Thygater analis ( Lepeletier 1841 )

Freitas, Felipe V. & Silveira, Fernando A., 2017, Synopsis of the bee genus Thygater Holmberg 1884 (Hymenoptera, Apidae) in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais, with the description of a new species and a key to all Brazilian species, Zootaxa 4238 (1), pp. 1-29: 6-11

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4238.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D3DE19BF-D64F-4363-972F-40AC25DF5CBF

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B02687AA-C146-FF90-E5A0-FB30FC1DB754

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Thygater analis ( Lepeletier 1841 )
status

 

Thygater analis ( Lepeletier 1841) 

( Figs. 1View FIGURE 1.B; 2.A; 3.A; 5)

Macrocera analis Lepeletier 1841  ;

Melissodes terminata Smith 1854  ;

Tetralonia bifasciata Smith 1854  ;

Melissodes modesta Smith 1879  ;

Macroglossa oribazi Radoszkowski 1884  ;

Tetralonia pygialis Buysson 1892  ;

Eucera venezuelae Dalla Torre 1896  (nom. nov. for Melissodes terminata Smith 1854  ); Thygater chrysophora Holmberg 1903  ;

Macrocera buccosa Vachal 1904  ;

Macrocera buccosa var. nigricollis Vachal 1904  ; Macroglossapis nigravillosa Crawford 1906  ; Macroglossapis holmbergi Brèthes 1909  ;

Macroglossapis buccosa var. nigriventris Brèthes 1910  ; Thygater arechavaletae Bertoni & Schrottky 1910  ; Thygater zamoranica Cockerell 1949  ;

Thygater (Thygater) analis  ; Urban 1967; Urban, Moure & Melo 2012.

Diagnosis. Thygater analis  also belong to the group of species which females have translucent-amber apical portions of terga and males with entirely black integument and predominantly whitish pilosity on head and mesosoma. In this group, female T. analis  can be distinguished from those of the sympatric T. anae  and T. palliventris  by the presence of bright yellow pilosity on the marginal zones of terga, contrasting with the dark pilosity elsewhere on the terga ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5.C) (in T. anae  and T. palliventris  the metasomal pilosity is homogeneously yellowish or fuscous ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4.B, C, 13.B, C). Mesosomal pilosity of male T. analis  may be predominantly brownish or predominantly whitish; those males with whitish pilosity on mesosoma and predominantly black pilosity on metasoma can be distinguished from male T. palliventris  only by the median plate of S7 ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3). In T. analis  , the posterior margin of the proximal lobe, and the anterior margin of the distal lobe of S7 are fringed with thick setae ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3.A), while in T. palliventris  these setae are restricted to the proximal lobe ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3.D); moreover, the proximal lobe of S 7 in T. analis  is narrow and its anterior and lateral margins meet in a very acute angle ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3.A), while in T. palliventris  it is wider, with its anterior margin bulging and meeting the lateral margin in a wider angle ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3.D). The males of T. analis  with whitish mesosomal pilosity and predominantly black pilosity on metasoma can be distinguished from those of T. anae  by the absence of a complete marginal fringe on S4 (present in T. anae  ) ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1).

Description ♀: Integument black, except brown on labrum, translucent-amber areas on apex of marginal zones of terga and S2–S5, and dark brown on disk of sterna; on clypeus densely punctate (>1 dp); on mesosoma reticulate with moderately sparse punctation (±1 dp) on mesoscutum, and slightly denser on mesepisternum and scutellum; translucent-amber areas on apex of marginal zones of S2– S5 2 /3 as long as F2; on S6 smooth along midlongitudinal stripe. Pilosity white on gena; on frons and paraocular areas with a mixture of white, fuscous and brown hairs; on vertex fuscous; on mesosoma dense, especially on mesepisternum, its color, especially on dorsum, brown or black or, sometimes, gray; on metasoma, brown basally on T1, black on rest of T1 and basally on T2–T4, depressed, bright yellow on marginal zones of T2–T4 (not evident in some specimens); fuscous and very dense on T5 and T6; on sterna, lighter, varying from fuscous to whitish; on marginal zone of S5, formed by dense hair fringe; on S6 laterally short and dense. Structure —malar area about 1/3 as long as basal mandibular width; basal depression of clypeus reaching 1/6 of clypeal length; clypeus weakly convex, weakly elevated on disc; S6 with weak mid-longitudinal keel.

♂: Integument entirely black, except whitish-yellow on labrum and translucent-amber on apex of marginal zones of on disc of T1–T5 (not always evidently so) and of S2–S5; on clypeus finely punctate, entirely reticulate; on mesosoma dull, reticulate, punctation moderately dense (1 dp); on disc of T1–T5 sparsely punctate (1 dp); on S6 smooth. Pilosity on head predominantly white with fuscous setae intermingled on paraocular area and frons; on vertex fuscous; on mesosoma and legs variable among specimens, brown, black or rarely gray, on T1 white basally, black apically, as in T2 and T3, and base of T4; on apex of T4, and on T5 and T6 bright yellow (on apex of T4 this golden pilosity may be absent or restricted to a few bristles spread through the postgradular region; in some specimens, this golden pilosity completely absent); dorsally, on meso and metasoma, white, sometimes blackish laterally on sterna; on S6 forming hourglass-shaped, longitudinal band of simple hairs. Structure —malar area 1/2 as long as basal mandibular width; clypeus weakly convex, with weak mid-longitudinal keel, its basal depression occupying 1/5 of clypeal length; T7 deeply emarginated, forming two sharp spines; apical margin of S5 without projections; S6 lacking carinae.

Holotype (male): Brazil (MNHP)—not examined (see taxonomic notes below).

Variation and taxonomic notes: This is the most abundant species in the genus, not only in the state, but throughout South America ( Urban 1967). The striking variation in the pilosity color of T. analis  was discussed in detail by Urban (1967). In Minas Gerais, both the melanic and the flavinic forms, as defined by Urban, can be found. It is important to note that some of the males have the whole tergal pilosity dark (without the golden hairs found on apical terga of many of them). These males are indistinguishable from male T. palliventris  , except for characters of the terminalia (see identification key and diagnosis, above).

The type specimen of T. analis  was not examined, however, Moure (in Urban 1967) noted that the pilosity of the apical terga of the holotype is pale golden (as opposed to whitish in Lepeletier’s original description), a feature found only in one of the species occurring in Brazil. This gives confidence on the present interpretation of the species.

Examined material (227 specimens 101 ♀♀ and 126 ♂♂). ARGENTINA  — MISSIONES: Puerto Iguazu —P. N. Iguazu— 04/05/2008, A. Taylor & N. Veiga 1♀; 26/05/2008 1♀ [PCYU]. BRAZIL — ESPÍRITO SANTO: Dores do Rio Preto   — 02/04/2007, A.A. Azevedo 1♀ [UFMG]. GOIÁS: Alto Paraíso de Goiás  – 10/04/2007, M.F. Goulart 1♀ [UFMG]. MINAS GERAIS: Alpinópolis —xx/11/1961, C. Elias 1♀ [ RPSPAbout RPSP]  . Alto Capara — 04/04/2007, M.F. Goulart 1♀ [UFMG]; 03/12/2015, J.E. Santos-Junior & J.C. Oliveira, 4♀♀ 31♂♂. Alto Jequitib   —PARNA Capara— 03/12/2015, J.E. Santos-Junior & J.C. Oliveira, 7♂♂. Araguari — 16/07/2007, F.A. Silveira 1♀ [UFMG]. Araponga — 25/03/1986, G. Melo 1♂ [UFV]; 13/05/1989, A.A. Soares 1♀ [UFV]. Belo Horizonte   — 02/01/1988, F.A. da Silveira, 9♀♀ 1♂ [UFV]; 25/01/1989, L.A.O. Campos, 3♂♂ [UFV]; 09/03/1996, F.A. Silveira, 3♀♀ 4♂♂ [UFMG]; 19/11/1996, F.A. Silveira 1♂ [UFMG]; 07/01/1997, R.S. Oliveira 1♂ [UFMG]; 08/01/1997, R.M. Carmo 1♂ [UFMG]; 20/01/1997, R.S. Oliveira 1♂ [UFMG]; 08/05/1997, R.S. Oliveira 2♂♂ [UFMG]; 05/10/1997, P.E.M. Guimarães, 3♂♂ [UFMG]; 11/10/1997, P.E.M. Guimarães 1♀ [UFMG]; 19/10/1997, P.E.M. Guimarães 2♂♂ [UFMG]; 25/12/1997, P.E.M. Guimarães, 3♂♂ [UFMG]; 31/12/1997, P.E.M. Guimarães 1♀ [UFMG]; 08/ 08/2000, M. Pompeu 1♂ [UFMG]; 07/06/2000, M. Pompeu 2♀♀ [UFMG]; 21/06/2000, M. Pompeu 1♀ [UFMG]; 26/06/2000, M. Pompeu 1♀ [UFMG]; 22/07/2000, M. Pompeu 1♀ [UFMG]; 23/07/2000, M. Pompeu 1♀ [UFMG]; 08/08/2000, M. Pompeu 1♂ [UFMG]; 09/08/2000, M. Pompeu, 3♂♂ [UFMG]; 21/08/2000, M. Pompeu, 3♂♂ [UFMG]; 30/04/2002, E.A.B. Almeida 1♀ [UFMG]. Brumadinho — 27/12/1997, E.A.B. Almeida 1♂ [UFMG]. Cabo Verde —1920, Diaz 1♂ [ MZUSPAbout MZUSP]  . Catas Altas —Serra do Caraça, 11/1961, Kloss, Lenko, Martins & Silva 1♂ [MZUSP]; 20/04/2000, F.A. Silveira 1♂ [UFMG]. Catas Altas da Noruega — 04/01/1989, R.G. Fernandez 1♂ [UFV]. Divinópolis   — 04/04/1985, E. Morato 1♀ [UFV]; 07/04/1985, G. Melo 1♀ [UFV]. Gonçalves   — 26/03/2007, F.A. Silveira 1♀ [UFMG]; 27/03/2007, F.A. Silveira, 4♂♂ [UFMG]. Governador Valadares — 27/06/1985, G. Melo 1♂ [UFV]; 15/02/1986, G. Melo 1♂ [UFV]; 16/02/1986 1♀ 2♂♂ [UFV]. Grão Mogol   — 22/01/2005, A.A. Azevedo 1♀ 1♂ [UFMG]. Guiricema — 05/08/2011, R.V. Silva 1♀ [UFMG]. Igarap — 23/02/1086, G. Melo 2♀♀ 2♂♂ [UFV]; 20/11/2006, C.L. Yurrita 1♀ [UFMG]. Ipuiuna — 21/02/2012, L. Patoca 1♀ [RPSP]. Itabirito — 01/01/1987, F.A. Silveira 1♂ [UFV]. Itamarandiba   — 17/01/1998, F.A. Silveira 1♀ [UFMG]. Itamonte — 20/10/2006, A.A. Azevedo 2♂♂ [UFMG]; 20/10/2006, M.F. Goulart 1♀ 1♂ [UFMG]. Itaúna — 27/12/1997, P.E.M. Guimarães 1♀ [UFMG]. Joaquim Felício — 31/03/2005, A.A. Azevedo & F.A. Silveira 1♀; 20/05/2006, M.F. Goulart 1♀ [UFMG]. Juiz de Fora — 11/03/1985, M. Garcia 1♂ [UFV]. Moeda   — 27/01/1996, F.A. Silveira 1♀ [UFMG]. Morro do Pilar — 08/10/2014, E.L.N. Siqueira 1♂ [ UFMGAbout UFMG]  . Nova Lima — 20/01/1998, E.A.B. Almeida 1♂ [UFMG]; 13/11/2004, N.G. Fonseca 1♀ [UFMG]; 18/11/2004, N.G. Fonseca 1♀ [UFMG]. Paraopeba —Floresta Nacional de Paraopeba, 02/12/1986, F.A. Silveira 1♀ [UFV]; 02/12/ 1986, F.A. Silveira 1♂ [UFMG]; 03/08/1987, F.A. Silveira 1♀ [UFV]; 31/08/1987, F.A. Silveira 1♀ [UFMG]; 11/ 10/1987, F.A. Silveira 1♀ [UFV]; 21/10/1998, V. Silva 1♂ [UFMG]. Passos —04/1964, C. T. Elias 1♀ 4♂♂ [MZUSP]. Patrocínio — 08/12/2007, J.E. Santos-Junior 1♀ [UFMG]. Ponte Nova —BR–120, km 493 14/02/1989, F.A. Silveira 1♂ [UFV]; Fazenda EPAMIG 10/11/1989, F.A. Silveira 2♂♂ [UFV]. Ritápolis   — 19/01/1974, J.F. Camargo 1♀ [RPSP]. Sabar — 07/04/1996, F.A. Silveira 2♀♀ [UFMG]; 28/11/1999, F.A. Silveira 1♀ [UFMG]. Santana do Riacho — 09/01/2005, A.A. Azevedo 1♀ [UFMG]. São Gonçalo do Rio Abaixo — 01/01/2000, E.A.B. Almeida 1♂ [ UFMGAbout UFMG]  ; 17/01/2004, L.R.R. Faria Jr. 1♂ [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. São Gonçalo do Rio Preto   — 13/09/2003, Y. Antonini 1♀ [UFMG]. São Roque de Minas — 24/02/2001, E.A.B. Almeida 1♀ [UFMG]. Taiobeiras — 02/01/ 1998, S.T.M. Guerra 1♂ [UFMG]. Urucuia — 16/11/2008, J.F. Camargo 1♀ [RPSP]. Viçosa — 15/04/1928, P.H. Rolfs 1♀ [UFV]; 20/05/1932, E.J. Hambleton 1♀ [UFV]; Campus UFV  , 06/01/1988, J.R. Cure 2♂♂ [UFV]; Campus UFV 10/11/1988, M.J. Fachini 2♂♂ [UFV]; Campus UFV  , 03/12/1988, G.S. Bastos Fo. 1♀ [UFV]; Campus UFV, 08/12/1988, G.S. Bastos Fo. 1♂ [UFV]; Campus UFV  , 08/12/1988, J.R. Cure 2♂♂ [UFV]; Campus UFV 13/12/1988, M.J. Fachini 1♀ [UFV]; Campus UFV 18/01/1989, M.J. Fachini 1♀ [UFV]; Campus UFV 11/ 02/1989, G.S. Bastos Fo  . 2♀♀ [UFV]; Campus UFV 19/02/1989 G.S. Bastos Fo. 1♂ [UFV]; Campus UFV 24/02/ 1989, M.J. Fachini 1♂ [UFV]; Campus UFV  , 04/03/1989, G.S. Bastos Fo. 1♀ [UFV]; Campus [UFV]  , 04/03/1989, M.J. Fachini 1♀ 1♂ [UFV]; Campus UFV 11/03/1989 G.S. Bastos Fo  . 1♂ [UFV]; Campus UFV 11/03/1989, J.R. Cure 1♂ [UFV]; Campus UFV 11/03/1989, M.J. Fachini 2♀♀ [UFV]; Campus UFV 18/03/1989, G.S. Bastos Fo  . 1♀ [UFV]; 08/11/1989, M. Thiengo 1♂ [UFV]; 27/11/2001, M.S.O. Leite 1♂ [UFMG]; 30/11/2001, M.S.O. Leite 1♀ [UFMG]; 04/12/2001, M.S.O. Leite 1♂ [UFMG]; 05/12/2001, M.S.O. Leite 1♀ [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. PARAÍBA: Remigio   — 18/06/2011, S.C. Aguiar 1♂ [UFMG]; 15/07/2011, A.S. Silva 1♀ 1♂ [UFMG]; 02/10/2011, S.C. Aguiar 1♀ [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. PERNAMBUCO: Cabo de Santo Agostinho   — 28/09/2001, C. Schlindwein 1♂ [UFMG]. Camaragibe — 09/04/2000, C. Schlindwein 1♂ [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. RIO DE JANEIRO: Nova Friburgo   19/03/2012, T.M.S. Mesquita 1♀ [ UFMGAbout UFMG]; Rio de Janeiro  28/09/2013, P.C. Zama, 4♀♀ [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. RIO GRANDE DO SUL: Candiota — Chácara das Hortec.  23/02/2000, S. Witter 1♂ [ PUCAbout PUC –RS]; Esmeralda   — 05/01/2011, R. Halinski 1♂ [PUC–RS]; Guarani das Missões — 23/07/2012, F. Tirelli 1♀ 1♂ [PUC–RS]; 30/06/2012, S. Witter 1♀ [PUC– RS]; 31/06/2012, S. Witter 1♂ [ PUCAbout PUC –RS]. Osório   — 21/03/1993, I. Alves dos Santos 1♂ [PUC–RS]. SANTA CATARINA: São Bonifácio  — 17/11/2015, F.V. Freitas 1♂ [UFMG]. São Francisco do Sul — 20/12/2011, C.F. Cardoso, 4♀♀ 4♂♂ [UFMG]. SÃO PAULO: Campinas  — 07/06/1987, R.B. Martins 1♂ [UFMG].

Distribution in Minas Gerais: Thygater analis  is probably found all over the state. Besides the localities cited above for the examined specimens, the following records were given by Urban (1967): Arax, Cássia, Cataguases, Ibi, Ibiraci, Jacu  , Nova Resende, Poços de Caldas, Rio Piracicaba, Tapira, Timóteo, Varginha.

Flower records: Alismataceae  Echinodorus grandiflorus, Sertãozinho  –SP [ RPSPAbout RPSP]; Bignoniaceae  Podranea ricasoliana, Belo  Horizonte—MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]; Clytostoma  sp., Belo Horizonte—MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]; Tecoma stans, Belo Horizonte  –MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]; Bixaceae  Bixa orellana, Sabar  –MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. Brassicaceae  Brassica napus, Guarani  das Missões—RS [ PUCAbout PUC –RS]. Curcubitaceae — Cucurbita pepo  , Igarap—MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. Fabaceae  —unidentified species, Taiobeiras—MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. Lamiaceae  Hyptidendron canum, Belo  Horizonte—MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]; Salvia brevipes  , Candiota—RS [ PUCAbout PUC –RS]. Lythraceae  Cuphea  sp., Catas Altas – MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. Melastomataceae  Trembleya phlogiformis  DC Central Amazon [Renner 1984 apud Renner 1989]. Myrtaceae  Psidium guajava, Belo  Horizonte—MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. Myrcia racemosa, Ubatuba—SP [ Fidalgo & Kleinert 2009]. Ochnaceae  Ouratea casteneifolia, Belo Horizonte  [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. Passifloraceae  Passiflora  sp., Sabar—MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]. Solanaceae  Solanum cernuum, Viçosa  [Cure et al. 1993]; Solanum lycocarpum, Paraopeba  [ Silveira 1989]; Solanum  sp., Paraopeba [ Silveira 1989]. Verbenaceae  Duranta repens, Belo  Horizonte—MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG]; Stachytarphetta sp., Moeda –MG [ UFMGAbout UFMG].

RPSP

Universidade de Sao Paulo

MZUSP

Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

UFMG

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

PUC

Beijing University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Apidae

Genus

Thygater

Loc

Thygater analis ( Lepeletier 1841 )

Freitas, Felipe V. & Silveira, Fernando A. 2017

2017
Loc

Thygater zamoranica

Cockerell 1949

1949
Loc

Macroglossapis buccosa var. nigriventris Brèthes 1910

Brethes 1910

1910
Loc

Thygater arechavaletae

Bertoni & Schrottky 1910

1910
Loc

Macroglossapis holmbergi Brèthes 1909

Brethes 1909

1909
Loc

Macroglossapis nigravillosa

Crawford 1906

1906
Loc

Macrocera buccosa

Vachal 1904

1904
Loc

Macrocera buccosa var. nigricollis

Vachal 1904

1904
Loc

Thygater chrysophora

Holmberg 1903

1903
Loc

Eucera venezuelae

Dalla Torre 1896

1896
Loc

Macroglossa oribazi

Radoszkowski 1884

1884
Loc

Melissodes modesta

Smith 1879

1879
Loc

Melissodes terminata

Smith 1854

1854
Loc

Tetralonia bifasciata

Smith 1854

1854
Loc

Melissodes terminata

Smith 1854

1854
Loc

Macrocera analis

Lepeletier 1841

1841