Ptomaphaminus latescens (Szymczakowski, 1964)

Schilthuizen, Menno, Perreau, Michel & Njunjic, Iva, 2018, A review of the Cholevinae from the island of Borneo (Coleoptera, Leiodidae), ZooKeys 777, pp. 57-108: 79-81

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.777.23212

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D9F35364-3DCD-4BA6-B70D-62FB275DEB1B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/9CCACF6C-F3BB-0352-EC34-4A093CCF9DE9

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Ptomaphaminus latescens (Szymczakowski, 1964)
status

 

Ptomaphaminus latescens (Szymczakowski, 1964)  Figures 12a, b, 13a, b

Ptomaphaginus latescens  Szymczakowski, 1964: 140-144, figs 122-132; type from Cave of Durian, Padang Highlands, Sumatra (in RMNH).

Material.

Sabah. Kinabalu Park, Poring Hot Springs, 6°02.894'N, 116°14.957'E, 625 m elev., 15-20.ix.2012 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, Crocker Range / Kinabalu Expedition, in RMNH.INS.1086253), 1 female; Kinabalu Park Headquarters, 6°00.394'N, 116°32.654'E, 1540 m elev., 10-14.ix.2012 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, Crocker Range / Kinabalu Expedition, RMNH.INS.555607) 1 male; Tinahas Cave, v.2005 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, in RMNH.INS.1086254), 1 male; Crocker Range, Inobong Station, 5°51.265'N, 116°08.363'E, 500 m elev., 21-23.ix.2012 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, Crocker Range / Kinabalu Expedition, RMNH.INS.555643), 1 male; Crocker Range, Gua Laing, 5°28.701'N, 116° 10.517E, 613 m elev. (leg. M. Schilthuizen & I. Njunjić, RMNH.INS.1086255-1086257), 3 females; Lower Kinabatangan, Batu Batangan, Gua Ular, 5°27.566'N, 118°06.126'E, 24-28.ii.2017 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, RMNH.INS.5081737, 5081740, 5081743, BOR/COL/14209-14210), 3 males, 2 females; Lower Kinabatangan, Batu Batangan, Gua Kolam, 5°27.557'E, 118°06.118'E, 24. ii– 1.iii.2016 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, RMNH.INS. 5081738, 5081741-5081742, 1086284, BOR/COL/14211-14214, 14217), 6 males, 2 females; Lower Kinabatangan, Batu Batangan, Gua Ikan, 5°27.558'N, 118°05.891'E, 24-28.ii.2016 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, RMNH.INS.5081739) 1 male; Lower Kinabatangan, Batu Batangan, Gua Merayap 5°27.573'N, 118°06.075'E, 24-29.ii.2016 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, BOR/COL/14206), 1 female; Lower Kinabatangan, Batu Batangan, Gua Ikan, 5°27.558'N, 118°05.891'E, 18.iii.2015 (leg. M. Schilthuizen & I. Njunjić, RMNH.INS.1086272-1086283), 3 males, 9 females; Lower Kinabatangan, Batu Batangan, Gua Babi, N 5°27.570'N, 118°06.088'E, 24-28.ii.2016 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, RMNH.INS.1086285-1086287 and BOR/COL/14207-14208), 2 males, 3 females; Lower Kinabatangan, Gua Fico, 5°27.135'N, 118°08.769'E, 1-7.iii.2016 (leg. M. Schilthuizen, BOR/COL/14215-14216), 2 males; Lower Kinabatangan, Gua Fico, 5°27.135'N, 118°08.769'E, 20.iii.2015 (leg. M. Schilthuizen & I. Njunjić, RMNH.INS.1086258-108671), 14 males. Sarawak. Bau, Gunung Jambusan, 1.401N 110.191E, 24.ii.1980 ( RMNH.INS.549312-549316), 2 males, 3 females; Gunung Mulu, mixed dipterocarp forest litter, v–viii.1978 (leg. P.M. Hammond & J.E. Marshall, NHMUK), 2 males, 2 females; Gunung Mulu, Limestone 6.4 400 m Tp 113, v–viii.1978 (leg. P.M. Hammond & J.E. Marshall, NHMUK), 3 males, 2 females; Gunung Mulu, pitfall-trap fish bait, alluv. for. ca. 100 m, iii–v.1978 (leg. I. Hanski, NHMUK), 1 female; Gunung Mulu, 4.5.78 Tps 7-13, v–viii.1978 (leg. P.M. Hammond & J.E. Marshall, NHMUK), 2 females; Gunung Mulu, Limestone 6.4 650 m Tp 110, v–viii.1978 (leg. P.M. Hammond & J.E. Marshall, NHMUK), 2 females; Gunung Mulu, Slope 7.4.78, baited traps, v–viii.1978 (leg. P.M. Hammond & J.E. Marshall, NHMUK), 1 female. Sumatra. Cave of Durian (Padang Highlands), 800 m, from excrements of bats, viii.1924, Ptomaphaginus latescens  Szym czakowski, 1964 ZMAN type COLE.0754.1, ZMA.INS.1229114 (leg. E. Jacobson, RMNH), holotype, male; Cave of Durian (Padang Highlands), 800 m, from excrements of bats, viii.1924 (leg. E. Jacobson, ZMA.INS.1229106, 1229112, 1229124, 1229126, 1229128, 1229135, 1229147-1229149, 1229151, 1229153, 1229154), 12 paratypes.

Description.

Length 1.45-1.75 mm. General colour dark brown. Winged. Eyes normally developed. Pronotum 1.56 times as wide as long. Elytra 1.35 times as long as wide. Female sutural angle of elytra expanded backwards into a sharp tooth. Male protarsi 0.5 times as wide as the protibia. Male genital segment with a very elongate and thin spiculum gastrale (Figure 13a). Aedeagus three times shorter than the body length, strikingly elongate and parallel-sided (Figure 12b). Apex of the median lobe rounded, with two overlapping apical right and left expansions in dorsal view (Figure 12b), regularly arcuate and without apical hook in lateral view (Figure 12a). Two lateral setae on each side, orthogonal to the plane of the aedeagus. Internal stylus of the endophallus short and strongly sinuate, confined to the apical half of the length of the median lobe. Female with normally developed gonocoxites (Figure 13b). Spermiduct irregularly wound, not clearly helical. Spermatheca weakly sclerotised, the apical capsule with a set of transversal rings and without apical sclerotised plate (Figure 13b).

Differential diagnosis.

Larger than most other Bornean Ptomaphaminus  , with spiniform elytral apices in the female, and a very narrow urite IX in the male; differing from the otherwise similar P. testaceus  by the darker head and discus of the elytra, as well as slight differences in the aedeagus.

DNA barcodes.

COI barcodes are available for the following specimen: RMNH.INS.555607 (Kinabalu Park HQ), BIN: ACJ9972. The specimens RMNH.INS.549312-549316 have entries in BOLD, but we have so far been unable to extract amplifiable DNA from them.

Habitat and distribution.

Widely distributed in South East Asia. Indonesia: Sumatra (type locality); Kalimantan (Gunung Marang). Malaysia: Continental Malaysia (Batu Caves in Selangor), Sabah (Kinabalu; Lower Kinabatangan), Sarawak (Gunung Jambusan; Gunung Mulu). It has been found in many caves, but also in forest litter and pitfall traps.

Remarks.

Variations can be observed in the curvature of the aedeagus. In the type series from Sumatra, the aedeagus is moderately curved, similarly to the population of Marang Mountains, while the population from Continental Malaysia have a more pronounced curvature. We consider that these differences do not exceed intraspecific variation.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Leiodidae

Genus

Ptomaphaminus

Loc

Ptomaphaminus latescens (Szymczakowski, 1964)

Schilthuizen, Menno, Perreau, Michel & Njunjic, Iva 2018

2018
Loc

Ptomaphaginus latescens

Portevin 1914

1914