Smicronyx (s. str.) pauperculus Wollaston, 1864,

Haran, Julien, Schütte, André & Friedman, Ariel-Leib-Leonid, 2017, A review of Smicronyx Schoenherr (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) of Israel, with description of two new species, Zootaxa 4237 (1), pp. 17-40: 20-21

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4237.1.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3E28B97B-A9B6-4C56-8980-F92A5602CE0C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/9C28AC74-FFD9-FFF4-FF40-F94AFE27EE80

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Smicronyx (s. str.) pauperculus Wollaston, 1864
status

 

2. Smicronyx (s. str.) pauperculus Wollaston, 1864 

( Fig. 8View FIGURES 6 – 10, 15View FIGURES 15 – 20)

Material examined. Har Hermon: Har Hermon , 1700 m, 17.v.2009, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU)  ; Upper Galilee: Gadot , 2.vii.1971, D. Gerling (1, SMNHTAU); Nahal Keziv, 28.ix.1999, M. Finkel, V. Kravchenko (2, SMNHTAU); Nahal Keziv  , 33°02’43’’N35°13’24’’E, 31.i.2011, L. Friedman, pitfall (1, SMNHTAU); Lower Galilee: Umm el-Ghanem 32°42’N 35°23’E, 1.vi.2008, L. Friedman (17, SMNHTAU), 8.v.2013, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU), 12.v.2015, L. Friedman, on Cuscuta  (1, SMNHTAU); Bet She'arim, Alexander Zeid Monument, 21.x.2014, L. Friedman, on Quercus ithaburensis  (9, SMNHTAU); Bet Lehem haGelilit, 21.x.2014, L. Friedman, on Quercus ithaburensis  (1, SMNHTAU)GoogleMaps  ; Yizre'el Valley: Bet-Alfa , 6.v.2014, on Cuscuta campestris Yunck  (10 individuals, JHcoll); Jordan Valley: Almagor  , 32°54’N 35°35E, 15–31.v.2011, W. Kuslitzky (1, SMNHTAU); Park haYarden, 32°54.5’N 35°37.5’E, - 210 m, 14.iv.2011, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); Amnun, 15.v.2003, V. Kravchenko, V. Chikatunov, light trap (1, SMNHTAU); Deganya A Bet-Gordon, 18.ix.1968, Y. Palmoni (1, SMNHTAU); Peza'el Nature Reserve, springs, 25.ix.2013, L. Friedman, on Mentha  (1, SMNHTAU); Zomet Peza'el, 18.vi.1982, Q. Argaman (2, SMNHTAU); Carmel Ridge: Nahal Oren, 6.iv.1998, V. Chikatunov, T. Pavlicek (1, SMNHTAU); Samaria: Hare Gilboa', Har Ahinoam, 32°28’N 35°25’E, 15.iv.2012, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); Qedumim, 19.x.2000, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU), 28.ii.2001, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU), 10.iii.2002, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); Qedumim, Nahal Te'ena, 17.viii. 2 0 15, L. Friedman, on Amygdalus  (3, SMNHTAU); Shekhem, Askar [ Nablus-Askur Horticultural station ], 22.viii.1947, P. Jolles (1, SMNHTAU); Central Coastal Plain: Ma’agan Mikha’elGoogleMaps  , 32°33’N 34°55’E, 1.ix.2008, W. Kuslitzky, Malaise trap (1, SMNHTAU), 2–20.xii.2009, W. Kuslitzky (2, SMNHTAU); Nahal Tanninim estuary, 20.iii.2001, L. Friedman (2, SMNHTAU); Shelulit Ga'ash Nature Reserve, reservoir, 18.ii.2014, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); Ga’ash, 14.iv.1973, D. Furth (1, SMNHTAU), 1.v.2014, J. Haran, on Cuscuta campestris  (15 individuals JHcoll, 1 specimen sequenced from this series, voucher code: 2638-HAR_24064 JHA-A.16652. deposited in Curci collections); Herzliyya, 5.v.2003, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); Tel Aviv, Tel Barukh, 24.vi.2011, A. Freidberg (1, SMNHTAU); Zomet Morasha, 1.15 km SE, Rt. 5, Nahal Yarqon west bank, 12 m, 29.vii. 20015, L. Friedman (2, SMNHTAU); Rosh ha'Ayin Zafon Railway Station , 27.iv.2015, L. Friedman, on Cuscuta  (3, SMNHTAU)  ; Southern Coastal Plain  : Tel Aviv, Ramat Aviv, 7.vii.2004, O. Auster (1, SMNHTAU)  ; Tel Aviv, 1.v.2007, W. Kuslitzky, light trap (1, SMNHTAU), 10.v.2007, W. Kuslitzky, light trap (1, SMNHTAU); Bet Dagan, 12.viii.1987, I. Susman (1, SMNHTAU); Bet Dagan  , 32°00’N 34°50’E, 19.v.2008, W. Kuslitzky (1, SMNHTAU); Rehovot, 14.vii.2002, W. Kuslitzky (1, SMNHTAU); Lod, 30.xii.1997, R. Hoffman (1, SMNHTAU); 'Enot Gibbeton Nature Reserve, 13.xi.2014, L. Friedman, on Cuscuta  (17, SMNHTAU); Ashdod, 1.x.1991, J. Halperin, on Ziziphus spinachristi  (9, SMNHTAU), on Ficus sycamorus  (3, SMNHTAU); 'Ad-Halom bridge, 1.viii.1972, A. Goldstein (2, SMNHTAU); Nizzanim, 3.vi.1997, L. Friedman, light trap (1, SMNHTAU), 8.vi.1998, N. Meltzer (1, SMNHTAU), 9.vi.1998, L. Friedman (2, SMNHTAU), 19.iv.2005, I. Renan (2, SMNHTAU), 23.iv.2007, A. Freidberg (1, SMNHTAU), 21.iv.2008, A. Freidberg (1, SMNHTAU), 8.vii.2008, L. Friedman (2, SMNHTAU), 18.vi.2009, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); Nizzanim Nature Reserve, Nahal Evtah, 28.vii.2008, A. Freidberg (2, SMNHTAU); Mavqi'im, 32°00’N 34°50’E, 18.ii.2004, I. Zonstein (1, SMNHTAU); Dead Sea Area: Wadi Ahmar, near Yarden River , 32°01’N 35°30’E, 15.iii.2005, T. Stern (1, SMNHTAU); Hirbet Umm ' Azbe [Um Uzba], 23.iii.1989, J. Halperin, on Acacia raddiana  (2, SMNHTAU); Nahal Yitav spillGoogleMaps  , 31°55’N 35°31’E, 16.iii.2005, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); 'En Gedi [Ein Gedi], 18.vi.1958, J. Wahrman (1, SMNHTAU); Zomet Zohar, 21.vii.1998, A. Freidberg (1, SMNHTAU); Nahal Peres, 30°59.5’N 35°20.3’E, 29.vii.2007, A. Freidberg (1, SMNHTAU); Foothills of Judea: Migdal Afeq, 32°05’N 34°57’E, 31.x.2001, L. Friedman (3, SMNHTAU); Park Shoham [149], 1.viii.1993, Y. Zvik (2, SMNHTAU), 31.iii.2006, L. Friedman (2, SMNHTAU); Park Canada, 4.xi.1996, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); Zor'a, 7.xii.1991, J. Halperin, on Ziziphus spina-christi  (3, SMNHTAU), 24.viii.1993, on cotton, D. Gerling (1, SMNHTAU); Mishmar Ayalon, 15.i.1990, J. Halperin, on Laurus  (5, SMNHTAU); Tel Sokho, 19.iv.2015, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); Tel Goded, 19.xi.2013, L. Friedman, B. Korotyaev, sifting (1, SMNHTAU); Northern Negev: HaBesor Nature ReserveGoogleMaps  , 31°14’07’’N34°30’24’’E, 19.iv.2010, L. Friedman, wet meadow, pitfall (1, SMNHTAU); Central Negev: Sedé Boqér , 29.v.2002, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); 'En Mor, 24.x.1988, J. Halperin (2, SMNHTAU); 'Avedat, 12.vi.2002, V. Kravchenko (1, SMNHTAU)  ; Southern Negev: Ma'ale ' Aqrabbim, 8.vi.2015, I. Zonstein (1, SMNHTAU); Arava Valley : Nahal Bitron, camping site, 2 km NW ' Iddan  , 30°49’N 35°16.9’E, - 185 m, 20.vii.2015, L. Friedman (1, SMNHTAU); Hazeva, 3.vi.1998, V. Kravchenko (1 specimen, light trap, SMNHTAU), 10.vi.2001, V. Kravchenko (1, SMNHTAU); Nahal Shezaf Nature Reserve, 14.iv.1999, I. Yarom & V. Kravchenko (1, SMNHTAU).

Biology. This species is locally abundant on Cuscuta campestris Yunck.  , inhabiting agricultural and disturbed areas. Months of collection: all year round.

Distribution. Smicronyx pauperculus  is widely distributed around the Mediterranean basin ( Caldara 2013). In Israel this species is common throughout the country. To the best of our knowledge, this study provides the first report of this species in Israel.

Discussion. This species is distinct from any other Smicronyx  inhabiting the country by its reddish integument. Some rare specimens exhibit a very dark integument, but the characteristic thin sparse scales and the conformation of the genitalia can help with identification. Smicronyx pauperculus  is sympatric with S. jungermanniae  , and both species were found together on C. campestris  in all recently sampled localities (JH obs.).