Ophiorrhiza guizhouensis C.D.Yang & G.Q.Gou
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|Ophiorrhiza guizhouensis C.D.Yang & G.Q.Gou|
Similar to O. japonica Blume, but distinguished from the latter by the terete, densely hirtellous stems (vs. stems subterete to slightly compressed, glabrous or with 2 hirtellous or pilosulous lines), the usually persistent and ciliate stipules (vs. caducous glabrescent stipules), the well-developed colleters inside the base of stipule (vs. without colleters), the shorter corolla tubes (8-9 mm vs. 9-14 mm) and the shorter stamens and styles (longistylous flower: 2.5-2.7 mm and 7-8 mm vs. 4.5-5.5 mm and 9-11 mm; brevistylous flower: 3.6-4.2 mm and ca. 2.5 mm vs. 4.5-5 mm and ca. 3 mm).
CHINA. Guizhou: Tongren, Jiangkou County, Dewang Town, Miaowangpo, in broad-leaved forest, elevation 868 m, 27°46'31.87"N , 108°33'0.84"E, 19 Feb. 2017, C.D. Yang 092 (Holotype: GACP!; Isotypes: GACP!, PE!, KUN!)
Perennial herbs, ascending, 40-60 cm tall; stems branched, terete, the lower stems prostrate, rooting from the node, the upper stems erect, densely hirtellous. Leaves in subequal pairs; petiole 1.3-3 cm, hirtellous; leaf blade drying papery, ovate, broadly ovate or elliptic, 3-6 cm × 1.8-3 cm, drying brown adaxially, purple abaxially, sparsely hirtellous on both surfaces, densely hirtellous on the midrib abaxially; base cuneate to obtuse, apex acute to obtuse; margin flat to crisped; secondary veins 5-8 on each side of the midrib; stipules persistent, rarely caducous, ovate-triangular, 1.3-1.6 mm × 0.9-1.2 mm, glabrescent adaxially, puberulent abaxially, margin ciliate, with two well-developed colleters inside the base of stipules, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescence terminal, congested-cymose to cymose, 5-30-flowered, hirtellous; peduncle 1-2 cm, densely hirtellous. Bracts linear, 4-5 mm × 0.8-1.1 mm, glabrescent adaxially, puberulent abaxially, persistent. Flowers distylous. Pedicel 1-3 mm long, pubescent. Calyx densely puberulent; hypanthium subturbinate, 0.8-1.1 mm long, 5-ribbed; lobes triangular, 1-1.5 mm long. Corolla purple in bud, white at anthesis, drying pink, funnelform to tubular-funnelform, longitudinally winged, glabrous outside; tube 8-9 mm long, villous inside; corolla lobes triangular to ovate, ca. 4 × 2 mm, villous inside, dorsally ridged. Longistylous flower: stamens included, inserted in middle lower part of the corolla tube; filaments ca. 1 mm long; anthers linear, 1.4-1.7 mm long; style filiform, 7-8 mm long, sparsely puberulent; stigmas 2-lobed, lobes ovate, ca. 1.2 mm long, glabrous. Brevistylous flower: stamens exerted, inserted at the middle of the corolla tube; filaments 1.8-2.1 mm long; anthers oblong linear, subequal to filament; style filiform, ca. 2.5 mm long, sparsely puberulent; stigmas deeply 2-lobed, linear-lanceolate, ca. 2 mm long, glabrous. Capsules obcordate in outline, 3.5-4.5 × 6.5-8 mm, subglabrous. Seeds small, angular, numerous, pale yellow to brown.
Plants were observed in full bloom on 19 February 2017. It can be expected that flowering time of the new species is from January to March; fruiting time needs further observations.
Distribution and habitat.
Ophiorrhiza guizhouensis is currently only known from Jiangkou County, Guizhou, south-western China, where at least 300 individuals are found. The species grows in evergreen broad-leaved forest or bamboo forest at elevations between 850-1,000 m, along with Chimonobambusa angustifolia C.D. Chu & C.S. Chao, Lindera communis Hemsl., L. pulcherrima var. hemsleyana (Diels) H.B. Cui, Clematis henryi Oliv. and Ophiopogon bodinieri H. Lév.
The specific epithet refers to Guizhou, a province of south-western China in which the new species was collected.
Preliminary conservation status.
The new species is currently only known from the type locality. More explorations are needed to fully understand its distribution and to assess its conservation status. Based on the available data, the new species is treated as "Data Deficient (DD)" according to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria guidelines ( IUCN 2012).
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