Hase lagomorphicus gen. et

Corgosinho, Paulo H. C., Kihara, Terue C., Schizas, Nikolaos V., Ostmann, Alexandra, Arbizu, Pedro Martinez & Ivanenko, Viatches, 2018, Traditional and confocal descriptions of a new genus and two new species of deep water Cerviniinae Sars, 1903 from the Southern Atlantic and the Norwegian Sea: with a discussion on the use of , ZooKeys 766, pp. 1-38: 1

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.766.23899

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scientific name

Hase lagomorphicus gen. et
status

sp. n.

Hase lagomorphicus gen. et  sp. n. Figs 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

Type material.

Holotype, adult female dissected on six slides (reg. no. SMF 37130/1-6), from DIVA-1 (M48/1, 330). Paratype, adult female (incomplete) dissected into three slides (reg. no. SMF 37131/1-3), from DIVA-2 (M63/2, 105). Paratype 2, subadult copepopid stage V (CV) dissected into five slides (reg. no. SMF 37132/1-5), from DIVA-1 (M48/1, 330).

Type locality.

Angola Basin (DIVA-1 cruise M48/1, 330) (Fig. 1; Table 1), Atlantic Ocean.

Etymology.

The specific epithet is built by combining the ancient Greek lexemes λαγός ( lagós), meaning hare, and μορφώ ( morphó), "the Shapely One".

Description.

Female. Total body length 730 μm (paratype 1) and 735 μm (holotype) (N = 2; mean = 732.5 μm). Largest width measured at posterior margin of P2-bearing somite: 292 μm (paratype 1) and 295 μm (holotype) (N = 2; mean = 293.5 μm).

Body (Fig. 2 A–C) with clear distinction between prosome and narrower urosome. Prosome (Fig. 2 A–C) 5-segmented, with cephalosome and P1-P4 free pedigerous somites. Cephalosome with spinules covering surface and anastomosing reticulation towards rostrum and along margins; posterior margin slightly serrate. Pedigerous somites with reticulation along ventroposterior margins (Fig. 2B); lateral margins of third and fourth pedigerous somites smooth (Fig. 2A, B); posterior margins serrate.

Urosome (Figs 2 A–C, 3A, B) 5-segmented, comprising P5-bearing somite, genital double-somite, two free abdominal somites and telson. Genital double-somite and two free abdominal somites with hook-like projections ventrolaterally, distalmost the largest.

Genital double-somite (Figs 2B, C, 3 A–C, 4E) original segmentation indicated by transverse surface ridge with reticulation and sensilla dorsal and laterally, completely fused ventrally; genital field (Figs 3C, 4E) with copulatory pore slightly covered by a proximal flap, pointing posteriorly, located in a soft median depression; gonopores covered by operculum derived from sixth legs and anteriorly directed flap, medially depressed, arising from somite wall; P6 bearing two naked seta.

Telson (Figs 2 A–C, 3A, B) with well-developed anal operculum; large anal opening with folded and reticulated cuticle; surface ornamentation consisting of pair of sensilla dorsally, minute spinules and pair of pores ventrally; ventral posterior margin with minute setules.

Furca  (Figs 2 A–C, 3A, B, 4F) symmetrical; approximately 3.4 × as long as maximum width; distinctly convergent. Each ramus with seven setae: seta I, spiniform and bipinnate, inserted laterally, close to proximal margin; seta II, spiniform and bipinnate, dorsal and medially inserted; seta III laterally inserted, spiniform and bipinnate, located at outer subdistal corner; setae IV and V distally inserted, fused basally, seta IV bipinnate, seta V bipinnate and 4 × longer than seta IV; seta VI distally inserted, minute and naked; seta VII dorsal, close to seta III, tri-articulate at base and pinnate.

Rostrum (Fig. 2A) fused to cephalic shield; tip rounded, with tuft of spinules along distal margin; with pair of sensilla near apex.

A1 (Figs 4A, 5B, C) 7-segmented, proximal segments 1-3 cylindrical or subcylindrical; distal segments flattened. Segment I the longest, with rows of setules along outer and inner margins; segment III with aesthetasc fused basally to seta and set on distinct pedestal; segment VII with aesthetasc fused basally to one naked seta.

Armature formula: I-[one pinnate], II-[six naked + two unipinnate], III-[ten naked + (one naked + Ae)], IV-[one bipinnate + two naked], V-[two naked], VI-[one unipinnate + one naked], VII-[two naked, three bipinnate + one unipinnate + (one naked + Ae)].

A2 (Figs 4B, 7A) 3-segmented, comprising cylindrical coxa and allobasis, and 1-segmented and flattened enp. Coxa small, with spinules along inner margin. Basis and enp-1 fused, forming elongate allobasis, with patches of spinules as shown; abexopodal seta long and bipinnate. Medial armature of free enp consisting of two smooth setae, one seta medially unipinnate, one distally bipinnate spine and one seta medially unipinnate and distally bipinnate; apical armature consisting of three bipinnate spines, one naked seta and three elements fused basally (two long setae medially unipinnate, and one smooth). Exp 4-segmented; distal segment with row of spinules; armature formula: I-[two pinnate], II-[one pinnate], III-[one pinnate], IV-[two pinnate].

Md (Fig. 6A(a1, a2, a3), 7D, E). Coxa with well-developed musculature, gnathobase curved inwards, bearing several multicuspid teeth and one bipinnate seta on inner distal margin; two rows of spinules near insertion area of bipinnate seta. Palp well developed, comprising basis, enp and exp. Basis with four bipinnate setae and surface ornamentation as indicated in Fig. 6A (a1). Enp 1-segmented with three smooth lateral setae and six apical setae (four naked and two unipinnate). Exp 4-segmented, exp-1 as long as next three segments combined; armature formula: I-[one smooth and one bipinnate], II-[one bipinnate], III-[one bipinnate], IV-[two bipinnate].

Mx1 (Figs 6C(c1-c4), 8A, B). Praecoxa with row of spinules; arthrite well developed, with one pinnate and one smooth seta on anterior surface, four smooth spines, and three pinnate spines along distal margin (two ornate with two large spinules at basis), four pinnate setae on aboral margin, two fused at basis. Coxa endite cylindrical, bearing five setae (four naked and one pinnate) distally; epipodite absent. Basis and enp fused; basis with eleven setae; enp incorporated into basis, represented by two naked setae. Exp 1-segmented, with three bipinnate setae.

Mx2 (Figs 6B(b1-b7), 8C, D) comprising syncoxa fused to allobasis, and 5-segmented enp. Syncoxa/allobasis with four endites; proximal coxal endite with five pinnate setae; distal coxal endite almost completely incorporated into syncoxa, with one pinnate setae, and two naked setae with bifid tip; proximal basal endite with three setae (two naked, one with bifid tip, and one weakly pinnate); distal basal endite with two naked setae with bifid tip, and one weakly pinnate spine. Enp-1 endite forming strong claw; accessory armature consisting of two naked setae (one long and flexible and one foliaceous), one spine and one claw-like spine; armature of fused enp-2 represented by three naked seta. Free enp 3-segmented; armature formula: I-[claw; 4], II-[3], III-[2], IV-[3], V-[3].

Mxp (Figs 6D, 8E) with elongated syncoxa, strong basis, and 2-segmented enp. Syncoxa with rows of spinules along inner and outer margins; syncoxa with three endites; first endite with one bipinnate seta and one bipinnate spine; second endite with two bipinnate setae and one bipinnate spine; third endite with one bipinnate seta and one bipinnate spine; basal endite with one bipinnate seta and one unipinnate spine. Enp with armature formula: I-[two setae; one bipinnate and one naked], II-[one unipinnate spine + three bipinnate setae].

Pereopods (Figs 5A, 9-11) biramous; exp and enp bent inwards, especially on P1 and P2. Praecoxa transversally elongate, without ornamentation. Coxa without ornamentation (P1) or ornamented (P2-P4), with position and strength of ornamentation differing from P2 to P4. Basis with (P1, P2) or without (P3, P4) bipinnate seta on outer proximal corner, with bipinnate seta on inner distal corner of P1. Exp 3-segmented; bent inwards against basis in P1 and P2, exp-1 with rows of setules along inner margin and spinules along outer margin, exp-2 without ornamentation on P1 and P2, with setules on inner margin of P3 and outer margin of P4. Enp 3-segmented on P1, 2-segmented on P2 and P3 but 1-segmented on P4; enp-1 with setules along outer margin of P1-P3; enpP4 with setules on outer margin. Setal formulae as follows:

P5 (Fig. 4E) One-segmented, fused to supporting somite, pointing outwards. Exp with three elements (one lost during dissection), outer most a bipinnate seta, innermost a bipinnate spine.

Male unknown.

Occurrence.

Angola and Guinea basins, Atlantic Ocean.

Remarks.

In the subadult CV, enp is 3-segmented on P2-P4; exp-3 of P4 with 8 elements (Fig. 10 b2); enp-2 of P2-P4 with two inner setae (Fig. 9 B, b1), exp-3 of P2-P4 with 5 elements (Fig. 9 b3 and Fig. 10 (a1, b3)). Setal formulae as follows: