Anthocoris nemoralis (Fabricius, 1794)

Jerinic-Prodanovic, Dusanka & Protic, Ljiljana, 2013, True bugs (Hemiptera, Heteroptera) as psyllid predators (Hemiptera, Psylloidea), ZooKeys 319, pp. 169-189: 171-172

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.319.4316

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/ACE0DBE8-4D6A-A851-7E86-3E41C71C88B4

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Anthocoris nemoralis (Fabricius, 1794)
status

 

3) Anthocoris nemoralis (Fabricius, 1794)  

Trophic status.

Zoophagous.

Distribution.

Euro-Mediterranean.

Preys.

Cacopsylla bidens   ( Šulc, 1907), from Pyrus communis   , Beograd–Karaburma, 19.V.2006, reared 2♀♀ 'ex larva' 25.V.2006. Cacopsylla pyri   , from Pyrus communis   , Nemenikuće, 15.VI.2006, reared 1♂ 'ex larva' 22.VI.2006; Radmilovac, 2.IX.2005, reared 1♂; 12.VI.2006, reared 1♂ 'ex larva' 25.VI.2006; 26.X.2006, collected 1♂; 7.VI.2007, reared 1♂, 1♀ 'ex larva' 11.VI.2007, 20.VI.2007, collected 1 larva and 1♂; 26.X.2008, reared 1♂ 'ex larva' 3.XI.2008. Cacopsylla pyrisuga   , from Pyrus communis   , Zemunski kej, 28.V.2007, collected 1♀. Cacopsylla visci   (Curtis, 1835), from Viscum album   , Beograd–Bulevar Aleksandra Karađorđevića, 25.III.2007, reared 2♂♂, 1♀ 'ex larva' 12.IV.2007; 23.IV.2007, reared 2♂♂, 5♀♀ 'ex larva' 3.V.2007. Camarotoscena speciosa   (Flor, 1861), from Populus nigra   , Radmilovac, 22.V.2000, reared 1♂ 'ex larva' 25.V.2000; Zemun–Nova Galenika, 25.VIII.2008, collected 1♀; 1.IX.2008, reared 3♀♀ 'ex larva' 9.IX.2008; 10.IX.2008, collected 1♀, 1♂; 17.IX.2008, collected 1♀, 1♂; 24.IX.2008, reared 2♂♂, 2♀♀ 'ex larva' 1.X.2008; 27.VII.2010, collected 1♂, 1♀, 18.X.2010, collected 1♂, 1♀. Psyllopsis discrepans   (Flor, 1861), from Fraxinus   sp., Beograd–Autokomanda, 10.V.2007, reared 1♀; Brestovačka Banja, 25.V.2007, reared 5♂♂, 4♀♀ 'ex larva'8.VI.2007; Ilinci, 24.V.2008, collected 1♂; Majdanpek, 25.V.2007, reared 1♂, 1♀ 'ex larva' 3.VI.2007, Milošev konak, 21.VI.2007, 1♂. Psyllopsis fraxini   , from Fraxinus   sp., Veliko Središte, 30.V.2006, reared 2♀♀. Psyllopsis fraxinicola   (Foerster, 1848), from Fraxinus   sp., Beograd–Autokomanda, 10.V.2007, reared 1♀; Beograd–Kalemegdan, 24.V.2007, collected 1♂; Brestovačka Banja, 25.V.2007, reared 5♂♂, 4♀♀ 'ex larva' 8.VI.2007; Majdanpek, 25.V.2007, reared 1♂, 1♀ 'ex larva' 3.VI.2007; Veliko Središte, 4.VI.2006, reared 2♀♀ 'ex larva' 19.VI.2006. Psyllopsis machinosa   Loginova, 1963, from Fraxinus   sp., Beograd–Autokomanda, 10.V. 2007, reared 1♀. Psyllopsis meliphila   Löw, 1881, from Fraxinus   sp., Nemenikuće, 15.VI.2006, collected 1♂. Psyllopsis repens   Loginova, 1963, from Fraxinus   sp., Beograd–Autokomanda, 14.X.2008, reared 1♀. Trioza urticae   (Linnaeus, 1758), from Urtica dioica   , Ilinci, 24.VI.2007, collected 2♀♀.

Anthocoris nemoralis   is an important component of the natural enemy community in pear and apple orchards where it provides biological control against arthropod pests, particularly psyllids ( Horton et al. 2004). Investigating the predator–prey complex of Cacopsylla pyrisuga   in a pear orchard in France, Herard (1986) found that Anthocoris nemoralis   was the most efficient enemy against this pest. Anthocoris nemoralis   is mentioned in many papers as a permanent member of biocomplexes of pear psyllids in Europe ( Wheeler 2000b, Erler 2004, Sigsgaard et al. 2006). In Turkey, Anthocoris nemoralis   was an equally present and efficient predator of pear psyllid Cacopsylla pyrisuga   , both in treated and untreated orchards, but still insufficient for its full control ( Erler 2004). In Spain, Jauset et al. (2006) determined Anthocoris nemoralis   as a very efficient predator of Cacopsylla pyrisuga   , both in treated and untreated pear orchards. Now, there is a mass production of Anthocoris nemoralis   in companies specialized for biological control of harmful insects ( Sigsgaard et al. 2006). The same authors reported that Anthocoris nemoralis   mostly prefers Cacopsylla pyrisuga   to aphids, and that it prefers laying eggs on pear to apple. Anthocoris nemoralis   is a polyphagous predatory species having psyllids as a usual prey.

It is distributed in Europe and the Mediterranean. From Europe it was introduced into North America in 1963 in order to control pear psyllid Cacopsylla pyricola   , giving satisfactory results ( Horton et al. 2004). This species has adapted to this region so well that it has suppressed autochthonous predatory species Anthocoris antevolens   and Anthocoris melanocerus   ( Herard 1986, Horton et al. 2004). In Serbia, in a pear orchard, Pavićević (1977), Grbić et al. (1989) and Jerinić-Prodanović (2010) note a permanent presence of Anthocoris nemoralis   , both during vegetation and winter period together with an overwintering adult of Cacopsylla pyrisuga   . Anthocoris nemoralis   was also reported as a predator of Psyllopsis repens   in Serbia ( Malenovský and Jerinić-Prodanović 2011).