Macroderes nitidus Harold, 1877

Abdalla, Ishtiag H., Deschodt, Christian M., Scholtz, Clarke H. & Sole, Catherine L., 2018, An update to the taxonomy of the genus Macroderes Westwood 1842 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) with descriptions of new species from South Africa, Zootaxa 4504 (1), pp. 41-75: 64-66

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4504.1.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:52BA28B6-4280-4BD0-8B38-C794F04E4A66

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B276DC1E-FFB5-FFFF-FF0D-FA3AFF3D0725

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Macroderes nitidus Harold, 1877
status

 

Macroderes nitidus Harold, 1877 

( Figs. 14View FIGURES 11–14, 69View FIGURES 64–69)

Macroderes nitidus Harold, 1877: 97  ; Preudhomme de Borre 1880: 11; Péringuey 1901: 302; Janssens 1939: 28; Ferreira 1969: 322; Frolov & Scholtz 2005: 384.

Type locality. O[o]rlog Rivier.

Type material examined. Lectotype, present designation, ♀ ( ZMHB): “O[o]rlog Rivier / Meyer / Nr.57079 [pale blue label] // Lectotype / Macroderes nitidus Harold / 1877  / des Deschodt & Abdalla / 2018 [red label, printed]”  . Paralectotypes: 6 ♀♀ ( ZMHB): “Promont. b. sp. Meyer / Nr.50568 [printed] // Paralectotype / Macroderes nitidus Harold / 1877  / des Deschodt & Abdalla / 2018 [red label, printed]”  ; 5 ♀♀ ( ZMHB): “O[o]rlog Rivier / Meyer / Nr.57079 [printed] // Paralectotype / Macroderes nitidus Harold / 1877  / des Deschodt & Abdalla / 2018 [red label, printed]”  .

Additional material examined. 5 ♀♀ ( UPSA): “ RSA: Western Cape Province / Nieuwoudtville 12km E; 20.vii.2017 / 31°22'37.69"S 19°13'51.51"E / 745m / Baited pitfall trap: pig dung / leg. C. Deschodt, W.P. Strümpher ”GoogleMaps  .

Size range. Females length: 8.2–11.5 mm, width: 6.3–7.3 mm.

Differential diagnosis. This species appears to M. soleiana  new species but is easily separated from it by being smooth and not shagreened on the interstriae ( Fig. 67View FIGURES 64–69). The habitus is shiny black in appearance ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 11–14).

Redescription. Lectotype, ♀ ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 11–14). Body length 10.3 mm, body width 7.1 mm.

Head. Genae right–angled. Frontal suture indistinct, more pronounced medially. Genal sutures very faint. Dorsal surface of clypeus punctate posterior of frontal suture, rugose anteriorly.

Pronotum. Convex. Base without depression in the middle. Anterior angles obtuse, posterior angles rounded. Lateral border not punctate. Dorsal surface with small, round, regular punctures; close together at base, becoming shallower and further apart anteriorly; surface smooth and very shiny.

Elytra. Elytral interstriae 1–8 flat and shiny punctate, punctures shallow, punctures separated by 1–2 puncture diameters, margins smooth. Striae punctate with punctures separated by 2–4 puncture diameters, sides very straight, narrower than punctures ( Figs. 14View FIGURES 11–14, 69View FIGURES 64–69). Stria 9 is 3/4 the length of elytron, close to stria 10; interstria 9 1/4 as wide as interstria 8 in the middle.

Habitat and distribution. Mucina and Rutherford (2006) describe the area around Calvinia where the Oorlogskloof River flows and where the species was recovered as Hantam Karoo in the Succulent Karoo biome ( Fig. 2). This area is around 1000 m a.s.l.

Remark. Frolov & Scholtz (2005) examined the type series of M. nitidus  . They concluded that the Cederberg specimens were M. nitidus  , included them as additional material examined, and based their redescription of M. nitidus  partly on this material. Those specimens actually belong to M. soleiana  new species described earlier in this paper.

The specimens in the type series (collected by Meyer) are probably from two localities: “Promont. b. sp.” and “Orlog Rivier”. Meyer practiced medicine at Calvinia [S31°28’ E19°46’] and has sent plant and insect specimens collected from that area to Berlin (Gunn & Codd 1981). “Orlog Rivier” thus most likely refers to the Oorlogskloof River that flows past Calvinia. The locality Cap bon. spei [Cape of Good Hope] given in Harold (1877) is probably derived from the Promont. b. sp. [Promontorii Bon Spei] specimens in the type series and most likely those specimens are also from the same area close to Calvinia. Following this information, Deschodt and Strümpher collected a large series of M. nitidus  in an area close to the Oorlogskloof River [31°22'37.69S 19°13'51.51E] on 20th of July 2016 ( Fig. 101View FIGURES 100–102). Heavy rain was recorded on the previous day in that specific area. These recently collected specimens (in UPSA) and the type series housed in the ZMHB are the only specimens known for the species.

UPSA

University of Pretoria

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Macroderes

Loc

Macroderes nitidus Harold, 1877

Abdalla, Ishtiag H., Deschodt, Christian M., Scholtz, Clarke H. & Sole, Catherine L. 2018
2018
Loc

Macroderes nitidus Harold, 1877 : 97

Frolov, A. V. & Scholtz, C. H. 2005: 384
Ferreira, M. 1969: 322
Janssens, A. 1939: 28
Peringuey, L. 1901: 302
Preudhomme De Borre, A. 1880: 11
Harold, E. V. 1877: 97
1880