducie ( Pitcairn Group).

Scarus fuscopurpureus ( Klunzinger 1871) 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: Egypt ( Randall & Bruce 1983), Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus forskalii var. fuscopurpureus  ), Sudan ( Randall & Bruce 1983); Saudi Arabia (Roux-Estèce & Fourmanoir 1955, as Callyodon oktodon  ).

General distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Somalia, Persian Gulf.

Scarus ghobban Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775 

Gulf of Suez: Egypt ( Gruvel & Chabanaud 1937, as Pseudoscarus ghobban  ).

Gulf of Aqaba: Israel ( Randall & Bruce 1983), Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus ghoban  ), Sudan ( Borodin 1930, as Pseudoscarus ghobban  ), Eritrea ( Rüppell 1829), Saudi Arabia (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775; see Fricke 2008), Yemen (Heda et al. 1998).

General distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Panama.

Remark. Lessepsian migrant into eastern Mediterranean ( Goren & Aronov 2002).

Scarus niger Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775 

Gulf of Suez: Egypt ( Botros 1971, as Pseudoscarus niger  ).

Gulf of Aqaba: Jordan ( Khalaf & Disi 1997).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus niger  ), Sudan ( Bamber 1915, as Pseudoscarus niger  ), Eritrea ( Borsieri 1904, as Pseudoscarus niger  ), Saudi Arabia ( Rüppell 1835).

General distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Marshall Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago.

Scarus psittacus Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: Egypt ( Randall & Ormond 1978), Israel ( Randall & Bruce 1983), Jordan ( Steinitz & Ben-Tuvia 1955, as Callyodon forskalii  ).

Red Sea main basin: Egypt ( Klunzinger 1871, as Pseudoscarus forskalii  ), Sudan ( Randall & Ormond 1978), Eritrea (Tortonese 1935, as Callyodon psittacus  ), Saudi Arabia (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775; see Fricke 2008), Yemen (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840, as Scarus hertit  ).

General distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Hawaiian and  Marquesas islands.

Scarus rubroviolaceus Bleeker 1847 

Red Sea: Egypt ( Haroun et al. 2017).

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: ¯

Red Sea main basin: Yemen ( Randall 1994c).

General distribution: Southern Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa east to Panama.

Scarus scaber Valenciennes 1840 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: ¯

Red Sea main basin: Saudi Arabia (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840, as Scarus pectoralis  ).

General distribution: Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa east to western Indonesia.

Scarus viridifucatus (Smith 1956) 

Gulf of Suez: ¯

Gulf of Aqaba: ¯

Red Sea main basin: Yemen ( Randall 1994c).

General distribution: Southern Red Sea, Indian Ocean: East Africa east to  Bali.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Actinopterygii

Order

Perciformes

Family

Scaridae

Loc

SCARIDAE

Golani, Daniel & Fricke, Ronald 2018
2018
Loc

Chlorurus genazonatus (

Randall & Bruce 1983
1983
Loc

Scarus fuscopurpureus (

Klunzinger 1871
1871
Loc

Bolbometopon muricatum (

Valenciennes 1840
1840
Loc

Scarus scaber

Valenciennes 1840
1840
Loc

Calotomus viridescens ( Rüppell 1835 )

Ruppell 1835
1835
Loc

Scarus collana Rüppell 1835

Ruppell 1835
1835
Loc

Cetoscarus bicolor ( Rüppell 1829 )

Ruppell 1829
1829
Loc

Chlorurus gibbus ( Rüppell 1829 )

Ruppell 1829
1829
Loc

Chlorurus sordidus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775 )

Forsskal in Niebuhr 1775
1775
Loc

Hipposcarus harid (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775 )

Forsskal in Niebuhr 1775
1775
Loc

Scarus ferrugineus Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775

Forsskal in Niebuhr 1775
1775
Loc

Scarus ghobban Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775

Forsskal in Niebuhr 1775
1775
Loc

Scarus niger Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775

Forsskal in Niebuhr 1775
1775
Loc

Scarus psittacus Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775

Forsskal in Niebuhr 1775
1775