Hyboptera tuberculata (Dejean), 1825

Erwin, Terry L. & Henry, Shasta C., 2017, Hyboptera Chaudoir, 1872 of the Cryptobatida group of subtribe Agrina: A taxonomic revision with notes on their ways of life (Insecta, Coleoptera, Carabidae, Lebiini), ZooKeys 714, pp. 61-127: 107-113

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.714.15113

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BC4DF927-F547-446C-ACD3-F2B065E0842E

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A5A31204-A236-00FF-483D-3BE841D67AFB

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scientific name

Hyboptera tuberculata (Dejean), 1825
status

 

Hyboptera tuberculata (Dejean), 1825  Tuberculate humps-backed beetle Figs 9A, 10D, 11

Lebia tuberculata  Dejean, 1825: 272.

Cryptobatis tuberculata  ; Gemminger and Harold (1868: 135).

Hyboptera tuberculata  (Dejean); Chaudoir (1872: 162).

Aspasia verrucosa  Reiche; Reichardt (1973: 53).

Lectotype.

Here designated. Male. French Guiana, Cayenne, (MNHP).

Derivation of specific epithet.

The species epithet ‘‘ tuberculata'  ’’ is a Latinized singular feminine adjective, referring to the bumpy attributes of the elytra.

Proposed English vernacular name.

Tuberculate humps-backed beetle.

Diagnosis.

With the attributes of the genus and tuberculata  species group as described above and adults with only dark non-metallic markings on the pronotal disc, elytron just posterior to scutellum with only the suture pale in color, otherwise markedly infuscate.

Description.

(Figs 9A, 10D). Size: See Appendix 1. Length (SBL) long for genus, ABL = 4.32-5.88 mm, SBL = 3.94-4.85 mm, TW = 2.18-3.12 mm.

Color: See diagnosis, above.

Luster: Without any metallic highlights, shiny.

Microsculpture: Mostly isodiametric and stretched, shallowly impressed, cells somewhat more stretched around elytral tubercles.

Head: Rugae moderately coarse, mostly chaotic. Eye markedly large, sub-hemispheric, evenly rounded anteriorly, subtly more prolonged posteriorly. Antenna short, barely reaching humerus. Labrum rectangulate, shallowly bilobed, anterior margin slightly emarginate. Neck transversely finely rugose.

Prothorax: Pronotum markedly broad, disc centrally moderately depressed with coarse angulate rugae. Lateral margins broadly explanate and evenly rounded then straight to obtuse hind angle, base medially produced and rounded posteriorly.

Pterothorax: Normal for Agrina  , fully winged. Elytron intervals 3 with 8(9) and interval 5 with 6(7) prominent discal unisetiferous tubercles, interval 4 and 6 with subapical pale colored “lens,” other intervals moderately convex, side margin broadly explanate laterally only at middle third. Elytron broad and moderately short, moderately narrower in width than that of the pronotum at the broadest part, apex truncate, slightly rounded with distal corner broadly and obtusely rounded, disc not significantly convex, basal third slightly depressed. All interneurs well-impressed.

Legs: Femur dorso-ventrally moderately depressed, tibia coequal in length, more depressed; tarsus less than half the length of the tibia, fourth tarsomere markedly bilobed and with tarsal pad of setae.

Abdomen: Sparsely setiferous; normal ambulatory setae on sterna 3-5; female with two pairs of ambulatory setae on sternum 6, medial pair of setae less than the length of lateral pair; males with only the outer pair of longer setae.

Male genitalia: Phallus (Fig. 10D) robust with ostium of 1/6 its length, catopic, apex very short, broadly rounded in dorsal and lateral aspects; endophallus with flagellum (obvious in illustration), flagellum not barbed. Parameres asymmetric, right very small, left larger.

Female genitalia: Not investigated, likely similar to that of H. lucida  (Fig. 8).

Dispersal potential.

These beetles are macropterous and capable of flight. They are moderately swift and agile runners. Adults of this species are attracted to C.D.C. Light traps.

Way of life.

Adults are common in the lowlands and lower midlands (7-914 m a.s.l.) and appear to be generalists in a variety of rainforest biotopes including terra firme, dry and humid tropical forests, in gallery forests, and savanna forest patches. In these forests, they are commonly found in big trees with vines and epiphytes, in suspended medium to large-sized dry leaves, and in dense vine tangle plus leaves with light bamboo occurrence. Individuals can be found from January to December, in both the rainy and dry seasons. Member of this species have been recorded from the canopy of the following tree species using insecticidal fogging techniques: Pouteria reticulata ssp. reticulata  cf.; Sloanea cordia  ; Browneopsis ucayalina  ; Talisia  bitter; Mouriri guapira  ; Trichilia solitudinis  ; Eriotheca globosa  cf.; Sloanea  1; Trichilia solitudinis  ; Simira cordifolia  /rubescens cf.; Sarcaulus brasiliensis  aff. “burnt”; Catatola costaricana  aff.; Pourouma mollis ssp. triloba  cf.; Alchornea triplinervia  cf.; Duguetia surinamensis  cf.; Casearia avitensis  cf.; Nectandra crassiloba  cf.; Trichilia rubra  cf.; Coccoloba densifrons  cf. traditional; Iriartea deltoidea  ; Micropholis venulosa  cf.; Sagotia racemosa  ; Virola obovata  ; Pouteria baehniana  cf.; Pourouma bicolor ssp. bicolor  cf.; Inga bourgonii  cf.; Garcinia macrophylla  cf.; Chrysobalanaceae surreptitious  ; Oenocarpus bataua  ; Neea  dive-tuberculate; Semaphyllanthe megistocaula  cf.; Lauraceae  redvein.

Other specimens examined.

Bolivia, Beni, 53 km E San Borja, Estación Biológica Beni, Palm Camp, 14.8676°S, 66.3265°W, 177m, 25-30 July 1988 (TL Erwin)( NMNH: ADP005759, male, ADP135777, female). Brazil, Amazonas, north of Manaus, on Amazonas 010 at Km 26, Reserva Ducke, 2.918°S, 59.971°W, 70m, 27 October 1977 (J Arias)( NMNH: ADP005758, female), 8 August 1978 (J Arias)( NMNH: ADP135819, female); Sergipe, Estação Ecológica da Serra de Itabaiana, 10.7297°S, 37.3064°W, 166m, 14-20 September 1999 (A Bonaldo)( NMNH: MCM166.415, ADP144921, male). Colombia, Amazonas, PNN Amacayacu, Mocagua, 3.84°S, 70.22°W, 76m, 3-9 April 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: IAvH-E-3063, ADP145177, male)(IAvH: IAvH-E-10944, ADP145183, female), 6-12 June 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73787, ADP145145, male), 12-19 June 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: IAvH-E-3056, ADP145193)(IAvH: IAvH-E-3093, ADP145203)(IAvH: IAvH-E-3095, ADP145173, males)(IAvH: IAvH-E-3096, ADP145187, female), 26 June - 6 July 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73786, ADP145175, male), 7-19 July 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: IAvH-E-40755, ADP145171)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73785, ADP145169, males)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73775, ADP145181, female); Bolivar, Zambrano, Hda. Monterrey - Rio Magdalena, 9.6293°N, 74.9123°W, 70m, 16-30 August 1993 (F Fernanadez, G Ulloa)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2449, ADP145154, female), September 1993 (F Fernanadez, G Ulloa)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73780, ADP145186, male), 8 October 1993 (G Ulloa, F Fernanadez)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2449, ADP145182, female), SFF Los Colorados, Diana, 9.90°N, 75.11°W, 237m, 2-16 January 2001 (E Deulufeut)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2320, ADP145194)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73779, ADP145180, males)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73778, ADP145196, female), La Suiris, 9.900°N, 75.1154°W, 236m, 1-15 September 2001 (E Deulufeut)(IAvH: IAvH-E-40756, ADP145184, male), SFF Los Colorados Venado, 9.900°N, 75.1153°W, 235m, 2-17 October 2000 (E Deulufeut)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73776, ADP145190)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73777, ADP145188, females); Casanare, Aguazul, 5.18°N, 72.55°W, 701m, 22 September 1995 (F Fernanadez)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2450, ADP145152, female); Magdelena, PNN Tayrona, Canaveral, 11.342°N, 074.031°W, 25m, 17 October - 3 November 2000 (R Henriquez)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73781, ADP145178, male)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73782, ADP145174)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73783, ADP145170, females), 4-15 December 2000, R Henriquez)(IAvH: IAvH-E-3532, ADP145176)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73784, ADP145166, females), Vichada, PNN Tuparro, 5.36°N, 67.84°W, 71m, 8-14 December 2000 (W Villalba)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2741, ADP145148, male). Ecuador, Orellana, Reserva Ethnica Huaorani, 39 km S Pompeya, Estación Científica Yasuní - Onkone Gare Camp, Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 10, station 2, 0.6590°S, 76.453°W, 220-250m, 8 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137752, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 10, station 5, 0.6540°S, 76.453°W, 220-250m, 4 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137369, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 10, station 9, 0.6540°S, 76.453°W, 220-250m, 23 January 2006 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP133868, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 4, station 4, 0.6570°S, 76.498°W, 220-250m, 3 July 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135805, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 5, station 2, 0.6566°S, 76.490°W, 220-250m, 12 February 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005762, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 5, station 2, 0.6566°S, 76.496°W, 220-250m, 9 October 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP138806, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 6, station 1, 0.6561°S, 76.483°W, 220-250m, 7 February 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137383, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 6, station 1, 0.6561°S, 76.485°W, 220-250m, 29 January 2006 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP133852, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 6, station 4, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 22 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137355, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 6, station 6, 0.6561°S, 76.483°W, 220-250m, 22 July 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137746, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 6, station 7, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 2 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135891, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 6, station 8, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 7 February 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137353, female paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 8, station 4, 0.6551°S, 76.4403°W, 220-250m, 7 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135970, male paratype), Erwin Piraña Plot, transect 8, station 6, 0.6551°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 7 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137760, female paratype); Yasuni National Park (edge), 95.43 km E (heading 101.46°) Coca, Tiputini Biodiversity Station, Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 4, station 8, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 24 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135821, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 8, station 4, 0.6278°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 4 July 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135797, male). Yasuni National Park (edge), 95.43 km E (heading 101.46°) Coca, Tiputini Biodiversity Station, Erwin Harpia Plot, tran sect 10, station 6, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 21 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135775, female paratype), Erwin Harpia Plot, transect 10, station 9, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 5 July 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135803, female paratype), Erwin Harpia Plot, transect 3, station 10, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 8 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135773, male paratype), Erwin Harpia Plot, transect 4, station 1, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 24 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135779, female paratype), Erwin Harpia Plot, transect 6, station 9, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 7 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135835, female paratype), Erwin Harpia Plot, transect 7, station 1, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 4, station 4, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 20 February 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139100, female), 29 September 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139132, female paratype), Erwin Harpia Plot, transect 7, station 6, 0.6287°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 6 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135827, male paratype); Sucumbíos, Río Napo, Sacha Lodge, Pilchicocha, 0.472°S, 76.459°W, 228m, 12-22 February 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP005757, female paratype), 24 May - 3 June 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP005756, female paratype). French Guiana, Cayenne, Commune de Roura, Montagne des Chevaux, 4.7127°N, 52.3966°W, 90m, 23 January 2016 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP144920, male). Guyana, Bartica, 6.3970°N, 58.6268°W, 20m, 12 May 1924 (AMNH: ADP005760, male). Panamá, Chiriqui, Volcan de Chiriqui, 610-914m, 26 May 1983 (GC Champion)(BMNH: ADP144995, male); Cocle, El Valle, 8.603°N, 80.152°W, 800m, 25-28 May 1983 (WE Steiner)( NMNH: ADP144994, male). Perú, Loreto, Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, Río Samiria, Cocha Shinguito, 5.1775°S, 76.6556°W, 112m, 22 May 1990 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP086940, male, ADP086960, female); Madre de Dios, Manu Reserved Zone, Río Manu, BIOLAT Biological Station, 11.9446°S, 71.2831°W, 356m, August-September 1988 (TL Erwin)( NMNH: ADP007532, ADP007535, males, ADP007533, ADP007534, females), 7 September 1988 (TL Erwin)( NMNH: ADP007550, female), 21 September 1991 (TL Erwin)( NMNH: ADP007552, male), 30 September 1991 (TL Erwin, MG Pogue)( NMNH: ADP135823, male), 22 June 1993 (TL Erwin, F. Pfuno S)( NMNH: ADP007553, ADP007554, femaemales), Reserva Nacional Tambopata, 30 km (air) SW Puerto Maldonado, Explorer’s Inn, 12.8364°S, 69.2936°W, 209m, 30 April 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005754, male), 2 May 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP005755, female). Suriname, Paramaribo, Combe, 5.8427°N, 55.1600°W, 15m, 6 January 1956 (DC Geijskes)(NBCL: ADP005761, male); Wanica, Lelydorp, Sumatra weg, 5.700°N, 55.198°W, 7m, 28 November 1939 (DC Geijskes)(NBCL: ADP005805, male).

Geographic distribution

(Fig. 11). This species is currently known from the type locality in French Guiana and nearby areas and from Bolivia, Brazil - (Amazonas, Sergipe), Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Perú, and Suriname.

Notes.

Reichardt (1971) synonomized the following species with H. tuberculata  Dejean. We do not agree with this based on the numerous attributes we studied and included in the descriptions.