Dazollina petilunca, Sanborn, 2018

Sanborn, Allen F., 2018, Two new genera and two new species of cicadas from Central America (Hemiptera: Cicadidae: Cicadinae), Zootaxa 4418 (2), pp. 149-160 : 151-154

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4418.2.4

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scientific name

Dazollina petilunca

sp. nov.

Dazollina petilunca View in CoL n. sp.

( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 )

Type material. Holotype. “ Sect. San Ramon de Dos Rios , Prov. / Alaju, COSTA RICA. 620m. 3-24 ABR / 1995. M. Chinchilla / L N 318100_381900 #5328 // COSTA RICA INBIO / CRI002 View Materials / 248940” 1 male ( MNCR) . Paratypes. “ Sector Colonia Palmareña , 9 Km SO. / de Bajo Rodriguez, Alajuela, Costa / Rica. 700m. ABR 1996. G. Carballo, / L_N_245900_475900 #7200 // COSTA RICA INBIO / CRI002 View Materials / 440362” 1 male ( AFSC); “ Sector Colonia Palmareña, 9 Km SO. / de Bajo Rodriguez , Alajuela, Costa / Rica. 700m. ABR 1996. G. Carballo, / L_N_245900_475900 #7200 // COSTA RICA INBIO / CRI002 View Materials / /440361” 1 male ( MNCR); “ COSTA RICA, Prov . Limón, R.B. / Hitoy Cerere , Send. Espavel. 560m. 27 / JUN–2 JUL 2003. B. Gamboa, E. / Rojas, W. Arana. Trampa de Luz / Mercurio. L _S_401200_569800 #74441 // INB0003733035 View Materials / INBIOCRI COSTA RICA ” 1 female ( MNCR); “ Cerro Tortuguero, P.N. / Tortuguero , 0- 100m. Prov. / Limón, COSTA RICA , / J. Solano, May 1990. / L- N-2855000, 588000 // COSTA RICA INBIO / CRI 000 / 242842” 1 male ( MNCR); “ COSTA RICA, Prov . Alajuela, San / Ramón. R.B. Alberto Brenes, Estac. / San Lorencito. 900–1140m, 2–6 / MAY 2000. M.A. Zambado. Libre / L N 241500 470680 #65105 // INB0003384950 View Materials / INBIOCRI COSTA RICA ” 1 female ( AFSC); “ COSTA RICA , Heredia, / Estación El Ceibo , 10 km SE / La Virgin, 10°20’N, 84°05’W, / elev. 45- 550 m. / 11-IV-2003, S.M. Clark ” 1 female and 1 male ( BYUC); “ 14-V-2006 / Reserva Biológico A. MI. Brenes / 840 m /h GoogleMaps . (Alajuela) Costa Rica / cebo luminoso (400 + 2x 125 W. Hg) / José Esteban, leg.” 1 male ( INIA, Spain); “ COSTA RICA : Alajuela / Prov. , NW of San Ramon / N10°13.705’, W84°34.183’ / nr. Manuel Brentes Res. / Sta. 2499’, 6 May 2008 / C.L. Smith, HgV light” 3 females and 1 male ( UGCA) GoogleMaps , 2 females and 1 male ( AFSC); “ GUATEMALA , Izabal / Pto. Barrios Cerro / San Gil. 1,000 m. / 13 IV 1992. H.Ca. ” 1 male ( UDVG); “ GUATEMALA / Sacatepequez / Pastarec / Fca Pastores / 20 II 1992 / H. Mard ” 1 female ( AFSC); “ GUATEMALA / Izabal / Pto. Barrios / Cerro Sn Gil / 13 IV 1992 / A. Joachin ” 1 female ( UDVG).

Etymology. The name petilunca is a combination of petilus (L. thin) and uncus (L. hook or barb) in reference to the flattened uncus of the males.

Description. Ground color of head and thorax green marked with piceous, abdomen castaneous transversely striped with green. Green chemically altered or faded to tawny in some paratypes.

Head. Head wider than mesonotum, green with transverse piceous band from anterior eye through lateral ocelli with posterior extension into anterior cranial depression and medially on eye to median angle of eye, additional spot posterior to anterior cranial depression in some paratypes, posterior cranial depression, transverse mark posterior to eye and supra-antennal plate piceous. Sparse, short silvery pile dorsally, longer silvery pile posteroventral to eye. Median ocellus rosaceous, lateral ocelli green in holotype, rosaceous or green in paratypes, eyes castaneous, tawny in some paratypes. Ventral head green, tawny in some paratypes, small castaneous mark on medial lorum at junction with postclypeus and anteclypeus. Thick white pubescence on ventral head. Postclypeus green, ventral side flattened laterally and centrally with thin carina, piceous on dorsal surface forming transverse line with piceous supra-antennal plates. Postclypeus with eight transverse grooves, thick white pubescence on lateral postclypeus. Anteclypeus green with thick white pubescence. Rostrum tawny with piceous tip reaching to middle of hind trochanters and anterior of sternite I with long golden pile on tip. Scape green, remaining antennal segments castaneous.

Thorax. Dorsal thorax green, tawny in some paratypes. Pronotum with longitudinal piceous fascia on either side of midline expanding laterally on anterior and posterior ends, transverse line in anterior fissure in some paratypes, piceous within fissures except medial terminus of paramedian fissure, between anterior ends of paramedian and lateral fissures, which can be piceous in some paratypes, and posterior ambient fissure between fascia on either side of midline and extension from posterior lateral fissures, mark in paramedian fissure extends posteriorly into comma shaped mark turned laterad on disk between paramedian and lateral fissures. Pronotal collar green with light castaneous lateral margin, darker in some paratypes. Pronotum covered with short silvery pile, denser in fissures and in paratypes, short black pile on lateral disk and lateral pronotal collar, denser on pronotal collar. Mesonotum green, piceous marks in anterior and posterior submedian sigillae, near anterior and in posterior lateral sigillae, triangular piceous mark between anterior submedian and lateral sigillae, J-shaped piceous mark with long extension fusing along midline between middle of submedian sigillae and hooked portion curving along anterior cruciform elevation and terminating on scutal depression, cruciform elevation green, tawny in some paratypes, wing groove green with longitudinal piceous mark on medial margin near anterior. Piceous markings expanded to fill sigillae completely or reduced to small spots in some paratypes. Metanotum green with piceous anteromedial spot. Silvery pile on mesonotum, denser laterally and posteriorly and between arms of cruciform elevation, in wing groove, and on posterior metanotum. Ventral thoracic segments greenish-tawny, green or tawny in some paratypes, with thick white pubescence and sparse, long white pile, light castaneous marks on anterior anepisternum 2, posterior katepisternum 2, medial trochantin 2, medial meron 2, and posterolateral anepimeron 2, darker marks and marking on medial episternum 3 in some paratypes.

Wings. Fore wings and hind wings hyaline with eight and six apical cells respectively. Venation green or tawny becoming castaneous and piceous distally. Costa tawny, radius and subcostal vein, arculus, cubitus anterior, cubitus posterior + anal vein 1, anal vein 2 + anal vein 3, and mottling on median veins green, anal vein 2 + 3 with piceous posterior margin. Basal cell lightly clouded. Pterostigma present. Basal membrane of fore wing white mottled with green anteriorly becoming dark gray posteriorly. Infuscation on base of radius anterior 2 extending beyond radial crossvein in holotype but separated into two spots or only a proximal spot in some paratypes, radial crossvein, radiomedial crossvein, large spot on distal third of radius anterior 2 that expands over distal apical cell 1 and half of distal apical cell 2 and ambient vein to wing margin, longitudinal infuscation within apical cells 2–6, wing margin from wing apex to terminus of cubitus anterior 2, and on arculus extending into distal basal cell. Venation of hind wing tawny mottled with green, green median vein, distal veins castaneous mottled with green in some paratypes. Anal cell 3 and anal cell 2 along anal vein 3 dark gray mottled with green, piceous spot at base extending across base of anal vein 3, anal cell 1 and 2 along anal vein 2 and anterior cubital cell 2 along cubitus posterior vein dark gray. Small infuscation on wing margin, expanding across most of wing margin at apex.

Legs. Legs green striped with light castaneous, green replaced with tawny in some paratypes. Fore femora with elongated proximal spine adpressed against femur, secondary spine elongated, upright triangle with castaneous tip and very small tertiary spine, all green, tawny in some paratypes. Distal tibiae and tarsi light castaneous, tibial spurs and comb castaneous.

Operculum. Male operculum roughly triangular with smoothly rounded posterolateral margin, reaching to anterior of sternite II, green with castaneous spot on lateral and medial base, covered with white pubescence. Medial margin curved, extending to middle of trochanter barely covering tympanal cavity medially. Meracanthus pointed, green with a castaneous base not reaching to middle of operculum. Female operculum with rounded posterolateral margin, terminating medially at middle meracanthus reaching to posterior of sternite II, green or tawny with green margin and light castaneous spots on medial and lateral base, covered with thick white pubescence. Female meracanthus almost as long as operculum, tawny or green with a castaneous base. Opercula with long silvery pile radiating from margin.

Abdomen. Abdominal tergite 1 green, tergite 2 tawny anteriorly with piceous anterior margin and green posteriorly, completely green or piceous anterior margin incomplete in some paratypes, tergites 3–8 castaneous with green posterior margin, castaneous darker in more posterior tergites, tergites with black and silvery pile, black pile denser anteriorly, on dorsolateral surface and along posterior dorsal margin on midline and laterally, silvery pile on lateral tergite 2, posterolateral tergites 3–8, dorsolateral tergites 5–8, and posterior dorsal midline of tergites 2–8. Timbal cover recurved from anterior margin of tergite 2 exposing timbal dorsally and laterally with radiating silvery pile, approximate right angle at dorsal base, ventral margin slightly curved. Timbal with four large and one intercalary ribs, large spot on timbal plate. Female abdominal segment 9 castaneous darker on dorsal and dorsolateral surfaces and stigma, green posteriorly forming transverse green band anterior to dark castaneous dorsal beak with longitudinal green extension anteriorly dorsal to stigma about half the length of abdominal segment 9, covered with black pile dorsally and laterally, silvery pile ventrolaterally. Posterior margin of abdominal segment 9 sinuate. Sternites tawny except transverse castaneous mark on anterior sternite III, green posterior margin on midline of sternites III–VIII, proportion of green increasing in posterior sternites, male sternites II–VII translucent, sternite VIII semicircular when viewed from posterior. Female sternite VII with sinuate posterior margin and medial notch, lateral notch extends beyond posterior margin, short golden pile radiating from posterior margin in notch, sternite VII with castaneous spot laterally. Epipleurites tawny with green posterolateral margin, proportion of green increasing in posterior epipleurites. Sternites and epipleurites with white pubescence, denser laterally and anteriorly, and long silvery pile.

Genitalia. Male pygofer castaneous anteriorly, transversely tawny in middle and green posteriorly, tawny between pygofer lobes, with curved distal shoulder, dorsal beak arching, with long golden pile dorsally, laterally and radiating from posterior margin. Pygofer basal lobe indistinct, pygofer upper lobes tawny, flattened and elongated with central depression, tip separated from pygofer with rounded apex. Anal styles castaneous with tawny base, base green in some paratypes, with radiating golden pile, anal tube green. Median uncus lobes tawny with castaneous spot dorsomedially, tawny replaced with green in some paratypes, and curved posterior, lateral uncus lobes large and flattened, green at base becoming castaneous at apex, dark castaneous on lateral margin, lateral uncus lobes curve around medial uncus lobe forming a flat plate with deep U-shaped notch on posterior, lateral margin curving laterad and bending downward just past half length then extending posteriorly at a slight angle mediad before bending sharply mediad to rounded terminus where it forms the U-shaped notch on the posterior, basal lateral uncus lobes rounded radiating long golden pile, medially forming a tubular constriction around aedeagus. Aedeagus tubular, dark castaneous.

Female gonapophyses VIII castaneous, gonapophyses IX piceous extending to posterior tip of dorsal beak with radiating golden pile. Gonocoxite IX tawny or light castaneous. Anal styles castaneous with green base.

Measurements (mm). N = 9 males or 10 females, mean (range). Length of body: male 22.82 (21.1–24.9), female 20.73 (19.5–21.9); length of fore wing: male 31.46 (29.4–34.3), female 30.44 (28.8–32.0); width of fore wing: male 9.66 (8.8–10.4), female 9.34 (8.6–10.1); length of head: male 2.89 (2.6–3.2), female 2.87 (2.7–3.1); width of head including eyes: male 7.36 (6.9–7.8), female 7.29 (6.8–7.7); width of pronotum including suprahumeral plates: male 8.91 (8.0–9.7), female 8.99 (7.9–10.1); width of mesonotum: male 6.82 (6.6–7.4), female 6.91 (6.0–7.7).

Diagnosis. The generic characters with also distinguish the species. The shape of the uncus, the abdominal coloration pattern, and the infuscation pattern of the wings quickly separate males from other genera of Dazina. The abdominal coloration pattern along with the infuscation pattern of the wings distinguishes female specimens.

Distribution. The species appears to be distributed over a wide range with the type series being collected in Alajuela, Heredia and Limón, Provinces, Costa Rica and the Departments of Izabal and Sacatepéquez, Guatemala.


Museo Nacional de Costa Rica


Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Bairro Universit�rio


Adygean State University


Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria













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