Pristocera gloriae Azevedo, Alencar & Colombo

Azevedo, Celso O., Alencar, Isabel D. C. C. & Colombo, Wesley D., 2018, Pairs in copulation of the highly dimorphic genus Pristocera Klug (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) from Madagascar solve taxonomic problems of male-female associations, Zootaxa 4433 (1), pp. 1-49: 13-16

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4433.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:214DCE5C-1FD2-4D53-97A5-1919CB1AC21F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/1F644CC5-7915-4355-8537-B296DC298BDF

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:1F644CC5-7915-4355-8537-B296DC298BDF

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pristocera gloriae Azevedo, Alencar & Colombo
status

sp. nov.

Pristocera gloriae Azevedo, Alencar & Colombo  , sp. nov.

(Figs 7–8)

Description. Holotype ♂ (Fig. 7). Body length 10.0 mm; length of forewing 6.0 mm.

Colors. Head and mesosoma black; antenna, clypeus, mandible, legs and veins castaneous; metasoma dark castaneous; wings subhyaline.

Head. Head 1.06 × as long as wide. Mandible with five distal teeth, uppermost directed inward, apex wider than base. Median clypeal lobe subrectangular, median carina inconspicuous, low in profile. Antenna not reaching mesoscutellar sulcus; with pubescence appressed, and shorter than half flagellar diameter; first four antennomeres ~ 6:2:4:4, flagellomere IX as long as wide. Frons punctate and shining, punctures large; frontal groove absent, lateral groove absent, scrobal carina absent. Ocellar triangle compact, elevated, frontal angle acute; ocelli small, protruding, anterior margin of posterior ocellus anterior to imaginary line between tops of eyes. Vertex broadly convex. Temple convergent posterad; occipital carina present ventrally and dorsally.

Mesosoma. Pro- and mesonotal dorsum shining, punctulate, setae long. Pronotal disc trapezoidal, side slightly concave, anterior margin carinate, anterior carina high and curved posterad, median transverse region elevated. Notaulus conspicuous, convergent posteriorly, with posterior part straight, wide, deep and punctured inside. Parapsidal furrow incomplete, straight and narrow. Surface of posterolateral corner of mesoscutum elevated. Mesoscutellar groove straight, not dilated laterally. Metanotum with large median elevation, median fovea rectangular with inner surface setose, metanotal groove foveolate laterally, inner fovea very large, dropped shaped, not punctulate inside, other foveae rectangular and narrower than inner fovea. Metapectal-propodeal complex strigulate laterally and posteriorly; transverse anterior carina narrow, metapostnotum mostly rugulose median carina present; first abdominal spiracle elongate and slightly arched, wholly placed on dorsum of metapectalpropodeal complex; metapleural carina present; transverse posterior carina present. Lateral of metapectalpropodeal complex strigulate. Propodeal declivity rugulose-strigulate near petiole. Mesopleuron with subtegular groove dilated anteriorly and uniformly narrow posteriorly, foveolate inside; episternal groove continuous with subtegular one, foveolate; mesopleural callus elevated and well delimited, polished and shining, oval, anterior area strongly punctate to puncticulate posteriorly. Pleurosternum with heart-shaped groove weakly defined, median carina present; epicnemial carina wide medially with two very large foveae. Tarsal claws tridentate. Forewing with r-rs&Rs vein long and almost parallel to anterior margin, R1 vein shorter than stigma. Hind wing with eight hamuli.

Metasoma. Petiole with midlength 3.5 × midwidth. Hypopygium deeply divided with apical part gradually narrower than base, apex beak-like; inner margin not dentate, with subapical concavity present, and median concavity absent; antero-lateral corner rounded; hypopygeal chamber with latero-basal margin somewhat angled. Genitalia: Paramere bilaminar, longer than basiparamere; apical margin outcurved, digitiform process present, thick, long, inner concavity present. Basivolsellar surface smooth, inner margin smooth. Aedeagus subconical, apical lobe giving rise on apical fourth of aedeagus, sinuous, apex directed ventrad, apical part convex in lateral view; ventral lamina with outer margin outcurved in ventral view.

Description. Allotype ♀ (Fig. 8). Body length 4.6 mm.

Colors. Head, mesosoma, metasoma, petiole, antenna, mandible, clypeus and legs light castaneous.

Body. Head 1.5 × as long as wide. Mandible short and wide, upper margin straight, with four distal teeth gradually wider ventrad, uppermost far from subupper one. Median clypeal lobetridentate, lateral margin finely crenulate, apical margin straight and elevated in frontal view, median carina high in profile. Frons coriaceous and punctured. Eye with about 11 facets. Temple margin convergent posteriorly, vertex straight, occipital carina complete and not visible in dorsal view. Pro- and mesonotal dorsum coriaceous. Metapectal-propodeal complex polished, maximum width1.8 × minimal width. Mesotibia strongly spinose. First abdominal spiracle circular. Metasomal petiole with midlength 1.5 × midwidth, anterior margin straight medially in ventral view, anterolateral corner subangulate, lateral margin notched subanteriorly, parallel, ventral surface quadrate.

Material examined. Holotype ♂, Allotype ♀, in copula: MADAGASCAR, Ankaratra , Alt. 1800, II.41, in cop. N. 7, A. Seyrig ( MNHNAbout MNHN) (Fig. 8E)  . Paratypes: 1♂ and 1♀ in copula, MADAGASCAR, Ankaratra , Alt. 1800, II.41, in cop. N. 6, A. Seyrig ( MNHNAbout MNHN)  .

Remarks. The males of this species are similar to the males of P. makungai  sp. nov., because both species have the mandibles with five distal teeth, the antennae with setae shorter than the flagellar diameter, the clypeal median lobe subretangular, the forewing with R1 vein, the aedeagus subconical, with the apical lobes giving rise on the apical fourth of aedeagus. However, the males of this species have the antennae not reaching the mesoscutellar sulcus, the petiole with midlength 3.5 × midwidth, and the hind wings with eight hamuli, whereas the males of P. makungai  sp. nov. have the antennae almost reaching the mesoscutellar sulcus, the petiole with midlength 4.5 × midwidth, and the hind wings with nine hamuli.

The females of this species are similar to the females of P. marty  i sp. nov., because both species have the mandibles with four distal teeth gradually wider ventrad, the median clypeal lobe tridentate, and the eyes with about 11 facets. However, the females of this species have the first abdominal spiracles circular, and the petiole with the anterolateral corner subangulate, whereas the females of P. martyi  sp. nov. have the first abdominal spiracles oval, and the petiole with the anterolateral corner rounded.

Distribution. Madagascar.

FIGURE 0 7. Pristocera gloriae  , ♂. A. Head, dorsal view. B. Mandible, frontal view. C. Mesosoma, dorsal view. D. Mesosoma, ventral view. E. Metasomal petiole, ventral view. F. Pronotum, lateral view. G. Mesopleuron, lateral view. H. Forewing. I. Hamuli, hind wing. J. Tarsal claws. K. Hypopygium, inner view. L. Genitalia, dorsal view. M. Genitalia, ventral view. Scale bars: 100 µm.

FIGURE 0 8. Pristocera gloriae  , ♀. A. Head, dorsal view. B. Mandible, frontal view. C. Mesosoma, dorsal view. D. Metasomal petiole, ventral view. E. Labels. Scale bars: 200 µm, except 100 µm for D.

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle