Eidmanacris neomarmorata Campos

Nihei, Silvio S., 2017, Taxonomic review of Eidmanacris Chopard, 1956 (Orthoptera: Grylloidea: Phalangopsidae), Zootaxa 4321 (1), pp. 1-93: 66-70

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.897058

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scientific name

Eidmanacris neomarmorata Campos

sp. nov.

Eidmanacris neomarmorata Campos  , sp. nov.

( Figs. 46–48View FIGURE 46View FIGURE 47View FIGURE 48)

http://lsid.speciesfile.org/urn:lsid: Orthoptera  .speciesfile.org:TaxonName:499169

Type material. Holotype male, allotype, 5 males paratypes and 4 females paratypes (MZSP); 2 males paratypes and 2 females paratypes ( UBTU). Labeled : “ Gruta Casa de Pedra, Pq. Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães, Brasil, MT, Chapada dos Guimarães, 15°6’34’’S / 55°35’51’’W, 10–13/xii/2014, L. D. Campos et al. col. ” Specimens preserved in ethanol 80%.GoogleMaps 

Type locality. Brazil, state of Mato Grosso, municipality of Chapada dos Guimarães. 

Etymology. From latin, neo means “new”. Named due to the similar coloration with E. marmorata  .

Diagnosis. This species can be distinguished from other Eidmanacris  by the following characters: dark brown interspersed with whitish bands, first band with only one antenomere, other bands increasing in the number of antenomeres; apex of pseudepiphallic arm dorsally truncate in lateral view, superior and inferior projections hook shaped, upcurved, supero-internal and inferior projections reduced like spines in dorsal view; PsP2 curved inwards, posterior margin pointed, very sclerotized; dorsal projection of ectophallic invagination well sclerotized, elongate, posterior third thin, posterior margin with small central concavity.

Description. Head. Light brown, marbled, dorsum pubescent, with dark spots. Occiput centrally light brown, laterally dark brown, with band light brown going from occiput to margin of each eye ( Fig. 46CView FIGURE 46); vertex light brown, with anterior maculae dark. Fastigium dark brown, longer than wide, slightly narrowed at apex, narrower than scape; separated from vertex by transverse line forming “v” ( Fig. 46CView FIGURE 46). In frontal view, frons light brown, with central triangle dark brown, four lateral bands dark brown, two vertical below eyes, two diagonal below scapes ( Fig. 46AView FIGURE 46). Three ocelli present, well developed, lateral rounded, central flattened at bottom ( Figs. 46A, B, CView FIGURE 46); eyes with unpigmented area on supero-internal angle ( Fig. 46CView FIGURE 46). Maxillary palpi medium to dark brown, long and thin, joints 3, 4 and 5 almost same-sized, apex of joint 5 slightly upcurved, whitish ventrally ( Fig. 46GView FIGURE 46). Gena light brown, dark brown band forming “v” in lateral view ( Figs. 46A, BView FIGURE 46). Frontoclypeal suture yellowish brown, dark brown centrally. Clypeus light brown, with horizontal, central band dark brown; labrum whitish, lower portion yellowish brown. Mandible light brown, inner margin dark brown. Antennal scape light brown, inner surface dark brown ( Figs. 46A, B, CView FIGURE 46); antennae dark brown interspersed with whitish bands, first band with only one antenomere, posterior bands increasing antenomeres in number.

Thorax. Pronotum DD light brown, dark brown, marbled, with dark spots and maculae, wider than long, inflated, divided by light brown sagittal line slender and well discernible; DD cephalic margin slightly concave, caudal margin almost straight. ( Fig. 46CView FIGURE 46); ventro cephalic angle rounded, margin light brown, ventro caudal margin dark brown, gradually ascendant ( Fig. 46BView FIGURE 46).

Legs. FI and II light brown, annulated with dark brown. TI and II light to medium brown, annulated with dark brown; TI with two same-sized apical spurs, TII with two inner apical spurs, one outer, smaller. FIII light brown, two bands of several stripes dark brown, thin, on outer surface, apical third dark brown ( Fig. 46FView FIGURE 46). TIII medium to yellowish brown, annulated with three dark brown bands; subapical spurs 4/4, serrulation above and between subapical spurs; apical spurs 3/3, more developed on inner surface; inner apical spurs: median one longer (iam), dorsal almost same sized (iad), ventral smallest (iav) (iam>iad>iav); outer apical spurs: median one longer (oam), dorsal (oad) little longer than ventral (oav) (oam>oad>oav). Basitarsi I, II and III anteriorly light brown, posteriorly medium brown, pubescent.

Abdomen. Dark brown, marbled, with dark spots and maculae, sub-cylindrical, posterior tergites narrower in dorsal view, divided by thin sagittal line light brown, tergite 7 yellowish ( Fig. 46DView FIGURE 46).

Male. Large-sized body, different shades of brown, marbled, with dark spots and maculae. FWs dark brown, relatively long, triangular, apex connected to single vein that divides external part of FW as lateral field, antero-internal margin yellowish brown, postero-internal margin with glandular thickening ( Figs. 46B, CView FIGURE 46); inner margins touching each other, covering metanotal gland area, posterior margin reaching posterior metanotum border ( Fig. 46CView FIGURE 46). Metanotal gland present, with anteromedian crest triangular, thin line of long bristles on lateral part; lateral projections short, conical, tip rounded; posteriorly with bristles ( Figs. 46H, IView FIGURE 46). Supra-anal plate light brown, centrally medium to dark brown, anterior margin sub-straight, posterior margin somewhat concave; antero-lateral borders dark brown, lateral-distal projection medium brown, elongate, with long setae ( Fig. 46JView FIGURE 46). Subgenital plate light brown, lateral borders darker, longer than wide, anterior third wider, anterior margin sub straight, posterior margin almost straight, centrally invaginated ( Fig. 46KView FIGURE 46).

Phallic complex ( Figs. 47A –CView FIGURE 47; 48A –C). Pseudepiphallus: base of pseudepiphallic sclerite narrow in center; pseudepiphallic arm well sclerotized, upcurved, dorsal margin almost forming 90° angle in lateral view, apex dorsally truncate in lateral view; apex of pseudepiphallic arm with bristles on outer surface, superior and inferior projection hook shaped, upcurved like E. marmorata  , although nearest; supero-internal and inferior projections reduced like spine in dorsal view; lateral projection short, pointed in lateral view, posterior margin almost forming 90° angle; anterior projection of pseudepiphallic sclerite elongate, anteriorly pointed, surpassing median part of pseudepiphallus in lateral view; PsP2 elongate, not surpassing posterior extremity of pseudepiphallic arms, curved inwards, posterior margin pointed, very sclerotized, with membranous sphere on inner concavity, laterally articulated with sclerite A; sclerite A straight, connected with base of pseudepiphallic arms; PsP1 sclerotized inwards, short, wider than long in dorsal view, upcurved in ventral view. Ectophallic invagination: ectophallic apodeme long, dorso-ventrally flattened in lateral view; ectophallic arc short, located anteriorly to base of pseudepiphallic sclerite in dorsal and ventral views: dorsal projection well sclerotized, fused, elongate, not surpassing PsP 2 in dorsal view, posterior margin with small central concavity; ventro-posterior projection elongate, sclerotized, posteriorly curved inwards. Endophallus: median-posterior projection of pseudepiphallic sclerite elongate, not reaching PsP2 apex; lateral-posterior lobes of endophallic sclerite elongate; endophallic apodeme long, upcurved in lateral view, limits not reaching ectophallic apodeme anterior margin.

Female. Larger than male, general coloration similar ( Fig. 46EView FIGURE 46). Supra-anal plate light brown, posterior and lateral margins dark brown, two posteriorly bands dark brown, diagonal, posterior margin somewhat rounded with long bristles ( Fig. 46LView FIGURE 46). Subgenital plate medium brown, getting lighter on central part, posterior margin concave, central concavity rounded ( Fig. 46MView FIGURE 46). Ovipositor as in figs. 46N and 46O.

Copulatory papilla ( Figs 48D –FView FIGURE 48). Cylindrical, somewhat longer than wide, anterior half wider than posterior in dorsal and ventral views, anterior and posterior margins concave.

Measurements (mm). Male (n=8): Hw, 3.47 ± 0.19 (3.1–3.72); iod, 1.48 ± 0.07 (1.36–1.55); Lpron, 3.76 ± 0.25 (3.28–4.03); awpron, 3.44 ± 0.17 (3.1–3.65); pwpron, 4.05 ± 0.2 (3.72–4.34); wpron, 4.91 ± 0.28 (4.34– 5.27); LFW, 3.31 ± 0.2 (3.1–3.59); wFW, 1.93 ± 0.17 (1.67–2.17); LFIII, 17.04 ± 1 (15–18.15); wFIII, 3.37 ± 0.19 (3.15–3.6); LTIII, 17.92 ± 1.07 (15.45–19.05); Ltars 1-III, 4.91 ± 0.33 (4.2–5.25).

Female (n=7): Hw, 3.69 ± 0.12 (3.47–3.84); iod, 1.57 ± 0.06 (1.48–1.67); Lpron, 3.93 ± 0.17 (3.72–4.21); awpron, 3.54 ± 0.14 (3.34–3.72); pwpron, 4.51 ± 0.23 (4.27–4.89); wpron, 5.14 ± 0.18 (4.89–5.33); LFIII, 18.32 ± 0.64 (17.7– 19.65); wFIII, 3.81 ± 0.14 (3.6–4.05); LTIII, 18.79 ± 0.59 (18.15–19.8); Ltars 1-III, 4.91 ± 0.21 (4.5–5.1); OL, 10.82 ± 0.32 (10.5–11.25).