Agrodes elegans Nordmann, 1837

Asiain, Julieta, Márquez, Juan & Morrone, Juan J., 2007, Phylogenetic systematics of the genera Plochionocerus Dejean and Agrodes Nordmann (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Xantholinini), Zootaxa 1584, pp. 1-53 : 47-49

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.178410

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7F78B4B1-E6E1-4DA7-B6AF-94285FFA933A

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6246805

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/965DBB53-FFE5-5A44-2399-F8DB77E45174

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Agrodes elegans Nordmann, 1837
status

 

Agrodes elegans Nordmann, 1837

( Fig. 3 View FIGURES 1 – 6 )

Agrodes elegans Nordmann, 1837: 162 ; Erichson, 1839: 303 (subgenus of Sterculia ); Herman, 2001: 3744 ( Plochionocerus ).

Agrodes longicornis Sharp, 1885: 467 ; Bernhauer & Schubert, 1914: 315 (subgenus Sterculia ); Herman, 2001: 3745 ( Plochionocerus ), syn. nov.

Sterculia melancholica Schubert, 1911: 13 ; Herman, 2001: 3745 ( Plochionocerus ), syn. nov.

Type material (3 specimens). Holotype of Agrodes elegans , female: “ 5798 / Holotypus Agrodes elegans Nordmann, 1837 labelled by MNHUB 2006 / elegans Nordm. Para ind. Sieb.” ( ZMHB, Ψ). Holotype of Agrodes longicornis , male: “ Agrodes longicornis . Type. D. S. Chontales. NICARAGUA. Belt. (specimen on card) / Type / Sp. Figured. / Nicaragua. T. Belt. / B. C. A. Col. I. 2. Agrodes longicornis, Sharp. / Sharp Coll. 1905 – 313. / Holotype ” ( BMNH, ɗ). Holotype of Sterculia melancholica , female: “Chanchamayo Peru. 200 m / Type / melancholica m. / Holotypus Sterculia melancholica Schubert, 1911 labelled by MNHUB 2006 ” ( ZMHB, Ψ).

Additional material (35 specimens). BOLIVIA: no locality data, Fassl ( FMNH, ɗ); Coroico, 1800 m, X–XII. 1906, Goulopp ( BMNH, 1?; FMNH, Ψ); no locality data, D. Sharp ( BMNH, Ψ). BRAZIL: Para, Caninde, Río Gurupi, 4–5.II. 1963, B. Malkin, forest sweep ( FMNH, Ψ); Para, Aldeia Coraci, 12 km W of Caninde, R. Gurupi, 16–24.IV. 1963, B. Malkin, forest sweep ( FMNH, ɗ); Rio Uatuma, Amazonas, I. 1944, W. Praetorius ( AMNH, ɗ). COLOMBIA: Bogota ( BMNH, Ψ); no locality data, W. E. Pratt ( FMNH, 2 ΨΨ); Villavicencio, Meta, 3.IV. 1965, J. A. Ramos ( USNM, 1?). COSTA RICA: Guanacaste, Cacao Biological Station, 1050 m, 10 º 55 ’ 38 ”, 85 º 27 ’ 7 ”W, 10.VII. 2000, J. Ashe, R. Brooks & Z. Falin, ex: treefall litter ( SEMC, Ψ); Alajuela, Peñas Blancas, 800–870 m, 19.V. 1989, J. Ashe, R. Brooks & R. Leschen ( SEMC, ɗ); Prov. Puntarenas, Buenos Aires, Estación Altamira, Sendero a Casa Coca, 1700 m, 9–26.V. 2001, O. Alemán, LS 331750 View Materials 574400 ( INBC, Ψ); Prov. Guanacaste, Est. Cacao, Lado SO Vol. Cacao, P. N. Guan., LN 323300 View Materials , 375700, 1000–1400 m, 21–29.V. 1992, F. A. Quesada ( INBC, ɗ); Prov. Cartago, M. N. Guayabo, Turialba, LN 570000 View Materials 217400, 1100 m, 21.VI. 1994, J. F. Corrales ( INBC, ɗ). ECUADOR: no locality data, Buckley ( FMNH, ɗ); Pastaza, Mera, 1200 m, 30.VI. 1971, B. Malkin, beaten ex dry foliage and debris ( FMNH, ɗ, Ψ); Sarayacu, 1879, Buckley ( BMNH, Ψ); Jarugui ( BMNH, Ψ); no locality data ( BMNH, ɗ). PANAMA: Chiriqui ( IRSNB, 1?); Darién, Cana Biological Station, Serranía de Pirra, 950 m, 7 º 45 ’ 18 ”N, 77 º 41 ’ 6 ”W, 6.VI. 1996, J. Ashe & R. Brooks, ex: fungusy log-tree fall litter ( SEMC, ɗ); PERU: Cuzco Depto., Consuelo, Manu rd. km 165, 5.X. 1982, L. E. Watrous & G. Mazurek, ex rotten palm ( FMNH, Ψ; CC-UAEH, ɗ); idem, except: 3.X. 1982 ( FMNH, ɗ); idem, except: 10.X. 1982, beating dead branches ( FMNH, ɗ); idem, except: 7.X. 1982 ( FMNH, ɗ); idem, except: 2.X. 1982, ex leaf litter ( FMNH, Ψ); idem, except: 6–7.X. 1982, flight intercept trap ( FMNH, ɗ); idem, except: 7.X. 1982, ex litter under crown of felled tree ( FMNH, 2 ɗɗ, 1?); Chanchamayo, 1500 m, Heyno ( FMNH, ɗ).

Diagnosis. Total length 20.0– 24.1 mm; body metallic violet-blue or green; head dorsally and ventrally flat ( Fig. 10 View FIGURES 9 – 16 ), or slightly convex dorsally; antennomeres 4–10 quadrate or subquadrate; apical antennomere in males moderately longer than wide (1.38–1.50 times) and shorter than antennomeres 9 + 10 combined (0.82– 0.92 times their length; Fig. 23 View FIGURES 20 – 31 ); mandibles with basal external channel; head slightly wider than pronotum (1.11–1.22 times); pronotum slightly elongate (104 – 1.12 times as long as wide), posterior area with two slightly visible, depressed areas, upper line of pronotal hypomeron absent ( Fig. 66 View FIGURES 63 – 66 ); elytra almost as long as pronotum (1.00– 1.06 times); aedeagus ovate, small (3.8 –4.0 mm) and asymmetrical, with parameres moderately long (0.45 times as long as the total length of median lobe), and internal sac with slightly conspicuous microsculpture ( Fig. 76 View FIGURES 69 – 78 ).

Variation. The majority of the specimens are metallic blue with green reflections, but some specimens are completely metallic green. The head of one female specimen is conspicuously wider below the eyes. Male specimens from Costa Rica and Nicaragua have an aedeagus longer than the specimen from Panama (2.1 mm); however, its shape, proportions and remaining characters are not different.

Comparative notes. Based on the revision of the holotypes, P. longicornis ( Sharp, 1885) and P. melancholicus ( Schubert, 1911) are junior synonymies of A. elegans Nordmann, 1837 . The description of this species under three synonyms ( P. elegans , P. longicornis and P. melancholicus ) is due to variation in color and length. Plochionocerus elegans is similar to P. conicicollis , the main differences are discussed in the Comparative notes of that species.

Geographical distribution. Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, and Bolivia (first national records), Nicaragua, Brazil, and Peru ( Herman, 2001).

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

SEMC

University of Kansas - Biodiversity Institute

INBC

Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio)

IRSNB

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Staphylinidae

Genus

Agrodes

Loc

Agrodes elegans Nordmann, 1837

Asiain, Julieta, Márquez, Juan & Morrone, Juan J. 2007
2007
Loc

Sterculia melancholica

Herman 2001: 3745
Schubert 1911: 13
1911
Loc

Agrodes longicornis

Herman 2001: 3745
Bernhauer 1914: 315
Sharp 1885: 467
1885
Loc

Agrodes elegans

Herman 2001: 3744
Erichson 1839: 303
Nordmann 1837: 162
1837