Mcvaughia bahiana W.R.Anderson, Taxon 28: 157. 1979
Almeida, Rafael F., Guesdon, Isabel R., Pace, Marcelo R. & Meira, Renata M. S., 2019, Taxonomic revision of Mcvaughia W. R. Anderson (Malpighiaceae): notes on vegetative and reproductive anatomy and the description of a new species, PhytoKeys 117, pp. 45-72: 45
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|Mcvaughia bahiana W.R.Anderson, Taxon 28: 157. 1979|
BRAZIL. Bahia: Conceição do Coité, road from Coité, 12 km to Santaluz, fl. Fr., 6 Mar 1976, W.R. Anderson 11740 (holotype: MBM barcode MBM59835!; isotypes: F barcode F0062743F!, G barcode G00352842!, K barcode K000426948!, MICH barcode MICH1102251!, NY barcode NY00067680!, P barcode P02429273!, RB barcode RB00540751!, SP barcode SP000249!, U barcode U0003826!, UB barcode UB1950!, US barcode US00108758!).
Shrubs 1-3 m tall. Branches densely sericeous, glabrescent at age. Stipules 2.5-5 mm long, adaxially glabrous, abaxially sericeous. Leaves opposite; leaf blades 4.5-8.8 × 2-5 cm, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, elliptic to obovate, base cuneate to rotund, margins plain, entire, apex acute to apiculate, adaxial side initially tomentose, glabrous at age, abaxial side densely tomentose, a pair of conspicuous glands at base abaxially, on each side of the midrib, a few inconspicuous glands scattered over the blade, with 1-3 glands near the apex; petiole 0.3-0.7 cm long, canaliculate, densely tomentose, eglandular. Thyrsi of 2-7-flowered cincinni; rachis 3-10 cm long, smooth, densely tomentose, with brown hairs; lateral cincinni 12-24, subopposite; bracts 2-7 mm long, narrowly-triangular, appressed to the peduncle, eglandular, tomentose; peduncle 1.5-4.5 mm long, tomentose; bracteoles 1.5-2.5 mm long, narrowly triangular, opposite, appressed to the peduncle, tomentose, one of each pair bearing a conspicuous gland at base, 1-1.2 mm long. Flowers 1-1.2 cm diam. at anthesis, floral buds 3-3.2 mm long, pedicel 0.5-1.7 mm long, tomentose. Sepals 2-3 × 1.5-2.5 mm, straight, keeled, covering most of the androecium, apex acute, margin glabrous, adaxial side glabrous, abaxial side tomentose, glabrescent near the margin; 10-glandular, glands 1.5-2.5 × 0.7-0.8 mm, yellow, elliptic. Petals yellow, both sides glabrous, soon deciduous; anterior lateral petals orbicular, cucullate, nested inside one another, limb 3-3.3 × 4.5-4.7 mm, margin denticulate, 2-glandular at base, claws 1.2-1.5 × 0.2-0.25 mm, glabrous; posterior lateral petals obovate, spreading, limb 5.5-6.5 × 6-7 mm, margin erose, 2-glandular at base, claws 1.8-2 × 0.3-0.35 mm, glabrous; posterior petal obovate to orbicular, erect, limb 6-7 × 7-8 mm, margin erose, 3-5 pairs of rounded glands at the base of limb, proximal pair larger, claws 3-4 × 0.7-0.9 mm, both sides glabrous. Stamens free at base, filaments 2-3 × 0.2-0.4 mm, cylindrical, thicker at base; connective inconspicuous, glabrous; anthers 0.7-1 × 0.4-0.45 mm; staminodes opposite the posterior-lateral sepals covered by sepals, filaments ca. 1 mm long, long-triangular, anthers ca. 0.2 mm long, oblong, locules lacking; staminode opposite the posterior petal not covered by sepals, exserted, diverging from styles, filament 2-2.1 × 0.2-0.4 mm long, anther 0.25-0.3 mm long, oblong, locules reduced. Ovary 1-1.3 × 1-1.3 mm, ovoid, densely sericeous; styles 3, erect, ca. 2.5-2.7 × 0.5-0.6 mm, cylindrical, parallel, glabrous, apex truncate, anterior style slightly smaller than posterior ones; stigma lateral, circular. Drupes 7-8.5 × 4-5 mm, cylindrical, slightly twisted, apex with persistent styles, sparsely tomentose, with two chambers, proximal chamber containing the seed, distal chamber containing an oily substance; seed globose, smooth. Embryo not seen.
BRAZIL. Bahia: Itiúba, 20 km de Camaleão para Cansanção, 330 m, fl., 26 Feb 2000, A.M. Giulietti 1827 (CEN, FLOR, HUEFS, RB, UB); 20 Km East Camaleão, Rod. Itiúba/Cansanção, 21 Feb1974, fl., R.M. Harley 16465 (CEPEC, MICH, NY, P, RB). Monte Santo, Fazenda Bom Jesus, fl. fr., 11 Oct 2000, C.M.L. Aguiar 17, 18, 19, 27, 28, 30, 31 (HUEFS); fl. fr., 12 Jan 2006, M.L. Guedes 12148 (ALCB). Quijingue, Serra das Candeias, 5 Km W povoado Quixabá do Mandacaru, near Tucano, fl. fr., 15 May 2005, D. Cardoso 529 (HUEFS); fl. fr., 8 Jul 2006, D. Cardoso 1311 (HUEFS). Tucano, povoado Bizamum, 23 km from Tucano, fl. fr., 6 Jun 2004, D. Cardoso 57, 99 (HUEFS, SP); povoado Marizá, 13 km from Tucano, fl. fr., 6 Jan 2006, D. Cardoso 958 (HUEFS, RB); distrito de Caldas do Jorro, estrada entre Caldas do Jorro e rio Itapicurú, fl. fr., 1 Mar 1992, A.M. Carvalho 3863 (CEPEC, HUEFS, MBM, NY, SP); fl., 15 March 2008, G. Costa 341 (HST, HUEFS); povoado Bizamum, fl., 6 Feb 2004, L.P. Queiroz 9017 (HUEFS); povoado Bizamum, fl. fr., 22 Sep 2015, I.R. Guesdon 300, 301 (VIC).
Distribution, habitat, and phenology.
Mcvaughia bahiana shows an extent of occurrence of 2,527 km2, and an area of occupancy of 16.000 km2 within the northeastern state of Bahia, Brazil. Its restricted distribution associated with an accelerated habitat degradation categorizes it as Endangered (EN). Mcvaughia bahiana is the only species in the genus not protected within the limits of a conservation unit.
The epithet refers to the distribution of M. bahiana , which is restricted to the state of Bahia, Brazil.
Leaf glands are distributed throughout the leaf blade. Two basilaminar glands are typically positioned in pairs and visible to the naked eye (Fig. 3AView Figure 3). However, the anatomical study revealed a few additional glands distributed distally and difficult to see with the naked eye, two or three of them positioned subjacent to the apical leaf tooth. Anatomically, the basilaminar and laminar glands are short-stalked (Fig. 3D, JView Figure 3). The section of the bracteole and sepal glands revealed a subsessile anatomical structure (Fig. 4EView Figure 4). Malpighiaceous trichomes and their scars are frequent on the leaf, especially on the abaxial surface (Fig. 3OView Figure 3). On mature leaves, the indumentum along the middle and secondary veins and the apical leaf tooth is typically tomentose. The outline of the anticlinal walls is straight on the adaxial surface and sinuous on the abaxial (Fig. 3QView Figure 3). Field observations revealed that the leaf glands are yellow, while the bracteole and sepal glands are green becoming yellow in blooming. The glands on the posterior petal are restricted to the proximal portion of the limb, where ca. 5 marginal glands were observed on each side of the petal limb (Fig. 4L, O–PView Figure 4).
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