Praocis (Hemipraocis) Flores & Pizarro-Araya

Flores, Gustavo E. & Pizarro-Araya, Jaime, 2014, Towards a revision of the South American genus Praocis Eschscholtz (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae), with estimation of the diversity of each subgenus, ZooKeys 415, pp. 53-80: 64-65

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.415.6656

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C620B268-3075-4659-8C90-62866DF93193

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/1EF65CCD-D4C2-4B9F-BB5B-7BB98170599D

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:1EF65CCD-D4C2-4B9F-BB5B-7BB98170599D

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scientific name

Praocis (Hemipraocis) Flores & Pizarro-Araya
status

subgen. n.

(6) Subgenus Praocis (Hemipraocis) Flores & Pizarro-Araya  subgen. n. Figs 11, 25-26

Type species.

Praocis sellata  Berg, 1889, present designation.

Diagnosis.

Clypeus with anterior margin extending beyond to lateral expansion of frons, width of anterior margin not exceeding half the interocular width, clypeal suture as a horizontal groove not covered by frons, clypeus lower than frons; antennomere 9 longer than antennomere 10, antennomere 11 longer than antennomere 10; apical tomentose sensory patches on antennomere 10 in two areas subequal in size, on antennomere 11 on distal half; prosternum without a narrow edge on anterior margin; lateral margin of elytron well defined; ventral surface of profemora without a row of setae on anterior edge, protibiae explanate.

Distribution.

The species of Praocis (Hemipraocis)  occur from central Argentina (southern Mendoza 36°S and coastal Buenos Aires 36°S), to southern Argentina and Chile (northern Magellan Strait 52°S), in the biogeographic provinces of Patagonia, Monte and Pampa ( Morrone 2006) (Fig. 25).

New records.

We present a new record for the Peninsula Valdés in Argentina ( Flores et al. 2011).

Diversity.

This subgenus contains 8 species/subspecies ( Kulzer 1958; Flores 2007, 2009; Flores et al. 2011) of which 2 subspecies were recently described ( Flores et al. 2011), plus 8 species to be described, 16 species in total, with a 167 percent increase in the species number (Fig. 33).

Habitat.

Species of Praocis (Hemipraocis)  have diurnal and crepuscular habits, hiding during the night under shrubs, stones or buried in sand. They inhabit the Patagonian steppes and coastal Pampa from sea level to an altitude of 1700 m, in sandy soils or clayey, poorly permeable soils ( Flores et al. 2011; collection data FMNH, IADIZA, and pers. obs.) (Fig. 26).

Species included.

Praocis sellata  Berg, 1889; Praocis sellata bergi  Kulzer, 1958; Praocis sellata bruchi  Kulzer, 1958 (= Praocis sellata topali  Kaszab, 1964, synonymy by Flores et al. 2011); Praocis sellata peninsularis  Flores & Carrara, 2011 (in Flores et al. 2011); Praocis sellata granulipennis  Flores & Carrara, 2011 (in Flores et al. 2011); Praocis fimbriata  Burmeister, 1875; Praocis striolicollis  Fairmaire, 1883a (= Praocis denseciliata  Fairmaire, 1883b, synonymy by Flores 2007) (= Praocis silvestrii  Marcuzzi, 2001, synonymy by Flores 2009); Praocis inermis  Burmeister, 1875 (= Praocis compacta  Fairmaire, 1883b, synonymy by Flores 2007).