Oreodera kawasae, Santos-Silva & Roie & Jocqué, 2021

Santos-Silva, Antonio, Roie, Martijn Van & Jocqué, Merlijn, 2021, Longhorned woodboring beetles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) from Cusuco National Park, Honduras: new species, new records, and revalidation, European Journal of Taxonomy 764, pp. 37-61 : 44-48

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Oreodera kawasae

sp. nov.

Oreodera kawasae sp. nov.


Figs 13–19 View Figs 13–19


The general appearance of Oreodera kawasae sp. nov. is much as that of O. turnbowi McCarty, 2001 . However, although McCarty (2001) had only provided the length of the holotype male and paratype female, it is possible to see, using photographs of the holotype (see Bezark 2021b), that O. turnbowi is proportionally more slender than O. kawasae sp. nov. Additionally, comparing the males of O. kawasae sp. nov. with the holotype male of O. turnbowi , it is possible to provide the following differences: distance between upper eye lobes equal to maximum width of the scape; antennomeres VII and IX not ringed with white pubescence basally; anterolateral tubercles of the prothorax with apex noticeably rounded; elytra at most 4.0 times prothoracic length; centrobasal crest of the elytra not distinctly separated into two tubercles; tarsomeres V shorter and distinctly widened. In the holotype male of O. turnbowi , distance between upper eye lobes shorter than maximum width of scape, antennomeres VII and IX distinctly ringed with whitish pubescence basally, anterolateral tubercles of the prothorax nearly conical, elytra is almost 4.5 times prothoracic length, centrobasal crest of the elytra distinctly separated into two distinct tubercles (with punctures between them), and the tarsomeres V are longer and slender. According to McCarty (2001), the mesoventral process in O. turnbowi is 1.25 times as wide as the mesocoxal cavity. As we do not know where the width was measured (narrowest area or apex), we are not using this difference (in O. kawasae sp. nov., 1.3 times in the narrowest area, 1.5 times in apex).

Oreodera kawasae sp. nov. is also similar to O. noguerai McCarty, 2001 , but differs by some of the same characters attributed to O. turnbowi (body proportions, pubescence on antennomeres VII and IX. Unfortunately, O. noguerai is known only from the holotype female, while O. kawasae sp. nov. is known only from males, but it also differs by the antennomere III being about 0.7 times as long as scape (twice as long as scape in O. noguerai ), and apical half of elytral margin without a fringe of sparse, fine, erect setae (present in O. noguerai ).

The general appearance of O. kawasae sp. nov. is somewhat similar to that of O. advena Martins & Galileo, 2005 , O. basipenicillata Tippmann, 1960 , O. undulata Bates, 1861 , and O. clarkei Galileo, Santos-Silva & Wappes, 2017 (see photographs of these four species on Bezark 2021b), but differs from them especially by the elytral pubescence pattern, and protarsal length and shape.


This species is named after Blanca Jeannette Kawas Fernández (Jeanette Kawas for short) in honor of her never-ending efforts to conserve the fauna and flora of Honduras. She co-established the Prolansate Foundation, which is still committed to protecting the environment while improving the quality of life of the local communities. Jeanette was murdered at her home in February 1995.

Type material

Holotype HONDURAS • ♂; Cortés, Cusuco National Park (Base camp); 7 Jul. 2017; local collector leg.; RBINS 34.248 View Materials .

Paratypes HONDURAS – Cortés • 1 ♂; Cusuco National Park ; Jun.–Jul. 2015; local collector leg.; RBINS 34.248 View Materials 1 ♂; Cusuco National Park ; 17 Jul. 2015; ETC leg.; RBINS 34.248 View Materials 1 ♂; Cusuco National Park, Guanales , in camp; 3 Aug. 2015; local collector leg.; MZSP 1 ♂; Cusuco National Park, Capuca ; 2015; local collector leg.; RBINS 34.248 View Materials 1 ♂; Cusuco National Park, Base camp; 8 Jun. 2015; T. Brown leg.; RBINS 34.248 View Materials 1 ♂; Cusuco National Park ; 1 Jul. 2017; local collector leg.; MZSP 1 ♂; Cusuco National Park, Cantilles ; Jun.–Aug. 2015; local collector leg.; RBINS 34.248 View Materials 1 ♂; Cusuco National Park ; 6 Jun. 2017; local collector leg.; RBINS 34.248 View Materials 1 ♀; Cusuco National Park , Base Camp transect 3; 15.494° N, 88.214° W; 1513 m a.s.l.; 24 Jun. 2013; Michelle D’Souza leg.; Barcode of Life DNA Voucher specimen; BIN: BOLD ACJ7715, BOLD Proc. ID: GMHGE319-13; CBG GoogleMaps .

Measurements in mm (male holotype / male paratypes (8))

Total length, 13.55 /8.40–13.95; prothoracic length, 2.35 / 1.45–2.65; anterior prothoracic width, 2.70 / 1.65–2.85; posterior prothoracic width, 3.35 / 2.00–3.90; maximum prothoracic width (between apex of tubercles), 4.05 / 2.40–4.40; humeral width, 5.60 / 3.40–5.95; elytral length, 9.75 / 6.05–9.90.


Male holotype ( Figs 13–17 View Figs 13–19 )

COLORATION. Integument mostly dark brown; mouthparts reddish brown, except blackish labial palpomere II, basal half of labial palpomere III, maxillary palpomeres II–III, and basal half of maxillary palpomere IV; antennomeres brown, especially from IV; apex of abdominal ventrites I–IV reddish brown.

HEAD. Frons densely micropunctate; with yellowish-brown pubescence partially obscuring integument, glabrous along median groove, with one long, erect seta of same color on each side close to eyes. Vertex and area behind upper eye lobes densely micropunctate (punctures slightly more distinct and sparser close to prothorax); with yellowish-brown pubescence, obscuring integument on some areas, yellower close to eyes, and forming irregular, slightly distinct yellowish-white macula behind upper eye lobes on area closer to prothorax. Area behind lower eye lobes with dense yellowish pubescence on wide area close to eye (pubescence more yellowish-white depending on light intensity), glabrous close to prothorax; with a few long, erect yellowish setae close to eye. Antennal tubercles minutely, abundantly punctate; pubescence as on frons. Genae 1.25 times length of lower eye lobes; densely micropunctate; with dense yellowish-brown pubescence (pubescence almost golden close to eye toward clypeus, yellowish-white toward ventral surface), glabrous on apex; with a few long, erect yellowish setae interspersed. Wide central area of postclypeus with pubescence as on frons, but somewhat bristly, with long, erect setae interspersed (setae brown on basal half, yellowish-white on apical half); sides glabrous. Labrum convex, coplanar with anteclypeus on posterior ⅔, inclined on anterior third; finely, abundantly punctate on posterior ⅔, nearly smooth on anterior third; with nearly golden pubescence on posterior ⅔ (pubescence more yellowish-white depending on light intensity), with long, erect setae interspersed (setae dark brown with apex yellowish), glabrous on posterior third, and with fringe of yellow setae on anterior margin. Mandibles with dense yellow pubescence on basal ⅔, with long, erect, sparse setae of same color interspersed, glabrous on apical third. Gulamentum smooth, shiny, glabrous on posterior half, depressed, opaque, densely micropunctate, with minute yellowish pubescence on anterior half. Median groove distinct from clypeus to prothoracic margin, sulcate, slightly widened between upper eye lobes. Distance between upper eye lobes 0.35 times length of scape, 0.24 times distance between outer margins of eyes; in frontal view, distance between lower eye lobes 0.87 times length of scape, 0.60 times distance between outer margins of eyes. Antennae 2.0 times elytral length, reaching elytral apex at apex of antennomere VII. Scape and pedicel with dense greenish-yellow pubescence dorsally and laterally (pubescence more yellowish-brown depending on light intensity), mostly yellowish-white ventrally; with long, erect, sparse setae ventrally (setae dark basally, yellowish apically), present on posterior half of scape, throughout on pedicel. Basal half of antennomeres III–IV with yellowish pubescence dorsally, white pubescence on sides and ventral surface of anterior ⅔, and greenish-brown pubescence on remaining surface; with long, erect setae ventrally (setae dark basally, yellowish apically). Antennomeres V, VI, VIII, and X with white pubescence on basal third, slightly distinct, brownish on remaining surface; with a few long, erect brownish setae apically; with short, erect, sparse yellowish setae throughout. Antennomeres VII and IX with slightly conspicuous brownish pubescence throughout, a few long, erect brownish setae apically, and with short, erect, sparse yellowish setae throughout. Antennomere XI with brownish pubescence, with whitish pubescence interspersed near base, and short, sparse, erect yellowish setae interspersed throughout. Antennal formula (ratio) based on length of antennomere III: scape = 0.67; pedicel = 0.23; IV = 0.79; V = 0.63; VI = 0.63; VII = 0.60; VIII = 0.59; IX = 0.56; X = 0.53; XI = 0.45.

THORAX. Lateral tubercles large, with blunt apex. Pronotum with five large, elevated tubercles: one circular on each side near middle, with rounded apex (these are highest); one elongate placed centrally on posterior half; and one circular, with blunt apex on each side of posterior third (smaller and far from each other than those placed near middle). Pronotal surface with row of coarse and deep punctures near posterior margin, coarse, moderately abundant punctures near anterior margin (slightly finer than on posterior row), and coarse, sparse punctures surrounding tubercles (finer than punctures near anterior and posterior margins); central area with mostly greenish-brown pubescence, and sides and anterior and posterior areas with mostly yellowish-brown pubescence (more pale yellow on some areas, especially toward lateral tubercles of prothorax). Sides of prothorax coarsely, abundantly punctate anteriorly and posteriorly, smooth centrally; with abundant yellowish-brown pubescence not obscuring integument (appearing to be lighter on some areas depending on light intensity); area behind lateral tubercle with long, erect, sparse dark setae. Prosternum with yellowish-brown pubescence, denser laterally. Prosternal process with pale yellow pubescence not obscuring integument (appearing to be yellowishwhite depending on light intensity), distinctly denser on posterior half; narrowest area 0.6 times width of procoxal cavity. Mesoventrite with pale yellow pubescence not obscuring integument, except sides with dense yellowish-brown pubescence; mesanepisternum, mesepimeron, and metanepisternum with dense yellowish-brown pubescence (nearly golden depending on light intensity). Narrowest area of mesoventral process 1.3 times width of mesocoxal cavity; apex of mesoventral process 1.5 times width of procoxal cavity. Metaventrite distinctly tumid on sides of posterior ⅔; with pale yellow pubescence on anterocentral area and between tumid areas, dense, yellow on tumid areas, yellowish-brown on remaining surface; sides coarsely, sparsely punctate (punctures more abundant on tumid areas). Scutellum semicircular; with short yellowish-brown pubescence on basal ⅔, slightly longer, dense, yellow on posterior third.

ELYTRA. Humeri projected laterally; surface coarsely, abundantly punctate on basal seventh, somewhat finely, sparsely punctate centrally from remaining basal third, coarsely sparsely punctate on remaining surface (punctures distinctly coarser than on basal seventh); apex obliquely truncate; surface, between apex of basal seventh and apex irregularly rugose; with transverse, elevated crest dorsally on apex of basal seventh, slightly more elevated toward its apex, with dense tuft of setae on top (setae yellow basally, black apically, longer on outer area, shorter on inner area, nearly absent between them); circumscutellar region mostly with white pubescence; sides of basal seventh with yellowish-brown pubescence, more yellowish or greenish-brown on some areas; dorsal surface with large, wide Y-shaped white band from about apex of anterior third to about posterior quarter; sides of central area with white pubescence laterally, partially surrounding irregular yellow pubescent macula placed centrally; sides of posterior quarter with nearly V-shaped white pubescent macula; area close to suture on posterior quarter with white pubescent macula; remaining elytral surface mostly with yellowish-brown and greenish-brown pubescence, except subcircular brownish pubescent maculae centrally, close to lateral arms of Y-shaped white band.

LEGS. Femora mostly with greenish-brown pubescence (appearing to be lighter depending on light intensity), with arched pale yellow pubescent ring on middle of club, and small pale yellow pubescent spots between it and apex. Tibiae with light yellowish-brown pubescent ring on basal third (protibiae) or quarter (meso- and metatibiae), ring with yellowish-white pubescence centrally, ring with sparse brownish pubescence between previous rings, sparse brownish pubescence dorsally and laterally on posterior quarter, bristly yellowish-brown pubescence ventrally on posterior quarter; posterior quarter of ventral surface of protibiae sinuous, with distinct projection on base of this area; dorsal surface of posterior quarter of meso- and metatibiae with short, erect, thick black setae dorsally. Protarsi not noticeably long; inner side of tarsomere II with distinct projection ( Fig. 17 View Figs 13–19 ). Tarsomeres I–II with pale yellow pubescence; tarsomeres III–V with brownish pubescence, shorter and sparser than on anterior segments; metatarsomere I slightly longer than II–III together.

ABDOMEN. Ventrites with yellowish pubescence, partially obscuring integument, denser laterally, except glabrous apex of I–IV; apex of ventrite V rounded (slightly more projected centrally).

Variation ( Figs 18–19 View Figs 13–19 )

Pubescence on vertex moderately greenish-brown; dense yellow pubescence on scutellum from covering almost entire surface to present only at apex; elytral pubescence somewhat variable, especially shape of white pubescent bands, and number of brownish subcircular areas, which may be very distinct, almost forming oblique band close to arms of Y-shaped white pubescent band, and posterior area of central white pubescent band.

Sequence information

A specimen from CNP of this species has been sequenced by the Centre for Biodiversity Genomics (CBG) as part of a separate project ( D’Souza & Hebert 2018, project doi: https://doi.org/10.5883/DS-MECNP), but until now it has remained unidentified. The sequence (Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit 1 5’ Region) can be accessed through the BOLDSystems database, with ID number GMHGE319-13.


Apparently, the new species is somewhat common. Therefore, it is likely that there are many specimens incorrectly identified in the collections.


Brazil, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo


Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo