Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914)

Sirin, Uemit Davut, Caliskan, Hakan & Sahin, Yalcin, 2015, Black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Turkish Thrace, with a new record for Turkey, Biodiversity Data Journal 3, pp. 4834-4834: 4834

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.3.e4834

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A7B023F2-C55A-DB66-70CE-3348D98C0378

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Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914)
status

 

Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914) 

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 2 pupae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Demirköy; locationRemarks: 35; verbatimLatitude: 41°52'21.65"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°54'3.96"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 89; Event: eventDate: 05/26/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 4 pupae, 1 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: İğneada; locationRemarks: 36; verbatimLatitude: 41°49'16.69"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°57'8.53"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 90; Event: eventDate: 05/26/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 5 pupae, 3 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Kofçaz; locationRemarks: 47; verbatimLatitude: 41°52'37.87"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°10'41.95"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 91; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: sex: 2 females; lifeStage: 3 pupae, 2 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Kofçaz; locationRemarks: 48; verbatimLatitude: 41°54'8.88"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°10'30.90"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 92; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae, 1 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Kofçaz; locationRemarks: 49; verbatimLatitude: 41°55'33.95"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°9'48.15"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 93; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 4 pupae, 3 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Kofçaz; locationRemarks: 50; verbatimLatitude: 41°56'53.66"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°9'42.23"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 94; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 2 pupae, 2 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Kofçaz; locationRemarks: 51; verbatimLatitude: 41°56'22.44"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°5'33.09"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 95; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 6 pupae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Kırklareli; county: Kofçaz; locationRemarks: 52; verbatimLatitude: 41°56'50.96"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°3'41.00"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 96; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 4 pupae, 2 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Edirne; county: Lalapaşa; locationRemarks: 53; verbatimLatitude: 41°58'26.47"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°0'28.78"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 97; Event: eventDate: 05/28/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 5 pupae, 2 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Edirne; county: Keşan; locationRemarks: 80; verbatimLatitude: 40°43'36.00"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°42'46.33"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 98; Event: eventDate: 06/03/2002GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: sex: 1 male; lifeStage: 3 pupae / 1 pupae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Tekirdağ; county: Şarköy; locationRemarks: 82; verbatimLatitude: 40°41'28.95"N; verbatimLongitude: 27°5'45.01"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 99; Event: eventDate: 03.06.2002 / 05.07.2003GoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: lifeStage: 5 pupae, 1 larvae; Taxon: scientificName: Simulium (Simulium) bezzii (Corti, 1914); kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Simuliidae; genus: Simulium; subgenus: Simulium; scientificNameAuthorship: (Corti, 1914); Location: continent: Europe; country: Turkey; stateProvince: Çanakkale; county: Gelibolu; locationRemarks: 91; verbatimLatitude: 40°24'36.21"N; verbatimLongitude: 26°30'21.36"E; Identification: identificationID: esoguent-th-ıd- 100; Event: eventDate: 06/05/2002GoogleMaps 

Notes

This species occurs in the southwestern Palearctic from Iberia through central and southern Europe to the Transcaucasus and northern Middle East, and is present in northwestern Africa and most of the larger Mediterranean islands. It is common and widespread in Anatolia ( Crosskey and Zwick 2007). Simulium bezzii  , like Simulium kerisorum  , also known from Turkey, has six pupal gill filaments, in contrast to most other species of the S. bezzii  -group, which generally have eight filaments. It can be distinguished by large fenestrations posterior to the cocoon rim. Crosskey and Zwick (2007) stated that S. kerisorum  is not a valid species and thought that the Turkish record of Kazancı and Clergue-Gazeau (1990) is questionable. The chromosomes of Simulium bezzii  have been studied (mainly by Kachvoryan (1988), as Tetisimulium condici  ) but not those of S. kerisorum  , and cytological comparison of the two nominal taxa is desirable ( Crosskey and Zwick 2007).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Simuliidae

Genus

Simulium