Hemerodromia mourai , Câmara, Josenir T., Takiya, Daniela M., Plant, Adrian R. & Rafael, José A., 2015

Câmara, Josenir T., Takiya, Daniela M., Plant, Adrian R. & Rafael, José A., 2015, Neotropical Hemerodromia Meigen (Diptera: Empididae), a world of discovery II: New species from Atlantic forest, Brazil, Zootaxa 4028 (2), pp. 197-214: 210

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4028.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:2ED815F3-73F8-41EF-905E-0BB98444E7FA

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A1138055-FFB2-CB02-A7C3-29C3FDCAFEC8

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hemerodromia mourai
status

sp. nov.

Hemerodromia mourai  sp. nov.

( Figs 44–50View FIGURES 44 – 50)

Diagnosis. Yellow species. Fore femur with 2 basiventral denticles; cercus greatly enlarged, suboval in lateral view ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 44 – 50) and with row of spine-like setae ventrally ( Fig. 48View FIGURES 44 – 50); subepandrial sclerite with two long, sclerotized posterior process ( Figs 46, 48View FIGURES 44 – 50).

Description. Male ( Fig. 44View FIGURES 44 – 50). Head. Dark brown to black, antenna and mouthparts yellow with all setae whitish. Ocellar triangle with 1 pair of proclinate setae; anterior ocellus larger. Eyes iridescent black, very narrowly separated on face bearing fine reclinate setulae. Frons with 1–2 frontal setulae; 1 pair of distinct vertical setae contiguous with uniseriate row of smaller postocular setae. Occiput bearing scattered fine hairs. Clypeus with rather dense, short downwardly directed pile. Proboscis slightly curved with yellow setae. Antenna with scape and pedicel bearing distinct, short dorsal setulae; postpedicel about 1.5 X as long as wide, stylus ~ 1.2 X as long as postpedicel. Thorax ( Fig. 44View FIGURES 44 – 50). Elongate, slightly arched ventrally; thoracic dorsum yellow except brownish on prothoracic collar, narrowly behind postpronotal lobe, on scutum posterolaterally above wing base, anatergite, suture between katepisternum and meron, katepisternum ventrally behind C 1, laterally on scutellum and mediotergite; antepronotum with anterior margin almost straight and scutum with yellow setae, very small and fine except 1 notopleural and 2 pairs of scutellars. Legs ( Fig. 44View FIGURES 44 – 50). Whitish yellow. C 1 ~ 1.3 X longer than distance between C 1 and C2, 6X as long as wide with some pale dorsoapical setae. F 1 about 1.1 X as long as C 1, 3.0– 3.5 X as long as wide. Femoral formula 7–8 / 16–17 / 2 + 20–21 / 7; denticles confined to distal 0.9, becoming closer together distally, black, 2 rows linear, without distal discontinuity, diverging abruptly at extreme apex. T 1 ~ 0.7 X as long as F 1, evenly curved, ventral face shallowly concave; about 20–23 sharply pointed spinose setae ventrally; dorsal ciliation of decumbent short, pale setulae, denser distally; without apicoventral extension on T 1 but with strong apical spine. Mid- and hind legs slender with fine setae; T 3 with ‘comb’ of short setae posteroapically. Wing ( Fig. 45View FIGURES 44 – 50). Membrane slightly yellow, veins yellowish; R 2 + 3 long and straight, not strongly curved towards C apically, joining C ~ 0.7–0.8 distance between end of R 1 and R 4 + 5; R 4 + 5 fork acute (~ 60 °), distal to position of M 1 + 2 fork by about same length as R 4; R 5 and M 1 convergent distally, diverging slightly at extreme apex; R 5 ~ 2 X as long as R 4; cell bm+dm short, ending at level of R 1, ~ 2 X as long as cell br. Halter whitish yellow. Abdomen ( Fig. 44View FIGURES 44 – 50). Tergites 1–6 brown; tergites 7–8 and sternites yellow; tergite 8 shorter than sternite 8. Terminalia. Brownish ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 44 – 50). Cercus greatly enlarged, suboval with small median projection apically ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 44 – 50), left and right cerci closely approximated anterodorsally, distinctly setose on outer face and spine-like setae ventrally ( Fig. 47View FIGURES 44 – 50). Epandrium narrow, rather inflated basally, narrower apically, with distinct, strong row of setae on outer face ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 44 – 50); articulated to the hypandrium by weak point anteriorly. Surstylus absent. Hypandrium subrectangular ( Fig. 50View FIGURES 44 – 50), not markedly inflated, with strong setae; gonocoxal apodeme projecting as narrow process just beyond anterior margin of hypandrium ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 44 – 50). Subepandrial sclerite with 2 lateral sclerotized, very long finger-like posterior processes with setae apically ( Fig. 48View FIGURES 44 – 50). Phallus strongly sclerotized basally, extending well beyond hypandrium apex, with apical membranous area covered with spicules ( Fig. 49View FIGURES 44 – 50). Ejaculatory apodeme absent. Specimen length: 2.9 mm; wing length: 2.5 mm. Female. Unknown.

Geographic distribution. Brazil (Ceará State).

Type material. HOLOTYPE ♂, “ Brazil, CE[Ceará], Ubajara, P.[arque] N.[acional] Ubajara, Cachoeira do Cafundó. 03º 50 ' 13 ''S – 40 º 54 ' 35 ''W, Malaise, 20–22.vii. 2012. J.A.Rafael & F.Limeira-de-Oliveira.” ( CZMA). Paratypes: Same data as holotype (5 ♂, CZMA, 2 ♂, INPA). Idem, 13–17.xi. 2012. F. Limeira-de-Oliveira, D.W.A. Marques, cols. (3 ♂, MNWC, 8 ♂, INPA, 5 ♂, MNRJ).

Holotype condition. Good. Not dissected.

Etymology. The specific epithet is in tribute to Antonio Moura, the senior author's husband, partner and friend, for his contribution during this work.

Variations. Body length varying from 2.4–3.6 mm and wing length varying from 1.3–2.9 mm.

Remarks. Hemerodromia mourai  sp. nov. appears to belong to the informal melangyna species - group (sensu Vaillant & Gagneur, 1998: 376) in having the cercus greatly enlarged, fore tibia without an apical extension but with a long, slender and pointed apical spine. Hemerodromia mourai  sp. nov. is similar to H. cercusdilatata Câmara, Plant & Rafael, 2014  in having tergites 7–8 and sternites yellow, fore tibia with 2 rows of pointed spinose setae ventrally, subepandrial sclerite with 2 finger-like posterior processes and similar shaped epandrium. In H. mourai  sp. nov. fore femur has 2 basal denticles; cercus suboval ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 44 – 50) and with row of spine-like setae ventrally ( Fig. 48View FIGURES 44 – 50); and epandrium with a long, stronger seta at apex ( Fig. 46View FIGURES 44 – 50). In H. cercusdilatata  the fore femur is without basal denticles; the cercus has with a bluntly pointed apical process incurved with serrate posteroapical margin ( Câmara et al. 2014, fig. 20), and without spine-like setae ventrally; and epandrium with a spine-like setae on inner face ( Câmara et al. 2014, fig. 22).

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Empididae

Genus

Hemerodromia