Ameritulla obscura, Bernard, Ernest C., 2016

Bernard, Ernest C., 2016, Two new genera and five new species of Tullbergiidae (Collembola) from the southern Appalachian Mountains of North America, with redescription of Tullbergia clavata Mills, Zootaxa 4162 (3), pp. 451-478 : 458-461

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4162.3.3

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scientific name

Ameritulla obscura

sp. nov.

Ameritulla obscura n. sp.

Figs 4 View FIGURE 4 , 5A‒E View FIGURE 5. A ‒ E

Material examined. Holotype female on slide, North Carolina, Swain County, Great Smoky Mountains National Park ( GSMNP), Ravensford area , leaf litter in mixed deciduous upland forest, near pitfall 35, N669200.106, E722181.572, 30 October 2001, E.C. Bernard and T. Goodrich, colls . Paratypes: three females on slides, four specimens in ethanol, same data as holotype; two females on slides, 9 in ethanol , same data as holotype except near pitfall 31, N669255.908, E722135.776; 17 specimens in ethanol , same data as holotype except floodplain forest near pitfalls 15 and 17, N 668461.484 E720196.354; two females on slides, five in ethanol, North Carolina, Swain County, GSMNP, Ravensford area , floodplain forest, near pitfall 13, N668491.940, E720265.304, 22 August 2001, P. Jennings & T. Goodrich, colls.; one female , Tennessee, Cumberland County, Obed Wild and Scenic River, Potters Ford , sandy soil on river bank, tall perennials, sample 7.186AF, 36° 04.372N, 84° 54.119W, elev. 213 m, 5 June 2007, A. Fjellberg, coll. GoogleMaps

Description. White. Length of adult females 896‒1067 µm (n = 4, mean = 982 µm). Length ratio of Ant I:II:III:IV as 1:1.2:2.0:2.5. Pseudocellus shape Type III (crescentic) ( Figs 5A, B View FIGURE 5. A ‒ E ), formula 11/111/11111. Pseudopores absent. Anal spines stout, curved, length about equal to that of hind unguis.

Granules on dorsum of head of medium size (diameter 2.0‒2.6 µm, mean 2.4 µm), evenly distributed, generally appearing round. Mid-dorsal region of body without longitudinal rows of granules. Granule diameter on Th. III 1.8‒2.1 µm (mean = 2.0 µm). Posterior region of all segments except pronotum and Abd. VI with 8‒12 distinct transverse rows of tightly packed granules ( Fig. 5D View FIGURE 5. A ‒ E ). Granules on Abd. VI dense but not touching, not in rows; diameters of larger granules in anterior half 2.6‒3.6 µm (mean = 3.3 µm) ( Fig. 5D View FIGURE 5. A ‒ E ).

Labial palpus with papillae A‒E, papilla spine A stout, rounded at tip; B‒E pointed ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 E). Guard setae a1 and b1 minute, papilliform; papilla B with one additional guard seta, papilla D with two guards, papilla E with three. Maxillary palpus with one sublobal hair. Mandible with four blunt apical teeth. Two stout, curved prelabral setae; labral seta formula 5-4-2, distal row and middle setae of middle row thicker and longer than other setae. Postantennal organ elongated, in deep trough, with two rows of oval vesicles, each with 18‒22 vesicles; PAO trough fused with fovea between setae sd3 and sd1 ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 D).

Ant. I with 7 setae, Ant. II with 11 setae. Sense organ of Ant. III with two largely exposed, converging sense clubs and two minute, weakly bilobed or trilobed sensory rods partially covered by cuticular lobes; three proximal guard setae ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 F). Ventral sense club stout, basal portion not offset. All Ant. III setae pointed ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 G). Dorsal side of Ant. IV with five arcuate sensilla; microsensillum rod-like, in shallow groove; subapical organite clavate, slightly bifid at tip, rising from cup-like depression; apical bulb spherical ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 F). Most longer dorsal and lateral setae of Ant. IV thin but sensilliform with blunt tips. Ventrally, Ant. IV with several sensilliform setae of various lengths; poorly defined ventral sensory field composed of mix of about nine short setae with finely rounded apices surrounding larger sensilliform seta ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 G).

All leg setae pointed. Trochanter with 4 setae, femur with 9 setae. Fore and middle tibiotarsi with 15 setae, A and B setal whorls with 8 and 7 setae, respectively ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 H); hind tibiotarsi with 14 setae in two whorls of 7 setae each ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 I). Unguis stout, without teeth or tunica-like expansion; unguiculus pointed, minute.

Dorsally, most cephalic setae of similar length, sd5, oc2, g3, p1 and p5 longer than others ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 A). Six setae between posterior cephalic pseudocelli, seta p1 about twice the length of p2. Two medial setae present anterior to a0. Seta v2 present, v1 absent. Pronotum with 8 setae. Mesonotum and metanotum each with m-row consisting of m1, m4 and m5; setae a2, a4, p3 and p5 macrosetae; p1 and p2 lengths subequal; microsensillum in shallow pit near long sensilliform seta. Abdominal segments I‒III lacking m-setae, setae a2, p3 and p5 longer than other setae. On Abd. IV seta p1 absent, m4 present, a2, a4, p3 and p5 long. Abd. V lacking seta p1; p2 slender, long, displaced far forward near a2, similar to p3, tip finely rounded; sensilliform seta p3 long, slender, tapering ( Fig. 5C View FIGURE 5. A ‒ E ); a4 and p5 macrosetae. Abd. VI with two unpaired medial setae (m0, p0), without swellings or tubercles ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 B).

Pleural regions of Abd. I‒V with 2, 2, 2, 4, 0 setae, respectively; anterior sensilliform setae present on Abd. I‒IV ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 B).

Ventrally, head with three pairs of medial setae. Mesosternum and metasternum each with two setae. Ventral tube with 4+4 setae on valves and 2+2 setae on base. Ventral abdominal setae ( Fig. 4 View FIGURE 4 C) typically with some asymmetry, especially on Abd. IV; ventral seta p5 on Abd. II‒IV and posterior setae of Abd. V sensilliform. Tenacular and furcal vestiges absent on Abd. IV and V. Sternum of Abd. V with six setae surrounding the genital aperture and two microsetae on the anterior lip; Abd. VI sternum with full complement of setae (a1‒5, m2‒5, p1‒5, va1‒3) ( Fig. 5E View FIGURE 5. A ‒ E ).

Etymology. The type specimens were originally thought to be A. clavata and therefore were not differentiated for several years, thus obscura (L.)—dark, murky.

Remarks. Ameritulla obscura n. sp. is similar to A. clavata , but possesses seta m4 and lacks seta m2 on Abd. IV, and has a pair of pseudocelli on each body segment, whereas A. clavata lacks m4, possesses m2 and lacks pseudocelli on Th. I, Th. III, Abd. I and Abd. III. The new species can be separated from M. hades by the lack of seta p1 on Abd. IV and curved anal spines ( M. hades with seta p1 and straight anal spines).


Great Smoky Mountains National Park

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