Simulium (Simulium) reptans (Linnaeus, 1758)

Sirin, Uemit Davut, Caliskan, Hakan & Sahin, Yalcin, 2015, Black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Turkish Thrace, with a new record for Turkey, Biodiversity Data Journal 3, pp. 4834-4834: 4834

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.3.e4834

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:591B581E-2BF0-4C1D-8EF3-3FD91E23DEE5

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/9DC24F98-E3C0-B5E0-8E50-6880D27DA0F6

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Simulium (Simulium) reptans (Linnaeus, 1758)
status

 

Simulium (Simulium) reptans (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 5 larvae / 19 pupae, 5 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) reptans (Linnaeus, 1758); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Linnaeus, 1758); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: İğneada; locationRemarks: 36; verbatimLatitude: 41°49'16.69"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°57'8.53"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 128; Event: eventDate: 26.05.2002 / 22.04.2005GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 7 pupae, 11 larvae / 1 pupae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) reptans (Linnaeus, 1758); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Linnaeus, 1758); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Pınarhisar; locationRemarks: 38; verbatimLatitude: 41°40'11.14"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°26'32.75"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 129; Event: eventDate: 07/08/2003GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 5 pupae, 3 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) reptans (Linnaeus, 1758); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Linnaeus, 1758); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Merkez; locationRemarks: 46; verbatimLatitude: 41°49'48.43"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°10'42.01"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 130; Event: eventDate: 04/23/2005GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 8 pupae, 7 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) reptans (Linnaeus, 1758); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Linnaeus, 1758); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Edirne; county: Lalapaşa; locationRemarks: 53; verbatimLatitude: 41°58'26.47"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°0'28.78"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 131; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps  Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 7 pupae, 8 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) reptans (Linnaeus, 1758); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Linnaeus, 1758); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Edirne; county: Hatipköy; locationRemarks: 63; verbatimLatitude: 41°48'14.99"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°33'13.31"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 132; Event: eventDate: 05/30/2002GoogleMaps 

Notes

Simulium reptans  is one of the most common black flies in the Palaearctic, distributed from China to Portugal and from Lapland to Italy. It is a human- and cattle-biting species ( Day et al. 2008). In Turkey, this species were reported from the Büyük Menderes river basin in western Anatolia ( Kazancı and Ertunç 2008 ile and the va districts of thestanbul ( Şirin et al. 2014). Simulium reptans  is similar to Simulium galeratum  Edwards, especially in the larval stages, and some authors (e.g. Crosskey and Howard 2004) regarded galeratum as a synonym of reptans. However, Day et al. (2008) and Bernotiene and Stunzėnas (2009) showed, by analyzing mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase 1 gene sequences, that S. galeratum  is a distinct species. According to Bass (1998), Knoz (1965) and Jedlićka et al. (2004), the most distinctive pupal character between S. reptans  and S. galeratum  is the conformation and distribution of microtubercles on the cuticle of the head and thorax; in S. galeratum  , the microtubercles are sparse and pointed, but dense in S. reptans  , they are dense and rounded. In our study, the pupae have dense, rounded microtubercles. However, the head capsule pigmentation of our larvae conforms to that of S. reptans  , as given by Bass (1998). We did not observe variation among specimens from the four localities where we collected the species.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Simuliidae

Genus

Simulium