Chaetomargoreicheia gljevensis

Ćurčić, Srećko, Pavićević, Dragan, Vesović, Nikola & Rađa, Tonći, 2018, A new hypogean species of the genus Chaetomargoreicheia Magrini & Bulirsch, 2005 (Carabidae: Scaritinae: Clivinini) from Croatia, Zootaxa 4438 (1), pp. 183-188: 183-188

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Chaetomargoreicheia gljevensis

sp. n.

Chaetomargoreicheia gljevensis  , sp. n. ( Figs. 1–6 View Figure )

Type material. Holotype ♂, Jama u Ljučici Cave, village of Gljev, near Sinj, Mt. Kamešnica, 470 m a.s.l., Dalmatia, S Croatia, 22.xi.2016, TR (p) HOLOTYPE Chaetomargoreicheia gljevensis  sp. n. Ćurčić, Pavićević, Vesović & Rađa, 2017 (red p) ( IZFB).

Description. Relatively small, robust, very convex, TL 3.09 mm, EW 0.975 mm. Body rusty-brown, antennae and mouthparts rusty-yellow, legs rusty-red (front legs somewhat darker) ( Fig. 1 View Figure ). Integument shiny, with fine polygonal microsculpture.

Head robust, narrow, elongate, HL/HW 1.58, narrower and longer than pronotum, HW 0.475 mm ( Fig. 1 View Figure ). Anterior margin of clypeus slightly concave, while anterior margin of labrum relatively straight. Labrum with five setae, of which two terminal being the longest. Frontal furrows short, broad, deep, posteriorly divergent. Eyes missing. Cheeks convex and glabrous. Head integument shiny, with barely visible microsculpture. Chaetotaxy: with one pair of clypeal setae and two pairs of supraorbital setae. Antennae elongate, narrow, pubescent, AL 1.16 mm, TL/AL 2.66. Antennomere 1 subcylindrical, somewhat widened basally, A1 0.11 mm, antennomere 2 the longest, slightly curved, A2 (0.18 mm) slightly longer than A3 (0.08 mm) and A4 (0.09 mm) combined, A5 0.09 mm, antennomeres 6–10 moniliform, slightly longer than wide, similar to antennomere 5, terminal antennomere sub-ovoid, A11 0.14 mm ( Table 1). Mandibles long, sicklelike. Terminal maxillary palpomere rudimentary, maxillary palps of medium length, slightly pubescent.

Pronotum convex, slightly wider than long, PL/PW 0.965, regularly narrowed posteriorly, PW 0.725 mm, widest slightly prior to the middle ( Figs. 1 and 2 View Figure ; Table 1). Anterior pronotal margin straight. Lateral pronotal margins arcuate, extended from fore angles to base as a very distinct prebasal groove. Fore pronotal angles prominent, pointed, almost right, hind pronotal angles broadly rounded. Median impression narrow, deep, not reaching anterior pronotal margin and prebasal groove, somewhat widened posteriorly. Lateral marginal gutter very narrow, regular. Proepisterna visible from above basally. Peduncle long and very wide. Disc with polygonal microsculpture. Chaetotaxy: with four marginal setiferous pores slightly out of lateral marginal furrow on each side. First seta situated at the level of anterior pronotal margin, second seta at sixth of pronotal length, third seta prior to the middle of pronotum, and fourth seta at the level of 7/10 of pronotal length. First seta being the shortest. Two submedian discal setae on each side, sublateral setae absent.

Legs robust, of medium length ( Fig. 1 View Figure ). Each protibia with three outer apical spines, of which distalmost being the longest. Apical spur and distalmost spine of almost equal length, slightly curved. First protarsomere elongate. HT 0.46 mm. First metatarsomere very elongate.

Elytra convex, oval, widest around the middle, EL 1.56 mm, EW 0.975 mm, EL/EW 1.60 ( Fig. 1 View Figure ; Table 1). Base bordered, sloping, straight in the middle. Shoulders broadly rounded. Suture depressed. Prescutellar setiferous punctures isolated. Lateral marginal gutter very wide, lateral margin with a number (28 on the left side, 27 on the right side) of small well-expressed denticles diminishing in size from base to apex of elytra. Striae impressed, punctuated, while intervals convex, shiny and with fine polygonal microsculpture. Intervals 2–7 with setae (up to 20 per interval). Setae of umbilicate series elongate. Elytral apex rounded.

Male genitalia ( Figs. 3–6 View Figure ). Aedeagus relatively large. Median lobe curved, somewhat widened apically, slightly impressed dorsally sub-basally, with a distinct, rounded apex in lateral view ( Figs. 3 and 4 View Figure ). Median lobe in dorsal and ventral views gradually narrowing basally, slightly curved to the left and more sclerotized apically ( Figs. 5 and 6 View Figure ). Inner sac colored, with a number of small teeth. Copulatory piece consisting of three sclerotized lamellae, one dorsal and two ventral, of which one ventral is longer and broader, with a small digit-like, weakly sclerotized distal end directed upwards ( Figs. 3–6 View Figure ). Lamellae mutually merged posteriorly. Basal bulb elongate, pointed apically in left lateral and dorsal views ( Figs. 3 and 5 View Figure ), rounded in right lateral and ventral views ( Figs. 4 and 6 View Figure ). Parameres straight, elongate, of different shape and size, each with two apical setae of similar length. Right paramere massive, longer and broader, left one shorter and narrower ( Figs. 3–6 View Figure ).

Female genitalia unknown.

Differential diagnosis. C. gljevensis  sp. n. is closely related to up-to-now known congeners, C. zoufali  and C. lakotai  , which are distributed in certain mountain ranges in E Herzegovina and S Montenegro ( Fig. 7 View Figure ).

The new species differs from C. zoufali  in the greater value of TL (3.09 mm vs. 2.60 mm), lack of sublateral pronotal discal setae (0 vs. one pair), shape (oval vs. subovoid) and maximum width of the elytra (widest at the middle vs. widest after the middle) and number of teeth on lateral elytral margins (27–28 on each side vs. 25 on each side) ( Reitter, 1913; Holdhaus, 1924; Jeannel, 1957; Magrini & Bulirsch, 2005; Bulirsch & Guéorguiev, 2008).

Chaetomargoreicheia gljevensis  sp. n. differs from C. lakotai  in the greater values of TL (3.09 mm vs. 2.41 mm), HW (0.475 mm vs. 0.41 mm), AL (1.16 mm vs. 0.90 mm), PL (0.70 mm vs. 0.58 mm), PW (0.725 mm vs. 0.59 mm), EL (1.56 mm vs. 1.30 mm), EW (0.975 mm vs. 0.90 mm) and EL/EW (1.60 vs. 1.44), lack of sublateral pronotal discal setae (0 vs. two pairs), presence of submedian pronotal discal setae (two pairs vs. 0), shape of fore pronotal angles (almost right vs. obtuse), shape of the shoulders (sloping, less rounded vs. elevate, more rounded), number and size of teeth on lateral elytral margins (27–28 on each side, more distinct vs. about 30 on each side, less distinct), and shape of the aedeagus in right lateral (median lobe more curved, medially thin, apex longer, basal bulb wider vs. median lobe less curved, medially thick, apex shorter, basal bulb narrower) and ventral views (median lobe gradually narrowing basally, apex curved to the right vs. median lobe widened medially, apex curved to the left) ( Table 1) ( Magrini & Bulirsch, 2005; Bulirsch & Guéorguiev, 2008).

Notes. Bulirsch & Guéorguiev (2008) mentioned that the position of the fifth lateral pronotal setae is unclear in C. zoufali  —one seta is almost in the marginal gutter on the left and another seta is rather distinctly removed to disc on the right, so it is not quite clear whether C. zoufali  possesses four or five pairs of lateral pronotal setae, i.e., one pair of sublateral pronotal discal setae or lacks the setae. Within the diagnosis of the new species with C. zoufali  , we presented the numbers of lateral and sublateral pronotal setae for C. zoufali  as reported in the original description and other relevant literature sources ( Reitter, 1913; Holdhaus, 1924; Jeannel, 1957; Magrini & Bulirsch, 2005).

Etymology. The species is named after the village of Gljev, near Sinj (S Croatia), in which is situated the type locality.

Type locality. Jama u Ljučici Cave , village of Gljev , near Sinj, Mt. Kamešnica, 470 m a.s.l., Dalmatia, S Croatia. 

Distribution, habitat, and bionomy. The type specimen was collected by hand in the middle (20 m from the entrance, 4 m below ground surface), totally dark part of the Jama u Ljučici Cave, below a rock, on tuffy and limestone ground with a relatively low level of humidity ( Fig. 8 View Figure ). The cave in question is in its front and medium parts relatively dry (except in rainy season), in spite of the fact that a 1–2-m-thick stone layer occurs above it, but the walls in the posterior part are always wet. Tuff amount in the cave is high, which points out to the existence of a strong hydrological activity in the remote past.

We have been tried to gather more specimens by pitfall trapping with rotten meat as bait (which is usually used for collecting cave-dwelling and endogean beetles) within the type locality, but any additional efforts were unsuccessful.














Chaetomargoreicheia gljevensis

Ćurčić, Srećko, Pavićević, Dragan, Vesović, Nikola & Rađa, Tonći 2018


Chaetomargoreicheia gljevensis

Ćurčić & Pavićević & Vesović & Rađa 2018


C. gljevensis

Ćurčić & Pavićević & Vesović & Rađa 2018