Messor Forel

Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 33

publication ID

10.5281/zenodo.171144

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DEBCE6E9-17D9-43A3-814B-0C3431DEBF4A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/9E2AA724-FFF6-FFF4-FEBF-FA8BC0EEFE13

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Messor Forel
status

 

Genus Messor Forel 

These are granivorous ants whose nest entrances are usually surrounded by conspicuous piles of seed chaff. The seven California species are found mostly in open, dry habitats. There is some evidence that the Nearctic species of Messor  are more closely related to a group of New World Aphaenogaster  (those belonging to the erstwhile genus Novomessor  ) than to the Old World species of Messor ( Bennett 2000)  . If confirmed this would warrant redefinition of Messor  and resurrection of Veromessor  , the genus name previously applied to the Nearctic species. Unfortunately Aphaenogaster  itself is likely to be paraphyletic and a comprehensive overhaul of the entire tribe Pheidolini  , in which these ants have been placed, is needed.

Species identification: keys in Smith (1956 a) and Wheeler and Wheeler (1986g). Additional references: Bennett (2000), Boulton et al. (2003), Brown (1999 a, 1999 b), Brown and Human (1997), Cahan et al. (1998), Cole (1963 a), Creighton (1953 a), Davidson (1977 a, 1978), Helms Cahan (2001), Hobbs (1985), Johnson (2000 a, 2001), O’Dowd and Hay (1980), Rissing and Wheeler (1976), Ryti and Case (1988), Waser (1998), Went et al. (1972), Wheeler and Rissing (1975 a, 1975 b), Wheeler and Creighton (1934).