Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob. (= Eupatorium odoratum L.)

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 25-26

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.102.24380

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B7722A97-F049-1B68-5A29-C75AA641C062

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob. (= Eupatorium odoratum L.)
status

 

Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M. King & H. Rob. (= Eupatorium odoratum L.) 

Names.

Myanmar: bezat, bizat, jamani-chon, taw-bizat. English: buttefly-weed, jack in the bush, siamweed.

Range.

New World subtropics and tropics- Florida, Texas; Mexico; and West Indies. Pantropical weed. Widespread in Myanmar.

Use.

Leaf: Used to treat dysentery.

Notes.

In India the leaf is used to treat dysentery; also applied on fresh cuts and wounds to stop bleeding ( Jain and DeFilipps 1991). The medicinal uses of this plant in the Caribbean region, as well as its chemistry, biological activity, toxicity and dosages, are discussed by Germosén-Robineau (1997). The chemistry, pharmacology, history and medicinal uses of this species in Latin America are discussed in detail by Gupta (1995). A pharmacological profile including medicinal uses of this plant in Africa is given in Iwu (1993).

An aqueous ethanol extract of the leaves of C. odorata  were found to have antifungal activity. Chemical analysis of the extract and fractions showed the presence of biologically active constituents including some coumarines,flavonoids, phenols, tannins, and sterols. No toxic effect was noticed in the mice treated. ( Ngono Ngane et al. 2006). Ethanol extracts of leaves of this species also showed antibacterial activites, inhibiting the growth of Bacillus subtilis  , Staphylococcus aureus  , and Salmonella typhimurium  . The extract also was shown to reduce parasite number: antiprotozoal and cytotoxicity assays were done against Trichomonas vaginalis  and Blastocystis hominis  . Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the chemical compositon of the extracts to contain flavonoids, saponins, tannins and steroids ( Vital and Rivera 2009).

Reference.

Nordal (1963).

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

ORDO

Family

FAMILIA

Genus

Chromolaena