Uramya penicillata Fleming & Wood
Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Hallwachs, Winnie, Janzen, Daniel & Dapkey, Tanya, 2017, Nine new species of Uramya Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste in northwestern Costa Rica, with a key to their identification, Biodiversity Data Journal 5, pp. 9649-9649 : 9649
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|Uramya penicillata Fleming & Wood|
Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0018604 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs, Manuel Pereira; individualID: DHJPAR0018604; individualCount: 1; sex: M; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAI1251-07,03-SRNP-23649; Taxon: scientificName: Uramyapenicillata; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Uramya; specificEpithet: penicillata; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Area de Conservación Guanacaste; locality: Sector Cacao ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Cima; verbatimElevation: 1460; verbatimLatitude: 10.933; verbatimLongitude: -85.457; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.933; decimalLongitude: -85.457; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2015; Event: samplingProtocol: reared from caterpillar of Isochaetesdwagsi (Limacodidae); verbatimEventDate: Dec-02-2003; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps
Male (Fig. 17): 10 mm. Head (Fig. 17b): antenna: pedicel orange; arista light brown and minutely pubescent; fronto-orbital plate, parafacial and gena brassy pollinose; gena with few fine hairs along lower margin; facial ridge darkened; frontogenal suture black. Thorax (Fig. 17a, c): entirely gray pollinose; surfaces of dorsum of thorax and scutellum covered with conspicuous short black hairs; sternopleura, hypopleura, pteropleura, and ventral surface of abdomen yellow-white pilose; 2 katepisternal bristles; 3 postsutural supra-alar bristles, 2nd postsutural supra-alar 4X as long as 1st postsutural supra-alar; postpronotum bearing fine black hairs and anepisternum with fine yellow-white hairs; scutellum bearing two pairs of discal bristles; underside of scutellum bearing a tuft of black hairs near basal marginal bristle. Legs: coxae and femora of reddish ground color, tibiae with yellow ground color; femora covered in long black hairs interspersed among darker hairs and bristles; tarsi all black. Wings: smoky gray translucent; veins not infuscate. Abdomen (Fig. 17a): 1 pair of median marginal bristles on ST1+2, a row of marginal bristles on T3, T4 and T5; median discal bristles on T3, T4 and T5; ground color of abdomen black, with transverse bands of silver pollen on anterior half of T3, T4, and T5; underside of abdomen entirely covered in silver pollinosity. Terminalia: damage to the holotype by scavengers made the terminalia unavailable; however, other diagnostic characters are sufficient to define the species.
Uramya penicillata is distinguished from all other Neotropical species of Uramya by the following combination of traits: light colored pedicel, 3 postsutural supra-alar bristles, the first of which is 4X smaller than the second, underside of scutellum with a tuft of black hairs near basal marginal bristle, rows of marginal bristles on T3 and T4, and transverse bands of silver pollinosity extending across tergites to underside of abdomen.
The species epithet is derived from the Latin noun “penicillus”, for paintbrush, in reference to the brush-like tuft of hairs present along the underside of the scutellum in this species.
Costa Rica, ACG (Prov. Guanacaste), 1460 m
Uramya penicillata has been reared only once, from an Isochaetes dwagsi Corrales & Epstein ( Limacodidae ) caterpillar found in cloud forest. Isochaetes dwagsi has been reared 503 times from sibling and non-sibling groups in ACG.
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