Hyphantrophaga luciariosae Fleming & Wood

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Dapkey, Tanya, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2019, Twenty-two new species in the genus Hyphantrophaga Townsend (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, with a key to the species of Mesoamerica, Biodiversity Data Journal 7, pp. 29553-29553: 29553

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e29553

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A13FD7BA-D8FA-4F9D-9B80-C918AFF62851

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/1DBE5C00-14E2-41B9-B9CF-7E7ED59CD497

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:1DBE5C00-14E2-41B9-B9CF-7E7ED59CD497

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Hyphantrophaga luciariosae Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Hyphantrophaga luciariosae Fleming & Wood  ZBK  sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0008095; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Roster Moraga; individualID: DHJPAR0008095; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT867-06, 01-SRNP-9682, BOLD:AAF3892; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaluciariosae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: luciariosae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Orosi; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Orosi; verbatimElevation: 620; verbatimLatitude: 10.9937; verbatimLongitude: -85.4639; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9937; decimalLongitude: -85.4639; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Xylophanesjuanita; verbatimEventDate: 26-Jul-2001; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0008061; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Roster Moraga; individualID: DHJPAR0008061; individualCount: 1; sex: female; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT833-06, 01-SRNP-9654, BOLD:AAF3892; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaluciariosae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: luciariosae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Orosi; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Orosi; verbatimElevation: 620; verbatimLatitude: 10.9937; verbatimLongitude: -85.4639; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9937; decimalLongitude: -85.4639; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Xylophanesjuanita; verbatimEventDate: 29-Jul-2001; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0008097; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Roster Moraga; individualID: DHJPAR0008097; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT869-06, 01-SRNP-9680, BOLD:AAF3892; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaluciariosae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: luciariosae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Orosi; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Orosi; verbatimElevation: 620; verbatimLatitude: 10.9937; verbatimLongitude: -85.4639; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9937; decimalLongitude: -85.4639; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Xylophanesjuanita; verbatimEventDate: 16-Jul-2001; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0058396; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Kemberly Villalobos; individualID: DHJPAR0058396; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: MHMYN7996-16, 16-SRNP-45023, BOLD:AAF3892; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaluciariosae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: luciariosae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Malaguenya; verbatimElevation: 221; verbatimLatitude: 10.9555; verbatimLongitude: -85.2838; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9555; decimalLongitude: -85.2838; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Xylophanesadalia; verbatimEventDate: 04-Feb-2016; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0054189; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Freddy Quesada; individualID: DHJPAR0054189; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; Taxon: scientificName: Hyphantrophagaluciariosae; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Hyphantrophaga; specificEpithet: luciariosae; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Pitilla; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Naciente; verbatimElevation: 700; verbatimLatitude: 10.9871; verbatimLongitude: -85.4282; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9871; decimalLongitude: -85.4282; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2017; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Sphingidae, Xylophanesadalia; verbatimEventDate: Jan-19-2014; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps 

Description

Male (Fig. 18). Length: 7-10 mm. Head (Fig. 18b): vertex 1/4 of head width; two reclinate upper orbital setae; ocellar setae arising beside anterior ocellus; ocellar triangle slightly gold, changing to concolorous with fronto-orbital plate; fronto-orbital plate dark brassy-silver over 90% of surface, densely setulose, setulae not extending beyond lowest frontal seta; parafacial dull silver and bare; facial ridge bare; pedicel dark brown, slightly lighter than postpedicel; arista brown, very minutely pubescent, distinctly thickened on basal 1/3-1/4; palpus yellow, haired and oar-shaped. Thorax (Fig. 18a, c): pale brassy-gold tomentose dorsally, grey tomentose laterally; four prominent dorsal vittae, outermost two broken across suture, innermost pair unbroken across suture, reaching 3rd postsutural dorsocentral seta; postpronotum with five setae arranged in a triangle; chaetotaxy: acrostichal setae 3:3; dorsocentral setae 3:4; intra-alar setae 3:3; supra-alar setae 2:3; two katepisternal setae; basal scutellar setae as long as scutellar setae; two pairs of lateral scutellar setae, 1/2 as long as basal scutellar setae; subapical scutellar setae straight and divergent, 2X as thick as lateral scutellar setae; apical scutellar setae 1/3 basal scutellar setae, slightly shorter than lateral scutellar setae, crossed apically; one pair of discal scutellar setae more widely set than subapical scutellar setae; scutellum darkened over basal 1/3, remainder concolorous with scutum. Legs (Fig. 18c): reddish-brown ground colour; fore femur with dense silver tomentum on posterodorsal surface; hind coxa setose. Wing (Fig. 18a): pale translucent, hyaline, not distinctly infuscate; veins reddish; vein R4+5 with only 2-3 setulae at base. Abdomen (Fig. 18a, c): ground colour reddish-brown; mid-dorsal depression on ST1+2 almost reaching hind margin; median marginal setae present on ST1+2-T3; a complete row of marginal setae present on T4; discal setae only on T5; sex patch covering ventrolateral surfaces of T4-T5; distinct brassy tomentose bands along anterior edge of T3 and T4, broken medially by a dorsocentral stripe and covering almost 80% of tergites; T5 with brassy tomentum throughout. Terminalia: sternite 5 (Fig. 18f) with a deeply excavated median cleft, slightly rounded V-shaped, margins covered in dense tomentum. Lateral lobes of sternite rounded apically, with 2-3 strong setae surrounded by many shorter, weaker setulae. Anterior plate of sternite 5 from subequal to slightly shorter than apical lobes, unsclerotised "window" weak, only very slightly unsclerotised, as wide as median cleft and flat. Cerci in posterior view (Fig. 18d) subrectangular, duck-billed and slightly longer than surstyli, blunt and rounded at apex, completely separate medially, appearing slightly divergent; in lateral view with a strong downward curve in apical 1/3; densely setulose along basal 2/3, setulose ventrally along entire length. Surstylus in lateral view (Fig. 18e) almost parallel-sided along its entire length, ending in a slightly downcurved apex, making the structure appear slightly bladelike; surstylus appearing to be fused with epandrium; when viewed dorsally, surstyli appearing to point inward and strongly convergent, laterally covered in short stout setulae. Pregonite short and stout, well-developed, 1/3 times as long as distiphallus, squared-off apically, with a few short marginal setulae. Postgonite slightly narrow, 1/3 as wide as pregonite, sharply pointed and curved at apex. Distiphallus rectangular, with a very slight apical flare, a slender median longitudinal sclerotised reinforcement on its posterior surface and a broad, anterolateral, sclerotised acrophallus, joined as a plate on anterior surface near apex.

Female. Length: 8-11 mm. As male, differing only by the presence of two pairs of proclinate orbital setae.

Diagnosis

Hyphantrophaga luciariosae  sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Hyphantrophaga  species by the following combination of traits: thorax with four postsutural dorsocentral setae and two katepisternal setae, hind coxa setose, median marginal setae present on ST1+2, discal setae absent from T3 and T4.

Etymology

Hyphantrophaga luciariosae  sp. n. is named in recognition of Lucia Rios Castro's dedication and work in finding and rearing the ACG caterpillars that contained tachinid larvae.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Guanacaste Province, 10-480 m elevation.

Ecology

Hyphantrophaga luciariosae  sp. n. has been reared four times from two species of Lepidoptera  in the family Sphingidae  , Xylophanes juanita  Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 and Xylophanes adalia  (Druce, 1881), in dry forest and dry-rain lowland intergrades.