Cephaloleia heliconiae Uhmann, 1930a,
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|Cephaloleia heliconiae Uhmann, 1930a|
Taxon classification Animalia Coleoptera Chrysomelidae
Cephaloleia heliconiae Uhmann, 1930a Fig. 157
Cephalolia heliconiae Uhmann 1930a: 217. Uhmann 1936b: 483 (key).
Cephaloleia heliconiae Uhmann. Blackwelder 1946: 719 (catalog); Uhmann 1950b: 336 (type), 1957a: 20 (catalog); Papp 1953: 17 (catalog); Gaedike and Döbler 1971: 350 (types); Wilcox 1983: 137 (catalog); Staines 1996: 37 (Central America species), 1997: 413 (Uhmann species list), 2004: 312 (host plants), 2011: 49 (faunal list); Staines and Staines 1997: 10 (types); McKenna and Farrell 2005: 119 (phylogeny), 2006: 10949 (phylogeny); García–Robledo et al. 2013a: 3 (biology).
Elongate; subparallel; large, subdepressed, yellowish-brown; eyes dark; antennomeres 1, 2, 11 yellowish, 3-10 dark; scutellum black; elytra with black sutural and lateral vittae and two black maculae after middle; pronotum sometimes with black longitudinal medial vitta. Head: vertex impunctate, with fine medial carina; keel present between antennae; frons projecting; not depressed between eyes. Antenna: reaches to humerus; slender; antennomere 1 incrassate, clavate, elongate, as long as 2-4 combined; 2-4 transverse, compressed with interior projection, 2-3 subequal in length, 4 shorter; 5-10 transverse, subequal in length, each shorter than 4; 11 2 × length of 10, rounded at apex; 1-3 punctate with scattered setae; 4-11 setose. Pronotum: transverse but much narrower than base of elytra; lateral margin straight for basal ¾ then rounding to anterior angle, margined; anterior angle rounded, slightly produced; posterior angle acute; anterior margin emarginate behind head; disc flattened; surface with scattered, fine punctures; basal impression absent; pronotal length 1.7-1.9 mm; pronotal width 2.0 mm. Scutellum: elongate, acutely triangular; impunctate. Elytron: lateral margin straight, smooth, margined; apex rounded; suture angle without tooth; humerus rounded, not produced; slightly constricted behind humerus; declivity beginning just behind humerus along puncture row 7 with weak carina; finely punctate-striate; puncture rows converge and unite at apex, but are slightly confused; elytral length 6.0-6.4 mm; elytral width 2.6-3.0 mm. Venter: pro-, meso-, and metasterna impunctate; abdominal sterna punctate, each puncture with pale seta; suture between sterna 1 and 2 obsolete medially; last sternite with apical margin weakly rounded in male, bisinuate in female. Leg: robust; femur and tibia punctate; tibia dentate at apex, with setae on inner apical ⅓. Total length: 8.1-9.0 mm.
This species is similar to Cephaloleia adusta and Cephaloleia championi . It can be distinguished by the elytral declivity along puncture row 7, by the elytral punctures being distinct after the middle, and by the suture between abdominal sterna 1 and 2 being obsolete medially.
Adults have been collected in young rolled leaves of Heliconia sp. ( Heliconiaceae ), Calathea insignis Hort. and Bull. ( Staines 1996); Cephaloleia crotalifera S. Watson, Cephaloleia lutea G. Mey. ( Marantaceae ) ( García–Robledo et al. 2013a).
Costa Rica, Panama.
Type material examined.
Lectotype: Costa Rica, F. Nevermann, 15-XI-23 [green label]/ Hamburg Farm, Reventazon, Ebene Limon [reversed green label]/ in jungen jusuinen-gerollin Blätten, 1. Heliconia sp or Calathea insignis (USNM).
COSTA RICA: Alajuela- Est. Eladios, 820 m, Ref. Peñas Blancas, Res. Biol. Monteverde, July 1991 (INBIO); Río San Lorencito, 900 m, R. F. San Ramón, 5 km N de Colonia Palmareña, March 1990, 13-18 June 1993 (INBIO). Guanacaste- La Gloria, alt. 900 m, June 1931 (USNM); Río San Lorenzo, 1050 m, Tierras Morenas, Z. P. Tenorio, April 1991, 10-20 February 1992, 23 March- 21 April 1992, April 1992, July 1992, August 1992, October 1992, December 1992, February 1993, March 1993, April 1993 (INBIO). Heredia- Est. Biol. La Selva, 06 July 2001 (USNM). Limón- Sector Cerro Cocorí, Fca. de E. Rojas, 150 m, February 1993, March 1993, April 1993, May 1993 (INBIO); Hamburg Farm, Reventazón, Ebene Limón, 15 November 1923, 1 February 1932 (DEI); Río Sardinas, 10 m, R.N.F.S., Barra del Colorado, September 1992 (INBIO); Salvadora Farm, Parismina Fluss, 19-31 December 1930 (DEI); Waldeck, 22 August 1928 (USNM); Valle La Estrella, R. B. Hitoy Cerere, 100-200 m (INBIO). Puntarenas- Coto Brus, Las Cruces Biological Station, 10 March 2012 (USNM); Monteverde, Cordillera de Tilarán, 10 March 1991 (EGRC); San Luis, 1040 m, R. B. Monteverde, October 1992 (INBIO); Santa Clara- Colombiana Farm, April 1924 (USNM); Las Mercedes, 200-300 m, 15 November 1924 (DEI), July 1926, 8 May 1928 (USNM); Guacimal, Finca Buen Amigo Monteverde, 4 km S la Reserva, 1000-1100 m (INBIO); Reserva Bosque Eterno de los Niños, 1500-1600 m (INBIO). San José- Finca La Caja, 14 June 1931 (MUCR); Carillo, 5 January 1933 (USNM). PANAMA: Bocas del Toro- 6 km N Punta Peña, 27 May 1993 (AJGC); Reserva La Fortuna, 28 May 1993 (EGRC). Chiriquí- Repr. la Fortuna, 3200', 17-21 September 1976 (EGRC); Reserva Fortuna, Continental Divide Trail, 29 May 1993 (CDFA); Reserva Fortuna, Fortuna Dam, 29 May 1993 (CDFA). Coclé- Cerro Gaital, 2300 ft., 28 May 1994 (USNM). Total: 182.
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