Clubiona Latreille, 1804

Marusik, Yuri M. & Omelko, Mikhail M., 2018, A survey of the Porrhoclubiona Lohmander, 1944 from Central Asia (Araneae, Clubiondae), ZooKeys 802, pp. 19-38: 20-21

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.802.30236

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:41BF2853-A80E-49CC-8EAF-36F051E58692

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/92D96DDA-AAE5-6E85-FEF2-98B74A869EBE

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Clubiona Latreille, 1804
status

 

Clubiona Latreille, 1804 

Clubiona  Latreille, 1804: 134 (type Araneus pallidulus  Clerck, 1757).

Hirtia  Thorell, 1881: 222 (type H. hatamensis  Thorell, 1891).

Atalia  Thorell, 1887: 54 (type A. concinna  Thorell, 1887).

Tolophus  Thorell, 1891: 26 (type T. submaculatus  Thorell, 1891).

Paraclubiona  Lohmander, 1944: 19 (type Aranea corticalis  (Walckenaer, 1802).

Microclubiona  Lohmander, 1944: 20 (type C. trivialis  C.L. Koch, 1834).

Porrhoclubiona  Lohmander, 1944: 20 (subgenus of Microclubiona  , type C. clandestina  Menge, 1873 (= C. genevensis  L. Koch, 1866).

Hyloclubiona  Lohmander, 1944: 20 (subgenus of Microclubiona  , type C. comta  C.L. Koch, 1839).

Heteroclubiona  Lohmander, 1944: 20 (subgenus of Clubiona  , type C. terrestris  Westring, 1851).

Epiclubiona  Lohmander, 1944: 20 (subgenus of Clubiona  , type C. neglecta  O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1862, not C. similis  L. Koch, 1866 as indicated by Wunderlich 2011).

Euryclubiona  Lohmander, 1944: 21 (subgenus of Clubiona  , type C. subsultans  Thorell, 1875).

Gauroclubiona  Lohmander, 1944: 21 (subgenus of Clubiona  , type C. coerulescens  L. Koch, 1867).

Bucliona  Benoit, 1977: 68 (type Clubiona dubia  O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1869).

Japoniona  Mikhailov, 1990: 143 ( C. japonica  L. Koch, 1878).

Bicluona  Mikhailov, 1994: 52 (subgenus of Clubiona  , Liocranum jucundum  Karsch, 1879).

Marmorclubiona  Wunderlich, 2011: 136 (type C. marmorata  L. Koch, 1866).

Breviclubiona  Wunderlich, 2011: 139 (type C. brevipes  Blackwall, 1841).

Anaclubiona  Ono, 2010: 4 (type C. zilla  Dönitz & Strand, 1906).

Note.

Above we have listed all names that are currently considered synonyms of Clubiona  . Most are missing from the WCS (2018), but almost all are listed in Wunderlich (2011) and in Mikhailov (2012). One name is lacking in all three aforementioned publications, Hirtia  . Because many genus group names correspond to the species groups and very distinct from Clubiona  s. str., and Clubiona  is one of the largest genera of spiders, most of the genus group names can be considered separate genera (if they are not junior synonyms). Notably, Wunderlich (2011) suggested to resurrect all genus group names in Clubiona  , describing several genera and three family group names, two for recent species, Microclubionini  Wunderlich, 2011 and Eodotinae  Wunderlich, 2011, and one for the fossil genus Eodoter  Petrunkevitch, 1858 ( Eodotinae  Wunderlich, 2011). Mikhailov (2012) synonymised all genera listed above with Clubiona  .

The Clubiona genevensis  -group fits Lohmander’s Porrhoclubiona  Lohmander, 1944 with the type species C. genevensis  . Wunderlich (2011) considers Porrhoclubiona  as separate genus in Microclubionini  . Here we follow Wunderlich’s subdivision of Clubiona  sensu lato.

Comments.

While trying to rediagnose Porrhoclubiona  we noticed a peculiar modification of leg I and II in females: they have a kind of scopula (Figs 2d, 3a). A similar modification was documented for Clubiona comta  C.L. Koch, 1839 (= Hyloclubiona c.  ) by Marusik and Kunt (2010). We thought that it was a diagnostic character for two related genera, but checking Clubiona pallidula  , the generotype (Fig. 2e) and some other species revealed that this character is present in many species of Clubiona  s. l. Locket & Millidge (1951: 125) mentioned scopulae on legs I and II present in all British Clubiona  , that it was well developed only in females and can be reduced to a single row in a smaller species. Deeleman-Reinhold (2001) also reported the presence of scopulae in the Clubiona pteronetoides  -group without specifying in which sexes.

Light microscopy (Fig. 2d, e) indicated that the modified setae cannot be considered as scopula. They are absent ventrally on the tarsus-tibia but located ventro-laterally and additionally are adpressed and not erect. SEM microscopy reveals that that “setae” in “scopula” are movable spines and have locking mechanisms (Lm), at least on the metatarsi and tibiae (Fig. 3e). A locking spine mechanism is known in several unrelated groups of spiders like Oonopidae  , Corinnidae  , Phrurolithidae  , etc. (cf. Marusik et al. 2013: figs 7-10). In that groups, the locking mechanism is present in both sexes and such as ventral paired spines only. These spines are long, and when erect act as a catching basket for prey capture. The function of such spines arranged in 3-4 rows on each side of the segment is unclear.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Clubionidae

Loc

Clubiona Latreille, 1804

Marusik, Yuri M. & Omelko, Mikhail M. 2018

2018
Loc

Bicluona

Michailov 1994

1994
Loc

Japoniona

Mikhailov 1990

1990
Loc

Bucliona

Benoit 1977

1977
Loc

Paraclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Microclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Porrhoclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Microclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Hyloclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Microclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Heteroclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Epiclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Euryclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Gauroclubiona

Lohmander 1945

1945
Loc

Tolophus

Thorell 1891

1891
Loc

Atalia

Thorell 1887

1887
Loc

Hirtia

Thorell 1881

1881