Uramya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830
Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Hallwachs, Winnie, Janzen, Daniel & Dapkey, Tanya, 2017, Nine new species of Uramya Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste in northwestern Costa Rica, with a key to their identification, Biodiversity Data Journal 5, pp. 9649-9649 : 9649
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|Uramya Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830|
Neaporia Townsend, 1908: 67 (nom. nov. for Aporia Macquart but preocc. by Gorham, 1897). Type species: Aporia quadrimaculata Macquart, 1846, automatic [by designation of the same species (by monotypy) for Aporia Macquart, 1846].
Paraporia Townsend, 1912: 48 (nom. nov. for Neaporia Townsend). Type species: Aporia quadrimaculata Macquart, 1846, automatic [by designation of the same species (automatic) for Neaporia Townsend, 1908].
aldrichi Reinhard, 1935: 163 ( Uramya ). Holotype male (USNM) [examined by DMW]. Type locality: Mexico, Oaxaca, Etla. (We have opted to leave this species out of the key on account of the holotype being too damaged; however, it most resembles U. nitens Schiner.)
brasiliensis Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830: 116 ( Olinda ). Holotype female (MNHN). Type locality: Brazil, Garatuba [examined by AJF]. Comb. nov. (The holotype of this species was presumed lost; after ascertaining its existence, we confirm that it belongs to the genus Uramya ; unfortunately, it is too damaged to identify properly and as such we have opted to leave this species out of the key.)
Head: frontal bristles not extending beyond level of pedicel; eyes haired; facial margin not visible in profile; vibrissa arising at level of facial margin; first flagellomere almost reaching facial margin; arista slightly pubescent; facial ridge devoid of bristles; ocellar bristles weak to absent; inner vertical bristles elongate, parallel, in some cases indistiguishable from upper frontal bristles; outer orbitals weak to absent in males, but strong in females; females with two pairs of proclinate orbital bristles.
Thorax: chaetotaxy as follows: postsutural supra-alar bristles 3 (2 in U. pannosa sp. nov.); acrostichal bristles 2:3; dorsocentral bristles 3:3 (4 in U. venusta ); postpronotal bristles 4 or 5; two strong scutellar marginal bristles (except 3 in U. brevicauda ); apical scutellar bristles long and decussate; 2-3 katepisternal bristles; propleuron bare; wings smoky gray, in some species with brown markings or bicolored: yellow at base and brownish-black distally; calypters broad, of yellow-amber color, haired marginally; legs black; claws and pulvilli elongate in males.
Abdomen: narrowed and elongate, at least twice as long as wide; frequently acutely produced dorsally into a tail-like process; mid-dorsal depression on ST1+2 reaching hind margin of syntergite; T3, T4 and sometimes ST1+2 with one to three pairs of discal bristles; all tergites with marginals. In females, abdomen usually not as elongate as males and with a rounded posterior end.
Uramya is easily distinguished by the following combination of traits: densely haired eyes; facial carina absent; facial ridge bare; parafacial bare (sometimes with a few black setulae in females); ocellar bristles weak to absent; prosternum bare; postpronotum with 4-5 bristles; 3 postsutural supra-alar bristles (2 in U. pannosa ); 3 large postsutural dorsocentral bristles (4 in U. venusta ); metathoracic spiracle fringed with plumose hairs of about equal size along anterior and posterior edges, leaving a V-shaped mid-dorsal opening; scutellum with 3-4 pairs of strong marginal scutellar bristles (1 pair of basal scutellar bristles, 1-2 pairs of lateral bristles, and 1 pair of subapical bristles), excluding a pair of strong, crossed apicals; vein M sharply angled at bend; abdomen subcylindrical (in males often with T5 dorsally produced into a tail-like structure), with 1-2 pairs of median discal bristles on tergites 3 and 4.
Nearctic and Neotropical (not known from Chile and southern Argentina)
According to Arnaud (1978) Uramya species parasitize lepidopteran larvae in the families Limacodidae , Arctiidae , Megalopygidae and Lasiocampidae . Current data from ACG inventoried larvae confirm this, adding records from the family Dalceridae . Uramya puparia are asymmetrical as seen in Fig. 2 ( Uramya infracta sp. nov.).
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