Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 2

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Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees


Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees 


Myanmar: sega-gyi, se-khar-gyi, hsay-kha gyi, ngayoke kha. English: creat, creyat root, king of bitters.


Subcontinent of India. In Myanmar, found in Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Mandalay, and Sagaing.


Cool and bitter in taste, controls phlegm and gall bladder function, stimulates appetite, reduces fever, and is particularly good as a remedy for children. Whole plant: Made into medicines that reduce fever, aid digestion, and give strength. The liquid from boiling the plant is used to treat headaches, indigestion, loose bowels, dysentery, shooting pains from gas in the intestines, and fevers; can also be mixed with powdered zee-hpyu, hpan-khar ( Terminalia chebula  ) and thit hseint ( Terminalia bellirica  ) to remedy edema, abdominal swelling, leprosy, headaches, stiff neck, and dizziness. Leaf: Used in medicines that lower fever, neutralize poisons, and treat the gall bladder, as well as in making of shar-put-hsay (commonly used traditional medicine in form of grayish brown powder rolled into nuggets). Leaf and Root: Used as febrifuge, stomachic, tonic and anthelmintic.


The medicinal uses of this species in India are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991). Medicinal uses of this species in China are discussed in Duke and Ayensu (1985).


Nordal (1963), Agricultural Corporation (1980), Forest Department (1999).