Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 121

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.102.24380

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/96B278FF-45E3-4444-2020-C09BE975B46D

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.
status

 

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. 

Names.

Myanmar: mak-lang, mung-dung, ndung, pa-noh, panwe, peinne. English: jackfruit.

Range.

India. Cultivated in Myanmar.

Uses.

Bark: Employed as poultice to treat ulcers and abscesses. Sap: Utilized for same purposes as the bark. Seed: Used to treat indigestion. Root: Used to treat diarrhea, and in a compound extract for fever.

Notes.

In India the leaf is fried with the leaves of Emblica  and Azadirachta  , mixed with mustard oil and applied on sores, smallpox, carbuncles, and used as an anthelmintic; the flower us employed during childbirth to clear the fetus ( Jain and DeFilipps 1991). In China latex from the stem is used for abscesses and ulcers; the bark is employed as a gargle; the leaf is used for diarrhea; and the ash made from the root is used for diarrhea and worms, and is also taken after childbirth ( Duke and Ayensu 1985). The fruit pulp and seeds are considered cooling, tonic, and pectoral. In Indo-China the wood is used as a sedative to treat convulsions, boiled leaves are given to both animals and women to activate the secretion of milk, and the sap is considered antisyphilitic and a vermifuge. On the Malay Peninsula and in the Philippines, the ashes of the leaves, with or without oil, are applied to treat ulcers and wounds ( Perry 1980).

The latex contains caoutchouc, resin, and cerotic acid ( Duke and Ayensu 1985). The wood contains a yellow pigment, morin, cyanomaclurin; the bark has tannin; cerotic acid is found in the latex; and the fruit an pulp have sugar, protein, fiber, and ash ( Perry 1980). Chemical constituents, pharmacological action and medicinal uses of this species in Indian Ayurveda are discussed in detail by Kapoor (1990).

Data on the propagation, seed treatment, and agricultural management of this plant are given in Katende et al. (1995).

References.

Perry (1980), Forest Department (1999).

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

ORDO

Family

FAMILIA

Genus

Artocarpus