Stegosatyrus ocelloides ( Schaus, 1902 ) Schaus, 1902

Zacca, Thamara, Mielke, Olaf H. H., Pyrcz, Tomasz W., Casagrande, Mirna M., Freitas, André V. L. & Boyer, Pierre, 2013, Stegosatyrus, a new genus of Euptychiina from the grasslands of neotropical realm (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae), Zootaxa 3682 (2), pp. 331-350 : 337-340

publication ID

https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3682.2.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:AA334E13-A81E-4CD8-99F0-AFC4E87899DD

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6152151

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/874187CE-027F-FFF9-A2DA-FB27FEB75289

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Stegosatyrus ocelloides ( Schaus, 1902 )
status

n. comb.

Stegosatyrus ocelloides ( Schaus, 1902) , n. comb.

( Figs 5 –8 View FIGURES 1 – 16 , 18, 21 View FIGURES 17 – 22 , 33–46 View FIGURES 33 – 46 , 84 View FIGURES 84 )

Euptychia ocelloides Schaus, 1902: 387 ; Mielke 1994: 772; Kochalka et al. 1996: 212; Teston & Corseuil 2002: 86, 119. Megisto ocelloides ; Brown & Mielke 1967: 92; Iserhard & Romanowski 2004: 653.

Pampasatyrus ocelloides ; Lamas & Viloria 2004: 217; Emery et al. 2006: 90; Teston & Corseuil 2008: 47; Iserhard et al. 2010: 312; Dolibaina et al. 2011: 349; Santos et al. 2011: 272.

Type locality. Brazil, Paraná, Castro.

Taxonomic history. Schaus (1902) described Euptychia ocelloides based on two syntypes, a male and a female, from the type locality. Brown & Mielke (1967) and Iserhard & Romanowski (2004) indicate this species as belonging to Megisto . Lamas & Viloria (2004) transfer the species to Pampasatyrus and, since then, this classification is followed by several authors.

Diagnosis. Among the species with similar color pattern, Stegosatyrus ocelloides n. comb. is easily distinguished from Megisto cymela (Cramer, 1777) by the irregular discal line on the forewing, the absence of an ocellus between M 3 -CuA 1 and the thick and crenulated marginal line on the hindwing. Unlike M. cymela , the Stegosatyrus ocelloides n. comb appendix angular is small, the anterior projection of the saccus is longer than the tegumen, and the uncus does not have a down-curved apex.

Redescription. MALE ( Figs 5 –6 View FIGURES 1 – 16 , 18, 21 View FIGURES 17 – 22 , 33, 35, 37– 44 View FIGURES 33 – 46 ). Head ( Figs 18, 21 View FIGURES 17 – 22 ): Antenna light brown with 31 flagellomeres; frons with small white scales near the border of the eyes; labial palpi with elongated white and black scales on ventral face, third segment digitiform with same length of first segment. Thorax ( Fig. 35 View FIGURES 33 – 46 ): tegulum with long, medium brown and white scales; prothoracic leg with coxae of same length as trochanter + femur + tibia + tarsus, femur more developed than tibia, tarsus same length of tibia. Abdomen: medium brown; sternite VIII rectangular. Wings ( Figs 5 –6 View FIGURES 1 – 16 , 33 View FIGURES 33 – 46 ): light brown. FW (length: 13–16 mm): external margin with light brown fringes; sub-marginal region with a black ocellus between R 5 -M 2 externally ringed with light brown line and two nacreous pupils; marginal region with dark brown line between R 4 - 2 A, parallel to margin; sub-marginal region with dark brown line rounding the R 4 -CuA 2 ocellus; Rs of same length as dci vein; R 1 arises at dcs vein base; similar ventral view. HW: external margin without indentations, but with fringes similar to the FW; a black ocellus between CuA 1 - CuA 2; marginal region with irregular dark brown line between R 1-2 A; sub-marginal region with irregular dark line between M 1 -CuA 2; ventrally face similar to dorsal face, differing in the presence of an ocellus between M 1 -M 2 and another small one between CuA 2 - 2 A, irregular dark brown discal line parallel to margin between R 1 and tornus. Genitalia ( Figs 37–44 View FIGURES 33 – 46 ): tegumen with a pronounced median concavity in the proximal portion; ventral arm of tegumen angulated; appendix angular reduced; anterior projection of saccus of same length as gnathos; valvae without crenulation at apex; aedeagus approximately one and one half times longer than tegumen + uncus, narrow and with proximal portion lanceolate.

FEMALE ( Figs 7 –8 View FIGURES 1 – 16 , 34, 36, 45– 46 View FIGURES 33 – 46 ). Similar to male. Head: Antenna with 32 flagellomeres. Thorax ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 33 – 46 ): prothoracic tibia about 2 / 3 the length of femur. Genitalia ( Figs 45–46 View FIGURES 33 – 46 ): Papillae anales 2 / 3 the length of tergite VIII; sternite VIII separated from tergite VIII; lamella antevaginalis sclerotized; ductus bursae with basal half sclerotized; signa 1 / 3 to 1 / 2 the length of bursa.

Variation. Some individuals can present a small black ocellus on the HWV, between M 2 -M 3.

Distribution ( Fig. 84 View FIGURES 84 ). Occurs in the south-west region of Paraguay (Hernandarias and Caaguazú) and the midwest, south and southeast regions of Brazil, from sea level to 1,500m. Flies throughout the year.

Host plants. Unknown.

Examined material. PARAGUAY, Hernandarias: 10 Km ao norte de Hernandarias 250m, 103 e 4 Ƥ, 21.I. 1980, O.– C. Mielke & Miers leg. (DZ 24.891, DZ 24.892, DZ 24.907, DZ 24.908, DZ 24.909, DZ 24.911); Caaguazú: 100 Km a oeste de Puerto Stroessner [Cidade del Este], 13, 14.I. 1982, O.-C. Mielke leg. (DZ 24.910); BRAZIL, Mato Grosso do Sul: Rio Brilhante, 13, 21.X. 1970, V. O. Becker leg. (DZ 24.871); Mato Grosso: Barra do Garças (São Félix), 1 Ƥ, 25.VII. 1968, Claudionor Elias leg. (DZ 24.872), 180km oeste de Barra do Garças (São Félix), 550m, 13, 25.VII. 1968, Mielke & Brown leg. (DZ 24.873), Buriti (Chapada dos Guimarães), 600m, 33 and 1 Ƥ, 26.VI. 1972, Mielke & Brown leg. (DZ 24.877, DZ 24.878, DZ 24.879, DZ 24.880), Diamantino, Alto Rio Arinos (Fazenda São João), 300–400m, 33, 22.I. 1978, Mielke & Furtado leg. (DZ 24.881, DZ 24.882, DZ 24.889), 13 06.IX. 1978, Mielke & Furtado leg. (DZ 24.887), 1 Ƥ, 22.I. 1974, Furtado leg. (DZ 24.884), 13, 7.IX. 1979, Furtado leg. (DZ 24.883), 13 and 1 Ƥ, 23.I. 1978, Furtado leg. (DZ 24.888, DZ 24.890); Goiás: Cristalina, 1 without abdomen 24.I. 1976, without collector (DZ 24.870); Distrito Federal: 1,000m, 13, 12.III. 1968, K. Ebert leg. (DZ 24.848), Fazenda Água Limpa, 13, 7.IX. 1976, Gifford leg. (DZ 24.847); Mata do Brasília Country Club, 13, 2.II. 1967, without collector (DZ 24.849), 23, 19.VI. 1972, Mielke & Brown leg. (DZ 24.851, DZ 24.852), Zoológico, 13, 19.VI. 1972, Mielke & Brown leg. (DZ 24.853); Minas Gerais: Barbacena, (Serra da Mantiqueira), 1,100m, 23 and 1 without abdomen, 29.VIII. 1951, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.773, DZ 24.800, DZ 24.831), 1 Ƥ, III. 1955, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.779), 1 without abdomen, 63 and 2 Ƥ, 12.VIII. 1952, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.781, DZ 24.791, DZ 24.809, DZ 24.782, DZ 24.822, DZ 24.823, DZ 24.828, DZ 24.829, DZ 24.839), 23 and 2 without abdomen, 13.VIII. 1952, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.787, DZ 24.812, DZ 24.819, DZ 24.832), 13, 21.X. 1952, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.810), 23 and 1 without abdomen, 23.VIII. 1952, H. Ebert leg. (DZ 24.813, DZ 24.817, DZ 24.818), 13, 21.VIII. 1954, H. Ebert leg. (DZ 24.837), 13, 29.VIII. 1954, H. Ebert leg. (DZ 24.838); Monte Alegre, 750m, 23, 14.V. 1969, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.777, DZ 24.778), 200m, 13, 14.V. 1969, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.780), 13 and 1 Ƥ, 21.VII. 1974, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.801, DZ 24.802), 750m, 13, 21.III. 1974, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.830); Ouro Branco, 1,050m, 2 without abdomen and 23, 08.III. 1954, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.783, DZ 24.788, DZ 24.827, DZ 24.833); Itumirim, 900m, 23, 07.II. 1964, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.793, DZ 24.797), Poços de Caldas, 1,250m, 1 Ƥ, 28.V. 1967, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.799); Corinto, 23, 10.X. 1979, C. Elias leg. (DZ 24.803, DZ 24.807), Catas Altas (Caraçá), 1,500m, 23, 01–05.II. 1985, Mielke & Casagrande leg. (DZ 24.808, DZ 24.811); Conceição de Mato Dentro (Serra do Cipó), 1,000–1,300m, 13, 30.I. 1985, Mielke & Casagrande leg. (DZ 24.821), Santana do Riacho, 1,300m, 43, 25– 26.X. 2003, Mielke leg. (DZ 24.840, DZ 24.841, DZ 24.842, DZ 24.843); São Paulo: (Serra da Bocaína), 1,750m, 23 and 2 Ƥ, 5.III. 1964, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.756, DZ 24.757, DZ 24.769, DZ 24.771), 33, 2.III. 1966, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.759, DZ 24.768, DZ 24.770), Itirapina, 250m, 13, 15.VIII. 1966, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.758), 750m, 1 Ƥ and 13, 01.V. 1966, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.760, DZ 24.762), 13, 18.VIII. 1968, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.763), 13 10.XI. 1963, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.767), 1 Ƥ, 9.VI. 1966, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.789), Campo Alegre (Brotas), 750m, 13, 13.I. 1963, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.761), 1 Ƥ, 03.V. 1964, Ebert leg. (DZ 24.790), Lins (Boa Sorte), 1 Ƥ, 8.VI. 1941, Goro Hashimoto leg. (DZ 24.772); Paraná: Ponta Grossa ( Vila Velha ), 13, 1.I. 1967, without collector (DZ 24.716), 1 Ƥ 20.XI. 1966, Moure, Marinoni & Mielke leg. (DZ 24.718), 1,000m, 63 and 1 Ƥ, 2.III. 1967, Mielke & Tangerini leg. (DZ 24.732, DZ 24.735, DZ 24.736, DZ 24.737, DZ 24.738, DZ 24.748), 13, 8.XII. 1967, Mielke leg. (DZ 24.742); 23 and 1 Ƥ, 6.II. 1968, Mielke leg. (DZ 24.733, DZ 24.743, DZ 24.744), Curitiba, 900m, 53, 14.III. 1972, O. Mielke leg. (DZ 24.717, DZ 24.719, DZ 24.720, DZ 24.722, DZ 24.724), 1 Ƥ 17.II. 1968, Mielke leg. (DZ 24.741), Jaguaraíva, 23 17.XI. 1976, Mielke leg. (DZ 24.721, DZ 24.726), Castro, 1,000m, 13 and 1 Ƥ, 26.I. 1972, Mielke & Tangerini leg. (DZ 24.723, DZ 24.725), 10km ao norte de Castro, 1 Ƥ, 20.XII. 1977, Mielke leg. (DZ 24.745), Rio Negro, 800m, 13 and 1 Ƥ, 25.II. 1968, Moure & Mielke leg. (DZ 24.727, DZ 24.728), Colombo, 2 Ƥ, 3.XII. 1970, Mielke & Lauterjung leg. (DZ 24.729, DZ 24.730), Palmeiras (Papagaios Velhos), 1 Ƥ, 20.XI. 1966, Moure, Marinoni & Mielke leg. (DZ 24.731), Guarapuava, 13, II. 1972, Schneider leg. (DZ 24.734), 23, I. 1972, Schneider leg. (DZ 24.753, DZ 24.754), 9km ao norte de Guarapuava, 13 and 1 Ƥ, 3.II. 1976, Mielke & Buzzi leg. (DZ 24.750, DZ 24.752), Morretes (Pilão de Pedra), 13, 18.II. 1982, Mielke & Casagrande leg. (DZ 24.747), Palmas, 1,100m, 1 Ƥ, 06.XI. 1976, Mielke & Buzzi leg. (DZ 24.751); Santa Catarina: Lages, 950m, 23 6–8.II. 1973, H. & D. Ebert leg. (DZ 24.858, DZ 24.862), (Rio Lavatudo, estr. Lages-São Joaquim), 1,000m, 23 23.II. 1973, O. Mielke leg. (DZ 24.857, DZ 24.859), 13 24.II. 1973, O. Mielke leg. (DZ 24.860), Campo Alegre (Serra do Quiriri), 1,300m, 13, 14.XI. 2009, O. Mielke, E. Carneiro & G. Melo leg. (DZ 24.861), Curitibanos, 1 without abdomen and 13, 22– 23.I. 1933, without collector (DZ 24.867, DZ 24.868), Ponte Alta do Norte (Mijolinho), 860m, 23, 02.II. 1973, Mielke & Sakakibara leg. (DZ 24.863, DZ 24.869), Santa Cecília, 1,200m, 13, 11.III. 2001, A. Moser leg. ( MZUJ); Rio Grande do Sul: São Francisco de Paula (Serra Geral), 850–900m, 1 Ƥ, 1.V. 2012, T. Pyrcz leg. ( MZUJ).

Male lectotype: LECTOTYPE / Castro, Paraná/ Collection W. Schaus/ 3 genitalia, slide. XI- 6-1940, W. D. F. # 320 / Euptychia ocelloides Schaus / Type No. 5869 U. S. N. M/ Euptychia ocelloides Schaus, 1902 , Zacca, Mielke & Pyrcz det. 2013.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Nymphalidae

Genus

Stegosatyrus

Loc

Stegosatyrus ocelloides ( Schaus, 1902 )

Zacca, Thamara, Mielke, Olaf H. H., Pyrcz, Tomasz W., Casagrande, Mirna M., Freitas, André V. L. & Boyer, Pierre 2013
2013
Loc

Pampasatyrus ocelloides

Dolibaina 2011: 349
Santos 2011: 272
Iserhard 2010: 312
Teston 2008: 47
Emery 2006: 90
Lamas 2004: 217
2004
Loc

Euptychia ocelloides

Iserhard 2004: 653
Teston 2002: 86
Kochalka 1996: 212
Mielke 1994: 772
Brown 1967: 92
Schaus 1902: 387
1902