Pristocera

Azevedo, Celso O., Alencar, Isabel D. C. C. & Colombo, Wesley D., 2018, Pairs in copulation of the highly dimorphic genus Pristocera Klug (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) from Madagascar solve taxonomic problems of male-female associations, Zootaxa 4433 (1), pp. 1-49: 3-4

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4433.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:214DCE5C-1FD2-4D53-97A5-1919CB1AC21F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/976387DD-5870-FFDB-E7F5-FA2EFA21FDA4

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pristocera
status

 

Key to species of Pristocera  from Madagascar for males

1. Mandible with four distal teeth........................................................................... 2

- Mandible with five distal teeth........................................................................... 4

2. Petiole very setose in ventral view (Fig. 9D); hypopygium with inner margin not dentate (Fig. 9I); genitalia with apical lobes long, ocuppying more than apical half of aedeagus; lateral margin of aedeagus parallel (Fig. 9J–K)...... P. julieni  sp. nov.

- Petiole glabrous in ventral view ( Fig. 13E View Figure ); hypopygium with inner margin dentate, at least partially ( Figs 13J View Figure , 21F View Figure ); genitalia with apical lobes short, ocuppying less than apical half of aedeagus; lateral margin of aedeagus sinouos ( Fig. 13K View Figure )........ 3

3. Petiole with midlength 4.0 × midwidth; hypopygeal chamber with latero-basal margin somewhat angled ( Fig. 21F View Figure ); paramere shorter than basiparamere; subbifid, apical margin strongly emarginated, digitiform process absent ( Fig. 21G–H View Figure ).............................................................................................. P. levicolllis (Kieffer) 

- Petiole with midlength 5.0 × midwidth; hypopygeal chamber with latero-basal margin smoothly curved ( Fig. 13J View Figure ); paramere longer than basiparamere; apical margin outcurved, digitiform process present, thin, very short ( Fig. 13K–L View Figure ).................................................................................................. P. mauricei  sp. nov.

4. Petiole very long and tubular, midlength 6.5 × midwidth ( Fig. 17E View Figure ); hypopygium with apical third abruptly narrower than base ( Fig. 17K View Figure ); paramere without digitiform process; aedeagus subcircular ( Fig. 17L–M View Figure )................... P. teetsi  sp. nov.

- Petiole never so long and tubular, midlength 5.0 × midwidth at maximum; hypopygium with apex somewhat narrower than base; paramere with digitiform process; aedeagus generally subconical........................................... 5

5. Basivolsella ventral surface folded....................................................................... 6

- Basivolsella ventral surface smooth...................................................................... 7

6. Hypopygium with apex beak-like (Fig. 5K); paramere with digitiform process curved upward (Fig. 5L)... P. martyi  sp. nov.

- Hypopygium with apex hook-like ( Fig. 15J View Figure ); paramere with digitiform process not curved upward ( Fig. 15K View Figure )................................................................................................. P. makungai  sp. nov.

7. Hypopygium with apex hook-like (Fig. 3K)..................................................... P. alexi  sp. nov.

- Hypopygium with apex beak-like (Fig. 1K)................................................................ 8

8. Parameral apex very curved inward; digitiform process apical in dorsal view ( Fig. 23 J–K View Figure ); apical margin with small spine in ventral view ( Fig. 23 K View Figure ); dorsal margin sinuous ( Fig. 23 J View Figure )............................................ P. cambouei 

- Parameral apex not curved inward; digitiform process placed subapically in dorsal view; apical margin without small spine in ventral view; dorsal margin convex....................................................................... 9

9. Parameral apical margin at least somewhat concave (Fig. 1M; 19 L)............................................ 10

- Parameral apical margin convex ( Fig. 11J View Figure )................................................................. 11

10. Parameral apical margin strongly concave (Fig. 1M).......................................... P. melmani  sp. nov.

- Parameral apical margin somewhat concave ( Fig. 19L View Figure ).......................................... P. zubai  sp. nov.

11. Paramere very expanded in dorsal view, about 2.0 × basiparamere width ( Fig. 11I View Figure ).................... P. morti  sp. nov.

- Paramere moderately large expanded in dorsal view, about 1.4 × basiparamere width (Fig. 7H).......... P. gloriae  sp. nov.