Dunama indereci Chacon

Chacon, Isidro A., Janzen, Daniel H., Hallwachs, Winnie, J. Bolling Sullivan, & Hajibabaei, Mehrdad, 2013, Cryptic species within cryptic moths: new species of Dunama Schaus (Notodontidae, Nystaleinae) in Costa Rica, ZooKeys 264, pp. 11-45: 37-39

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.264.4440

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B909812A-89EF-56A8-0A12-735551222AE2

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Dunama indereci Chacon
status

sp. n.

Dunama indereci Chacon   ZBK   sp. n. Figs 55-62, 63-64

Type material.

Holotype male:INB0004251736 (Dissected, COI Barcoded),Costa Rica, Prov. Alajuela, San Ramon, Est. Biol. Villa Blanca 10.201361, -84.485101, 1115 m, September 2009, R. Rojas (Reared). Paratypes: 1♂ 2♀. Male: INB0004251737 (COI Barcoded), Costa Rica, Prov. Alajuela, San Ramon, Est. Biol. Villa Blanca 10.201361, -84.485101, 1115 m, September 2009, R. Rojas (Reared). Female: INB0004251729 (COI Barcoded), Costa Rica, Prov. Alajuela,San Ramon, Est. Biol. Villa Blanca 10.201361, -84.485101, 1115 m, September 2009, R. Rojas (Reared). Female: INB0004251730 (Dissected, COI Barcoded), Costa Rica, Prov. Alajuela,San Ramon, Est. Biol. Villa Blanca 10.201361, -84.485101, 1115 m, September 2009, R. Rojas (Reared).

Other material examined.

Barcoded: 5 Alajuela (Fig. 86). Musem specimens: (5 specimens) 3♂, 2♀ Alajuela. Dissections: 3♂, 3♀Alajuela. INBio specimens: Male: INB0004251734. (COI Barcoded) Costa Rica. Prov. Alajuela. San Ramon, Est. Biol. Villa Blanca 10.201361, -84.485101, 1115 m, September 2009, R. Rojas (Reared). Male: INB0004251733. Dissected. (COI Barcoded) Costa Rica. Prov. Alajuela. San Ramon, Est. Biol. Villa Blanca 10.201361, -84.485101, 1115 m, September 2009, R. Rojas (Reared). Male: INB0004251731. Dissected. (COI Barcoded) Costa Rica. Prov. Alajuela. San Ramon, Est. Biol. Villa Blanca 10.201361, -84.485101, 1115 m, September 2009, R. Rojas (Reared). Female: INB0004251732. Dissected. (COI Barcoded) Costa Rica. Prov. Alajuela. San Ramón, Est. Biol. Villa Blanca. 10.201361, -84.485101, 1115 m, September 2009, R. Rojas (Reared). Female: INB0004251735.Dissected. (COI Barcoded) Costa Rica. Prov. Alajuela. San Ramon, Est. Biol. Villa Blanca 10.201361, -84.485101, 1115 m, September 2009, R. Rojas (Reared).

Etymology.

Dunama indereci   is named in honor of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) of Canada in recognition of their support of information management and DNA barcode taxonomy at INBio for conservation, and particularly for its support of the International Barcode of Life Project (iBOL initiated by the Biodiversity Institute of Ontario at the University of Guelph, Canada).

Diagnosis.

St8 wide, short, anterior margin simple, posterior margin sclerotized and serrate with four processes, lateral processes shorter than the medial processes; phallus thin, unsclerotized and expanding subbasally, distal half sclerotized with a small trifurcate, spine-like projection on basal ventral margin, on the dorsal margin a tiny spine-like projection; tip with two, large spine-like projections. Vesica very small, without cornuti.

Description.

Male (Figs 55, 56, 59-61). Head - Antenna pectinate in basal 4/5, rami moderately long and reddish brown, distal fifth simple, shaft cream colored, scape with scale tuft blackish brown and cream colored; frons with cream scales mixed with reddish-brown scales; labial palpus upcurved reddish brown with a few scattered cream-colored scales; ocelli absent; vertex reddish brown, cream colored laterally; patagium blackish brown near de midline, blackish brown laterally, margins cream colored. Thorax and abdomen - tegula cream colored at base, a mix of cream and reddish-brown scales distally; mesoscutum blackish brown anteriorly, cream and blackish brown posteriorly; mesoscutellum mostly creamy white; thoracic pleuron cream colored; legs mostly reddish brown on outer surfaces, cream colored on inner surfaces. Abdominal dorsum light gray, venter cream colored. Wings - Dorsal ground color a mixture of gray-brown and beige scales; veins lined with gray, especially distally; anal fold and cubitus light brown; orbicular spot blackish brown; reniform spot diffuse, blackish brown; fringe gray brown. Dorsal hindwing gray brown. Ventral surfaces of both wings gray brown (Figs 55, 56). (WL 11.8-12.9 mm). Male genitalia (Figs 59-61) - St8 wide, short, anterior margin simple, posterior margin sclerotized and serrate with four processes, lateral processes shorter than medial ones (Fig. 59). Uncus wide, pubescent, lobulate-like, with a hollow depression in middle. Socii thin up-curved and hook-like. Valva sclerotized along margins and membranous centrally, distal margin simple, saccular margin serrate with a small spine-like projection in ventral surface near apex (Fig. 60). Phallus thin, unsclerotized and expanding subbasally, distal half sclerotized with a small trifurcate, spine-like projection on basal ventral margin, on dorsal margin a tiny spine-like projection; tip with two, large spine-like projections. Vesica very small, without cornuti (Fig. 61). Female (Figs 57, 58, 62). Antenna filiform with yellow-cream shaft; body color and wing pattern similar to male but wings longer (Figs 57, 58). (FW 13.0-14.3 mm). Female genitalia (Fig. 62) - Segment 8 forming a heavily sclerotized capsule; anterior apophyses acute; posterior apophyses tiny, CB evident and rounded, signum absent; DB short; ostium recessed in St8. Ovipositor lobes pubescent, with acute apex.

Natural history

(Figs 63, 64). Food plant: Heliconiaceae   : Heliconia latispatha   Benth., Villa Blanca (9). No parasitoids were reared from this small sample.

Distribution and habitat.

Dunama indereci   has been collected only in Villa Blanca, in San Ramon, Alajuela province, at 1115 m elevation, in a montane pass between Costa Rica’s Cordillera de Tilaran and Volcanica Central (Fig. 85).

Remarks.

This species feeds exclusively on Heliconia latispatha   . One barcode haplotype was recored in the population from Villa Blanca (Fig. 86).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Notodontidae

Genus

Dunama