Meliturgula (Meliturgula) bonheimi , Eardley, Connal, 2009

Eardley, Connal, 2009, A revision of the Southern African species of Meliturgula Friese (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae: Panurginae), Zootaxa 2261, pp. 39-51: 41-49

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.275230

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B50C878A-FFB8-482E-C995-FCDDFD0415A8

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) bonheimi
status

sp. nov.

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) bonheimi  sp. nov. ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1)

Named for Derek Bonheim, who has been a friend for more than 40 years.

This species belongs to Meliturgula  s.str. This subgenus displays two distinct forms; one characterized by Meliturgula braunsi  , the other by M. scriptifrons  . Meliturgula bonheimi  is more similar to M. scriptifrons  in the convexity of the clypeus, narrow facial fovea and divided propodeum. Within this group only M. bonheimi  and M. scriptifrons  have a glabrous ridge separating the anterior and posterior surfaces of the propodeum. By contrast, the extensive yellow facial maculation of M. bonheimi  resembles M. braunsi  , as does the curved posterior edge of the first submarginal cell.

Diagnosis. Lower region of face mostly yellow ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 a), facial fovea narrow, propodeum distinctly divided (cf. Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 d), metasoma mostly orange ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 b –d).

Description. Female. Lengths (holotype): head 2.0 mm; scutum 1.5 mm; fore wing 5.4 mm; body 7.5 mm. Pubescence mostly brownish-white, vertex and anterior region of scutum pale brown ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 a –c), ventral surfaces of tarsi and medioposterior regions of T 4 –T 5 orange ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 c –d). Integument, head above antennal sockets, most of paraocular area adjacent to eye and gena black, supraclypeus, clypeus, most of paraocular area below antennal sockets (yellow markings reaching eye ventrally only), anterior surface of antennal scape and mandible yellow ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 a); mesosoma mostly black, metanotum yellow, legs orange; metasoma orange, except a dark lateral spot on T 2 and pygidial plate blackish ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 b –d), poorly defined blackish areas medially on T 4 –T 5 ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 b –d), S 2 –S 6 extensively blackish, pygidial plate black ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 d). Structure: clypeus convex, shape as in Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 a, facial fovea narrow; fore wing with first submarginal cell slightly arched posteriorly; propodeum angulately divided with short, anterior, subhorizontal (clearly sculptured) and long, subvertical, posterior (weakly glabrous) surfaces, cf. Fig. 4View FIGURE 4 d.

Male. Unknown.

Distribution. This species is only known from the type locality in northwest Namibia.

Material Examined. Female holotype and three female paratypes ‘ Namibia, Karibib  : 65 km SW Usakos 1.3. 1990, leg. Max Schwarz’, holotype and two paratypes in MSAA, one paratype in SANC.

Meliturgula(Meliturgula) braunsi Friese  ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 a –e)

South Africa. Foraging on flowers of: Mesembryanthemum  sp., Ruschia uncinata  ( Mesembryanthemaceae  )

Meliturgula braunsi Friese, 1903: 34  ; Eardley 1991 c: 124 –126, 132– 13.

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) braunsi Friese  : Patiny 1999 a: 248 –249, 253; Patiny 2004: 2, 7, 9, 12.

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) wilmattae Cockerell  ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2 f –g) South Africa.

Meliturgula wilmattae Cockerell, 1932: 448  ; Eardley 1999 c: 124.

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) wilmattae Cockerell  : Patiny 2000: 303; Patiny 2004: 2, 7.

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) haematospila Cockerell  ( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3)

South Africa, Namibia. Foraging on flowers of: Acacia  sp. ( Fabaceae  ), Adenolobus pechuelii  ( Fabaceae  ), Aptosimum decumbens  , Aptosimum  sp. ( Scrophulariaceae  ), Boerhavia deserticola  ( Nyctaginaceae  ), Corbichonia rubriviolacea  ( Molluginaceae  ), Cucumis  sp. ( Cucurbitaceae  ), Gisekia Africana  ( Gisekiaceae  ), Heliotropium rariflorum  ( Boraginaceae  ), Hermannia modesta  , Hermannia  sp. ( Sterculiaceae  ), Indigofera rautanenii  , Indigofera  sp. ( Fabaceae  ), Limeum  arqute-carinatum ( Molluginaceae  ), Peliostomum leucorrhizum  ( Scrophulariaceae  ), Sesuvium sesuvioides  ( Aizoaceae  ), Trianthema crystallina  , Tribulus  sp. ( Zygophyllaceae  ), Zygophyllum simplex  ( Zygophyllaceae  ), daisy.

Meliturgula haematospila Cockerell, 1935 a: 559  –560.

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) haematospila Cockerell  : Patiny 2000: 303; Patiny 2004: 2, 7, 9. Meliturgula haematospila ogilivei Cockerell, 1936 b: 555  .

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) scriptifrons (Walker)  ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4)

Angola; Botswana, Eritrea; Kenya; Malawi; Namibia, South Africa, Sudan; Tanzania; Zimbabwe, Palaearctic. Foraging on flowers of: Gisekia Africana  ( Gisekiaceae  ), Heliotropium rariflorum  ( Boraginaceae  ), Heeria paniculosa  ( Anacardiaceae  ), Indigofera auricoma  , Indigofera rautanenii  , Indigofera  sp. ( Fabaceae  ), Justicia  sp. ( Anacardiaceae  ), Mesembrythanthemum sp. ( Mesembryanthemaceae  ), Ocimum americanum  ( Lamiaceae  ), Ozoroa paniculosa  var. salicina  ( Anacardiaceae  ), Senna italica  ( Asteraceae  ), Tribulus cristatus  ( Zygophyllaceae  ), Zygophyllum simplex  ( Zygophyllaceae  ).

Nomia scriptifrons Walker, 1871: 44  .

Meliturgula minima Friese 1912: 188  .

Meliturgula minima  race pallidior Cockerell, 1935 b: 236.

Meliturgula minima  var. perpallida Cockerell, 1935 b: 236  . Meliturgula scriptifrons (Walker)  : Patiny 1999 b: 63 –67.

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) scriptifrons (Walker)  : Patiny & Gaspar 2000: 16 –17, 25; Patiny 2004: 2, 8– 10.

Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) fuliginosa (Friese)  ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5)

Namibia. Foraging on flowers of: Tribulus  sp. ( Zygophyllaceae  ).

Poecilomelitta fuliginosa Friese, 1913 b: 574  .

Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) fulginosa (Friese)  : Patiny 1999 a: 250; Patiny 2004: 2, 8– 9. Poecilomelitta latifrons Cockerell, 1936 b: 479  –480.

Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) eardleyana Patiny  ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6) Namibia, South Africa.

Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) eardleyana Patiny, 2000: 302  –303; Patiny 2004: 2, 4–5, 8–10, 12.

Meliturgula eardleyana  is intermediate between M. fuliginosa  and M. rozeni  . The male face resembles M. rozeni  whereas the male metasomal terminalia are like those of M. fuliginosa  . The female face resembles that of M. fuliginosa  . This is the first description of the male of M. eardleyana  .

Diagnosis. Male. Anterior surface of antennal scape, lower surface of antennal flagellum and most of clypeus yellow, ventrolateral corner of clypeus black ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 c), eye moderately large ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 c).

Description. Female. As described by Patiny (2000).

Male. Lengths: head 1.4 mm; scutum 0.9 mm; fore wing 3.8 mm; body 5.0 mm. Pubescence mostly white ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 c –d), ventral surfaces of tarsi pale yellow ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 d). Integument black, except yellow on anterior surface of scape, ventral surfaces of basal five segments of flagellum (distal six segments brownish-yellow below), most of clypeus (ventrolateral corner of clypeus black), and all tarsi ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 c –d). Structure: vertex, frontal view, eyes moderately large (0.6 x as wide as face at antennal socket level); eyes converge above (upper interorbital distance 0.83 x lower interorbital distance); inner eye margins distinctly convex ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 c); antennal scape reaching lateral ocellus; scape about 7.5 x as long as flagellar segment 1, which is twice as long as flagellar segment 2; flagellum reaches to about middle of scutum; labrum with median region concave, apical margin recessed, shiny, mediolateral region punctuate; S 6 with posteromedian, bifurcate spine ( Fig. 6View FIGURE 6 e); S 7 as in M. scriptifrons ( Eardley 1991)  , S 8 and genital capsule as in M. fuliginosa ( Eardley 1991)  .

Distribution. This species is known from the type locality in the Karoo, South Africa, and the middle of Namibia.

Material Examined. Male: Namibia, 42km S. Maltahohe, 25.00S 16.45 E, 17.ii. 1988, G.D. Butler, in SANC.

Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) rozeni Eardley  ( Fig. 7View FIGURE 7)

Namibia. Foraging on flowers of: Gisekia  african ( Gisekiaceae  ), Limeum  arqute-carinatum, Limeum fenestratum  ( Molluginaceae  ), Sesuvium sesuvioides  ( Aizoaceae  ).

Meliturgula rozeni Eardley, 1991: 124  , 126–129, 133, 135.

Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) rozeni (Friese)  : Patiny 1999 a: 250; Patiny 2004 a: 2, 8– 9.

Meliturgula(Poecilomelitta) flavida (Friese)  ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8)

Namibia, South Africa. Foraging on flowers of: Limoneum sp. ( Plumbaginaceae  ), Sesuvium sesuvioides  ( Aizoaceae  ), Tephrosia burchellii  ( Fabaceae  ), Gisekia africana  ( Gisekiaceae  ), Limeum  arqute-carinatum ( Molluginaceae  ), Mollugo cerviana  ( Molluginaceae  ).

Poecilomelitta flavida Friese, 1913 b: 574  .

Meliturgula flavida (Friese)  : Gess and Gess 1991: 84; Eardley 1991: 123 –124, 130– 133. Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) flavida (Friese)  : Patiny 1999 a: 250; Patiny 2004: 2, 8, 12. Poecilomelitta obscurata Cockerell, 1936 a: 478  –479.

Poecilomelitta robustula Cockerell, 1936 a: 480  .

SANC

Agricultural Research Council-Plant Protection Research Institute

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Andrenidae

Genus

Meliturgula

Loc

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) bonheimi

Eardley, Connal 2009
2009
Loc

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) wilmattae

Patiny 2004: 2
2004
Loc

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) haematospila

Patiny 2004: 2
Cockerell 1936: 555
2004
Loc

Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) eardleyana

Patiny 2004: 2
2004
Loc

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) scriptifrons

Patiny 2004: 2
Patiny 2000: 16
2000
Loc

Meliturgula (Meliturgula) braunsi

Patiny 2004: 2
Patiny 1999: 248
1999
Loc

Meliturgula minima

Patiny 1999: 63
Cockerell 1935: 236
1999
Loc

Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) fulginosa

Patiny 2004: 2
Patiny 1999: 250
Cockerell 1936: 479
1999
Loc

Meliturgula (Poecilomelitta) rozeni

Patiny 2004: 2
Patiny 1999: 250
1999
Loc

Meliturgula braunsi

Eardley 1991: 124
Friese 1903: 34
1991
Loc

Meliturgula flavida

Patiny 2004: 2
Patiny 1999: 250
Gess 1991: 84
Eardley 1991: 123
Cockerell 1936: 478
1991
Loc

Meliturgula minima

Cockerell 1935: 236
1935
Loc

Meliturgula wilmattae

Cockerell 1932: 448
Loc

Meliturgula haematospila

Cockerell 1935: 559
Loc

Nomia scriptifrons

Walker 1871: 44
Loc

Meliturgula minima

Friese 1912: 188
Loc

Poecilomelitta fuliginosa

Friese 1913: 574
Loc

Meliturgula rozeni

Eardley 1991: 124
Loc

Poecilomelitta flavida

Friese 1913: 574
Loc

Poecilomelitta robustula

Cockerell 1936: 480