Apanteles sp.,

Scaramozzino, Pier Luigi, Loni, Augusto & Lucchi, Andrea, 2017, A review of insect parasitoids associated with Lobesiabotrana (Denis & Schiffermueller, 1775) in Italy. 1. DipteraTachinidae and HymenopteraBraconidae (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae), ZooKeys 647, pp. 67-100: 83

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Apanteles sp.


Apanteles sp. 

Apanteles sp.  Nuzzaci and Triggiani 1982, Luciano et al. 1988, Moleas 1995, Coscollá 1997

Italian distribution of reared parasitoids.

Apulia: Nuzzaci and Triggiani 1982

Sardinia: Luciano et al. 1988


Apanteles  Förster, 1863 is a big cosmopolitan genus which - according to Mason (1981) - would include between 5,000 and 10,000 species. Yu (1997-2012) lists a little less than a thousand species. In Europe are reported 195 species (Fauna Europaea).

Taxonomic notes.

Apanteles  is a polyphyletic complicated group, both for the high number of species and for the evident morphological convergence accompanied by the characters reduction. Mason (1981) divided this group in 26 distinct genera (see Whitfield et al. 2002).

The situation is still controversial and Mason’s opinion is not accepted by all taxonomists of the group (see note 180 in Broad et al. 2012).

Host range.

Like all Microgastrinae  , Apanteles  spp. are koinobiont endophagous larval parasitoids of Lepidoptera  Ditrysia  and are undoubtedly among the most important parasitoids of this order. For more details, see Shaw and Huddleston (1991).

Ecological role.

In Apulia, an unidentified species of Apanteles  was repeatedly found in September-October; this emerged from EGVM larvae living on Daphne gnidium  , with a parasitization rate of approx. 20% ( Nuzzaci and Triggiani 1982). Again, on Daphne gnidiun  in Sardinia, another unidentified Apanteles  was obtained both from EGVM larvae of first and third generation, with parasitization rates of 6.2% and 24.1% respectively ( Luciano et al. 1988).