Uramya lunula Fleming & Wood, 2016

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Hallwachs, Winnie, Janzen, Daniel & Dapkey, Tanya, 2017, Nine new species of Uramya Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste in northwestern Costa Rica, with a key to their identification, Biodiversity Data Journal 5, pp. 9649-9649 : 9649

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Uramya lunula Fleming & Wood, 2016

sp. n.

Uramya lunula Fleming & Wood, 2016   ZBK sp. n.


Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0059536 ; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Pablo Umana Calderon; individualID: DHJPAR0059536; individualCount: 1; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA5953-16, 16-SRNP-40422, BOLD:ADE3044; Taxon: scientificName: Uramyalunula; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Uramya; specificEpithet: lunula; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2016; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Anonas; verbatimElevation: 405; verbatimLatitude: 10.90528; verbatimLongitude: -85.27882; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.90528; decimalLongitude: -85.27882; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2016; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larvae of the Megalopygidae, Podaliaorsilocha; verbatimEventDate: 17-Jul-2016; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned Specimen GoogleMaps


Male (Fig. 12): 10 mm. Head (Fig. 12b): antenna: pedicel black; arista, black and minutely pubescent; fronto-orbital plate, parafacial and gena silver pollinose; gena with few fine hairs along lower margin; facial ridge darkened; frontogenal suture black. Thorax (Fig. 12a, c): entirely gray pollinose; surfaces of dorsum of thorax and scutellum covered with conspicuous short black hairs; sternopleura, hypopleura, pteropleura, and ventral surface of abdomen black pilose; 3 katepisternal bristles; 3 postsutural supra-alar bristles, 2nd postsutural supra-alar 4X as long as 1st postsutural supra-alar; postpronotum and anepisternum bearing fine black hairs; scutellum bearing one pair of discal bristles; underside of scutellum bearing a tuft of black hairs near basal marginal bristle. Legs: entirely black; femora silver pollinose anterodorsally, covered in long black hairs interspersed among darker hairs and bristles. Wings: smoky gray translucent, brownish infuscate costobasally; wing veins not strongly infuscate; infuscation only visible on anterior half of R4+5 and M. Abdomen (Fig. 12a): 1 pair of median marginal bristles on ST1+2 and T3, row of marginal bristles on T4 and T5; 2 pairs of median discal bristles on T3, T4 and T5; ground color of abdomen black; posterior margin of ST1+2 silver pollinose; silver pollinose crescent-shaped markings midway along length of tergites T3 and T4; T5 bearing 2 silver pollinose blotches; underside of ST1+2, T3, and T4 silver pollinose; underside of T5 darker. Terminalia: not dissected, as we did not want to dissect the holotype and only known specimen of this species.

Female: Unknown.


Uramya lunula can be distinguished from all other Neotropical species of Uramya by the following combination of traits: dark brown to black antennae, 3 postsutural supra-alar bristles, 2 strong lateral scutellar bristles, weak discal scutellar bristles, underside of scutellum with a tuft of black hairs near basal marginal bristle, abdomen flattened dorsoventrally, ST1+2 lacking silver pollinose spots on either side of mid-dorsal depression, T5 subtriangular, not strongly produced into a long, tail-like process, 2 pairs of median discal bristles on T3, T4 and T5, and silver pollinosity on underside of abdomen.


The species epithet is derived from the Latin noun " lunula ", for little moon, in reference to the crescent-shaped markings present on the abdomen of this species.


Costa Rica, ACG (Prov. Guanacaste), 405 m.


Uramya lunula has been reared only once, from a Podalia orsilocha (Cramer) ( Megalopygidae ) caterpillar found in ACG rain forest. Podalia orsilocha has been reared 175 times from sibling and non-sibling groups in ACG.