Eurypon denisae Vacelet, 1969

Bertolino, Marco, Cerrano, Carlo, Bavestrello, Giorgio, Carella, Mirco, Pansini, Maurizio & Calcinai, Barbara, 2013, Diversity of Porifera in the Mediterranean coralligenous accretions, with description of a new species, ZooKeys 336, pp. 1-37: 9-10

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Eurypon denisae Vacelet, 1969


Eurypon denisae Vacelet, 1969   Figs 8 A–E

Eurypon denisae   Vacelet, 1969: 188.

Material examined.

Specimen IG-S-BL3 sp10-fot.; alcohol preserved, Gallinara Island (station 3, Sciusciaù) 44°01'34"N, 8°13'45"E, depth 30 m, collected 31-07-2009.


Encrustingsponge covering a surface of 3 cm2 on a coralligenous block. Surface hispid. Colour in life white.

Skeleton. Ectosomal skeleton absent. Choanosomal skeleton consisting of basal acanthostyles with heads embedded in a spongin layer and bundles of very long tylostyles protruding through the sponge surface which appears hispid.

Spicules. Long tylostyles, slightly curved or straight, with rather irregular heads, 1066 (1774) 2236 × 5 (8.5) 12.5 μm (Fig. 8A); anisoxeas straight or faintly curved, 200 (220) 250 × 5 (5.5) 7 μm (Figs 8D-E); acanthostyles in two size categories: I) large, straight acanthostyles, often with inconspicuous heads, uniformly but faintly spined, 107.7 (134.5) 170 × 7.5 (9) 12 μm (Fig. 8B); II) small, straight acanthostyles with stouter and longer spines, 60 (68) 77.5 × 7.5 (8) 10 μm (Fig. 8C).

Distribution and discussion.

The species was originally described by Vacelet (1969) from a coral bottom in the bathyal zone (300-350 m depth) of the Gulf of Lions. This second finding is a new record for the Italian seas and the coralligenous community.