Xenobolus carnifex ( Fabricius, 1775 )

Golovatch, Sergei I. & Wesener, Thomas, 2016, A species checklist of the millipedes (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) of India, Zootaxa 4129 (1), pp. 1-75: 34

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4129.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:04127BF8-A4D7-4004-9800-07536D0A15EB

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/8E248799-FF9C-FF82-FF39-E546741CEE64

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Xenobolus carnifex ( Fabricius, 1775 )
status

 

Xenobolus carnifex ( Fabricius, 1775) 

Iulus  (recte: Julus  ) carnifex Fabricius, 1775: 428  (D). Sri Lanka, Malaysia (Borneo). Also India, Tranquebar; Madras, Shevaroy Hills, Yercaud; Central Provinces, Chanda; Tamil Nadu.

Iulus (sic!) carnifex  — Fabricius, 1781: 530 (D);

Julus Carnifex  (sic!)—Linnaeus, 1788: 3019 (D).

Julus carnifex  — Fabricius, 1781: 530 (D); 1793: 395 (D); Olivier, 1792: 416 (D); Latreille, 1802: 76 (D); Brandt, 1833: 205 (D), 1841 a: 127 (M); 1841 c: 121 (M); Humbert, 1865: 57 (D).

Iulus (sic!) carnifex  — Fabricius, 1781: 530 (D); Gervais, 1837: 13 (D), 1847: 163 (D); Lucas, 1842: 532 (D). Julus (Spirobolus) carnifex  — Brandt, 1841 b: 368 (D), 1841 c: 121 (M).

Spirobolus ruficollis  Newport, 1844 a: 269 (D), synonymized by Pocock (1892).

Spirobolus ruficollis  — Newport, 1844 b: 13 (M); Preudhomme de Borre, 1884 b: 76 (M); Attems, 1914: 355 (M). Iulus ruficollis  — Gervais, 1847: 175 (D).

Spirobolus Carnifex  (sic!)— Koch, 1847: 102 (M), 1863: 62 (D).

Spirobolus carnifex  — Karsch, 1881 a: 79 (M); Preudhomme de Borre, 1884 b: 73 (M); Tömösváry, 1885: 69 (M); Daday, 1889: 129 (R); Pocock, 1892: 166 (D).

Trigoniulus  carnifex— Silvestri, 1896 a: 28 (M).

Diaphoropus  carnifex— Silvestri, 1897: 651 (D), synonymy in Hoffman (1962).

Xenobolus carnifex  — Carl, 1919: 394 (D); Attems, 1936: 304 (R); Hoffman, 1962: 780 (R); Mukherjee, 1962: 25 (R); Rajulu, 1970 b: 143 (M); Bano, 1983: 170 (M); Achar, 1987: 149 (M); Alagesan & Vanithapriya, 1992: 299 (M); Valli, 1994: 322 (M); Jeekel, 2001 c: 54 (M); Alagesan et al., 2003: 111 (M); Alagesan & Muthukrishnan, 2003: 313 (M); 2005 a: 5 (M); 2005 b: 3 (M); 2009: 237 (R); Wesener et al., 2008: 38 (D); Wesener & Enghoff, 2009: 111 –113 (D); Karthigeyan & Alagesan, 2011: 62 (M, R); Alagesan & Ramanathan, 2013: 1, 2 (R); Bhakat, 2014: 186 (R); Chezhian & Prabakaran, 2016: 91, 92 (R, D).

Erythroprosopon phoenix Verhoeff, 1936 c: 505  (D), synonymized by Hoffman (1962). Erythroprosopon phoenix  — Moritz & Fischer, 1975: 251 (M).

Remarks: Koch’s (1847, 1863) records of this species in Georgia, U.S.A. are certainly wrong, and Newport’s (1844 a, 1844 b) from Australia may reflect an introduced population as presently there are no extant populations of Xenobolus carnifex  known from Australia (Mesibov in litt., see also http://www. polydesmida  .info/ millipedesofaustralia/introduced.html). However, X. carnifex  has recently been found in imported plants in Europe ( Barber 2015).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Diplopoda

Order

Spirobolida

Family

Pachybolidae

Genus

Xenobolus

Loc

Xenobolus carnifex ( Fabricius, 1775 )

Golovatch, Sergei I. & Wesener, Thomas 2016
2016
Loc

Erythroprosopon phoenix

Moritz 1975: 251
Verhoeff 1936: 505
1975
Loc

Xenobolus carnifex

Chezhian 2016: 91
Bhakat 2014: 186
Alagesan 2013: 1
Karthigeyan 2011: 62
Wesener 2009: 111
Wesener 2008: 38
Jeekel 2001: 54
Valli 1994: 322
Alagesan 1992: 299
Achar 1987: 149
Bano 1983: 170
Rajulu 1970: 143
Hoffman 1962: 780
Mukherjee 1962: 25
Attems 1936: 304
Carl 1919: 394
1919
Loc

Diaphoropus

Silvestri 1897: 651
1897
Loc

Trigoniulus

Silvestri 1896: 28
1896
Loc

Spirobolus carnifex

Pocock 1892: 166
Daday 1889: 129
Tomosvary 1885: 69
Karsch 1881: 79
1881
Loc

Spirobolus

Koch 1847: 102
1847
Loc

Spirobolus ruficollis

Newport 1844: 269
1844
Loc

Spirobolus ruficollis

Attems 1914: 355
Gervais 1847: 175
Newport 1844: 13
1844
Loc

Iulus (sic!) carnifex

Fabricius 1781: 530
1781
Loc

Julus carnifex

Humbert 1865: 57
Brandt 1833: 205
Latreille 1802: 76
Olivier 1792: 416
Fabricius 1781: 530
1781
Loc

Iulus (sic!) carnifex

Lucas 1842: 532
Brandt 1841: 368
Gervais 1837: 13
Fabricius 1781: 530
1781
Loc

Iulus

Fabricius 1775: 428