Ariadna chhotae

Siliwal, Manju, Yadav, Archana & Kumar, Dolly, 2017, Three new species of tube-dwelling spider genus Ariadna Audouin, 1826 (Araneae: Segestriidae) from India, Zootaxa 4362 (3), pp. 433-441: 438-441

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4362.3.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E1F14725-0C5E-4EFA-A8FC-A8F29494CA63

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7B9D1203-2498-4F84-86A5-2207F1487096

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:7B9D1203-2498-4F84-86A5-2207F1487096

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Ariadna chhotae
status

sp. nov.

Ariadna chhotae  sp. nov. Siliwal & Yadav

( Figures 11–13View FIGURES 11–13, 16–17View FIGURES 14–17, 22–23View FIGURES 18–23. 18, 20, 22)

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:7B9D 1203-2498 -4F84-86A5-2207F1487096

Holotype: female, 7.i.2010, India: Karnataka: Between Potoli and Janta Colony, Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, 619m (15 0 14' 52.3"N, 74 0 17' 55.3"E), coll. M. Siliwal, N. Gupta, S. Behera, WILD-10-ARA-563. Paratype: female, 28.iv.2010, same locality as the holotype, M. Siliwal, N. Gupta, WILD-10-ARA-1059.

Diagnosis. Female differs from A. nebulosa  by presence of 3-4-2-3 spines on tibia I ventrally (in A. nebulosa  3-3 spines; in A. vansda  sp. nov. 5-3 spines; in A. molur  sp. nov. 4-4 spines) and mt I ventrally with 2–3 spines (in A. nebulosa  and A. vansda  sp. nov. 3-3 spines; in A. molur  sp. nov. 6-5 spines). It differs from rest of the well described known species by anterior receptacles sclerotized, thick, short with dorsal lobe with bulged rounded tip distally ( Figs 16–17View FIGURES 14–17, 22–23View FIGURES 18–23. 18, 20, 22).

Etymology. The species epithet is derived from hindi word chhotae  , which means small, referring to the small size of this species.

Description of holotype female (WILD-10-ARA-563). Total length 6.35. Carapace 2.94 long, 1.88 wide; abdomen 3.41 long, 2.06 wide. Carapace reddish-brown, anteriorly slightly darker, integument rough (pitted ridged in radiating pattern all along carapace); covered with few long and short brown hairs, more abundant on cephalic area than thoracic; fovea indistinct. Eyes with black rim; posterior row slightly procurved, PME distinctly larger; ocular group 0.47 long, 1.35 wide; eye diameter ALE 0.24, PME 0.29, PLE 0.24; inter-distances PLE-PME 0.24, PME-ALE 0.18; clypeus 0.18 high. Labium 0.53 long, 0.41 wide, orangish-brown, narrowing down in anterior one third; covered with long black hairs. Endites 1.06 long, 0.29 wide, long, broader at base and narrowest mid-length, orangish-brown except for distal tip pale, covered with long black hairs. Chelicerae blackish-brown. Sternum 1.65 long, 1.18 wide; orangish-brown with dark patches laterally; margins rebordered, sternum margins with precoxal triangles. Legs I –II and palp greenish-yellow, with faint dark patches on patella to tarsus; legs III –IV yellowish with greenish-yellow femur. Leg and palp measurements (femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, tarsus, total length): Leg I: 1.82, 0.88, 1.35, 1.29, 0.76, 6.12; Leg II: 1.71, 0.82, 1.29, 1.24, 0.71, 5.76; Leg III: 1.35, 0.71, 0.76, 0.82, 0.53, 4.18; Leg IV: 1.82, 0.94, 1.47, 1.18, 0.59, 6.00; Palp: 0.11, 0.06, 0.09, -, 0.07, 0.32. Leg formula: 1423. Spines or macrosetae: Leg I: fe p1, ti p3, v6, r3, mt p2, v3; leg II: ti p3, v2, mt p2, v3; leg III: ti p2, v1, r3, mt p2, v2, r3; leg IV: ti v1, mt v2, ventro-retrolaterally one preening comb with four macrosetae; palp: ti p4, ta p9. Claws: largest on leg I and leg III smallest; paired claws with 7–17 teeth, inferior claw smooth; palp with single smooth claw, turned inward almost 90 degrees. Abdomen greyish brown, mottled with pale dots dorsally and ventrally. Spinnerets covered with brown hairs, colulus short covered with long hairs. Epigastric area darkened posteriorly to epigastric furrow. Internal genitalia with two receptacles, anterior receptacles sclerotized, ventral lobe shorter than dorsal lobe; dorsal lobe sclerotized laterally with unsclerotized round, bulged lobe distally; both posteriorly leading to common chamber ( Figs 16–17View FIGURES 14–17, 22–23View FIGURES 18–23. 18, 20, 22); uterus externus, transparent; inter-pulmonary ummodified; posterior receptaculum large, globular sac like ( Figs 16View FIGURES 14–17, 22View FIGURES 18–23. 18, 20, 22).

Paratype (WILD-11-ARA-1059). Total length 6.14. Carapace 2.14 long, 1.35 wide; abdomen 4.00 long, 1.88 wide. Eyes: ocular group 0.76 long, 1.00 wide; diameter PME 0.11, ALE 0.11, PLE 0.11; inter-distances PME-PLE 0.08, ALE-ALE 0.24, PME-ALE, 0.07. Clypeus height 0.08. Endites: 0.94 long, 0.22 wide. Labium: 0.88 long, 0.35 wide. Sternum: 2.65 long, 0.89 wide. Leg and palp measurements (femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, tarsus, total length): Leg I: 1.47, 0.65, 1.18, 1.12, 0.47, 4.89; Leg II: 1.41, 0.71, 1.00, 1.00, 0.59, 4.71; Leg III: 1.06, 0.59, 0.62, 0.71, 0.35, 3.33; Leg IV: 1.59, 0.76, 1.18, 1.00, 0.35, 4.88; Palp: 0.54, 0.32, 0.27, -, 0.54, 1.67. Leg formula 1423. Remaining characters as in holotype.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Segestriidae

Genus

Ariadna