Crambe orientalis L. 1753

Lazkov, Georgy & Sennikov, Alexander, 2014, New records in vascular plants alien to Kyrgyzstan, Biodiversity Data Journal 2, pp. 1018-1018: 1018

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.2.e1018

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/AA9A96F6-4741-4728-9402-E4B2DE52AB5C

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scientific name

Crambe orientalis L. 1753
status

 

Crambe orientalis L. 1753  LSID 

Crambe amabilis  Butkov & Majlun. Synonym.

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 17; recordedBy: A. Sennikov & G. Lazkov; Taxon: family: Brassicaceae; genus: Crambe; specificEpithet: orientalis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan; stateProvince: Talas Region; locality: Maimak railway station, W of the station ; decimalLatitude: 42.6762; decimalLongitude: 71.2116; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 08/07/2013; Event: eventDate: 08/07/2013; year: 2013; month: 8; day: 7; habitat: railway embankment and adjacent mountain slopes; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: basisOfRecord: observationGoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 18; recordedBy: G.Lazkov; Taxon: family: Brassicaceae; genus: Crambe; specificEpithet: orientalis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan; stateProvince: Chüy Region; locality: 4 km NW of Ysyk-Ata Resort ; verbatimElevation: 1000; decimalLatitude: 42.6376; decimalLongitude: 74.9348; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 05/23/2006; Event: eventDate: 05/23/2006; year: 2006; month: 5; day: 23; habitat: allotment garden; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: collectionID: 88420; institutionCode: FRU; basisOfRecord: specimenGoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 19; recordedBy: G.Lazkov; Taxon: family: Brassicaceae; genus: Crambe; specificEpithet: orientalis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan; stateProvince: Chüy Region; locality: Chuey Depression, railway crossing by Petrovka Village ; decimalLatitude: 42.8218; decimalLongitude: 74.0508; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 08/28/2006; Event: eventDate: 08/28/2006; year: 2006; month: 8; day: 28; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: collectionID: 88420; institutionCode: FRU; basisOfRecord: specimenGoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 20; recordedBy: G.Lazkov; Taxon: family: Brassicaceae; genus: Crambe; specificEpithet: orientalis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan; stateProvince: Chüy Region; locality: Bishkek City, by railway bridge across Manas Avenue ; decimalLatitude: 42.8651; decimalLongitude: 74.587; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 08/28/2006; Event: eventDate: 08/28/2006; year: 2006; month: 8; day: 28; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: collectionID: 88420; institutionCode: FRU; basisOfRecord: specimenGoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 21; recordedBy: G.Lazkov; Taxon: family: Brassicaceae; genus: Crambe; specificEpithet: orientalis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan; stateProvince: Chüy Region; locality: Besh-Kuengoey ; decimalLatitude: 42.775; decimalLongitude: 74.655; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 04/28/2006; Event: eventDate: 04/28/2006; year: 2006; month: 4; day: 28; habitat: foothills; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: collectionID: 88420; institutionCode: FRU; basisOfRecord: specimenGoogleMaps 

Native distribution and occurrence in Central Asia

This perennial species is native to Western Asia, ranging from Turkey to the Flora Iranica area ( Hedge 1968), including Turkmenistan ( Hedge 1968; Nikitin and Geldykhanov 1988).

The first record of the alien Crambe orientalis  in Western Tian-Shan is dated 1922 when a specimen was collected from the foothills between Shymkent Town (Kazakhstan) and Angren River (Uzbekistan). The species occurred abundantly on grain fields and abandoned lands in this limited area, from where it was erroneously described and subsequently accepted as the local endemic Crambe amabilis  Butkov & Majlun ( Kovalevskaya 1974). Most probably it was transported to the place with cultivated plants ( Botschantzev 1977).

Occurrence in Kyrgyzstan

In Kyrgystan Crambe orientalis  was first recorded from the Chüy Depression in 2006 ( Lazkov and Redina 2007). The present new record (that is a novelty to the Talas Depression) fills the gap in the secondary distribution area (Fig. 8). As in the Chüy Depression, the species was observed established along the railway embankments which are its major channel of dispersal, but single plants (Fig. 5) were noticed outside the railway area on the neighbouring mountain slopes.

Most likely the plants arrived from Kazakhstan where Crambe orientalis  was commonly found in the southern territories ( Lazkov and Redina 2007). In northern Kyrgyzstan the species was also observed as a garden weed ( Lazkov and Redina 2007), demonstrating multiple sources and means of dispersal and possibly arrival to the country.

Invasion status in Kyrgyzstan

Established alien, spreading further along railways and with cultivated plants. Potentially invasive (as demonstrated by its naturalization in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan), although at present almost entirely confined to human-made habitats.