Rhinolophus cohenae,

Burgin, Connor, 2019, Family Rhinolophidae (Horseshoe Bats), Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Vol. 9, Lynx Edicions, pp. 280-332: 289-290

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Rhinolophus cohenae


19View On. Cohen’s Horseshoe Bat

Rhinolophus cohenae 

French: Rhinolophe de Cohen / German: Cohen-Hufeisennase / Spanish: Herradura de Cohen

Taxonomy. Rhinolophus cohenae P. J. Taylor  et al, 2012, “ Barberton, Mountainland Nature Reserve, 68 km SE Sudwala , Mpumalanga Province, South Africa, 25° 43’ 8”S; 31° 15’ 58” E; elevation 690 m asl.”GoogleMaps  Rhinolophus cohenae  is in the fumigatus  species group and in a clade including R hildebrandtii  , R mabuensis  , and R smithersi  . Specimens of R cohenaewere  previously identified as R hildebrandtii  , but recent genetic and morphological studies justified its separate species status. Monotypic.

Distribution. Known from a few localities in Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces near Mbombela (= Nelspruit), NE South Africa.View Figure

Descriptive notes. Forearm 66-68 mm. Cohen’s Horseshoe Bat is similar to Hildebrandt’s Horseshoe Bat ( hildebrandtii  ). Dorsal pelage of Cohen’s Horseshoe Bat is gray to grayish brown; venter is slighdy paler. There is no orange morph. Males lack axillary tufts. Ears are medium-long in length. Noseleaf has low and rounded connecting process (in lateral view) that, in general, is similar to Hildebrandt’s Horseshoe Bat, except horseshoe is considerably wider at 13-5—16- 3 mm. Lower lip of Cohen’s Horseshoe Bat has single groove. Wings and uropatagium are dark grayish brown. Skull is robust, elongated, flattened in lateral profile, and similar to other species in the hildebrandtii  clade. Dental formula is 32 or 30 teeth when an upper premolar is absent; P2 is frequentiy conspicuous and located in tooth row (a feature never seen in Hildebrandt’s Horseshoe Bat) or entirely absent; if absent, C1 and P4 are in contact.

Habitat. Open savanna and grassland habitats, specifically mesic Highveld grassland, Lowveld, and central Bushveld bioregions, at elevations of 600-1100 m.

Food and Feeding. No information.

Breeding. No information.

Activity patterns. Colonies of Cohen’s Horseshoe Bats are known to roost primarily in caves and abandoned mine shafts, although smaller day roosts have been found in fissures and crevices in rocky areas. Call shape is FM/CF/FM, with F component of 33 kHz in South Africa.

Movements, Home range and Social organization. Up to 40 Cohen’s Horseshoe Bats have been reported in a single colony.

Status and Conservation. Classified as Vulnerable on 77ie IUCN Red List. Cohen’s Horseshoe Bat is currendy only known from a few specimens in a restricted distribution and primarily threatened by illegal mining and general climate change.

Bibliography. ACR (2018), Cohen et al. (2017), Taylor et al. (2012).