Seira domestica ( Nicolet, 1842 )

Cipola, Nikolas Gioia, Arbea, Javier, Baquero, Enrique, Jordana, Rafael, Morais, José Wellington De & Bellini, Bruno Cavalcante, 2018, The survey of Seira Lubbock, 1870 (Collembola, Entomobryidae, Seirinae) from Iberian Peninsula and Canary Islands, including three new species, Zootaxa 4458 (1), pp. 1-66: 6-18

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https://doi.org/10.11646/Zootaxa.4458.1.1

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scientific name

Seira domestica ( Nicolet, 1842 )
status

 

Seira domestica ( Nicolet, 1842) 

Figs 2 A View Figure , 5‒9View FIGURE 5View FIGURE 6, Tables 1‒2

Degeeria domestica  Nicolet, 1842: 76, pl.8, fig. 11 View Figure (orig. descr.), not examined. Nicolet, 1847: 370, Suisse and France (record). Seira domestica  ; Lubbock, 1870: 279, London, England (comb. and descr.). Lubbock, 1873: 144, pl.21, fig.1 (descr.). Denis, 1938: 137, figs. 7‒10, Venice, Italy (descr. as Lepidocyrtinus gridellii  ). Gisin & Gama, 1962: 789, figs 3 View Figure , 4A View Figure , 5A View Figure , 6‒7View FIGURE 6, Geneva, Switzerland (descr.). Jacquemart, 1973: 6, fig. 3 View Figure , Petra, Jordan (chaetotaxy compared). Christiansen & Bellinger, 2000: 62, figs. 27A View Figure , 40 View Figure , United States (descr.).

Diagnosis. Body with pigments on AntAbout Ant II‒IV ( Fig. 2 A View Figure ); head macAbout mac M 4i, S4, Pa4 and Pp6 absent, eyepatches with

4‒5 interocular chaetae (q eventually absent) ( Fig. 5D View Figure ); labral papillae conical, outer papilla slightly smaller ( Fig. 5F View Figure ); Th II with 4 medio-central macAbout mac (m1‒ 1i, m2‒ 2i) and PmA‒PmC groups with 5‒7, 1‒3 and 8‒10 macAbout mac respectively ( Fig. 6 A View Figure ); Th III  AbdAbout Abd III with 11‒15, 6, 5 and 1‒2 ( rarely a3 as macAbout mac) central macAbout mac, respectively ( Figs 6 B‒E View Figure )  ; AbdAbout Abd IV with 12 central and 18 lateral macAbout mac ( Fig. 7 A)  ; males with one inner row of 5 mac finely ciliate on femur I and 6 proximal spine-like mac on tibiotarsus I ( Fig. 8E View Figure ); unguis apical tooth present; unguiculus outer edge serrated and with proximal tooth ( Fig. 8E View Figure ); manubrium ventrally with 2/4 subapical and 16 apical chaetae ( Fig. 9B View Figure ).

Examined material. 1 male and 1 female on slide ( sample 1979-369 / NHMAbout NHM): England, London, Hampstead Village (51°33'N, 00°10'W), indoors, 100 m approx., 11.x.1937, F.G. M.W. SGoogleMaps  . coll. 1 female on slide (sample 1979- 369/NHM): Spain, Navarra Province, Pamplona municipality, University of Navarra (42°48'13"N, 01°39'54"W), in laboratory benchtop, 435 m, 02.xi.1976, RGoogleMaps  . Jordana coll. 1 female on slide ( sample 20151001 a / MZNAAbout MZNA)  : University of Navarra (42°48'13"N, 01°39'54"W), in laboratory benchtop, 435 m, 30.ix.2015, E. Baquero collGoogleMaps  . 1 male and 3 females on slide and 5 specimens in alcohol (EVA0051/INPA): Valencia Province, Devesa del Saler (39°16'08''N; 00°20'02''W)GoogleMaps  , under Pistacia  L. ( Anacardiaceae  ) in beach dunes, 6 m, 10.vi.2004, S. Montagud and team coll. 1 male and 2 females on slide (ESA0023/JIAP), Cantabria Province, El Astillero municipality, (43°20'58''N, 03°51'49''W), in collector's house, 20 m, 14.iv.2014, J.IGoogleMaps  . Arbea coll. 4 females on slide (ECS0008/JIAP): Castellón Province, Fanzara Municipality, Cova de la Mola (39°59'30''N, 00°25'23''W), 229 m, 17.vii.2005, pitfall- trap, A  .

Sendra coll. 1 female on slide and 2 specimens in alcohol (EVA0010/INPA): Valencia Province, Titaguas municipality, La Rebollosa (39°49'30''N, 01°07'49''W), under Salvia officinalis  L. ( Lamiaceae  ), 720 m, 23.viii.1996, A.M. Monteagudo coll. 4 females and 1 juvenile on slides and 6 specimens in alcohol (CC/UFRN): Iran, Mazandaran Province, Sari city, Semeskandeh Wildlife Refuge (36°33'N, 53°09'L), 115 m, 04.xii.2015, pitfall-trap, M. Ghasemi coll. 1 specimens in alcohol (INPA), idem, except 07.vii.2016. 1 male on slide (SAM): Australia, New South Wales, Sidney (33°53'S, 151°12'L), living room of house of asthmatic, xi.1987, R. Baker coll. 1 female on slide (SAM): Australian Capital Territory, Canberra, Black Mountain Laboratory (33°53'S, 151°12'L), in green house, ii.1995, P. Hart coll. 1 male on slide (FedUni): Victoria, Melbourne, Melbourne University, contaminant laboratory, 2013‒2014, R. Slatyer coll. 1 female on slide (SAM): Rutherglen (36°03'S, 146°27'L), wheatfield plot 52 4b, soil core, 31.v.1994, BL ML coll. 1 male on slide (SAM): South Australia, 10km S Robe, Little Dip Conservation Park (37°10'S, 139°48'L), Erringtons Hole, mobile sand dune, litter, 04.ii.1978, P.J.G. coll. 1 female on slide (SAM): Peterborough, Comet Bore (32°11'S, 139°22'L), 90 mile in desert, 252 m, heath litter, 10.x.1977, P.J.G. coll. 1 female on slide (SAM): Adelaide, Mitcham (34°59'S, 138°37'L), by porch light, 1.7 m high on wall, 06.ix.1978, Southcott coll.

Description based on the listed specimens. Total length ( head + trunk) 2.64‒3.79 mm; Th ratio as II: III = 1: 0.55‒0.78; AbdAbout Abd ratio as III: IV = 1: 3.2 8‒4.51 (n= 4). Specimens pale white with orange to bluish pigment on distal half of AntAbout Ant II to apex of AntAbout Ant IV; eyepatches black ( Fig. 2 A View Figure ). Scales present on AntAbout Ant I to AntAbout Ant IV basally, ventral and dorsal head, thorax and abdomen dorsally, legs (except empodia), anterior collophore and manubrium and dentes

ventrally.

Head. Antennae shorter than body length, antennal ratio as I: II  : III: IV = 1: 1.6 3‒1.86: 1.67‒1.91: 2.28‒2.86 (n=4) ( Fig. 2 A View Figure )  . AntAbout Ant IV weakly annulated, with simple apical bulb and blunt sens ( Fig. 5 A View Figure )  . Ant III apical organ with two rod-like sens, 3 guard sens, several blunt sens of different sizes and two spine-like sens ( Fig. 5B View Figure ). Clypeal formula with 4 (l1‒2), 4 (f), 3 (pf0‒1) ciliate chaetae, l1 acuminate, l2 largest ( Fig. 5C View Figure ). Four conical labral papillae, outer papillae slightly smaller ( Fig. 5D View Figure ). Maxillary palp with smooth apical appendage (a. a.) and basal chaeta (b.c.) weakly ciliated, thicker and 1.14 longer than the apical ( Fig. 5E View Figure )  . Eyes A and B larger, G smaller, with 4‒5 interocular chaetae (q, v, p, r, t), q rarely absent; head dorsal chaetotaxy ( Fig. 5F View Figure ) with 10 ‘An’ macAbout mac (An 1, An 2‒3), 4 ‘A’ macAbout mac (A 0, A 2‒3, A 5), 3 ‘M’ macAbout mac (M1‒2, M4), 7 ‘S’ macAbout mac (S0‒3, S5‒6), 1 ‘Ps’ macAbout mac ( Ps 2), 4 ‘Pa’ macAbout mac ( Pa 1‒3, Pa 5), 2 ‘Pm’ macAbout mac ( Pm 1, Pm 3), 4 ‘Pp’ macAbout mac ( Pp 1‒3, Pp 5)  , and 4 ‘Pe’ macAbout mac (Pe 2‒4 plus Pe 3p)  . Basomedian and basolateral labial fields with M1‒2, R, E, L1‒2, R smaller. Postlabial ventral chaetotaxy with about 16 ciliate chaetae, postlabial formula 4 (G1‒4), 3 (H2‒4), 4 (J1‒4), basal chaeta (b.c.) largest ( Fig. 5G View Figure ).

Thorax chaetotaxy ( Figs 6 A ‒B View Figure ). Th II, series ‘a’ with 4 macAbout mac (a5ip‒5p)  ; series ‘m’ with 6‒7 macAbout mac (m 1i ‒1, m 2i ‒2, m 4i ‒4p), m4p generally present; series ‘p’ with 15‒21 macAbout mac (p 1i 2p‒1p, p2a–2ep2, p 3i 3–p3p, p5), p 1i 2p, p1ip2, p2a, p2p, p2ea and p 3i 3 present or absent. Th III, series ‘a’ with 6‒7 macAbout mac (a1a‒6), a1a generally as macAbout mac; series ‘m’ with 1 macAbout mac (m6)  ; series ‘p’ with 7‒10 macAbout mac (p 1i 2‒1p, p2a‒2ea, p3, p5‒6), p 1i 2 and p 1i generally absent, p2e rarely as micAbout mic. 

Abdomen chaetotaxy ( Figs 6 C‒E View Figure , 7 A ‒B)  . Abd I, series ‘a’ with 1 mac (a3); series ‘m’ with 5 mac (m 2i ‒4). Abd II, series ‘a’ with 2 mac (a2–3); series ‘m’ with 4 mac (m3‒3e, m5). AbdAbout Abd III, series ‘a’ with a3 rarely as macAbout mac; series ‘m’ with 3 macAbout mac (m3, am6, pm6)  ; series ‘p’ with 1 mac (p6). AbdAbout Abd IV with 12 central macAbout mac of series ‘A’ to ‘T’ (A 3a‒6, Ae 7, B3‒6, C1, T1)  , and 18 lateral macAbout mac of series ‘E’ to ‘Fe’ (E2‒4p, Ee 7, Ee 10, F1‒3, Fe 2‒5); at least 5 sens (ps type I and 4 type II)  , and posteriorly with 7 mes present. Abd V, series ‘a’ with 1 mac (a5); series ‘m’ with 4 mac (m2‒3, m5‒5e); series ‘p’ with 6 mac (p1, p3‒5, ap6‒6e).

Legs. Subcoxa I with 5 chaetae and 2 psp; subcoxa II with an anterior row of 11 chaetae and 1 anterior chaeta, posterior row of 4 chaetae, 1 anterior and 1 posterior chaetae and 5 psp; subcoxa III with one row of 10 chaetae and 2 posterior pspAbout psp ( Figs 8 A ‒C View Figure )  . Trochanteral organ with about 20 spine-like chaetae ( Fig. 8D View Figure ). Unguis with median tooth larger, apical tooth smaller than basal teeth. Unguiculus with all lamellae acuminate, pe lamella serrated and with small proximal tooth, other lamellae (ai, ae, pi) smooth; ratio unguis: unguiculus = 1: 0.51 ( Fig. 8F View Figure )  . Tibiotarsus III distally with inner smooth chaeta 1.13 larger than unguiculus; and outer tenent hair capitate, discretely ciliate, and 0.80 smaller than unguis.

Leg I of males ( Fig. 8E View Figure ). Femur I with one inner row of 5 finely ciliate mac of different sizes, one robust spine- like chaeta, 6 small truncate chaetae, and one proximal chaetae ciliate and apically acuminate; outer side with 3 chaetae ciliate and apically acuminate. Tibiotarsus I armed with one inner row of 6 proximal spine-like mac finely ciliate and apically acuminate or rounded, followed by 8 thicker chaetae finely ciliate; outer side with one proximal chaeta ciliate and apically acuminate.

Collophore ( Fig. 9 A View Figure )  . Anterior side with 10 ciliate chaetae, including 1 distal mac and 1 acuminate long chaeta; posterior side with 8 ciliate chaetae, of which 1 distal thicker; lateral flap with 3 smooth chaetae (one smaller posteriorly) and 16 ciliate chaetae.

TABLE I. Overall morphological comparison among Seira  species with known morphology from Western Palearctic region.

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TABLE I. (Continueđ)

Notes: (ret.) retractile; (B) basal teeth; (M) međian tooth; (A) apical tooth; (+) present; (+) absent; (?) unknown; (*) refers to chaeta size in relation to other chaetae of posterior row (M2, E, LI–2). Reference: (1) Nicolet 1842; (2)Lubbock 1870; (3) Parona 1888; (4) Reuter 1895; (5)Scherbakov 1898; (6)Carl 1899; (7)Hanđschin 1925a, (8)1925b; (9)Stach 1955; (10)Altner 1960; (11)Gisin & Gama 1962; (12) Gama 1964; (13)Ellis 1966; (14) Parisi 1969; (15)Loksa & Bogojević 1970; (16)Dallai & Ferrari 1971; (17)Dallai 1973; (18) Jacquemart 1973; (19) Jacquemart 1974; (20)Ellis 1976; (21) Rusek 1981; (22)Gers & Deharveng 1985; (23) Gama 1988a; (24) Jorđana & Arbea 1989; (25) Tosi & Parisi 1990; (26) Yoshii 1990; (27) Loksa 1990; (28)Christiansen & Bellinger 2000; (29)Gruia et al. 2000; (30)Barra 2004b; (31)Negri et al. 2005; (32)Barra 2010; (33) Zeppelini & Bellini 2006; (34) Winkler & Dányi 2017; (35)Present stuđy.

Notes: (*) rare conđition; (+) present; (+) absent; (?) unknown. Only central mac were consiđeređ on Th III to Abđ II. Reference: (1)Gisin & Gama 1962; (2) Gama 1964; (3)Ellis 1966; (4)Loksa & Bogojevic 1970; (5)Dallai & Ferrari 1971; (6)Dallai 1973; (7) Jacquemart 1973; (8) Jacquemart 1974; (9)Ellis 1976; (10) Rusek 1981; (11)Gers & Deharveng 1985; (12) Gama 1988a; (13) Jorđana & Arbea 1989; (14) Tosi & Parisi 1990; (15) Yoshii 1990; (16)Christiansen & Bellinger 2000; (17)Gruia et al. 2000; (18)Barra 2004b; (19)Negri et al. 2005; (20) Zeppelini & Bellini 2006; (21)Barra 2010; (22) Winkler & Dányi 2017; (23)Present stuđy.

Furcula ( Figs 9B‒C View Figure ). Manubrium ventrally with formula 1, 2, 2, 2/4 (subapical), 14 (apical) ciliate chaetae and approximately 9 elongated apical scales per side; manubrium dorsally with 7 subapical ciliate chaetae; manubrial plate with 6‒7 ciliate chaetae and 3 psp.

Remarks. Seira domestica  resembles other species from the Western Palearctic region as S. atlantica Negri, Pellecchia & Fanciulli, 2005  , S. dagamae Dallai, 1973  , S. deserti Jacquemart, 1974  and S. graeca Ellis, 1966  by head macAbout mac M 4i, S4, Pa4 and Pp6 absent, Th II with 4 medio-central macAbout mac (m1‒ 1i, m2‒ 2i) and AbdAbout Abd I‒IV with 6, 5, 1 and 12 central macAbout mac, respectively ( Table 2). However, S. domestica  differs from these species by AntAbout Ant IV annulated ( simple in S. atlantica  and S. dagamae  ), four conical labral papillae ( two inner in S. atlantica  ), basomedian labial field with chaeta R smaller than others (subequal than others in S. atlantica  , S. deserti  and S. graeca  ), trochanteral organ with about 20 spine-like chaetae ( more in S. atlantica  and S. dagamae  , less in S. deserti  ), unguis with median teeth larger than basal (subequal in S. atlantica  , S. deserti  and S. graeca  ), and unguiculus with outer lamella serrated ( smooth in S. atlantica  and S. dagamae  ). In addition, S. domestica  differs from these species in chaetotaxy of the Th II with 8‒10 macAbout mac in PmC group and AbdAbout Abd IV with 18 lateral macAbout mac, while in these other species suchAbout such chaetotaxy is reduced ( less than 6 macAbout mac in PmC group and 13 lateral macAbout mac in AbdAbout Abd IV). Pigments in S. domestica  are restricted to the antennae, while in some species it mayAbout may have a distinct pattern ( S. dagamae  ), with pigments in legs and abdomen parts ( S. atlantica  ), diffuse ( S. graeca  ) or even depigmented, except forAbout for eyepatches ( S. deserti  ). All comparisons among species are presented in Tables 1 and 2.

The type locality of S. domestica  was not provided by Nicolet (1842) in the original description, but in 1847 the same author reported the presence of the species in Switzerland and France, inside houses. Nicolet lived in Switzerland, locality of many species of springtails described by him (as in Nicolet 1842, 1847). Consequently, it is

accepted today by deduction that the type locality of S. domestica  is also Switzerland  . The type material of the species is lost, since it was notAbout not found in any main Swiss collection as: Musée d'Histoire Naturelle Neuchâtel (J. Litman, personal communication)  ; and Natural History Museum of Geneva (J. Schwendinger, personal communication)  . Even so we could notAbout not analyze specimens from Switzerland, our description fits past descriptions of S. domestica  dorsal chaetotaxy (excluding possible mistakes and omissions)  , including Gisin & Gama (1962) which was based in specimens from Geneva, Switzerland  . However, this typological limitation prevents at this moment to determine some variations in populations of S. domestica  . Gisin & Gama (1962: 792, fig. 4 A View Figure ) reported the presence of macAbout mac m 4i on head of S. domestica  , as well as Jacquemart (1973: 8, fig.4 View Figure ), in specimens from Jordan, butAbout but this chaeta is micAbout mic in all specimens analyzed here  . Other variations observed in our specimens is PmA and PmC groups of the Th II, central macAbout mac of Th III, and one specimen ( from same locality) with macAbout mac a3 in AbdAbout Abd III ( Figs 6 A ‒B, E View Figure )  , but these may have been omitted, since these authors did not reveal variations in their descriptions.

Ant

Anguilla National Trust

mac

Instituto do Meio Ambiente

Abd

University of Aberdeen

NHM

University of Nottingham

MZNA

Universidad de Navarra, Museum of Zoology

mic

Mar Ivanios College (Zoology museum)

psp

Parasitic Seed Plants

such

Sukhumi Botanical Garden of Georgian Academy of Sciences

may

Adygean State University

for

Forssa Museum of Natural History

not

Nottingham City Natural History Museum

but

Butler University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Collembola

Order

Collembola

Family

Entomobryidae

Genus

Seira

Loc

Seira domestica ( Nicolet, 1842 )

Cipola, Nikolas Gioia, Arbea, Javier, Baquero, Enrique, Jordana, Rafael, Morais, José Wellington De & Bellini, Bruno Cavalcante 2018

2018
Loc

Lepidocyrtinus gridellii

Denis 1938

1938
Loc

Degeeria domestica

Nicolet 1842

1842