Europiella artemisiae ( Becker, 1864 )

Duwal, Ram Keshari, Jung, Sunghoon & Lee, Seunghwan, 2014, Review of Europiella Reuter (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Phylinae: Phylini) from Korea, with a description of a new genus, Zootaxa 3795 (3), pp. 383-393: 384-386

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3795.3.9

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:5B32C6B9-1466-4367-98AD-2E40F40B9351

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A62687F1-1623-9050-38C9-F932FB36809A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Europiella artemisiae ( Becker, 1864 )
status

 

Europiella artemisiae ( Becker, 1864) 

Figures: 1 A, 2 A –B, 3 A, 4 A –E

Capsus artemisiae Becker, 1864: 487  (n. sp.)

Plagiognathus solani Matsumura, 1917: 432  (n. sp.) [syn. by Schuh et al., 1995]

Plagiognathus albipennis antennaria Stichel, 1934: 282  (n. form)

Europiella artemisiae: Schuh et al., 1995: 385  (n. syn., figs.); Schuh, 1995: 313 (cat.); 2001: 251 (n. syn.); Yasunaga, 2001: 162 (diag., fig.); Kerzhner and Josifov, 1999: 344 (cat.).

Diagnosis. Generally distinguished by small, oval body; variously colored (pale brown, brown to dark black,); entirely dark dorsum with pale areas on either inner lateral side of eyes, mesoscutum and base of cuneus; length of labium nearly equal to length of femora; width of vertex equal to length of antennal segment IV; pale (or dirty yellow) fore and middle legs, and fuscous (or black) metafemora ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3 A).

Male genitalia ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 A –D). Endosoma: Shape S –like, slightly twisted mesially, and provided with two apical processes, short process somewhat curved backward as in figure 4 A. Phallotheca: As in figure 4 B. Left paramere: As in figure 4 D. Right paramere: As in figure 4 C.

Female genitalia ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 E). Bursa copulatrix somewhat rectangular, central larger area occupied with semi –sclerotized plates furnished with minute spines; sclerotized rings asymmetrical, anteriorly oval and posterior margin more or less straight.

Measurements. (5 ♂ / 5 ♀). Body length 2.69–3.19 / 2.68–3.08; head width across eyes 0.65–0.70 / 0.62–0.70; vertex width 0.29–0.35 / 0.34–0.40; lengths of antennal segments I –IV: 0.23–0.26, 0.77–0.95, 0.59–0.66, 0.37 –.041/ 0.21–0.25, 0.73–0.80, 0.48–0.58, 0.33–0.42; total length of labium 1.01–1.19 / 1.10–1.17; mesal pronotal length 0.41–0.45 / 0.43–0.48; basal pronotal width 0.88–1.01 / 0.92–1.03; width across hemelytron 1.10–1.24 / 1.16–1.29; and lengths of metafemur, tibia and tarsus: 0.88–1.09, 1.44–1.63, 0.43–0.53 / 0.93–1.09, 1.42–1.57, 0.39–0.46.

Specimens examined. North Korea: 3 ♂, 1 ♀, Dzikha –ri, 16 km, Südl. Chongdzin, 31.viii. 1970, M. Josifov. South Korea: Chungcheongbuk –do: 4 ♂, 3 ♀, Okcheon –gun, Annemyeon, Hyeon –ri, 30.vii. 2005, on light trap, S.H. Lee. Chungcheongnam –do: 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Boryeong –si, Ocheon –myeon, Wonsando –ri, 5.viii. 2009, R.K. Duwal; 3 ♂, 4 ♀, Danjin –gun, 9.x. 2008, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 3 ♂, 1 ♀, Danjin –gun, Seongmun –myeon, Nanjido –ri, 18.viii. 2009, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 1 ♂, Danjin –gun, Myeoncheon –myeon, Seongsang –ri, 12.x. 2006, S.H. Lee; 2 ♂, 3 ♀, Seosan –si, Unsan –myeon, Anho –ri, 31.viii. 2006, S.H. Lee; 2 ♂, Taean –gun, Iwon –myeon, Nae –ri, 31.viii. 2006; 10 ♂, 5 ♀, Yesan –gun, Sinam –myeon, Yonggung –ri, 3.vii. 2006, J.W. Seong; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Yesan –gun, Deoksan –myeon, Sacheon –ri, Sudeoksa, 11.vii. 1991, collector unknown. Gangwon –do: 1 ♀, Gangneung –si, Myeongju –dong, Songnim –ri, Yeongokchaen, 27.v. 1993, D.S. Gu; 4 ♂, 4 ♀, Honcheon –gun, Sambong Natural forest, 27.vi. 2003, J.W. Seong; 2 ♀, Hongcheon –gun, Nae –myeon, Changchon –ri, 5.vii. 2007, Y.J. Lee; 4 ♂, 4 ♀, Wonju –si, Munmak –eup, 1.V. 2009, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 6 ♂, 2 ♀, same data as above, 27.V. 2009; 4 ♂, 6 ♀, Pyeongchang –gun, Daegwanryeiong –myeon, Hoenggye 3 –ri, 11.viii. 2006, J.W. Seong; 1 ♂, Pyeongchang –gun, Jinbu –myeon, Dongsan –ri, 30.vii. 2007, J.W. Seong; 1 ♀, Taebaek –si, Mt. Hambaek, 14.ix. 1999, G.S. Lee ( NAAS); 1 ♂, Yeongwol –gun, Sangdong –eup, Naedoek –ri, 24.V. 2001, J.Y. Choi. Gyeongsangbuk –do: 1 ♀, Andong –si, Seokdong –dong, 6.VI. 2008, J.O. Lim; 1 ♀, Andong –si, Yean –myeon, Ingye –ri, 6.vi. 2008, J.O. Lim; 1 ♂, Mungyeong –si, Buljeong –dong, Buljeonsa, 9.viii. 2007, J.W. Seong; 1 ♂, Yeongyang –gun, Cheonggi –myeon, Jeongjok –ri, 7.vi. 2008, J.O. Lim. Gyeonggi –do: Annyang –si, Gwanak Arboretum, 9.vii. 2008, on light trap, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 1 ♂, 3 ♀, Icheon –si, Mt. Manhyeong, 1.vii. 2008, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 2 ♂, Yangpyeong –gun, Mt. Yongmun, 11.vi. 2009, on light trap, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 2 ♂, same data as above, on light trap, 18.viii. 2009; 1 ♂, 3 ♀, Incheon, Gangwa –gun, Hajeom –myeon, Mangwol –ri, 1.vii. 2008, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Gapyeong –gun, Mt. Yumyeong, 14.vi. 1997, S.B. Ahn; 1 ♂, Goyang –si, Deokyanggu, Gwansandong, 19.vii. 2008, S.W. Park; 2 ♂, 1 ♀, Incheon, Ganghwa –gun, Yangdo –myeon, Samheung –ri, 10.vi. 2007, J.W. Seong; 1 ♀, Gwanju –si, Docheok –myeon, Sangnim –ri, Mt. Taehwa, 25.ix. 2003, Jung and Chansik; 1 ♂, Suwon, NAAS, 25.vii. 1997, J.Y. Choi ( NAAS); 2 ♂, Yangpyeong –gun, Gangsangmyeon, Sewol –ri, 30.vi. 2008, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung. Gyeongsangnam –do: 1 ♂, Geoje –si, Geoje Arboretum, 25–27.viii. 2008, on Artemisia  sp., R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 7 ♂, 1 ♀, Goeje –si, Irun –myeon, Jisimdo, 28–29.viii. 2008, on Artemisia, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung.  Jeju –do: 3 ♂, Jeju –si, Mt. Heandong, Eorimog 27.viii. 1997, S.B. Ahn; 1 ♂, Jeju –si, Gujwa –eup, Gimnyeong –ri, 27.viii. 1997, S.B. Ahn; Jeju –si, Mt. Haeandong, Eorimog, 27.VIII. 1994, D.S. Gu; 2 ♀, Jeju –si, Aeweol –eup, Eoeum –ri, 14.v. 2003; 24 ♂, 12 ♀, Jeju –si, 12–15.v. 2008, on Artemisia  sp., T. Yasunaga, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 1 ♀, Seogwipo –si, Andeok, 15.v. 2003, J.W. Seong. Jeollanam –do: 2 ♂, 1 ♀, Gwangyang –si, Ongnyong –myeon, Chusan –ri, 16–19.vi. 2008, R.K. Duwal and S. Jung; 1 ♀, Hwasun –gun, Hwasun –eup, Suman –ri, 12.ix. 1996, M.L. Lee. Japan: Hokkaido: 2 ♂, 2 ♀, Yunotai, Hiyama, 19.viii. 1994, T. Yasunaga, det. by T. Yasunaga, 2008; 1 ♂, Higashikawa town, 22.viii. 1998, on Artemisia  spp. T. Yasunaga; 5 th instar, Tobetsu town, 28.vi. 1998, T. Yasunaga.

Distribution. Asia: [ Azerbaijan, China, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea *, Russia, Uzbekistan], North America, and European continents.

Host. Artemisia absinthium  L. and A. vulgaris  L. ( Asteraceae  ) [Wagner, 1975].

Remarks. Europiella artemisiae  is the most common species of the genus occurring in Korea, feeding on Artemisia  , and abundantly emerging from early spring to late autumn. The formerly reported species from Korea ( Kwon et al., 2001), Europiella albipennis  is considered a misidentification of E. artemisiae  , because all the collected materials during our survey from 2008–2011, and the North Korean materials (collections of Josifov) which were observed in this study, were identified as E. artemisiae  rather than E. albipennis  . Therefore, we confirm E. artemisiae  occurs in Korea; and E. albipennis  is removed from the Korean list.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Miridae

Genus

Europiella

Loc

Europiella artemisiae ( Becker, 1864 )

Duwal, Ram Keshari, Jung, Sunghoon & Lee, Seunghwan 2014
2014
Loc

Capsus artemisiae

Becker 1864: 487
Loc

Plagiognathus solani

Matsumura 1917: 432
Loc

Plagiognathus albipennis antennaria

Stichel 1934: 282