Tachinidae

Nihei, Silvio S., 2016, FAMILY TACHINIDAE, Zootaxa 4122 (1), pp. 904-949: 906-930

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4122.1.76

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scientific name

Tachinidae
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Catalogue of Tachinidae  of Colombia

Family Tachinidae Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 

Subfamily Phasiinae  Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830

Tribe Cylindromyini Townsend, 1912

Genus Cylindromyia Meigen 

Cylindromyia Meigen, 1803: 279  . Type species, Musca brassicaria Fabricius  (mon.). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 15 (cat.); Guimarães, 1976: 5 (rev. and key to Neotropical species); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1390 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Subgenus Cylindromyia Meigen 

Cylindromyia Meigen, 1803: 279  . Type species, Musca brassicaria Fabricius  (mon.). Glossidionophora Bigot, 1885 c: 1  v. Type species, nigra Bigot  (subs. des. Townsend, 1916 b: 7). Ocypterodes Townsend, 1916 f: 631  . Type species, Ocyptera euchenor Walker  (orig. des.) (misident., = Ocyptera fumipennis 

Bigot).

Melanocyptera Townsend, 1927: 215  . Type species, carinata Townsend  (orig. des.). Catocyptera Townsend, 1927: 215  . Type species, brasiliana Townsend  (orig. des.). Dolichocyptera Townsend, 1931 a: 325  . Type species, pirioni Townsend  (orig. des.). Ocypteryx Townsend, 1931 a: 326  . Type species, ochrescens Townsend  (orig. des.). Ecatocypterops Townsend, 1935 a: 217  . Type species, ater Townsend  (orig. des.).

atra ( Röder), 1885  : 344 ( Ocyptera  ). Type locality: Puerto Rico, Barros. HT M ( BMNH). Distr.: Mexico, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Peru, Brazil and Argentina ( Aldrich, 1926 c: 19; Guimarães, 1976: 12). Refs.: Aldrich, 1926 c: 19 (redesc., key to North American species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 15 (cat.); Guimarães, 1976: 12 (redesc., key to Neotropical species). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

soror Bigot, 1878: 46  ( Ocyptera  ). Preocc. Ocyptera soror Wiedemann, 1830  .

simplex ( Bigot), 1878  : 47 ( Ocyptera  ). Preocc. Ocyptera simplex Fallén, 1820  .

carinata ( Townsend), 1927  : 327 ( Melanocyptera  ). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Itaquaquecetuba. HT F ( USNM). Distr.: Panama, Venezuela, Brazil and Argentina ( Guimarães, 1976: 15). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 15 (cat.); Guimarães, 1976: 15 (redesc., key to Neotropical species). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

ater ( Townsend), 1935 a  : 217 (Ecatocyterops).

townsendi Guimarães, 1971 a: 16  . Nom. nov. for atra Townsend. 

Subgenus Apinocyptera Townsend

Apinocyptera Townsend, 1915g: 94. Type species, signata Townsend  (orig. des.) (= signatipennis Wulp  ). Odontocyptera Townsend, 1915 c: 233  . Type species, nana Townsend  (orig. des.).

thompsoni Guimarães, 1976: 28  . Type locality: Trinidad, St. Joseph. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: Panama, Trinidad, Venezuela and Brazil ( Guimarães, 1976: 28). Refs.: Guimarães, 1976: 28 (desc., key to Neotropical species). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

Genus Polistiopsis Townsend, 1915 

Polistiopsis Townsend, 1915 f: 43  . Type species, mima Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Arnaud, 1966: 7 (rev., new species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 17 (cat.).

mima Townsend, 1915 f: 44  . Type locality: Mexico, Tehuantepec. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: Mexico, and Peru ( Townsend, 1915 f: 44; Townsend, 1931 b: 87). Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 87 (type notes, distr.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 17 (cat.);. Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

Tribe Phasiini  Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830

Genus Phasia Wulp 

Phasia Latreille, 1804: 195  . Type species, Conops subcoleoptratus Linnaeus  (subs. mon. of Latreille, 1805: 379 sec ICZN, 1970, Opinion 896). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 11 (cat., refer to the synonymous names); O’Hara & Wood, 1998 (synonymies); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1387 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ). Sun & Marshall, 2003: 1 (rev. and key – but see comments ahead, synonymies – but see comments ahead, phylogeny). Comm.: Sun & Marshall (2003) revised the world species of Phasia  (Afrotropical, Australasian, Nearctic, Oriental and Palaearctic regions) but without considering the Neotropical species, mentioned as “beyond the scope of the present work”. Even without dealing with the Neotropical taxa, the authors synonymized all the available generic names of Neotropical Phasiini  under Phasia  . It is not clear whether the authors examined type-specimens or any additional material with regard to those Neotropical genera.

Hyalomya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 398  . Type species, Phasia semicinerea Meigen  (subs. des. Westwood, 1840: 140) (= pusilla (Meigen)  .

Hyalomyia  , emend.

Alophorella Townsend, 1912 c: 45  . Type species, Thereva obesa Fabricius  (orig. des.).

Paraphorantha Townsend, 1915 a: 20  . Type species, Allophora grandis Coquillett  (orig. des.).

Phoranthella Townsend, 1915 a: 23  . Nomen nudum sec ICZN, 1954 (Opinion 205).

Alophorellopsis Townsend, 1927: 209  . Type species, capitata Townsend  (orig. des.).

Epaulophasia Townsend, 1934: 207  . Type species, officialis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Heyneophasia Townsend, 1934: 208  . Type species, heynei Townsend  (orig. des.)

Xanthotrichius Townsend, 1934: 209  Type species, xenos Townsend  (orig. des.).

Phoranthella Townsend, 1936 a: 58  (also 1938 b: 68). Nomen nudum.

Xiphophasia Townsend, 1937 b: 116  . Type-spectes, ushpayacua Townsend  (mon.).

Trichophasia Townsend, 1939 c: 447  . Type species, transita Townsend  (orig. des.).

Paraphasiana Townsend, 1940: 889  . Type species, dysderci Townsend  (orig. des.).

Phoranthella Brooks, 1945: 672  . Type species, morrisoni Brooks  (mon.) (= punctigera (Townsend)  .

Androeuryops Beneway, 1961: 44. Type species, Hyalomyia ecitonis Townsend  (orig. des.).

heynei Townsend, 1934: 208  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Surrubres. HT F ( DEI). Distr.: Mexico to northern Argentina. Refs.: Townsend, 1934: 208 (orig. desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 12 (cat.). Comm.: This species not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

Tribe Trichopodini  Townsend, 1908

Genus Acaulona Wulp 

Acaulona Wulp, 1888: 4  . Type species, costata Wulp  (mon.). Refs.: Curran, 1934 a: 492 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Sabrosky, 1950: 361, 371 (key to Trichopodini  genera, rev., redesc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 6 (cat.); Toma, 2003: 269 (rev., key to genera, key to species); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1390 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Forcipophasia Townsend, 1935 a: 216. Type species, fusca Townsend  (orig. des.).

costata Wulp, 1888: 4  . Type locality: Mexico, Vera Cruz, Medellín. HT M ( BMNH). Distr.: From Mexico to Argentina ( Toma, 2003: 269). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 6 (cat.); Toma, 2003: 269 (rev., key to species). Comm.: Species not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

fusca ( Townsend), 1935 a  : 216 (Forcipophasia).

brasiliana Townsend, 1937 a: 316  .

Genus Bibiomima Brauer & Bergenstamm 

Bibiomima  B rauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 148 (1889: 80). Type species, handlirschi Brauer & Bergenstamm  (orig. des.). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 6 (cat.).

handlirschi Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 148  (1889: 80). Type locality: Brazil, Bahia. LT F ( NHMW). Distr.: Panama and Brazil ( Townsend, 1931 b: 86; Guimarães, 1971 a: 6). Refs.: Aldrich, 1925 a: 126 (“ type ” notes); Townsend, 1931 b: 86 (type notes, distr.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 6 (cat.). Comm.: Species not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country. The curator of NHMW Peter Sehnal (unpublished data) lists the syntype as a lectotype and confirms the sex as female, as correctly noted by Townsend (1931 b) but equivocally noted by Aldrich (1925 a, cited a male).

Genus Euacaulona Townsend 

Euacaulona Townsend, 1908: 131  . Type species, sumichrasti Townsend  (orig. des.)

Refs.: Sabrosky, 1950: 361, 371 (key to Trichopodini  genera, notes); Toma, 2003 (rev.)

sumichrasti Townsend, 1908: 131  . Type locality: Mexico, Tehuantepec. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: Mexico, Guyana and Brazil ( Toma, 2003: 272). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 7 (cat.); Toma, 2003: 272 (rev.). Comm.: Species not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

Subfamily Dexiinae  Macquart, 1834

Tribe Dexiini  Macquart, 1834

Genus Billaea Robineau-Desvoidy 

Theresia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 325  . Type species, tandrec Robineau-Desvoidy  (mon.) (= Musca rutilans Fabricius  ). Billaea Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 328  . Type species, grisea Robineau-Desvoidy  (mon.) (= pectinata Meigen  ). Refs.: Thompson, 1963 a: 522 (as Paratheresia  , key to Trinidad genera); Guimarães, 1971 a: 37 (as Paratheresia  , cat.); Guimarães, 1977 (as Paratheresia  , rev., key to species); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1381 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Paratheresia Townsend, 1915 b: 65  . Type species, signifera Townsend  (orig. des.) (= claripalpis Wulp  ). Bathytheresia Townsend, 1928: 146  . Type species, bassleri Townsend  (orig. des.) (= claripalpis Wulp  ). Parabyllaea Blanchard, 1937: 44. Type species, rhynchophorae Blanchard (orig. des.).

claripalpis ( Wulp), 1895  : 280. Type locality: Mexico, Guerrero, Chilpancingo. LT M ( BMNH) (des. Emden, 1949). Distr.: Brazil, Peru, Argentina, México, Trinidad, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina ( Thompson, 1960: 217; Thompson, 1963 a: 522; Guimarães, 1977: 271; Bennett, 1971: 118; Blanchard & De Santis, 1975: 21; Bustillo, 2011; Mosquera & Viafara, 2008). Refs.: Thompson, 1960: 217 (key to tachinid parasitoids of Diatraea  , larval desc., biology); Thompson, 1963 a: 522 (redesc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 37 (cat.); Guimarães, 1977: 271 (rev., key to species); Mulieri et al., 2013: 163 (type data of diatraeae Brèthes  ).

signifera ( Townsend), 1915 b  : 66 ( Paratheresia  ).

diatraeae ( Brèthes), 1927  : 165 ( Sarcophaga  ).

brasiliensis ( Townsend), 1917 a  : 222 ( Paratheresia  ).

bassleri ( Townsend), 1928  : 146 ( Bathytheresia  ).

bassleri ( Townsend), 1929  : 367 ( Paratheresia  ).

pernambucensis ( Townsend), 1939 d  : 548 ( Paratheresia  ).

Genus Cordillerodexia Townsend 

Cordillerodexia Townsend, 1927: 226  . Type species, orientalis Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1927: 226 (orig. desc.); Townsend, 1936 a: 138 (in key to Prosenini genera); Townsend, 1938 b: 324 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 29 (cat.).

colombiana Townsend, 1929: 366  . Type locality: “ Colombia ”. Type? Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 29 (cat.).

Genus Eudexia Brauer & Bergenstamm 

Eudexia Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 120  (1889: 52). Type species, goliath Brauer & Bergenstamm  (mon.) (= formidabilis (Bigot)  . Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 141 (in key to Prosenini genera); Townsend, 1938 b: 334 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 29 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1384 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  , comm. on relationships).

formidabilis ( Bigot), 1889  : 264 ( Rhamphinina  ). Type locality: “ Mexico ”. STs M ( BMNH). Distr.: Mexico, Costa Rica, and Venezuela ( Brauer & Begenstamm, 1889: 120; Aldrich, 1924: 213). Refs.: Aldrich, 1924: 213 (notes on type of goliath  ); Townsend, 1931 b: 101 (type notes, syn., comb.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 29 (cat.). Comm.: Species not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

goliath Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 120  (1889: 52).

Genus Prosenoides Brauer & Bergenstamm 

Prosenoides Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1891: 370  (1891: 60). Type species, papilio Brauer & Bergenstamm  (mon.) (= curvirostris (Bigot)  . Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 136 (in key to Prosenini genera); Townsend, 1938 b: 368 (generic diagnosis); Reinhard, 1954: 408 (rev., key); Thompson 1963 a: 525 (key to Trinidad genera); Guimarães, 1971 a: 32 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1381 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Neoprosena Townsend, 1927: 221  . Type species, haustellata Townsend  (orig. des.).

curvirostris ( Bigot), 1889  : 264 ( Prosena  ). Type locality: “ Brazil ”. STs M, F ( BMNH). Distr.: Mexico, Central America to Ecuador, Trinidad, Peru and Brazil ( Reinhard, 1954: 410; Thompson 1963 a: 525). Refs.: Reinhard, 1954: 410 (redesc., key); Thompson 1963 a: 525 (redesc., larval desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 32 (cat.). Comm.: Species not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

papilio Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1891: 370  (1891: 61).

Genus Scotiptera Macquart 

Scotiptera Macquart, 1835: 215  . Type species, Dexia melaleuca Wiedemann  (subs. des. Macquart, 1844: 240) (= venatoria (Fabricius)  . Refs.: Curran, 1934 a: 492 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Townsend, 1936 a: 137 (in key to Prosenini genera); Townsend, 1938 b: 376; Guimarães, 1971 a: 34 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1383 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

robusta Curran, 1925 a: 262  . Type locality: Colombia, Magdalena, Sierra San Lorenzo, Hacienda Vista Nieve. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1925 a: 262 (orig. desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 35 (cat.).

Genus Xanthotheresia Townsend 

Xanthotheresia Townsend, 1931 a: 345  . Type species, bicolor Townsend  (orig. des.) Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 147 (in key to Theresiini genera); Townsend, 1938 b: 409 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 38 (cat.).

bicolor Townsend, 1931 a: 346  . Type locality: Colombia, “tierra templada”. HT M ( ZMHU). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 38 (cat.).

Tribe Sophiini  Townsend, 1936

Genus Cordyligaster Macquart 

Cordyligaster Macquart, 1844: 247  (1844: 90). Type species, Dexia petiolata Wiedemann  (orig. des.). Refs.: Aldrich, 1927 b: 85 (key to species), Curran, 1934 a: 492 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Guimarães, 1971 a: 111 (cat.); Guimarães, 1971 b: 99 (rev.), Sabrosky, 1973: 217 (rev., key to species); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1396 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Megistogaster Macquart, 1851: 185  (1851: 212). Type species, fuscipennis Macquart  (subs. des. Townsend, 1916 b: 7) (= petiolata (Wiedemann)  .

Cordylidexia Giglio-Tos, 1894: 67  . Unnecessary nom. nov. for Cordyligaster Macquart.  Type species, Dexia petiolata Wiedemann  (mon.).

Eucordylidexia Townsend, 1915 e: 41  . Type species, ategulata Townsend  (orig. des.) (= petiolata (Wiedemann)  .

Eucordyligaster Townsend, 1917 b: 123  . Type species, Cordyligaster septentrionalis Townsend  (orig. des.).

petiolata ( Wiedemann), 1830  : 374 ( Dexia  ). Type locality: “ Brazil ”. HT M ( SMF). Distr.: Central to South America ( Guimarães, 1971 a: 111, 1971b: 100; Sabrosky, 1973: 219). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 111 (cat., with fuscipennis  as synonym of petiolata  ); Guimarães, 1971 b: 100 (rev., key to species, with fuscipennis  as synonym of petiolata  ); Sabrosky, 1973: 219 (rev., key to species, notes). Comm.: Species not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

fuscipennis ( Macquart), 1851  : 186 (1851: 213) ( Megistogaster  ). Type locality: [“South America ”] (as “Java”, error). LT M ( BMNH). Distr.: Guatemala, Costa Rica, Panama, British Guyana, Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru ( Sabrosky, 1973: 221). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 111 (cat., with fuscipennis  as synonym of petiolata  ); Guimarães, 1971 b: 100 (rev., key to species, with fuscipennis  as synonym of petiolatus); Sabrosky, 1973: 221 (rev., key to species, notes). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

ategulata ( Townsend), 1915 e  : 41 ( Eucordylidexia  ).

petiolatus of Aldrich, misidentification

Tribe Trichodurini Townsend, 1919

Genus Trichodura Macquart 

Trichodura Macquart, 1844: 248  . Type species, Musca anceps Fabricius  (orig. des.). Refs.: Curran, 1934 a: 492 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Townsend, 1939 b: 89 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 103 (cat.); Guimarães, 1972 (rev., key to species); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1384 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Trichoduropsis Townsend, 1919 a: 169  . Type species, Trichodura recta Schiner  (orig. des.).

anceps ( Fabricius), 1805  : 296 ( Musca  ). Type locality: "South America ". HT F ( ZMUC). Distr.: Guyana, Surinam, and Brazil ( Curran, 1934 a: 498, Guimarães, 1972: 8). Refs.: Aldrich, 1925 a: 115 (comm.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 103 (cat.); Guimarães, 1972: 8 (genus rev., key). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

guianensis ( Townsend), 1919 b  : 553 ( Trichoduropsis  ).

Tribe Uramyini  Townsend, 1919

Genus Uramya Robineau-Desvoidy 

Uramya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 215  . Type species, producta Robineau-Desvoidy  (mon.). Refs.: Curran, 1934 a: 492 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Guimarães, 1971 a: 104 (cat.); Guimarães, 1980: 202 (rev., key to South American species); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1392 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Oxydexia Bigot, 1885 b  : xxxiii. Type species, acuminata Bigot  (mon.).

Aporia Macquart, 1846: 296  (1846: 168). Preocc. Aporia Hübner, 1819  . Type species, quadrimaculata Macquart  (mon.).

Neaporia Townsend, 1908: 67  . Nom. nov. for Aporia Macquart  (preocc. Hübner, 1819), but preocc. Gorham, 1897.

Paraporia Townsend, 1912 c: 48  . Nom. nov. for Neaporia Townsend  (preocc. Gorham, 1897).

Pseudeuantha Townsend, 1915 h  : 416. Type species, linellii Townsend (orig. des.) (= indita Walker  ).

Orthaporia Townsend, 1919 a: 167  . Type species, similis Townsend  (orig. des.) (= longa Walker  )

Gymnaporia Townsend, 1919 a: 170  . Type species, Gymnostylia fasciata Macquart  (orig. des.).

Thelairomima Townsend, 1935 a: 222  . Type species, pictipennis Townsend  (orig. des.) (= producta Robineau-Desvoidy  ).

quadrimaculata ( Macquart), 1846  : 297 (1846: 169) ( Aporia  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. ST M ( BMNH). Distr.: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil ( Macquart, 1846: 297, Schiner, 1868: 319; Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1891: 438, Aldrich, 1921: 85; Aldrich, 1927 a: 26; Guimarães, 1980: 202). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 104 (cat.); Guimarães, 1980: 202 (redesc., geographical records, key to South American species).

hariola Reinhard, 1961: 206  .

Tribe Voriini  Townsend, 1912

Genus Paedarium Aldrich 

Paedarium Aldrich, 1926 b: 22  . Type species, parvum Aldrich  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 236 (in key to Voriini  genera); Townsend, 1939 a: 393 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 92 (cat.).

Vorialia Curran, 1934 b: 448. Type species, Voria neotropica Curran  (orig. des.)

punctipennis ( Walker), 1858  : 208 (? Sarcophaga  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. HT F ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Austen, 1907: 342 (type data); Guimarães, 1971 a: 92 (cat.).

Genus Voria Robineau Desvoidy 

Voria Robineau Desvoidy, 1830: 195  . Type species, latifrons Robineau-Desvoidy  (mon.) (= ruralis (Fallén)  . Refs.: Townsend, 1939 a: 402 (generic diagnosis); Thompson, 1961: 28 (key to Trinidad genera); Guimarães, 1971 a: 93 (cat.). Plagia Meigen, 1838: 201  . Type species, Tachina verticalis Meigen (Rondani)  (= ruralis (Fallén)  .

ruralis ( Fallén), 1810  : 265 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: Sweden, Skane, Esperöd. LT M ( NHRS). Distr.: widespread world distribution through the Palaearctic, Nearctic, Neotropical, Afrotropical, Oriental and Australasian ( Guimarães, 1971 a: 93; Crosskey, 1980: 838; O’Hara & Wood, 2004: 72; O’Hara et al., 2009: 44). Refs.: Thompson, 1961: 28 (redesc., key, larval desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 93 (cat.).

americana ( Wulp), 1890  ; 102 ( Plagia  ).

mexicana ( Giglio-Tos), 1893 b  : 5 ( Plagia  ).

brasiliana Townsend, 1929: 380  .

brasiliensis Townsend  , error. ayerzai Blanchard, 1943: 157  .

Subfamily Tachininae  Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830

Tribe Ernestiini  Townsend, 1912

Genus Bombyliomyia Brauer & Bergenstamm 

Bombyliomyia Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 131  (1889: 63). Type species, Hystricia flavipalpis Macquart  (mon.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 165 (in key to Macromyini genera); Townsend, 1939 a: 21 (generic diagnosis); Thompson, 1963 a: 425 (key to Trinidad genera); Guimarães, 1971 a: 39 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1368 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Eublepharipeza Townsend, 1919 a: 168  . Type species, hystrix Townsend  (orig. des.) (= flavipalpis Macquart  ).

flavitarsis ( Macquart), 1846  : 276 (1846: 148) ( Hystricia  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. Type? Distr.: Colombia and Brazil ( Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 131). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 39 (cat.).

Tribe Germariini  Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889

Genus Tarpessita Reinhard 

Tarpessita Reinhard, 1967: 95  . Type species, fulgens Reinhard  (orig. des.). Refs.: Reinhard, 1967: 95 (orig. desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 88 (cat.).

fulgens Reinhard, 1967: 96  . Type locality: Colombia, Cundinamarca, Fusagasuga. HT M [ CNC]. Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1967: 96 (orig. desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 88 (cat.).

Tribe Graphogastrini  Townsend, 1931

Genus Phytomyptera Rondani 

Phytomyptera Rondani, 1845: 33  [1845: 13]. Type species, nitidiventris Rondani  (mon.) (= nigrina Meigen  ). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 167 (cat., as Elfia  and other junior synonyms); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1372 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Elfia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1850: 190  . Type species, Actia cingulata Robineau-Desvoidy  (subs. des. Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 672).

Schizotachina Walker, 1853: 264  (as subgenus of Tachina  ). Type species, convecta Walker  (subs. des. Coquillett, 1910: 604).

Phasiostoma Townsend, 1915 c: 225  . Type species, aristale Townsend (orig. des.).

Lispideosoma Reinhard, 1943: 164  . Type species, flavipes Reinhard  (orig. des.).

Irwinia  Cortés, 1967: 7. Type species, pollinosa  Cortés (orig. des.).

viridis ( Reinhard), 1967  : 104 ( Elfia  ). Type locality: Colombia, Narino, Pasto. HT M [ CNC]. Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1967: 104 (desc.). Comm.: This species is missing from the Neotropical Catalogue ( Guimarães 1971 a).

Tribe Leskiini  Townsend, 1919

Genus Genea Rondani 

Genea Rondani, 1850: 172  . Type species, maculiventris Rondani  (mon.) (= Stomoxys trifaria Wiedemann  ). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 116 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1396 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ); Nunez & Couri, 2011: 481 (genus rev., key to Neotropical species).

Geneopsis Townsend, 1927: 212  . Type species, major Townsend  (orig. des.).

Geneoglossa Townsend, 1935 a: 225  . Type species, glossata Townsend  (orig. des.).

Leskiomima Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1891: 372  (1892: 68). Type species, Stomoxys tenera Wiedemann  (mon.).

Dejeaniopalpus Townsend, 1916 e: 312  . Type species, texensis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Jaynesleskia Townsend, 1934: 395  . Type species, Leskiomima jaynesi Aldrich, 1932  (orig. des.).

jaynesi ( Aldrich), 1932  : 17 ( Leskiomima  ). Type locality: Argentina, Tucuman. HT M [ USNM]. Distr.: Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay ( Blanchard & De Santis, 1975: 26; Nunez & Couri, 2011: 487; Bustillo, 2011). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 117 (cat.); Nunez & Couri, 2011: 487 (redesc., genus rev., key to neotropical species).

trifaria ( Wiedemann), 1824  : 41 ( Stomoxys  ). Type locality: Brazil, Pernambuco, Tapera. HT M [ ZMUC]. Distr.: Honduras, Panama, Venezuela, and Brazil ( Nunez & Couri, 2011: 494). Refs.: James, 1947: 114 (redesc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 117 (cat.); Nunez & Couri, 2011: 494 (redesc., genus rev., key to neotropical species). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

maculiventris Rondani, 1850: 173  .

glossata ( Townsend), 1935 a  : 225 ( Geneoglossa  ).

Genus Stomatodexia Brauer & Bergenstamm 

Stomatodexia Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 125  (1889: 57). Type species, Stomoxys cothurnata Wiedemann  (mon.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 b: 68 (in key to Leskiini  ); Townsend, 1939 b: 240 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 119 (cat.). Eustomatodexia Townsend, 1892: 167. Nomen nudum.

longitarsis ( Macquart), 1844  : 249 (1844: 92) ( Prosena  ). Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá, Santa Fé. Unrecognized sec Guimarães, 1971 a: 119. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 119 (cat.).

Tribe Macquartiini  Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830

Genus Gonatorrhina Röder  paramonensis Röder, 1886: 265  . Type locality: Colombia, Paramo, 3600 m. HT M (sec Townsend, 1939 b: 71) (? MLUH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Röder, 1886: 265 (original desc.); Guimarães, 1 971 a: 98 (cat.). Comm.: The type should be deposited in the MLUH collection, but according to Karla Schneider (curator MLUH, pers. comm.) and to Joachim Ziegler (curator ZMHU, who is revising Röder’s material; pers. comm.), the South American species of Tachinidae  described by Röder were not found in the MLUH collection.

Tribe Minthoini  Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889

Genus Actinochaeta Brauer & Bergenstamm 

Actinochaeta Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 137  (1889: 69). Type species, columbiae Brauer & Bergenstamm  (orig. des.). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 113 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1385 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Actinochaetopsis Townsend, 1934: 393. Type species, amazonica Townsend  (orig. des.)

Paractinochaeta Townsend, 1934: 393. Type species, Thelairodes carlosalbertoi  Lima (orig. des.)

Tapajomintho Townsend, 1934: 394  . Type species, nigriventris Townsend  (orig. des.)

columbiae Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 170  (1889: 69). Type locality: “ Colombia & Venezuela ” (but “ Colombia ” at page 137). STs F ( NHMW). Distr.: Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, and Peru ( Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 137, 170, Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1891: 426, Aldrich, 1927 a: 3). Refs.: Aldrich, 1927 a: 3 (type notes); Townsend, 1931 b: 88 (type notes); Guimarães, 1971 a: 113 (cat.). Comm.: Brauer & Bergenstamm (1889) cited Colombia and Venezuela as type localities (1889: 170), but at the same work (p. 137) they cited only Colombia. Townsend (1931 b: 88) examining the types in the Wien Museum mentions the following label attached to the syntypes “Lindig: 1864: Venez.”.

Tribe Ormiini  Townsend, 1915

Genus Ormia Robineau-Desvoidy 

Ormia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 428  . Type species, punctata  Robineau- Desvoidy (mon.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 101 (key to Ormiini  genera, as Ormia  and as Euphasiopteryx  ); Curran, 1934 a: 492 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Sabrosky, 1953 a, b (rev. of Ormia  and Euphasiopteryx  ), Tavares, 1962: 347 (rev. of Ormia  ); Thompson, 1963 a: 450 (key to Trinidad genera, rev. of Trinidad Ormia  , with Phasiopteryx  in synonymy); Tavares, 1965 a: 13 (rev. of Euphasiopteryx  ); Guimarães, 1971 a: 21 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1393 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Phasiopteryx Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 147  (also 1890: 79). Type species, bilimekii Brauer & Bergenstamm  (orig. des.).

Euphasiopteryx Townsend, 1915 a: 23  . Type species, Phasiopteryx australis Townsend  , (orig. des.).

Neoptera Wulp, 1890: 44  . Type species, rufa Wulp  (sub. mon.; Wulp 1890: 165).

depleta ( Wiedemann), 1830  : 298 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Brazil ”. LT M ( NHMW). Distr.: USA (introduced and established in Florida), Honduras, French Guyana, Peru, and Brazil ( Gramajo, 1997: 96, Tavares, 1965 a: 15, Sabrosky, 1953 b: 297, Townsend, 1931 b: 81, Frank et al., 1996: 368). Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 81 (type notes); Tavares, 1965 a: 15 (redesc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 21 (cat.); Frank et al., 1996: 368 (establishment in Florida). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country. The NHMW curator Peter Sehnal (unpublished data) has considered this specimen as lectotype, as no mention was made by Wiedemann (1830) about the composition of the type-series.

lineifrons Sabrosky, 1953 a: 175  . Type locality: Puerto Rico, Cayey, Bosch Finca. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: USA, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Brazil ( Sabrosky, 1953 a: 175, Tavares, 1962: 352, Tavares, 1965 b: 238). Refs.: Sabrosky, 1953 a: 175 (desc. of male and female, key), Tavares, 1962: 352 (male redesc.); Tavares, 1965 b: 238 (key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 21 (cat.). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

ochracea ( Bigot), 1889  : 268 ( Pyrrosia  ). Type locality: “ Mexico ”. LT M ( BMNH). Distr.: USA, Mexico, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina ( Sabrosky, 1953 b: 299, Tavares, 1965 a: 18, Gramajo, 1997: 96, Evenhuis, 2003: 34). Refs.: Sabrosky, 1953 b: 299 (key, redesc.); Tavares, 1965 a: 18 (redesc. of male); Guimarães, 1971 a: 21 (cat.). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

montana ( Townsend), 1912 b  : 114 ( Phasiopteryx  ).

Genus Ormiophasia Townsend 

Ormiophasia Townsend, 1919 a: 164  . Type species, busckii Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 101 (key to World

Ormiini  ); Sabrosky, 1953 a (rev.); Tavares, 1964 (rev., key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 22 (cat.). Pseudormia Séguy, 1926 a: 5  (as Peudormia, p. 9, error), (also 1927: 262). Type species, inflata Séguy  (mon.). Pseudoneoptera Séguy, 1926 b: 19  . Type species, morardi Séguy  (mon.).

Plagiatormia Séguy, 1926 b: 20  (as Plagiotormia  , p. 19, error). Type species, obscura Séguy  (mon.).

busckii Townsend, 1919 a: 165  . Type locality: Panama, Cabima. HT F ( USNM). Distr.: Panama, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Guyana ( Sabrosky, 1953 a: 182, Curran, 1934 a: 495). Refs.: Curran, 1934 a: 495 (key to Guyanan species, in Ormia  ); Tavares, 1964: 38 (key to Ormiophasia  ); Guimarães, 1971 a: 22 (cat.). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

Tribe Polideini  Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889

Genus Chrysotachina Brauer & Bergenstamm 

Chrysotachina Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 161  (1889: 93). Type species, Chrysotachina braueri Townsend  (misident. as Tachina reinwardtii Wiedemann  ) (mon.) (type-fixation see O’Hara & Wood, 2004: 285). Refs.: Curran, 1939: 1 (rev., key to species, desc. of new species); Thompson, 1963 a: 437 (key to Trinidad genera); Guimarães, 1971 a: 81 (cat.); Nunez et al., 2002 (rev., key to species desc. of new species); O ` Hara, 2002: 86 (synonymies); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1368 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Eugymnochaeta Townsend, 1912 a: 314  . Type species, Gymnochaeta alcedo Loew  (orig. des.).

Paragymnochaeta Townsend, 1915 a: 21. Type species, Eugymnochaeta equatorialis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Chrysoerigone Townsend, 1927: 244  . Type species, ornata Townsend  (orig. des.).

Mericina Curran, 1927 b: 6  . Type species, ruficauda Curran  (orig. des.).

Helioplagia Townsend, 1934: 211  . Type species, amazonica Townsend  (orig. des.).

Neoerigone Townsend, 1919 b: 590  . Type species, cinerea Townsend  (orig. des.).

aldrichi Nunez, Couri & Guimarães, 2002: 4  . Type locality: “ Brazil ”. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia (Nunez et al., 2002: 4). Refs.: Nunez & Couri, 2002: 17 (key to South American species).

panamensis Curran, 1939: 2  . Type locality: Panama, Canal Zone, Barro Colorado I. D HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Honduras, Panama, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil (Nunez & Couri, 2002). Refs.: Curran, 1939: 2 (desc., key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 81 (cat.); Nunez & Couri, 2002: 8 (redesc., key to South American species). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

purpurea Curran, 1939: 2  . Type locality: “ Venezuela ”. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Costa Rica, Venezuela and Brazil (Nunez & Couri, 2002). Refs.: Curran, 1939: 2 (desc., key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 81 (cat.); Nunez & Couri, 2002: 11 (redesc., key to South American species). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

willistoni Curran, 1939: 2  . Type locality: Colombia, Valle del Cauca, Quebrada Seca. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Brazil, Panama, Costa Rica, Colombia, Trinidad, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Peru ( Curran, 1939: 2; Nunez & Couri, 2002). Refs.: Curran, 1939: 2 (desc., key to species); Thompson, 1963 a: 437 (redesc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 82 (cat.); Nunez & Couri, 2002: 14 (redesc., key to South American species).

Genus Hystricia Macquart 

Hystricia Macquart, 1844: 200  (1844: 43). Type species, amoena Macquart  (subs. des. Coquillett, 1910: 555). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 41 (cat.); O’Hara, 2002 (rev. of Nearctic genera of Polideini  , synomized Hystriciopsis  , Hystriciella  and Engelomyia  ); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1368 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Hystriciopsis Townsend, 1914: 85  . Type species, obscura Townsend  (orig. des).

Bombyliopsis Townsend, 1915 a: 23  . Type species, Tachina abrupta Wiedemann  (orig. des).

Hystriciella Engel, 1920: 311  . Preocc. Townsend, 1915. Type species, Hystricia tarsata Schiner  (orig. des.) (misident., = alpina Townsend  ).

Engelomyia Townsend, 1931 a: 349  . Nom. nov. for Hystriciella Engel, 1920  (preocc. Townsend, 1915). Type species, Hystricia tarsata Schiner  (orig. des.) (misident., = alpina Townsend  ).

nigroscutata Rondani, 1863: 18  . Type locality: “ Colombia ”. Type lost? Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 41 (cat.).

Tribe Megaprosopini  Townsend, 1908

Genus Microphthalma Macquart 

Microphthalma Macquart, 1844: 241  (1844: 84). Type species, nigra Macquart  (orig. des.). Refs.: Aldrich, 1926 a: 1 (rev., key to allied genera, key to species), Curran, 1934 a: 493 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Guimarães, 1971 a: 24 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1386 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Perua Townsend, 1912 a: 364  . Type species, cuzcana Townsend  (orig. des.).

vibrissata ( Wulp), 1891  : 244 ( Dexiosoma  ). Type locality: Mexico, Tabasco, Teapa. HT ( BMNH). Distr.: Mexico, Costa Rica and Guyana ( Curran, 1934 a: 498). Refs.: Aldrich, 1926 a: 7 (redesc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 24 (cat.). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

Tribe Nemoraeini  Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863

Genus Macromya Robineau-Desvoidy 

Macromya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 322  . Type species, depressa Robineau-Desvoidy  (subs. des. Townsend, 1916 b: 7). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 165 (in key to Macromyini); Townsend, 1939 a: 33 (generic diganosis); Curran, 1939: 1 (rev., key to species), Reinhard, 1968: 1280 (rev., key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 42 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1369 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Gymnostylia Macquart, 1835: 216  . Type species, Macromya depressa Robineau-Desvoidy  (subs. des. Duponchel in d’Orbigny, 1845: 439; see Evenhuis & Thompson, 1990: 236).

Tropidopsis Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 132  (1889: 64). Type species, Tachina pyrrhaspis Wiedemann  (mon.).

Xanthohystricia Townsend, 1931 a: 348. Type species, Tachina amisias Walker  (orig. des.) (= pyrrhaspis (Wiedemann)  .

crocata Reinhard, 1968: 1283  . Type locality: U.S.A., Texas, Brewster Co., Big Bend Park. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: U.S.A., Mexico, El Salvador, and Brazil ( Reinhard, 1968: 1283). Refs.: Reinhard, 1968: 1283 (redesc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 42 (cat.). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

depressa Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 322  . Type locality: “ Brazil ”. HT F ( MNHNP or lost sec Townsend, 1931 b: 104 and 1939 a: 33). Distr.: Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Ecuador and Brazil ( Reinhard, 1968: 1284). Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 104 (type notes); Curran, 1939: 1 (redesc., key to species); Reinhard, 1968: 1284 (redesc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 42 (cat.). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

dorsalis Wulp, 1888: 17  ( Hystricia  ).

pyrrhaspis ( Wiedemann), 1830  : 307 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Brazil ”. STs M, F ( NHMW). Distr.: Guatemala, Guyana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil ( Reinhard, 1968: 1285). Refs.: Aldrich, 1925 a: 125 (redesc., type notes); Townsend, 1931 b: 104 (type notes, syn.); Curran, 1939: 3 (comm., key to species); Reinhard, 1968: 1285 (redesc., key, synonymies); Guimarães, 1971 a: 42 (cat.). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

analis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 322  .

analis Macquart, 1844: 245  (1844: 88) ( Gymnostylia  ).

amisias Walker, 1849: 734  ( Tachina  ).

pachecoi Curran, 1939: 2  .

bassleri Curran, 1939: 2  .

Tribe Siphonini  Rondani, 1845

Genus Borgmeiermyia Townsend 

Borgmeiermyia Townsend, 1935 b: 293  . Type species, brasiliana Townsend. Refs.  : Townsend 1935 b: 292 (orig. desc., in key to multifissicorn tachinid genera); Townsend 1936 b: 168 (in key to Frontinini genera); Arnaud, 1963 b (rev., key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 165 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1374 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ); Nihei & Toma 2010 (rev., key to species).

peruana Arnaud, 1963 b: 10  . Type locality: Peru, Tingo Maria, Valle del Monson. HT F ( CAS). Distr.: Colombia, Peru, and Brazil (Nihei & Toma, 2010: 107). Refs.: Arnaud, 1963 b: 10 (desc., key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 166 (cat.); Nihei & Toma, 2010: 107 (redesc., key to species).

Tribe Tachinini  Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830

Genus Adejeania Townsend 

Adejeania Townsend, 1913: 103  . Type species, Tachina armata Wiedemann. Refs.  : Curran, 1947: 51 (notes, key to species); Guimarães, 1966: 155 (rev. of Andean and Brazilian spp., key to Brazilian spp.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 46 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1357 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Echinotachina Townsend, 1913 e: 105. Type species, Tachina corpulenta Wiedemann  (orig. des.). Trichodejeania Townsend, 1913 e: 105  . Type species, Dejeania vexatrix Osten Sacken  (orig. des.). Dejeania  of authors, nec Robineau-Desvoidy.

analis ( Macquart), 1844  : 191 (1844: 34) ( Dejeania  ). Type locality: [ Colombia] (as “ Mexico ”, error). ST M ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia ( Guimarães, 1966: 189). Refs.: Guimarães, 1966: 189 (redesc., key to Brazilian species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 46 (cat.).

browni Curran, 1947: 56  . Type locality: Ecuador, Runtun. HT F ( AMNH). Distr.: Ecuador and Colombia ( Guimarães, 1966: 193). Refs.: Curran, 1947: 56 (orig. desc., key); Guimarães, 1966: 193 (redesc., key to Brazilian species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 46 (cat.).

corpulenta ( Wiedemann), 1830  : 280 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Mexico ”. STs M, F ( NHMW). Distr.: Mexico and Colombia ( Wulp, 1883: 16). Refs: Wulp, 1883, 16 (comm.), Townsend, 1931 b: 159 (type notes); Curran, 1947: 55 (notes, key); Guimarães, 1966: 187 (redesc., notes); Guimarães, 1971 a: 46 (cat.). Comm.: Townsend (1931 b: 159) mentioned the “ holotype ” male deposited at the Copenhagen collection ( ZMUC), but this information is incorrect. In fact, the syntypes (one male and one female) are deposited at the Wien museum according to the NHMW curator Peter Sehnal (unpublished data). Due to the incorrect type location mentioned by Townsend, that citation ( Townsend 1931 b: 159) is not considered a lectotype designation herein.

Genus Archytas Jaennicke 

Archytas Jaennicke, 1867: 392  (also 1868: 84). Type species, bicolor Jaennicke  (mon.) (= Tachina diaphana Fabricius  ). Refs.: Curran, 1928 (rev.); Curran, 1934 a: 510 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Guimarães, 1961 a: 170, 1961b: 357, 1963 a: 47, 1963 b: 153, 1963 c: 329 (rev.); Thompson, 1963 a: 361 (key to Trinidad genera; rev. of Trinidad species, key to species, new species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 47 (cat.); Woodley, 2007: 857 (key to Caribbean Tachinini  genera); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1358 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Nemochaeta Wulp, 1888: 38  . Type species, dissimilis Wulp  (orig. des.).

Tachinodes Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 133 (1889: 65). Type species, Musca hystrix Fabricius  (mon.) (misident., = metallica (Robineau-Desvoidy)  .

Parafabricia Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1895: 612  (1895: 76). Type species, Tachina bicolor Wiedemann  (mon.) (misident., = perplexa Townsend  ).

Eufabricia Townsend, 1908: 111  . Type species, flavicans Townsend  (orig. des.) (= diaphanus (Fabricius)  .

Pseudoarchytas Townsend, 1915 d: 185  . Type species, marmoratus Townsend  (orig. des.).

Neoarchytas Townsend, 1915 h  : 430. Type species, inambaricus Townsend  (orig. des.).

Makasinocera Townsend, 1915 h  : 431. Type species, unguis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Pseudoarchytopsis Townsend, 1927: 252. Type species, brasiliensis Townsend  (orig. des.) (= incertus (Macquart)  .

Proarchytas Townsend, 1931 a: 351. Type species, Tachina daemon Wiedemann  (orig. des.).

Makasinocerops Townsend, 1935 a: 219  . Type species, fulviventris Townsend  (orig. des. (= shannoni Guimarães  ).

Itarchytas Blanchard, 1940: 225  . Type species, pseudodaemon Blanchard  (orig. des.).

Archynemochaeta Blanchard, 1941: 345  . Type species, frenguellii Blanchard  (orig. des.).

Proarchytoides Blanchard, 1941: 365  . Type species, giacomellii Blanchard  (orig. des.).

Archytodejeania Blanchard, 1941: 348  . Type species, bruchi Blanchard  (orig. des.).

apicifer ( Walker), 1849  : 718 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “North America ”. STs M ( BMNH). Distr.: USA, Mexico, Colombia, and Ecuador ( Guimarães, 1961 b: 364, Ravlin & Stehr, 1984: 20). Refs.: Guimarães, 1961 b: 364 (redesc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 48 (cat.); Ravlin & Stehr, 1984: 20 (redesc.).

vulgaris Curran, 1928: 204  , 276.

analis  of authors, in part, nec Fabricius.

basifulvus  of authors, nec Fabricius.

basifulvus ( Walker), 1849  : 725 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: Jamaica, West Indies. HT F ( BMNH). Distr.: Jamaica, Cuba, Haiti, Puerto Rico, Costa Rica, Panama, Trinidad, Guyana, Colombia, and Peru ( Curran, 1928: 276; Guimarães, 1971 a: 49; Thompson, 1963 a: 383). Refs.: Thompson, 1963 a: 383 (notes, key to Trinidad species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 49 (cat., synonymies).

andicula Townsend, 1915 d: 186  .

antillicolla Curran, 1927 b: 2  .

cirphis Curran, 1927 c: 497  . Type locality: Mexico, Sinaloa, Los Mochis. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: USA (Hawaii, introduced), Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Argentina, and Paraguay ( Curran, 1927 c: 497; Gramajo & Mulieri, 2011: 123; Guimarães, 1961 b: 372). Refs.: Guimarães, 1961 b: 372 (redesc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 49 (cat.); Gramajo & Mulieri, 2011: 123 (redesc., type data, host record). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

incasanus Townsend, 1912 a: 331. Type locality: Peru, Piura. HT F ( USNM). Distr.: Mexico, Costa Rica, Trinidad, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, and Brazil ( Guimarães, 1961 b: 370; Thompson, 1963 a: 383; Cortés, 1983: 385). Refs.: Guimarães, 1961 b: 370 (redesc.); Thompson, 1963 a: 383 (redesc., key to Trinidad species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 49 (cat., as junior synonym of divisus Walker  ). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country. Both Townsend (1912 a: 331) and Guimarães (1961 b: 370) refer to the type as deposited in the USNM, although the online databasis of type-specimens organized by the USNM has not indicated that typespecimen there. In a recent visit to the USNM (December 2013) I could confirm that the type is deposited in there.

lanei Guimarães, 1961 b: 386  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Barueri. HT M ( IOC). Distr.: Colombia and Brazil ( Guimarães, 1961 b: 386). Refs.: Guimarães, 1961 b: 386 (orig. desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 50 (cat.).

marmoratus ( Townsend), 1915 d  : 186. Type locality: Peru, Chosica. HT F ( USNM). Distr.: USA, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Puerto Rico, Virgin Is., Montserrat, Grenada, Trinidad, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile and Argentina ( Blanchard, 1941: 348; Sabrosky, 1955: 78; Guimarães, 1961 a: 168; Cortés, 1983: 385; Ravlin & Stehr, 1984: 18; Bustillo, 2011,). Refs.: Sabrosky, 1955: 78 (comm.); Guimarães, 1961 a: 168 (redesc.); Thompson, 1963 a: 375 (redesc., key to Trinidad species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 51 (cat.); Ravlin & Stehr, 1984: 18 (redesc., key).

incertus  of North American authors, nec Macquart.

piliventris  of authors, nec Wulp (in part).

seminigra ( Wiedemann), 1830  : 296 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Brazil ”. ST F ( NHMW). Distr.: Mexico, Puerto Rico, Colombia, and Brazil ( Schiner, 1868: 331; Guimarães, 1963 b: 155). Refs.: Guimarães, 1963 b: 155 (redesc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 52 (cat., as “ seminiger  ” in error). Comm.: Syntype female deposited in the Wien museum, confirmed by the curator Peter Sehnal (unpublished data).

vernalis Curran, 1928: 280  . Type locality: Guyana, Bartica. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Guyana, Colombia, and Brazil ( Curran, 1928: 280, Curran, 1934 a: 520; Guimarães, 1961 b: 379; Guimarães, 1971 a: 52). Refs.: Curran, 1934 a: 520 (redesc.); Guimarães, 1961 b: 379; Guimarães, 1971 a: 52 (cat.).

Genus Copecrypta Townsend 

Copecrypta Townsend, 1908: 109  . Type species, Schineria ruficauda Wulp  (mon.) Refs.: Guimarães, 1963 a: 43 (key to genera of “Cuphoceratini”, rev.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 75 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1357 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

nitens ( Wiedemann), 1830  : 294 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Brazil ”. STs F ( NHMW). Distr.: Mexico, Trinidad, Peru, Brazil, and Paraguay ( Guimarães, 1963 a: 44; Thompson, 1963 a: 408). Refs.: Guimarães, 1963 a: 44 (redesc.); Thompson, 1963 a: 408 (redesc., larval desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 75 (cat.). Comm.: This species was not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country. The NHMW curator Peter Sehnal (unpublished data) lists two females as syntypes.

saginata ( Walker), 1861  : 298 ( Eurigaster  ).

devia Townsend, 1917 a: 227  (as ruficauda  ssp.).

andina Townsend, 1919 b: 591  .

Genus Cryptopalpus Rondani 

Cryptopalpus Rondani, 1850: 169  . Type species, Micropalpus ornatus Macquart  (subs. des. Coquillet, 1910: 528). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 61 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1358 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ). Saundersia Schiner, 1868: 333  . Type species, Micropalpus ornatus Macquart  (orig. des.).

Euquadratosoma Townsend, 1915 i  : 75. Type species, rubrum Townsend (orig. des.).

nigriventris ( Macquart), 1844  : 201 (1844: 44) ( Hystricia  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. Type? Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Röder, 1886: 264 (list); Guimarães, 1971 a: 61 (cat.). Comm.: The name hystrix Rondani, 1865  appears twice in the Neotropical Catalogue by Guimarães (1971 a): first at page 61, correctly listed as junior synonym of nigriventris Macquart  , and then at page 216, mispelled as “ histrix Rondani  ” in the list of “Unplaced species of Tachinidae  ” and treated as “unrecognized”.

hystrix Rondani, 1865: 18  .

ornatus ( Macquart), 1844  : 204 (1844: 47) ( Micropalpus  ). Type locality: " Mexico ". HT F ( MNHNP). Distr.: Mexico and Colombia ( Macquart, 1844: 204; Schiner, 1868: 333). Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 167 (type notes); Guimarães, 1971 a: 61 (cat.).

rubripes (Schiner) in Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1891  ; 409 (1891: 105) ( Saundersia  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. Nomen nudum. Re.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 62 (cat.).

rufiventris ( Macquart), 1846  : 279 (1846: 151) ( Micropalpus  ). Type locality: “Nouvelle Grenade ” [ Colombia]. STs M ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 62 (cat.).

Genus Echinopyrrhosia Townsend 

Echinopyrrhosia Townsend, 1914: 90  . Type species, alpina Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 184 (in key to Juriniini  ); Townsend, 1939 a: 114 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 62 (cat.); Reinhard, 1974: 1160 (new species).

arrogans Reinhard, 1974: 1160  . Type locality: Colombia, Cundinamarca. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1974: 1160 (orig. desc.).

notata ( Walker), 1853  : 267 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. HT F ( BMNH) Distr.: Colombia and Ecuador ( Walker, 1853: 267; Röder, 1886: 264). Refs.: Walker, 1853: 267 (orig. desc.), Röder, 1886: 264 (distr.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 62 (cat.).

pellacis Reinhard, 1974: 1161  . Type locality: Colombia, Cundinamarca. HT F ( CNC). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1974: 1161 (orig. desc.).

varia ( Walker), 1853  : 268 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. ST F ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia and Ecuador ( Walker, 1853: 268; Röder, 1886: 264). Refs.: Walker, 1853: 268 (orig. desc.), Röder, 1886: 264 (distr.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 62 (cat.).

Genus Epalpodes Townsend 

Epalpodes Townsend, 1912 a: 330  . Type species, equatorialis Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 184 (in key to Juriniini  ); Townsend, 1939 a: 119 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 63 (cat.).

albolineatus ( Macquart), 1854  : 119 (1854: 99) ( Micropalpus  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. HT sex? ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 63 (cat.).

ecuatorianus Nihei, nom. nov. for equatorialis Townsend  (preocc. Macquart, 1854). Type locality: “ Ecuador ”. HT M ( USNM). Refs.: Townsend, 1912 a: 330 (orig. desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 63 (cat.). equatorialis Townsend, 1912: 330  .

rimacensis Townsend, 1915 d: 184  (as ssp. of equatorialis Townsend  ).

equatorialis ( Macquart), 1854  : 119 (1854: 99) ( Micropalpus  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Townsend, 1939 a: 119 (type data); Guimarães, 1971 a: 63 (cat.).

vittatus ( Walker), 1853  : 273 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. HT F ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 63 (cat.).

Genus Epalpus Rondani 

Epalpus Rondani, 1850: 169  . Type species, Micropalpus rufipennis Macquart  (subs. des. Coquillett 1910: 538). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 63 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1359 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ). Eusignosoma Townsend, 1914: 123  . Type species, aureum Townsend (orig. des.).

Argentoepalpus Townsend, 1919 a: 178  . Type species, Epalpus niveus Townsend  (orig. des.).

flavicans ( Macquart), 1846  : 279 (1846: 151) ( Micropalpus  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. HT sex? ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 63 (cat.).

lativittus ( Walker), 1853  : 269 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ” (as unknown). HT M ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 63 (cat.).

rufipennis ( Macquart), 1846  : 280 (1846: 152) ( Micropalpus  ). Type locality: “Nouvelle Grenade ” [ Colombia]. STs F ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia ( Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 132; Townsend, 1931 b: 166). Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 166 (notes); Guimarães, 1971 a: 64 (cat.).

rufiventris ( Macquart), 1846  : 198 (1846: 41) ( Jurinia  ). Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá. Type? Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 64 (cat..

Genus Eudejeania Townsend 

Eudejeania Townsend, 1912 a: 334  . Type species, subalpina Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Sabrosky, 1947: 146 (rev., key to species), Curran, 1941: 3 (rev., key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 53 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1357 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Bombyliojeania Townsend, 1931 a: 352. Type species, Dejeania canescens Macquart  (orig. des.). Eudejeaniops Blanchard, 1941: 353  . Type species, pseudopyrrhopoda Blanchard  (orig. des.).

aldrichi Sabrosky, 1947: 146  . Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: Ecuador and Colombia. ( Sabrosky, 1947: 146). Refs.: Sabrosky, 1947: 146 (orig. desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 53 (cat.).

argyropa ( Schiner), 1868  : 337 ( Dejeania  ). Type locality: “South America ” [ Venezuela].?STs M ( NHMW). Distr.: Colombia and Ecuador ( Sabrosky, 1947: 148, Curran 1941: 4). Refs.: Curran, 1941: 4 (redesc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 53 (cat.). Comm.: According to the NHMW curator Peter Sehnal (unpublished data), there are three males from Venezuela collected by Lindig and dated 1864, which can be doubtfully considered as syntypes.

atrata ( Guérin-Menéville), 1844  : 549 ( Dejeania  ). Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá. Unrecognized sec Guimarães, 1971 a: 53. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 53 (cat.).

canescens ( Macquart), 1846  : 271 (1846: 143 ( Dejeania  ). Type locality: “Nouvelle Grenade ” [ Colombia]. HT M? ( BMNH?). Distr.: Colombia to Bolivia ( Townsend, 1931 a: 353; Curran, 1941: 3). Refs.: Townsend, 1931 a: 353 (redesc.); Curran, 1941: 3 (notes, key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 53 (cat.).

melanax ( Walker), 1849  : 700 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Venezuela ”. HT M ( BMNH). Distr.: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador. ( Sabrosky 1947: 150). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 53 (cat.).

podicera ( Rondani), 1863: 17 ( Dejeania  ).

nuditibia Sabrosky, 1947: 152  . Type locality: Colombia, Cundinamarca, Usaquén. HT F ( USNM). Distr.: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 54 (cat.).

pallipes ( Macquart), 1844  : 191 (1844: 34) ( Dejeania  ). Type lost sec Sabrosky, 1947: 149. Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá. Distr.: Colombia, Costa Rica, and Panama ( Wulp, 1883: 16; Sabrosky, 1947: 149). Refs.: Curran, 1941: 3 (key, notes); Sabrosky, 1947: 149 (comm.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 54 (cat.).

Genus Eulasiopalpus Townsend 

Eulasiopalpus Townsend, 1913: 105  . Type species, Lasiopalpus albipes Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Curran, 1947: 46 (notes, key to species, new species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 54 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1357 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

typicus Curran, 1947: 46  . Type locality: Colombia, Cali, West Cordillera. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1947: 46 (orig. desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 54 (cat.).

Genus Exopalpus Macquart 

Exopalpus Macquart, 1851: 149  (1851: 176). Type species, bicolor Macquart  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 177 (in key to Dejeaniini  ); Townsend, 1939 a: 83 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 54 (cat.).

Arthrochaeta Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 134  (1889: 66). Type species, demoticoides Brauer & Bergenstamm  (orig. des.).

Microtrichomma Giglio-Tos, 1893 b: 1. Type species, Nemoraea forreri Wulp  (subs. des. Coquillett, 1910: 570).

Eurythiopsis Townsend, 1914: 30  . Type species, ochracea Townsend  (orig. des.).

Microtrichommodes Townsend, 1927: 245  . Type species, elegans Townsend  (orig. des.).

bicolor Macquart, 1851: 150  (1851: 177). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. HT F ( MNHNP). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 161 (type notes); Guimarães, 1971 a: 55 (cat.).

Genus Helioprosopa Townsend 

Helioprosopa Townsend, 1927: 239  . Type species, facialis Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 196 (in key to Cuphoceratini); Townsend, 1939 a: 195 (generic diagnosis); Reinhard, 1964: 119 (key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 78 (cat.). Comm.: Guimarães (1971 a: 78) equivocally listed the Chilean species H. finita Reinhard, 1964  as occurring in Mexico and Colombia. To date, this species is known only from Chile.

aurifodina Reinhard, 1964: 119  . Type locality: Colombia, west of Cali Valle. Type? Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1964: 119 (desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 78 (cat.).

liciata Reinhard, 1964: 123  . Type locality: Mexico, Hidalgo, northeast of Jacala. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: Mexico and Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1964: 123 (desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 78 (cat.).

macrocera Reinhard, 1964: 120  . Type locality: “ Colombia ”. HT F ( CNC). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1964: 120 (desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 78 (cat.).

veleda Reinhard, 1964: 121. Type locality: Colombia, Cundinamarca, Fusagasuga. HT F ( CNC). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1964: 121 (desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 78 (cat., as “ velada  ” in error).

Genus Jurinella Brauer & Bergenstamm 

Jurinella Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 132  (1889: 64). Type species, Jurinia caeruleonigra Macquart  (mon.). Refs.: Curran, 1947: 63 (notes, key to species, new species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 56 (cat.); Woodley, 2007: 857 (key to Caribbean Tachinini  genera); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1358 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ). Comm.: The generic names Eujurinia, Neojurinia  , Eujurinella  , Tachinosoma  , Saundersiopmima, Eujuriniopsis  , Gigantachinosoma  and Tachinosomopsis  were doubtfully treated by Guimarães (1971 a) as junior synonyms of Jurinella  and their species listed under Jurinella  . These synonymies are hereby listed as junior synonyms of Jurinella  until a revisionary study confirm or reject these nomenclatural statements.

Pseudohystricia Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889: 182  (1889: 64). Type species, Hystricia ambigua Macquart  (mon.).

Hystriciella Townsend, 1915g  : 95. Type species, aurifrons Townsend  (orig. des.) (= pilosa (Drury)  .

Parajurinia Townsend, 1928: 153  . Type species, Tachina obesa Townsend  (orig. des.).

Eujurinia Townsend, 1908: 113. Type species, Hystricia pollinosa Wulp  (orig. des.) (misident., = jicaltepecia Townsend  ).

Neojurinia Townsend, 1914: 48  , 81. Type species, abscondens Townsend  (orig. des.).

Eujurinella Townsend, 1914: 86  . Type species, abdominalis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Tachinosoma Townsend, 1927: 246  . Type species, corpulentum Townsend (orig. des.).

Saundersiopmima Townsend, 1927: 246  . Type species, spinosa Townsend  (orig. des.).

Eujuriniopsis Townsend, 1931 a: 354. Type species, Hystricia pollinosa Wulp  (orig. des.).

Gigantachinosoma Townsend, 1932: 106  . Type species, giganteum Townsend (orig. des.).

Tachinosomopsis Blanchard, 1941: 370  . Type species, jujuyensis Blanchard  (orig. des.).

caeruleonigra ( Macquart), 1846  : 274 (1846: 146) ( Jurinia  ). Type locality: “Nouvelle Grenade ” [ Colombia]. LT F ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran 1947: 66 (notes); Guimarães, 1971 a: 56 (cat.).

huntingtoni Curran, 1947: 82  . Type locality: Colombia, “between Queremal and Buenaventura”, Western Cordillera. HT F ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1947: 82 (orig. desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 57 (cat.).

schwarzi Curran, 1947: 78  . Type locality: Colombia, Cali district, Western Cordillera. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1947: 78 (orig. desc.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 58 (cat.).

Genus Jurinia Robineau-Desvoidy 

Jurinia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 34  . Type species, gagatea Robineau-Desvoidy  (subs. des. Coquillett, 1910: 556). Refs.: Townsend, 1939 a: 134 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 68 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1358 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Proepalpus Townsend, 1927: 255  . Type species, paulensis Townsend  (orig. des.).

laticornis Macquart, 1846: 274  (1846: 146). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. Type? Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 68 (cat.).

Genus Lindigia Townsend 

Lindigia Townsend, 1931 a: 352  . Type species, Hystricia plagiata Schiner  (orig. des.). Refs.: Curran, 1947: 84 (notes, key to species, new species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 58 (cat.).

vierecki Curran, 1947: 85  . Type locality: Colombia, Vista Nieve. HT F ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1947: 85 (orig. desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 58 (cat.).

Genus Lindigepalpus Townsend 

Lindigepalpus Townsend, 1931 a: 444  . Type species, Hystricia testacea Macquart  (orig. des.; preocc. Macquart, 1943) (= townsendi Guimarães  ). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 188 (in key to Juriniini  genera); Townsend, 1939 a: 136 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 68 (cat.); Reinhard, 1974: 1165 (new species); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1359 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  , comm. on relationships).

bogotensis Reinhard, 1974: 1165  . Type locality: Colombia, Cundinamarca, Bogotá. HT F ( CNC). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1974: 1165 (orig. desc.).

townsendi Guimarães, 1971 a: 68  . Nom. nov. for testacea Macquart, 1846  (preocc. Macquart, 1844). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 166 (type notes); Guimarães, 1971 a: 68 (cat., nom. nov.).

testaceus ( Macquart), 1846  : 276 (1846: 148) ( Hystricia  ). Preocc. Macquart, 1844.

Genus Melanepalpus Townsend 

Melanepalpus Townsend, 1914: 154  . Type species, albipes Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 186 (in key to Juriniini  genera); Townsend, 1939 a: 137 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 68 (cat.); Reinhard, 1974: 1166 (new species).

meraculus Reinhard, 1974: 1166  . Type locality: Colombia, Cundinamarca, Paramo. HT F ( CNC). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Reinhard, 1974: 1166 (orig. desc.).

Genus Paradejeania Brauer & Bergenstamm 

Paradejeania Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1893: 147  , 184 (as subgen. of Jurinia  ). Type species, Dejeania rutilioides Jaennicke  (subs. des. Coquillett, 1910: 584). Refs.: Arnaud, 1951: 326 (rev.); Guimarães, 1971 a: 59 (cat.); Woodley, 1993: 184 (key to species); Woodley, 2007: 857 (key to Caribbean Tachinini  genera); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1358 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

colombiae Arnaud, 1951: 326  . Type locality: Colombia, [Paramo between Tunja and Arcabuco, Dept. Boyaca], Pomeca river ( Arnaud, 1963 a: 123). HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia ( Arnaud, 1951: 326; Woodley, 1993: 185). Refs.: Arnaud, 1963 a: 123 (type data); Guimarães, 1971 a: 59 (cat., as “ colombiensis  ” in error); Woodley, 1993: 185 (key to species).

Genus Peleteria Robineau-Desvoidy 

Peleteria Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 39  . Type species, abdominalis Robineau-Desvoidy  (subs. des. Coquillett, 1910: 586).

Refs.: Curran, 1934 a: 494 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Guimarães, 1962 (rev. and key to Brazilian species); Thompson, 1963 a: 412 (key to Trinidad genera); Guimarães, 1971 a: 43 (cat.); Woodley, 2007: 857 (key to Caribbean Tachinini  genera); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1357 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Sphyrimyia Bigot, 1883: 154  (also 1884: cviii, as Sphyromyia  , error). Type species, malleola Bigot  (mon.).

Peleteriopsis Townsend, 1916 f: 630  . Type species, Echinomyia flaviventris Wulp  (orig. des.).

Oxydosphyria Townsend, 1926: 40  . Type species, infernalis Townsend  (orig. des.) (= iterans (Walker)  .

Aphriosphyria Townsend, 1927: 238  . Type species, communis Townsend  (orig. des.) (= robusta (Wiedemann)  .

Cuphoceropsis Townsend, 1935 a: 220  . Type species, facialis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Aphriosphyriopsis Blanchard, 1943: 134  . Type species, nemochaetoides Blanchard  (orig. des.).

Cuphoceromyia Blanchard, 1943: 135  . Type species, aldrichi Blanchard  (orig. des.).

Prosteatosoma Blanchard, 1943: 150  . Type species, lineata Blanchard  (orig. des.).

analis ( Macquart), 1846  : 272 (1846: 144) ( Echinomyia  ). Type locality: “ New Granada ” [ Colombia] (as “ Mexico ”, error). STs [ BMNH]. Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 44 (cat.).

* apicalis ( Walker), 1853  : 275 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: USA, California (as “ Colombia ”, in error sec Austen, 1907: 333). ST F ( BMNH). (= Peleteria haemorrhoa (van der Wulp)  , 1867, preocc. Tachina apicalis Meigen, 1824  ). Distr.: USA (widespread). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 44 (cat.); O’Hara & Wood, 2004: 321 (cat.). Comm.: Tachina apicalis Walker, 1853  is a preoccupied name by Tachina apicalis Meigen, 1824  . The valid name is Peleteria haemorrhoa (van der Wulp, 1867) ( O’Hara & Wood 2004: 321)  . According to Austen (1907: 333) the type specimen of apicalis Walker  is actually from California, not Colombia *. To date, P. haemorrhoa  is not recorded outside the USA.

fuscisquama Curran, 1925 b: 237  . Type locality: Colombia, La Cumbre. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 44 (cat.).

Genus Rhachoepalpus Townsend 

Rhachoepalpus Townsend, 1908: 114  . Type species, Saundersia testacea Wulp  (subs. des. Coquillett 1910: 599). Refs.: Townsend, 1939 a: 150 (generic diagnosis); Curran, 1947: 86 (notes, key to species, new species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 70 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1359 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Rhachoepalpodes Townsend, 1935 a: 220  . Type species, quatuornotatus Townsend  (orig. des.).

blandus Curran, 1947: 90  . Type locality: Colombia, Vista Nieve. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1947: 90 (orig. desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 70 (cat.).

immaculatus ( Macquart), 1846  : 276 (1846: 148) ( Hystricia  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. LT M ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 166 (type notes); Curran, 1947: 88 (possible synonymy with pulverulentus); Guimarães, 1971 a: 70 (cat.).

novus Curran, 1947: 89. Type locality: Colombia, Vista Nieve. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1947: 89 (orig. desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 70 (cat.).

pulverulentus ( Schiner), 1868: 335 ( Saundersia  ). Type locality: “South America ”. STs M and F should be at NHMW, but probably lost (see comments below). Distr.: Colombia ( Curran, 1947: 89). Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 166 (type notes); Curran, 1947: 89 (notes, key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 71 (cat., as “ pulvurulentus  ” in error). Comm.: Schiner (1868: 335) mentioned five male and two female syntypes in the original description. They should be deposited in the Wien Museum ( NHMW) as commented by Townsend (1931 b: 166), but according to the curator Peter Sehnal (unpublished data), no syntypes were found there.

palliceps ( Bigot), 1888  : 94 ( Cryptopalpus  ).

triformis ( Walker), 1853  : 267 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Colombia ”. STs F ( BMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 71 (cat.).

Genus Saundersiops Townsend 

Saundersiops Townsend, 1914: 138  . Type species, confluens Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 188 (in key to Juriniini  genera); Townsend, 1939 a: 150 (generic diagnosis); Curran, 1947: 94 (notes, key to species, new species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 71 (cat.).

Signoepalpus Townsend, 1931 a: 446  . Type species, spinosus Townsend  (orig. des.).

confluens Townsend, 1914: 140  . Type locality: Peru, San Gabán Canyon. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru ( Curran, 1947: 98). Refs.: Townsend, 1914: 140 (orig. desc.); Curran, 1947: 94 (key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 71 (cat.).

colombiensis Curran, 1947: 97  . Type locality: Colombia, Vista Nieve. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1947: 97 (orig. desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 71 (cat.).

schwarzi Curran, 1947: 96  . Type locality: Colombia, “between Queremal and Buenaventura”. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1947: 96 (orig. desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 71 (cat.).

siestus Curran, 1947: 97  . Type locality: Colombia, Popayan. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Curran, 1947: 97 (orig. desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 71 (cat.).

Genus Trichophora Macquart 

Trichophora Macquart, 1847: 78  (1847: 62). Type species, nigra Macquart  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1939 a: 157 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 72 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1357 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  , comm. on relatioships).

Siphoniomyia Bigot, 1885 a  : xii. Type species, melas Bigot  (mon.).

Paragymnomma Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1891: 384  (1891: 80). Type species, hystrix Brauer & Bergesntamm  (subs. des. Coquillett, 1910: 584) (= nigra Macquart  ).

Gabanimyia Townsend, 1914: 44  . Type species, polita Townsend  (orig. des.) (= nigra Macquart  ).

Huascaraya Townsend, 1914: 82  . Type species, tegulata Townsend  (orig. des.).

Parepalpodes Townsend, 1915 h  : 428. Type species, rimacensis Townsend  (orig. des.).

analis Schiner, 1868: 330  . Type locality: “South America ” [ Venezuela].?ST F ( NHMW) ( Aldrich, 1925 a: 130). Distr.: Venezuela and Colombia ( Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1891: 406). Refs.: Aldrich, 1925 a: 130 (notes on a doubtful syntype); Guimarães, 1971 a: 72 (cat.). Comm.: Aldrich (1925 a: 130) added some notes on what he considered a doubtful syntype, while Townsend (1931 b: 166) cited the same female specimen examined by Aldrich as “ holotype ”. Schiner (1868: 330) described the species based on two males and one female, without a holotype designation. The NHMW curator Peter Sehnal (unpublished data) found two females from Venezuela collected by Lindig in 1864, which, one of them, can be the syntype female examined by Schiner. One of those females bears both Aldrich and Townsend labels. Considering that Aldrich (1925 a), the first reviewer, considered that examined and labeled female a doubtful syntype, I resign here to regard Townsend (1931 b) ’s holotype citation as a lectotype designation. That female is considered a doubtful syntype until further evidence.

Genus Trichosaundersia Townsend 

Trichosaundersia Townsend, 1914: 137  . Type species, lineata Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 a: 187 (in key to Juriniini  genera); Townsend, 1939 a: 158 (generic diagnosis); Curran, 1947: 92 (notes, key to species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 72 (cat.).

dorsopunctata ( Macquart), 1844  : 207 (1844: 47) ( Micropalpus  ). Type locality: Colombia, Bogotá. HT? sex? ( NHMW). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 166 (notes); Curran, 1947: 92 (unrecognized); Guimarães, 1971 a: 73 (cat.). Comm.: Townsend (1931 b: 166) doubtufully considered the type specimen at Wien with holotype status.

nora Curran, 1947: 93  . Type locality: Guatemala, Guatemala City. HT M ( AMNH). Distr.: Guatemala, Panama, and Colombia ( Curran, 1947: 93). Refs.: Curran, 1947: 93 (orig. desc., key); Guimarães, 1971 a: 73 (cat.).

Genus Xanthozona Townsend 

Xanthozona Townsend, 1908: 116  . Type species, melanopyga Wiedemann  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1939 a: 163 (generic diagnosis); Travassos & Carrera, 1941: 43 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 74 (cat.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1359 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

melanopyga ( Wiedemann), 1830  : 292 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: “ Surinam ”. HT F ( SMF). Distr.: Costa Rica to Brazil and Argentina ( Blanchard & De Santis, 1975: 23; Wood & Zumbado, 2010). Refs.: Travassos & Carrera, 1941: 43 (redesc., immatures desc., biology); Guimarães, 1971 a: 74 (cat.).

indica ( Robineau-Desvoidy), 1830  : 36 ( Jurinia  ).

Tribe Loewiini  Brauer & Bergenstamm, 1889

Genus Triarthria Stephens 

Triarthria Stephens, 1829 a: 59  , 1829b: 300. Type species, Tachina spinipennis Meigen  (subs. des. Crosskey, 1974: 296) (= Tachina setipennis Fallén  ). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 88 (cat., as Parkerella  ); O’Hara, 1996: 16 (rev., key to species). Parkerella Townsend, 1942: 149  . Type species, parva Townsend  (orig. des.).

parva Townsend, 1942: 149  . Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Itaquaquecetuba. LT M ( USNM). Distr.: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Brazil ( O’Hara, 1996: 24). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 88 (cat.); O’Hara, 1996: 23 (key to species, diag.). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

Subfamily Exoristinae  Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863

Tribe Blondeliini  Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863

Genus Erythromelana Townsend 

Erythromelana Townsend, 1919 a: 174  . Type species, jaena Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 106 (cat.); Wood, 1985: 13, 39 (key to North and Central American Blondeliini  genera, generic diagnosis); Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 1 (rev., generic diagnosis, key to species, new species, phylogeny).

Minthomyia Townsend, 1919 b: 564  . Type species, abdominalis Townsend  (orig. des.).

abdominalis ( Townsend), 1919 b  : 564 ( Minthomyia  ). Type locality: Peru, Charape. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: Ecuador and Peru ( Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 16). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 141 (cat.); Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 16 (redesc., key). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but Inclan & Stireman (2013) suggests that this species could extend northwards to Colombian Andes.

arciforceps Inclan in Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 35. Type locality: Brazil, Santa Catarina, Nova  Teutônia. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: Costa Rica and Brazil. Refs.: Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 35 (orig. desc., key). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

cryptica Inclan in Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 29. Type locality: Venezuela, Aragua, Rancho Grande. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: Mexico, Costa Rica, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Refs.: Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 29 (orig. desc., key). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

distincta Inclan in Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 39  . Type locality: Venezuela, Aragua, Rancho Grande. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: Costa Rica, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil. Refs.: Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 39 (orig. desc., key). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

jaena Townsend, 1919 a: 175  . Type locality: Peru, Province of Jaen, Huascaray Ridge. LT M ( USNM). Distr.: Ecuador and Peru ( Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 14). Refs.: Guimarães, 1971 a: 106 (cat.); Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 14 (redesc., key). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but Inclan & Stireman (2013) suggests that it could occur in the Colombian Andes.

leptoforceps Inclan in Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 18. Type locality: Costa Rica, Province of Puntarenas, Biological Station of Monteverde. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: Costa Rica, Peru, Brazil and Argentina. Refs.: Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 18 (orig. desc., key). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

napensis Inclan in Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 37. Type locality: Ecuador, Napo, Yanayacu Biological Station. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: Costa Rica and Ecuador. Refs.: Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 37 (orig. desc., key). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

woodi Inclan in Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 42  . Type locality: Costa Rica, Province of Puntarenas, Monteverde. HT M ( CNC). Distr.: Mexico, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Bolivia. Refs.: Inclan & Stireman, 2013: 42 (orig. desc., key). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.

Genus Eucelatoria Townsend 

Eucelatoria Townsend, 1909: 249  . Type species, Tachina armigera Coquillett  (orig. des.). Refs.: Thompson, 1968: 200 (key to Trinidad genera, new genera and species now under Eucelatoria  ); Guimarães, 1971 a: 133 (cat., also refer to the several junior synonyms); Wood, 1985: 13, 40 (rev. Blondeliini  , key to North and Central American Blondeliini  genera, generic diagnosis, synonymies); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1375 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Spathimyia Townsend, 1912 a: 318  . Type species, ferox Townsend  (orig. des.).

Xiphomyia Townsend, 1917 b: 125  . Type species, gladiatrix Townsend  (orig. des.).

Urodexodes Townsend, 1919 b: 572  . Type species, charapensis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Machairomasicera Townsend, 1919 b: 577  . Type species, carinata Townsend  (orig. des.).

Lixinia Curran, 1926: 108  . Type species, jamaicensis Curran  (orig. des.).

Tinalydella Townsend, 1927: 265  . Type species, tinensis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Orophorocera Townsend, 1927: 267  . Type species, ocellaris Townsend  (orig. des.).

Eucelatoriopsis Townsend, 1927: 276  . Type species, teffeensis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Hypomyothyria Townsend, 1927: 276  . Type species, hypodermica Townsend  (orig. des.).

Tachinophytopsis Townsend, 1927: 277  . Type species, carinata Townsend  (orig. des.).

Heliolydella Townsend, 1927: 277  . Type species, aurata Townsend  (orig. des.).

Hemilydella Townsend, 1927: 278  . Type species, fasciata, Townsend  (orig. des.).

Lydellohoughia Townsend, 1927: 280  . Type species, nana Townsend  (orig. des.).

Corozalia Curran, 1934: 429  . Type species, longula Curran  (orig. des.).

Celatoriopsis Blanchard, 1963: 223  . Type species, eucelatorioides Blanchard  (orig. des.).

Eucelatorioidea Thompson, 1968: 176  . Type species, nigripalpis Thompson  (orig. des.).

Dexodimyia Thompson, 1968: 181  . Type species, discalis Thompson  (orig. des.).

Pseudocelatoria Thompson, 1968: 190  . Type species, robusta Thompson  (orig. des.).

Heliodexodes Thompson, 1968: 197  . Type species, argenteus Thompson  (orig. des.).

Dexodiopsis Thompson, 1968: 202  . Type species, aurea Thompson  (orig. des.).

heliothis Sabrosky, 1981: 13  . Type locality: Venezuela, Cojedes, El Pao. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: Venezuela, Colombia, and Honduras ( Sabrosky, 1981: 13). Refs.: Sabrosky, 1981: 13 (desc., rev., key), Wood, 1985: 43 (list).

Genus Lixophaga Townsend 

Lixophaga Townsend, 1908: 86  . Type species, parva Townsend  (orig. des.). Refs.: Aldrich, 1925 c: 132 (key to species); Thompson, 1968: 84 (key to Trinidad genera); Guimarães, 1971 a: 138 (cat., also refer to the several synonyms); Wood, 1985: 15, 51 (rev. Blondeliini  , key to North and Central American Blondeliini  genera, generic diagnosis, synonymies); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1380 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Euzenilliopsis Townsend, 1916 e: 76  . Type species, diatraeae Townsend  (orig. des.).

Chaquimayoia Townsend, 1927: 235  . Type species, plumosula Townsend  (orig. des.).

Epiprospherysa Townsend, 1927: 277  . Type species, charapensis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Paranetia Townsend, 1927: 277  . Type species, punctata Townsend  (orig. des.).

Prophorinia Townsend, 1927: 277  . Type-sepcies, proletaria Townsend  (orig. des.).

Actinotachina Townsend, 1927: 278  . Type species, angusta Townsend  (orig. des.).

Ptilolydella Townsend, 1927: 278  . Type species, aristalis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Lydellactia Townsend, 1927: 279  . Type species, clausa Townsend  (orig. des.).

Biohypostena Townsend, 1927: 280  . Type species, brasiliana Townsend  (orig. des.).

Cataphorinia Townsend, 1927: 280  . Type species, angusta Townsend  (orig. des.).

Itabiomyia Townsend, 1927: 280  . Type species, fulvescens Townsend  (orig. des.).

Paraprospherysa Townsend, 1927: 280  . Type species, fumipennis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Euprospherysa Townsend, 1928: 147  . Type species, fumipennis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Chrysoprospherysa Townsend 1928: 147  . Type species, croesus Townsend  (orig. des.).

Actinophryno Townsend, 1928: 148  . Type species, angusta Townsend  (orig. des.) (= townsendi Guimarães  ).

Plaxactia Townsend, 1931 a: 476  . Type species, facialis Townsend  (orig. des.).

Polybiophila Curran, 1937: 2  . Type species, fitzgeraldi Curran  (orig. des.).

Pseudoprospherysa Thompson, 1968: 74  . Type species, santacruzi Thompson  (orig. des.).

Dexodioidea Thompson 1968: 80  . Type species, aurea Thompson  (orig. des.).

Braziliomyia Thompson 1968: 98  . Type species, obscura Thompson  (orig. des.).

Talparomyia Thompson, 1968: 101  . Type species, pollinosa Thompson  (orig. des.).

Santacruzia Thompson, 1968: 125  . Type species, dubiosa Thompson  (orig. des.).

Cataphoriniopsis Thompson 1968: 133  . Type species, fumipennis Thompson  (orig. des.).

diatraeae ( Townsend), 1916 c  : 76 ( Euzenilliopsis  ). Type locality: Cuba (as Louisiana, error). HT M ( USNM). Distr.: North America (introduced in Louisiana-USA and Mexico; Aldrich, 1925 c: 134), widespread over West Indies and South America ( Guimarães, 1971 a: 138; Bennett, 1971: 118). Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 181 (type notes); Thompson, 1968: 84 (redesc.); Thompson, 1960: 209 (key to tachinid parasitoids of Diatraea  , larval desc., biology); Guimarães, 1971 a: 138 (cat.); Wood, 1985: 53 (list).

puscolulo Carrejo & Woodley in Carrejo et al., 2013: 70. Type locality: Colombia, Caldas, Anserma, Vereda el Pensil, Finca Veracruz. HT M (MUSENUV). Distr.: Colombia. Refs.: Carrejo et al., 2013: 70 (orig. desc., notes).

Tribe Eryciini  Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830

Genus Eulobomyia Woodley & Arnaud 

Eulobomyia Woodley & Arnaud, 2008 b: 67  . Nom. nov. for Lobomyia Woodley & Arnaud, 2008  (preocc. Niitsuma, 2007). Type species, Lobomyia neotropica Woodley & Arnaud. Refs.  : Woodley & Arnaud, 2008 a (desc.); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1365 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Lobomyia Woodley & Arnaud, 2008 a: 32  . Preocc. Niitsuma, 2007. Type species, neotropica Woodley & Arnaud, 2008  .

neotropica ( Woodley & Arnaud), 2008 a  : 35 ( Lobomyia  ). Type locality: Colombia, Antioquia, Caldas. HT M ( USNM). Distr.: Mexico, Costa Rica, Trinidad, Colombia, and Brazil ( Woodley & Arnaud, 2008 a: 35). Refs.: Woodley & Arnaud, 2008 a: 35 (orig. desc.).

Genus Lespesia Robineau-Desvoidy 

Lespesia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 567  . Type species, Achaetoneura anisotae Webber  (subs. des. ICZN, 1983) (see Evenhuis et al., 2010: 97). Refs.: Guimarães, 1983 a (rev., generic diagnosis, key to Brazilian species); Thompson, 1965: 371 (key to Trinidad genera; rev. of species from Trinidad); Guimarães, 1971 a: 208 (cat.); Toma, 2010 (rev. and key to Venezuelan species); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1363 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ).

Achaetoneura Brauer & Bergestamm, 1891: 334  . Espécie-tipo: hesperus Brauer & Bergestamm  (subs. des. Townsend, 1908) (= Masicera frenchii Williston  )

Parafrontina Brauer & Bergestamm, 1893: 115  . Espécie-tipo: apicalis Brauer & Bergestamm  (mon.) (= Tachina archippivora Riley  )

Rileyella Townsend, 1909: 249  . Especie-tipo: Tachina aletiae Riley  (orig. des.)

Zygofrontina Townsend, 1915 h  : 427. Espécie-tipo: capitis Townsend  (orig. des.)

Masiceropsis Townsend, 1916 a: 178  . Espécie-tipo: Masicera pauciseta Coquillett  (orig. des.) (= Tachina archippivora Riley  )

Ypophaemyia Townsend, 1916 c: 75  . Espécie-tipo: malacosomae Townsend  (orig. des.) (= Tachina archippivora Riley  )

Gymnoerycia Townsend, 1916 c: 75  . Espécie-tipo: rubra Townsend  (orig. des.)

Euparafrontina Brèthes, 1917: 17  . Espécie-tipo: martinezi Brèthes  (mon.)

Prophryno Townsend, 1927: 262  . Espécie-tipo: aurulans Townsend  (orig. des.)

Achaetoneuropsis Townsend, 1927: 272  . Espécie-tipo: affinis Townsend  (orig. des.)

Myiosturmia Townsend, 1927: 272  . Espécie-tipo: mixta Townsend (orig. des.)

Zygofrontiniopsis Blanchard, 1959: 173. Espécie-tipo: williamsi Blanchard  (orig. des.)

Frontina  of authors, nec Meigen.

affinis ( Townsend), 1927  : 282 ( Achaetoneuropsis  ). Type locality: Brazil, São Paulo, Cantareira. HT F ( USNM). Distr.: Colombia, Venezuela, and Brazil (Toma, 2010; Guimarães, 1983 a; Bustillo, 2011). Refs.: Townsend, 1931 b: 181 (type notes); Guimarães, 1971 a: 208 (cat.); Toma, 2010: 167 (redesc.).

mixta ( Townsend), 1927: 331 ( Myiosturmia  ).

archippivora ( Riley), 1871  : 150 ( Tachina  ). Type locality: USA, Missouri, St. Louis. STs M, F ( USNM). Distr.: Canada, USA, Mexico, Venezuela, Peru and Brazil ( Guimarães, 1983 a; Toma, 2010). Refs.: Beneway, 1963: 639 (redesc., type data); Thompson, 1965: 373 (as capitis  , key to Trinidad species); Guimarães, 1971 a: 209 (cat.); Guimarães, 1983 a: 16 (redesc., key to Brazilian species); Toma, 2010: 167 (redesc., key to Venezuelan species). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country. There are also some Nearctic nominal species under synonymy with archippivora  (see Beneway 1963: 639, and O ` Hara & Wood 2004: 125).

capitis ( Townsend), 1915 h  : 427 ( Zygofrontina  ).

malacossomae brasiliensis  ( Townsend), 1917 a: 231 ( Ypophaemyia  ).

Genus Lydella Robineau-Desvoidy 

Lydella Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 112  . Type species, grisescens Robineau-Desvoidy  (subs. des. Robineau-Desvoidy, 1863: 855). Refs.: Curran, 1934 a: 494 (key to Guyanan tachinids); Townsend, 1936 a: 224 (in key to Germariini  genera, as Metagonistylum  ); Townsend, 1936 b: 222 (in key to Lydellini genera); Townsend, 1939 a: 341 (generic diagnosis of Metagonistylum  ); Townsend, 1941: 190 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 210 (cat.); Woodley, 1994: 131 (generic redefinition, synonymies, new species); Wood & Zumbado, 2010: 1366 (key to Central American genera of Tachinidae  ). Metagonistylum Townsend, 1927: 379  . Type species, minense Townsend  (orig. des.).

Amazonella Myers, 1934: 191  . Nomen nudum.

minense ( Townsend), 1927  : 381 ( Metagonistylum  ). Type locality: Brazil, Minas Gerais, Viçosa. HT F ( USNM). Distr.: USA (introduced), West Indies (introduced), Panama (introduced), Guyana (introduced), Colombia (introduced), Trinidad (introduced), Venezuela (introduced), Bolivia, and Brazil ( Thompson, 1960: 212; Guimarães, 1971 a: 210; Bennett, 1971; Bustillo, 2011; Mosquera & Viafara, 2008; Grenier, 1988: 51). Refs.: Aldrich, 1933: 171 (redesc.), Thompson, 1960: 212 (key to tachinid parasitoids of Diatraea  , larval desc., biology); Guimarães, 1971 a: 210 (cat.); Woodley, 1994: 131 (new comb.). Comm.: Townsend (1939 a: 343) proposed the name Metagonistylum myersi  to refer to the Amazonian specimens collected by Myers (1934) to erect his (nudum) genus Amazonella  . Aldrich (1933: 171) described Myers’ specimens from Santarém (Pará State, Brazil) as Metagonistylum minense  . But Townsend (1939 a: 343) in his Manual of Myiology added some (two) descritive lines to differentiate what he believed to be a good species (his M. myersi  ). Guimarães (1971 a: 210) considered myersi Townsend  a junior synonym of minense  , and this statement is maintained here.

myersi ( Townsend), 1939 a  : 343 ( Metagonistylum  ).

Genus Palpozenillia Townsend 

Palpozenillia Townsend, 1934: 404  . Type species, Zenillia palpalis Aldrich  (orig. des.). Refs.: Townsend, 1936 b: 246 (in key to Trypherini genera); Townsend, 1941: 300 (generic diagnosis); Guimarães, 1971 a: 211 (cat.).

palpalis ( Aldrich), 1932  : 20 ( Zenillia  ). Type locality: Guyana, Wanaima. HT F ( BMNH). Distr.: Mexico, Venezuela and Guyana ( Guimarães, 1971 a: 211). Aldrich, 1932: 20 (orig. desc.); Thompson, 1960: 208 (key to tachinid parasitoids of Diatraea  ); Guimarães, 1971 a: 211 (cat.). Comm.: This species is not recorded to Colombia, but is likely to occur in the country.