Calymmochilus subnubilus ( Walker, 1872 )

Fusu, Lucian, Askew, Richard R. & Ribes, Antoni, 2018, Rediscovery of Calymmochilus russoi Gibson, 1995 (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Eupelmidae), and revision of European Calymmochilus Masi, 1919, Zootaxa 4504 (4), pp. 501-523: 517-518

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4504.4.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:22EA060D-E125-4029-84D1-B5FED74B32D4

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/AF42235F-FFEC-FF95-FF0D-FF76FB06FB14

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Calymmochilus subnubilus ( Walker, 1872 )
status

 

Calymmochilus subnubilus ( Walker, 1872) 

Figs 7, 11, 12, 14, 16View FIGURES 7–16. 7 (♀), 8, 19, 60, 62, 66, 68, 76, 77 (♂)

Eupelmus subnubilus Walker, 1872: 81  . Lectotype ♀ (designated by Bouček 1970: 81 vide ICZN Art. 74.6), HNHM, examined by LF. Type locality: Corsica.

Calymmochilus subnubilus  ; Bouček, 1970: 81 (change of combination, lectotype designation, distribution). Trjapitzin 1978: 231 (keyed). Askew & Nieves Aldrey 2004: 35–37 (keyed, distribution).

Diagnosis. Female. Macropterous. Mesosoma and head concolorous, dark brown with reduced metallic lustre ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 7–16. 7); gaster mostly brown except for partly white to hyaline Gt1. Legs and scape ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 7–16. 7) brown-yellow to variably darkened but at least following brown: meso- and metacoxae, profemur on posterior surface and metafemur on anterior surface, scape basally and apically on dorsal and outer surfaces. Head not conspicuously modified, convex, with lower parascrobal region passing smoothly into gena ( Figs 11, 12View FIGURES 7–16. 7). Clypeus protuberant, convex, apically serrate ( Figs 11, 12View FIGURES 7–16. 7). Scrobal depression deep, with sloping, non-carinate sides, smooth and shiny including scrobes and coriaceous along outer margins ( Figs 11, 12View FIGURES 7–16. 7). Frontovertex between ocellar triangle and scrobal depression coriaceous ( Figs 11, 12View FIGURES 7–16. 7). Mesoscutum mostly coriaceous except imbricate-coriaceous to reticulate on median lobe ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 7–16. 7). Mesoscutellum and axillae differentiated and distinct, scutellum slightly convex. Acropleuron reticulate. Fore wing in larger specimens frequently with a distinct dark cloud behind marginal and stigmal veins ( Fig. 16View FIGURES 7–16. 7).

Male. Body brown with reduced violet lustre under some angles of illumination ( Fig. 8View FIGURES 7–16. 7). Head in exact dorsal view ( Fig. 77View FIGURES 70–77) 4.5–4.7× breadth of an eye measured along a transverse axis as in figure 73. Frontovertex between ocellar triangle and scrobal depression coriaceous ( Fig. 76View FIGURES 70–77). Scrobal depression including scrobes smooth and shiny except for superficially sculptured outer margins ( Fig. 76View FIGURES 70–77). Funicle with first segment plus strongly reduced anellus 2.7–3.8× as long as wide ( Fig. 66View FIGURES 53–69. 53–57). Mesoscutum coriaceous except midlobe imbricate in anterior one-third to half, with at most some cells slightly depressed mesally; lateral lobe coriaceous to imbricate-coriaceous ( Fig. 19View FIGURES 17–19. 17). Mesoscutellum coriaceous. Metascutellum transverse-ovoidal, with lateroventral corners abruptly sunken ( Fig. 68View FIGURES 53–69. 53–57). Fore wing stigma an elongated rectangle; uncus frequently almost to fully as long as height of stigma ( Fig. 60View FIGURES 53–69. 53–57).

Distribution. Known from Algeria, Croatia, France (including Corsica), Italy ( Bouček 1977), and Spain including Canary Islands ( Askew & Nieves-Aldrey 2004). Newly recorded for Greece, continental France, Morocco, Romania, Switzerland, and Turkey.

Remarks. The lectotype of Eupelmus subnubilus  ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 7–16. 7) is entire, uncontorted and glued by its ventral surface and all appendages to a rectangular card. It was labelled as lectotype by Z. Bouček in 1969 ( Fig. 7View FIGURES 7–16. 7 insert) and was designated as lectotype in Bouček (1970) by using the term “the type” (ICZN Art. 74.6).

The species is very close to C. atratus  , which was considered since Bouček (1970) as its junior synonym. Females of C. subnubilus  however have the frontovertex between the scrobal depression and the ocellar triangle coriaceous and comparatively shinier, with at most a couple of cells with an indistinctly concave surface, and the scrobal depression is more narrowly coriaceous along the outer margin (cf. Figs 11, 12View FIGURES 7–16. 7 with Figs 9, 10View FIGURES 7–16. 7). In C. atratus  these areas are obviously reticulate. For other differences between the two species see under C. atratus  .

Material examined. Type material. FRANCE: Lectotype ♀ of Eupelmus subnubilus  : “ subnubilus Wlk  / Coll. Marshall | DIAPELMUS | subnubilus Wlk.  / (Corsica) | Eupelmus  / subnubilus  / Walk. | LECTOTYPUS ♀ / Eupelmus  / subnubilus  / Walker,/ 1872 / Bouček det. 1969 | ♀ Calymmochilus / subnubilus (Walker)  / Zd. Bouček det. 1969” ( HNHMAbout HNHM). 

Non-type material. FRANCE: Normandie 27500, Bouquelon, Les Courtils, Malaise No 2: lande en cour de reboisement, 6.vi–1.viii.2010 (P. Tripotin) (1♀)  ; same except 1.viii–3.x (2♀) ( AICF)  . Dordogne, Ste Alvère 24510, Le Grand Pré , Malaise trap, 16–31.viii.1999 (1♀)  ; same data except 1–21.ix.1999 (1♀)  and 1–17.ix.2001 (1♂), on window 12.ix.2001 (1♀). St Marcel du Périgord 24510, on ivy blossom, 22.ix.2009 (1♀)  and 25.ix.2009 (3♀); indoors on windows 16.v.2005 (1♀), 20.ix.2008 (3♀)  , 25.ix.2009 (2♀), 11.xii.2013 (1♀); 2.ix.2004 (1♀), 5.ix.2004 (5♀). Monestier 24240, 23.vii.1984 (1♂) (all R.R. Askew)  . Lot et Garonne, Bernac 47120, in old flour mill, 30.viii.1995 (1♀) (R.R. Askew)  . Landes, Grand Crohot d’Océan , 11.viii.1982 (1♀) (R.R. Askew)  . Var, Callas , indoors 5.xi.2011 (1♀) (P. Kan) (all RRAC)  . Hte Savoie, Bassy / Frangy , 08.x.1992, J. Steffan (1♀ CNCAbout CNC)  . Lot, Vaylats , 16–31.viii.1995, piège Malaise, Tussac Hubert (1♀ GDPC)  ; same except 01–30.ix.1995 (2♀ GDPC)  . Lot, Cahors, berges du Lot , 08.vii.1992, H. Tussac (1♀ GDPC)  . Hérault, Montpellier, SIGMA, piège Malaise , 15– 21.ix.1988, G. Delvare (1♂ GDPC)  . Hérault, Montpellier, Faculté des Sciences , 7.xii.1997, Gompel N. (1♀ GDPC)  ; same except 08.ix.1998 (1♀ CBGP)  , 23.vi.2000, tronc de pin [pine trunk] (1♀ CBGP)  . Montpellier (34), 26.ix.1990 (1♀ GDPC)  . Hérault, Montferrier sur Lez , Baillarguet–CSIRO, 43°41’05’’N, 03°52’35’’E, piège Malaise, 17–24.vii.2003, Foucart Antoine (1♀ GDPC)GoogleMaps  . Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64), Saint-Pée-sur-Nivelle, Pont du Diable , 43°18’N 01°31’W, cavité dans un chêne habitée par une chouette, tamisage de terreau [tree hollow inhabited by an owl, sifting of debris], 14.ix.2001, Gompel N. (1♀ GDPC)GoogleMaps  . Hérault , Saint-Martin-de-Londres 43.776244°N 3.721428°E, ix.1997, Malaise trap, J.Y. Rasplus no. 1385, 1428 (2♀ CBGP)GoogleMaps  . Hérault , Saint-Martinde-Londres, 20.viii.1999, Rasplus (1♀ CBGP)  . Saint-Martin-de-Londres, Mas de Bouy , 22.viii.1997, piège Malaise, Meusnier (1♀ CBGP)  . FRANCE (CORSICA): Manso, 200 m, maison forestière Pirio, 42°23’N 08°45’E, piège Malaise , 03–10.ix.1997, Andréi-Ruiz & Villemant (1♀ no. 2017-19, GDPC)GoogleMaps  ; same except 20– 27.viii.1997 (1♀ GDPC)  , 10–17.ix.1997 (1♀ 3♂ GDPC)  , 17–24.ix.1997 (2♀ GDPC)  , 01–28.ix.1999 (6♀, one no. 2017-26, GDPC)  . GREECE: Kerkini Lake area: nr Neo Petritsi, Midway Site , N41°18’49.8” E23°16’35.6”, 750m, Malaise trap, 26.v–01.vi.2008 (1♀)GoogleMaps  , 23–29.vi.2008 (1♀)GoogleMaps  , 09–13.vii.2008 (1♀), 21–27.vii.2008 (2♀), 01– 07.ix.2008 (1♀), 08–14.ix.2008 (1♀). Promohonas, Procom site, N41°22’38.1”, E23°21’58.8”, Malaise trap, 25– 31.vii.2007 (1♀)GoogleMaps  , 15–21.viii.2007 (1♀)GoogleMaps  ; Krousia Mts site, N41°11’32.4”, E23°03’59.5”, 190 m, Malaise trap, 27.vi–03.vii.2007 (1♀)GoogleMaps  , 04–10.vii.2007 (1♀)GoogleMaps  ; Pumping Station site, N41°12’48.7” E23°06’11.9”, Malaise trap, 09–15.v.2007 (2♀)GoogleMaps  , 06–12.vi.2007 (1♂, no. 2017-06)GoogleMaps  , 13–19.vi.2007 (1♀) (all G. Ramel) ( AICF)  . Rhodes, Ixia , 8– 20.viii.1985, YPT, M.C. Day (1♀ CNCAbout CNC)  . ROMANIA: Tulcea county, Danube Delta, Periprava , N 46°59'56.3" E 25°56'51.1", screen sweeping, 8.vii.2015 (O. Popovici & A. Spiridon) (1♀ DNA voucher LF_0009, DNA in UCR) ( AICF)GoogleMaps  . SPAIN: Canary Islands, La Palma, P. N. Caldera de Taburiente, Playa del Rio Taburiente , 750 m, Malaise trap 28RBS1980-1: M2- 081199 [8.xi.1999] (1♀ AICF with permission from MNCNAbout MNCN); M2- 151199View Materials  [15.xi.1999] (1♀ MNCNAbout MNCN); M2- 280800View Materials [28.viii.2000] (1♀ MNCNAbout MNCN)  . Canary Islands, La Palma, P. N. Caldera de Taburiente, Roque de la Cumbercita , 1377 m, yellow trap 28RBS2177-1: YT4- 120700 [12.vii.2000] (1♀ MNCNAbout MNCN); YT4- 240800View Materials [24.viii.2000] (1♀ AICF with permission from MNCNAbout MNCN) (all T. Domingo Quero ). Madrid, El Ventorillo , 1480 m, 14–21.ix.1989, MT, Nieves & Rey (1♀ CNCAbout CNC)  . SWITZERLAND: Geneva, 20.iii.1977, John T. Huber (1♀ CNCAbout CNC)  .

Extralimital material. ALGERIA: Oran, El-Ancor, Foret de  M’Sila, 25.iv.1986 (1♀ HNHMAbout HNHM)  . MOROCCO: Marrakech, Ouirgane , 1000 m, 31°08’N 8°05’W, 23–29.vi.1996, C. Kassebeer (1♀ CNCAbout CNC)GoogleMaps  ; same except 10– 16.ix.1996 (1♂ CNCAbout CNC)  . TURKEY: Mugla, Tlos , 5–700 m, 27.viii.1992, J.S. Noyes (1♀ CNCAbout CNC)  .

HNHM

Hungarian Natural History Museum (Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum)

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

DNA

Department of Natural Resources, Environment, The Arts and Sport

UCR

University of California

MNCN

Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eupelmidae

Genus

Calymmochilus

Loc

Calymmochilus subnubilus ( Walker, 1872 )

Fusu, Lucian, Askew, Richard R. & Ribes, Antoni 2018

2018
Loc

Eupelmus subnubilus

Boucek, Z. 1970: 81Walker, F. 1872: 81

1970
Loc

Calymmochilus subnubilus

Trjapitzin, V. A. 1978: 231
Boucek, Z. 1970: 81

1970